engineering of chemical complexity ii world scientific lecture notes in complex systems

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Engineering Of Chemical Complexity Ii

Author : Mikhailov Alexander S
ISBN : 9789814616140
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 79. 76 MB
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This second review volume is a follow-up to the book “Engineering of Chemical Complexity” that appeared in 2013. Co-edited by the Nobel laureate Gerhard Ertl, this book provides a broad perspective over the current research aimed at understanding, the design and control of complex chemical systems of various origins, on the scales ranging from single molecules and nano-phenomena to macroscopic chemical reactors. Self-organization behavior and emergence of coherent collective dynamics in reaction-diffusion systems, in active soft matter and biochemical networks are discussed. Special attention is paid to applications in cell biology, to molecular motors and microfluidics effects. The reviews, prepared by leading international experts from the EU, USA, Russia and Japan, together yield a fascinating picture of a rapidly developing research discipline that brings chemical engineering to new frontiers.

Engineering Of Chemical Complexity

Author : Alexander S. Mikhailov
ISBN : 9789814390453
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 61. 31 MB
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This review volume, co-edited by Nobel laureate G Ertl, provides a broad overview on current studies in the understanding of design and control of complex chemical systems of various origins, on scales ranging from single molecules and nano-phenomena to macroscopic chemical reactors. Self-organizational behavior and the emergence of coherent collective dynamics in reaction diffusion systems, reactive soft matter and chemical networks are covered. Special attention is paid to the applications in molecular cell biology and to the problems of biological evolution, synthetic biology and design of artificial living cells. Starting with a detailed introduction on the history of research on complex chemical systems, its current state of the art and perspectives, the book comprises 19 chapters that survey the current progress in particular research fields. The reviews, prepared by leading international experts, yield together a fascinating picture of a rapidly developing research discipline that brings chemical engineering to new frontiers.

Optimal Trajectory Tracking Of Nonlinear Dynamical Systems

Author : Jakob Lober
ISBN : 9783319465746
Genre : Science
File Size : 33. 15 MB
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By establishing an alternative foundation of control theory, this thesis represents a significant advance in the theory of control systems, of interest to a broad range of scientists and engineers. While common control strategies for dynamical systems center on the system state as the object to be controlled, the approach developed here focuses on the state trajectory. The concept of precisely realizable trajectories identifies those trajectories that can be accurately achieved by applying appropriate control signals. The resulting simple expressions for the control signal lend themselves to immediate application in science and technology. The approach permits the generalization of many well-known results from the control theory of linear systems, e.g. the Kalman rank condition to nonlinear systems. The relationship between controllability, optimal control and trajectory tracking are clarified. Furthermore, the existence of linear structures underlying nonlinear optimal control is revealed, enabling the derivation of exact analytical solutions to an entire class of nonlinear optimal trajectory tracking problems. The clear and self-contained presentation focuses on a general and mathematically rigorous analysis of controlled dynamical systems. The concepts developed are visualized with the help of particular dynamical systems motivated by physics and chemistry.

Emergence Of Dynamical Order

Author : Susanna C. Manrubia
ISBN : 981256246X
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 89. 31 MB
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Large populations of interacting active elements, periodic or chaotic, can undergo spontaneous transitions to dynamically ordered states. These collective states are characterized by self-organized coherence revealed by full mutual synchronization of individual dynamics or the formation of multiple synchronous clusters. Such self-organization phenomena are essential for the functioning of complex systems of various origins, both natural and artificial. This book provides a detailed introduction to the theory of collective synchronization phenomena in large complex systems. Transitions to dynamical clustering and synchronized states are systematically discussed. Such concepts as dynamical order parameters, glass like behavior and hierarchical organization are presented.

Fractal Physiology And Chaos In Medicine

Author : Bruce J. West
ISBN : 9789814417808
Genre : Chaotic behavior in systems
File Size : 56. 62 MB
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This exceptional book is concerned with the application of fractals and chaos, as well as other concepts from nonlinear dynamics to biomedical phenomena. Herein we seek to communicate the excitement being experienced by scientists upon making application of these concepts within the life sciences. Mathematical concepts are introduced using biomedical data sets and the phenomena being explained take precedence over the mathematics.In this new edition what has withstood the test of time has been updated and modernized; speculations that were not borne out have been expunged and the breakthroughs that have occurred in the intervening years are emphasized. The book provides a comprehensive overview of a nascent theory of medicine, including a new chapter on the theory of complex networks as they pertain to medicine.

Towards A Mathematical Theory Of Complex Biological Systems

Author : C. Bianca
ISBN : 9789814340540
Genre : Science
File Size : 24. 9 MB
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This monograph has the ambitious aim of developing a mathematical theory of complex biological systems with special attention to the phenomena of ageing, degeneration and repair of biological tissues under individual self-repair actions that may have good potential in medical therapy.The approach to mathematically modeling biological systems needs to tackle the additional difficulties generated by the peculiarities of living matter. These include the lack of invariance principles, abilities to express strategies for individual fitness, heterogeneous behaviors, competition up to proliferative and/or destructive actions, mutations, learning ability, evolution and many others. Applied mathematicians in the field of living systems, especially biological systems, will appreciate the special class of integro-differential equations offered here for modeling at the molecular, cellular and tissue scales. A unique perspective is also presented with a number of case studies in biological modeling.

A Quick Introduction To Complex Analysis

Author : Kalyan Chakraborty
ISBN : 9789813108530
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 84. 1 MB
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The aim of the book is to give a smooth analytic continuation from calculus to complex analysis by way of plenty of practical examples and worked-out exercises. The scope ranges from applications in calculus to complex analysis in two different levels. If the reader is in a hurry, he can browse the quickest introduction to complex analysis at the beginning of Chapter 1, which explains the very basics of the theory in an extremely user-friendly way. Those who want to do self-study on complex analysis can concentrate on Chapter 1 in which the two mainstreams of the theory — the power series method due to Weierstrass and the integration method due to Cauchy — are presented in a very concrete way with rich examples. Readers who want to learn more about applied calculus can refer to Chapter 2, where numerous practical applications are provided. They will master the art of problem solving by following the step by step guidance given in the worked-out examples. This book helps the reader to acquire fundamental skills of understanding complex analysis and its applications. It also gives a smooth introduction to Fourier analysis as well as a quick prelude to thermodynamics and fluid mechanics, information theory, and control theory. One of the main features of the book is that it presents different approaches to the same topic that aids the reader to gain a deeper understanding of the subject.

A Guide To Temporal Networks

Author : Naoki Masuda
ISBN : 9781786341167
Genre : Science
File Size : 40. 12 MB
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Network science offers a powerful language to represent and study complex systems composed of interacting elements — from the Internet to social and biological systems. In its standard formulation, this framework relies on the assumption that the underlying topology is static, or changing very slowly as compared to dynamical processes taking place on it, e.g., epidemic spreading or navigation. Fuelled by the increasing availability of longitudinal networked data, recent empirical observations have shown that this assumption is not valid in a variety of situations. Instead, often the network itself presents rich temporal properties and new tools are required to properly describe and analyse their behaviour. A Guide to Temporal Networks presents recent theoretical and modelling progress in the emerging field of temporally varying networks, and provides connections between different areas of knowledge required to address this multi-disciplinary subject. After an introduction to key concepts on networks and stochastic dynamics, the authors guide the reader through a coherent selection of mathematical and computational tools for network dynamics. Perfect for students and professionals, this book is a gateway to an active field of research developing between the disciplines of applied mathematics, physics and computer science, with applications in others including social sciences, neuroscience and biology.

43 Visions For Complexity

Author : Stefan Thurner
ISBN : 9789813206861
Genre : Science
File Size : 66. 20 MB
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Coping with the complexities of the social world in the 21st century requires deeper quantitative and predictive understanding. Forty-three internationally acclaimed scientists and thinkers share their vision for complexity science in the next decade in this invaluable book. Topics cover how complexity and big data science could help society to tackle the great challenges ahead, and how the newly established Complexity Science Hub Vienna might be a facilitator on this path.

Dynamics Of Complex Systems

Author : Yaneer Bar-yam
ISBN : 0813341213
Genre : Science
File Size : 74. 64 MB
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The study of complex systems in a unified framework has become recognized in recent years as a new scientific discipline, the ultimate in the interdisciplinary fields. Breaking down the barriers between physics, chemistry, and biology and the so-called soft sciences of psychology, sociology, economics and anthropology, this text explores the universal physical and mathematical principles that govern the emergence of complex systems from simple components. Dynamics of Complex Systems is the first text describing the modern unified study of complex systems. It is designed for upper-undergraduate/beginning graduate level students, and covers a broad range of applications in a broad array of disciplines. A central goal of this text is to develop models and modeling techniques that are useful when applied to all complex systems. This is done by adopting both analytic tools, including statistical mechanics and stochastic dynamics, and computer simulation techniques, such as cellular automata and Monte Carlo. In four sets of paired, self-contained chapters, Yaneer Bar-Yam discusses complex systems in the context of neural networks, protein folding, living organisms, and finally, human civilization itself. He explores fundamental questions about the structure, dynamics, evolution, development and quantitative complexity that apply to all complex systems. In the first chapter, mathematical foundations such as iterative maps and chaos, probability theory and random walks, thermodynamics, information and computation theory, fractals and scaling, are reviewed to enable the text to be read by students and researchers with a variety of backgrounds.

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