environmental archaeology principles and practice

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Environmental Archaeology

Author : Dena F. Dincauze
ISBN : 0521310776
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 63. 80 MB
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Archaeologists today need a wide range of scientific approaches in order to delineate and interpret the ecology of their sites. But borrowing concepts from other disciplines demands a critical understanding, and the methods must be appropriate to particular sets of data. This book is an authoritative and essential guide to methods, ranging from techniques for measuring time with isotopes and magnetism to the sciences of climate reconstruction, geomorphology, sedimentology, soil science, paleobotany and faunal paleoecology. Their applications are illustrated by examples from the Paleolithic, through classical civilizations, to urban archaeology.

Environmental Archaeology

Author : Dena F. Dincauze
ISBN : 0521325684
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 36. 62 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Archaeologists today need a wide range of scientific approaches in order to delineate and interpret the ecology of their sites. But borrowing concepts from other disciplines demands a critical understanding, and the methods must be appropriate to particular sets of data. This book is an authoritative and essential guide to methods, ranging from techniques for measuring time with isotopes and magnetism to the sciences of climate reconstruction, geomorphology, sedimentology, soil science, paleobotany and faunal paleoecology. Their applications are illustrated by examples from the Paleolithic, through classical civilizations, to urban archaeology.

Environmental Archaeology

Author : Terence Patrick O'Connor
ISBN : 0750941537
Genre : Animal remains (Archaeology).
File Size : 24. 60 MB
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This title provides a survey of the scientific techniques which are used in archaeology to analyse ancient human environments and which give a fascinating insight into the context of prehistory.

Behavioral Archaeology

Author : Michael B. Schiffer
ISBN : 9781134903726
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 78. 20 MB
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Behavioral archaeology offers a way of examining the past by highlighting human engagement with the material culture of the time. 'Behavioral Archaeology: Principles and Practice' offers a broad overview of the methods and theories used in this approach to archaeology. Opening with an overview of the history and key concepts, the book goes on to systematically cover both principles and practice: the philosophy of science and the scientific method; artifacts and human behavior; archaeological inference; formation processes of the archaeological record; technological change; behavioral change; and ritual and religion. Detailed case studies show the relevance of behavioral method and theory to the wider field of archaeological studies. The book will be invaluable to students of archaeology and anthropology.

Archaeology As Human Ecology

Author : Karl W. Butzer
ISBN : 0521288770
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 68. 69 MB
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Archaeology as Human Ecology is a new introduction to concepts and methods in archaeology. It deals not with artifacts, but with sites, settlements, and subsistence. It is essential reading for students, research workers, and all concerned with archaeological method and theory.

Case Studies In Environmental Archaeology

Author : Elizabeth Reitz
ISBN : 0387713964
Genre : History
File Size : 57. 58 MB
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A few years ago, one of us was approached by a student who asked if we really knew anything about human behavior from environmental archaeology. This student was taking an environmental archaeology course in which taphonomy and the biases of the techniques and methods used by environmental archae- ogists figured prominently. The goal was to train students to be informed users of environmental data. But the student, quite rightly, wanted to know if beyond taphonomy, recovery biases, and analytical biases, there was anything envir- mental archaeologists could say about the human condition. Her question was the stimulus for the first edition of this volume and continued to guide us as we edited this second edition. Our purpose is to show students and scholars, through a series of case studies, that there are things environmental archaeologists do know about the human-environmental relationship; many of which defy conventional archaeological expectations. To do so, however, we must break with the t- ditional organization of environmental archaeology along disciplinary lines. Environmental archaeology is intrinsically interdisciplinary. The demands of each discipline often mean, however, that specialists become further speci- ized in a very limited technical focus. While almost every environmental technique and method is represented in this edition, they are used as tools, not as ends in themselves.

Environmental Archaeology 7

Author : Glynis Jones
ISBN : 1842170813
Genre : Nature
File Size : 49. 13 MB
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Contents. Research Papers: Ancient Fires on Southern Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada: A Change in Causal Mechanisms at about 2,000 ybp ( Kendrick J Brown and Richard J Hebda ); The Traditional, Historical and Prehistoric Use of Ashes as an Insecticide, with an Experimental Study on the Insecticidal Efficacy of Washed Ash ( Tom Hakbijl ); Sources of Meat in Colonial Diets: Faunal Evidence from Two Nineteenth Century Tasmanian Whaling Stations ( Susan Lawrence and Catherine Tucker ); Assessment and Further Development of the Recording and Interpretation of Linear Enamel Hypoplasia in Archaeological Pig Populations ( Keith Dobney, Anton Ervynck and Beverly La Ferla ); British Agriculture: Texts for the Zoo-Archaeologist ( Simon J M Davis ); Fish Otoliths and their Relevance to Archaeology: An Analysis of Medieval, Post-Medieval, and Recent Material of Plaice, Cod and Haddock from the North Sea ( Wim Van Neer, Anton Ervynck, Loes J Bolle, Richard S Millner and Adriaan D Rijnsdorp ); Derivation and Application of a Food Utility Index (GFUI) for European Wild Boar ( Sus scrofa L.) ( Peter Rowley-Conwy, Paul Halstead and Patricia Collins ). Short Contributions: A Donkey ( Equus asinus L. ) Partial Skeleton from a Mid-Late Anglo-Saxon Alluvial Layer at Deans Yard Westminster, London SW1 ( Ian L Baxter ); Iron Age Cultigen? Experimental Return Rates for Fat Hen ( Chenopodium album L.) ( Paul Stokes and Peter Rowley-Conwy ); Wetland Microfossils in Soil: Implications for the Study of Land Use on Archaeological Landscapes ( Mark Horrocks, Martin D Jones, Scott L Nichol and Douglas G Sutton ). Book Reviews: R Gale and D Cutler (2000), Plants in Archaeology. Identification manual of vegetative plant materials used in Europe and the Southern Mediterranean to c.1500 ; G Bailey, R Charles, and N Winder (eds) (2000), Human Ecodynamics ; D Dincauze (2000), Environmental Archaeology: Principles and Practice.

Surviving Sudden Environmental Change

Author : Jago Cooper
ISBN : 9781457117268
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 83. 66 MB
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Archaeologists have long encountered evidence of natural disasters through excavation and stratigraphy. In Surviving Sudden Environmental Change, case studies examine how eight different past human communities—ranging from Arctic to equatorial regions, from tropical rainforests to desert interiors, and from deep prehistory to living memory—faced, and coped with, such dangers. Many disasters originate from a force of nature, such as an earthquake, cyclone, tsunami, volcanic eruption, drought, or flood. But that is only half of the story; decisions of people and their particular cultural lifeways are the rest. Sociocultural factors are essential in understanding risk, impact, resilience, reactions, and recoveries from massive sudden environmental changes. By using deep-time perspectives provided by interdisciplinary approaches, this book provides a rich temporal background to the human experience of environmental hazards and disasters. In addition, each chapter is followed by an abstract summarizing the important implications for today’s management practices and providing recommendations for policy makers. Publication supported in part by the National Science Foundation.

The Oxford Handbook Of Public Archaeology

Author : Robin Skeates
ISBN : 9780191612503
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 78. 76 MB
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The Oxford Handbook of Public Archaeology seeks to reappraise the place of archaeology in the contemporary world by providing a series of essays that critically engage with both old and current debates in the field of public archaeology. Divided into four distinct sections and drawing across disciplines in this dynamic field, the volume aims to evaluate the range of research strategies and methods used in archaeological heritage and museum studies, identify and contribute to key contemporary debates, critically explore the history of archaeological resource management, and question the fundamental principles and practices through which the archaeological past is understood and used today.

Environmental Archaeology

Author : Keith Wilkinson
ISBN : 0752419315
Genre : History
File Size : 61. 38 MB
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Environmental Archaeology provides a pragmatic introduction to the subject, taking the reader step-by-step through approaches, methods and theoretical frameworks used by archaeologists, with a focus throughout on interpretation.

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