energy from the nucleus the science and engineering of fission and fusion world scientific series in current energy issues

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Energy From The Nucleus

Author : Gerard M Crawley
ISBN : 9789814689212
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 37 MB
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Nuclear energy is important both as a very large energy resource and as a source of carbon free energy. However incidents such as the Fukashima Daiichi nuclear disaster (2011), the Chernobyl disaster (1986), and the Three Mile Island accident (1979) have cast doubts on the future of nuclear fission as a major player in the future energy mix. This volume provides an excellent overview of the current situation regarding nuclear fission as well as a description of the enormous potential advantages offered by nuclear fusion including an essentially unlimited fuel supply with minimal environmental impact. Energy from the Nucleus focuses on the two main approaches to producing energy from the nucleus: fission and fusion. The chapters on nuclear fission cover the status of current and future generations of reactors as well as new safety requirements and the environmental impact of electricity production from nuclear fission. The chapters on nuclear fusion discuss both inertial confinement fusion and magnetic confinement fusion, including the new international fusion test facility, ITER. The expertise of the authors, who are active participants in the respective technologies, ensures that the information provided is both reliable and current. Their views will no doubt enlighten our understanding of the future of energy from the nucleus.

Energy Storage

Author : Crawley Gerard M
ISBN : 9789813208971
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 75. 45 MB
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The subject of energy storage is extremely important for the increased utilization of renewable energies such as solar and wind energy in times when their sources (e.g. the sun and wind) are unavailable. The ability to store energy can also level out the demand curve for electricity and thus lead to a decrease in the peak requirements of energy production. A storage system for ground transportation is also important as a potential replacement for fossil fuel powered transportation. Energy Storage offers a comprehensive look at the possible approaches to energy storage, which are relevant to various situations; from smoothing demand in electrical energy production, applications of energy storage, to transportation. The book covers a variety of approaches to the storage of energy. Beginning with a discussion of the critical importance of energy storage, the book discusses various possible storage options including hydro storage, compressed air energy storage, and electrical and chemical storage in batteries, capacitors and fuel cells. There is also a chapter on the mechanical storage of energy with flywheels using advanced materials. The various applications to power production and transportation are also included. The expertise and active involvement of the authors of the various chapters ensures that the information is reliable, current, and forward looking.

Solar Energy

Author : Gerard M Crawley
ISBN : 9789814689519
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 90 MB
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Concerns about energy resources and the environmental impact of energy use will continue to be important globally. World Scientific's unique series of books on Current Energy Issues is intended, in part, as an expansion and update of the material contained in the World Scientific Handbook of Energy. Each volume will focus on related energy resources or issues and will contain a broader range of topics with more explanatory text. This Solar Energy volume covers a variety of approaches to the use of solar energy. These include large scale photovoltaic production of electricity as well as more local applications in the home and businesses. Similarly, there is an extensive discussion of large scale solar thermal electricity production and smaller scale uses such as solar water heating, home heating and cooling plus crop drying. There is also discussion of more forward-looking technologies including the production of fuels using artificial photosynthesis and the production of biomass. Contents:Introduction to Solar Energy (R Corkish, W Lipiński and Robert Patterson)Fundamentals of Photovoltaic Cells and Systems (Ignacio Rey-Stolle)Large-Scale Solar Thermal Plants (CSP) (Manfred Becker, Robert Pitz-Paal and Wes Stein)Large Scale Photovoltaic Power Plants (G Almonacid Puche, P G Vidal and E Muñoz-Cerón)Biomass (Anthony Turhollow)Artificial Photosynthesis (Nathan Skillen and Peter K J Robertson)Small Scale PV Applications in Home and Business (Estefanía Caamaño-Martín, Miguel Ángel Egido and Jorge Solórzano)Low Temperature Solar Thermal Applications (Brian Norton, Hans Martin Henning and Daniel Mugnier)Solar Thermochemical Processes (Roman Bader and Wojciech Lipiński) Readership: Researchers, academics, professionals and graduate students in energy studies/research and environmental/energy economics.

Fossil Fuels

Author : Gerard M Crawley
ISBN : 9789814699990
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 22. 61 MB
Format : PDF
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Concerns over energy resources and the environmental impact of energy use will continue to be part of the polical agenda across the globe. World Scientific's unique series of books on Current Energy Issues is intended, in part, as an expansion and update of the material contained in the World Scientific Handbook of Energy but in part each volume will focus on related energy resources or issues that contain a broader range of topics plus more explanatory text than was possible in the Handbook. The authors will also take the opportunity to update the data presented in the Handbook since in many cases the field is rapidly changing. The Fossil Fuels volume focuses on the main fossil resources, viz. coal, oil and natural gas. Coal is still an extremely important resource especially for electricity production around the world and the book discussed methods for making coal a cleaner resource, including carbon sequestration. There has been a rapid change in the mix of fossil fuels mainly because of hydraulic fracturing which enables oil and gas to be extracted from previously inaccessible formations. The book describes this changing situation including the precautions required to make the production of these fuels safe and environmentally benign. Alternative fossil fuels such as methane hydrates are also discussed. Contents:Coal Resources, Production, and Use Worldwide (Thomas Sarkus and William Ellis)Coal Gasification and Advances in Clean Coal Technology (Thomas Sarkus and Adrian Radziwon)Geologic Carbon Storage (Thomas Sarkus, Michael Tennyson and Derek Vikara)Environmental Impacts of Coal Production (Thomas Sarkus and William Ellis)Petroleum Liquids (William L Fisher and Christopher G St C Kendall)Unconventional Petroleum Liquids: Tar Sands and Shale Oil (Vello A Kuuskraa)Oil Spills: Causes, Consequences, Prevention, and Countermeasures (Jacqueline Michel and Merv Fingas)Natural Gas (John B Curtis)Hydraulic Fracturing (Randy F LaFollette and Robert Samuel Hurt)Methane Hydrates (Yoshihiro Masuda, Tsutomu Uchida, Sadao Nagakubo and Mikio Satoh) Readership: Scientists, engineers, policy makers, graduate students and researchers on the field of energy studies.

Energy From The Nucleus

Author : Gerard M. Crawley
ISBN : 981468919X
Genre : Nuclear engineering
File Size : 84. 23 MB
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Nuclear energy is important both as a very large energy resource and as a source of carbon free energy. However incidents such as the Fukashima Daiichi nuclear disaster (2011), the Chernobyl disaster (1986), and the Three Mile Island accident (1979) have cast doubts on the future of nuclear fission as a major player in the future energy mix. This volume provides an excellent overview of the current situation regarding nuclear fission as well as a description of the enormous potential advantages offered by nuclear fusion including an essentially unlimited fuel supply with minimal environmental impact. Energy from the Nucleus focuses on the two main approaches to producing energy from the nucleus: fission and fusion. The chapters on nuclear fission cover the status of current and future generations of reactors as well as new safety requirements and the environmental impact of electricity production from nuclear fission. The chapters on nuclear fusion discuss both inertial confinement fusion and magnetic confinement fusion, including the new international fusion test facility, ITER. The expertise of the authors, who are active participants in the respective technologies, ensures that the information provided is both reliable and current. Their views will no doubt enlighten our understanding of the future of energy from the nucleus.

Science Technology And Global Problems

Author : J. Gvishiani
ISBN : 9781483152561
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 77. 12 MB
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Science, Technology and Global Problems documents the proceedings of the International Symposium on Trends and Perspectives in Development of Science and Technology and their Impact on the Solution of Contemporary Global Problems held in Tallinn, USSR on January 8-12, 1979. This compilation discusses the character of global problems in the year 2000, prospects of development of leading branches of science and technology, and its capacity to solve global problems. The topics include global problems in the year 2000 and the role of science in their solution; science and technology as factors for future global development; road to scientific-technological culture; and responsibility of scientists in the period of crisis. The energy situation in the world (problems and prospects); mathematics and progress in science and technology; role of information and communication in the solution of global problems; and global public health problems and ways of resolving them are also deliberated in this text. This book is a useful source for students and researchers conducting work on the development of science and technology in solving global problems.

The Physics Of Energy

Author : Robert L. Jaffe
ISBN : 9781107016651
Genre : Science
File Size : 32. 29 MB
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A comprehensive and unified introduction to the science of energy sources, uses, and systems for students, scientists, engineers, and professionals.

Modern Atomic And Nuclear Physics

Author : Fujia Yang
ISBN : 9789814277167
Genre : Science
File Size : 58. 31 MB
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"The textbook itself is the culmination of the authors' many years of teaching and research in atomic physics, nuclear and particle physics, and modern physics. It is also a crystallization of their intense passion and strong interest in the history of physics and the philosophy of science. Together with the solution manual which presents solutions to many end-of-chapter problems in the textbook, they are a valuable resource to the instructors and students working in the modern atomic field."--Publisher's website.

Teilchenastrophysik

Author : Kai Zuber
ISBN : 9783322905482
Genre : Science
File Size : 24. 50 MB
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Die letzten bei den Jahrzehnte haben eine explosive Entwicklung der Teil und Kosmologie erlebt. Die Teilchenphysik erwies chenphysik, Astrophysik sich als ein entscheidendes Mittel zum tieferen Verständnis des Universums. Das Aufkommen der Theorien der Großen Vereinigung der Kräfte in der Teil chenphysik erlaubte, das frühe Universum bis zu den frühesten Zeitpunkten zurückzuverfolgen. Umgekehrt treten in astrophysikalischen und kosmologi schen Prozessen Energien auf, die man in Beschleunigern auf absehbare oder besser unabsehbare Zeit nicht erreichen kann, und die die Realisierung ei nes Teils der Fülle der exotischen teilchentheoretischen Vorhersagen erlaubt haben könnten: Baryogenese, Inflation, die Produktion exotischer Teilchen - Monopole, kosmische Strings, Axionen und viele andere. Supersymmetri sche Teilchen (Neutralinos) sind Kandidaten für kalte dunkle Materie, die die soeben der Beobachtung zugänglich gewordene großräumige Struktur des Universums und ihre Entstehung verständlich machen könnten. Neutrinos sind Kandidaten für heiße dunkle Materie. Eigenschaften von Neutrinos be einflussen die Explosion der Supernovae. Astrophysikalische Neutrinoquellen helfen bei der Bestimmung von Neutrino-Eigenschaften, die eine Schlüssel funktion für die Struktur der Elementarteilchen-Theorien einnehmen. Astro physikalisch erzeugte Axionen sondieren das starke CP-Problem der QCD. Es entstand ein neues Forschungsgebiet, die Teilchenastrophysik, in der man von zwei Seiten versucht, einigen der fundamentalen Probleme der modernen Physik näherzukommen. Das enorme Wachstum in diesem Bereich macht es - insbesondere für den Anfänger auf diesem Gebiet - zunehmend schwieriger, der Entwicklung auf dem Wege über die Fachliteratur zu folgen.

Fusion

Author : G. M. McCracken
ISBN : 9780124818514
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 33 MB
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Unraveling the role of fusion in the universe has taken almost a century since Einstein's proof of the equivalence of energy and matter in 1905. The discovery that fusion reactions are responsible for the building of the light elements in the "Big Bang" and the subsequent development of the heavier elements in the stars and in exploding supernovae is one of the field's most exciting successes. In this engaging book, McCracken and Stott reexamine these discoveries in astrophysics and discuss the possibility that fusion reactions are not only our sun's source of power, but may also be induced for our use on earth. * Details the initial discovery of nuclear fusion, all related research, and today's concern over future energy supply * Examines current attempts to create nuclear fusion here on earth * Enhanced with color illustrations and examples * Provides a non-technical treatment of fusion using straightforward language * Includes technical notes for aspiring physicists

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