environmental governance in latin america

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Environmental Governance In Latin America

Author : Fabio De Castro
ISBN : 9781137505729
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 71. 61 MB
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This book is open access under a CC-BY license. The multiple purposes of nature – livelihood for communities, revenues for states, commodities for companies, and biodiversity for conservationists – have turned environmental governance in Latin America into a highly contested arena. In such a resource-rich region, unequal power relations, conflicting priorities, and trade-offs among multiple goals have led to a myriad of contrasting initiatives that are reshaping social relations and rural territories. This edited collection addresses these tensions by unpacking environmental governance as a complex process of formulating and contesting values, procedures and practices shaping the access, control and use of natural resources. Contributors from various fields address the challenges, limitations, and possibilities for a more sustainable, equal, and fair development. In this book, environmental governance is seen as an overarching concept defining the dynamic and multi-layered repertoire of society-nature interactions, where images of nature and discourses on the use of natural resources are mediated by contextual processes at multiple scales.

Environmental Politics In Latin America

Author : Benedicte Bull
ISBN : 9781317653790
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 90. 7 MB
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Since colonial times the position of the social, political and economic elites in Latin America has been intimately connected to their control over natural resources. Consequently, struggles to protect the environment from over-exploitation and contamination have been related to marginalized groups’ struggles against local, national and transnational elites. The recent rise of progressive, left-leaning governments – often supported by groups struggling for environmental justice – has challenged the established elites and raised expectations about new regimes for natural resource management. Based on case-studies in eight Latin American countries (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Colombia, Bolivia, El Salvador and Guatemala), this book investigates the extent to which there have been elite shifts, how new governments have related to old elites, and how that has impacted on environmental governance and the management of natural resources. It examines the rise of new cadres of technocrats and the old economic and political elites’ struggle to remain influential. The book also discusses the challenges faced in trying to overcome structural inequalities to ensure a more sustainable and equitable governance of natural resources. This timely book will be of great interest to researchers and masters students in development studies, environmental management and governance, geography, political science and Latin American area studies.

Environment And Citizenship In Latin America

Author : Alex Latta
ISBN : 9780857457486
Genre : Nature
File Size : 53. 53 MB
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Scholarship related to environmental questions in Latin America has only recently begun to coalesce around citizenship as both an empirical site of inquiry and an analytical frame of reference. This has led to a series of new insights and perspectives, but few efforts have been made to bring these various approaches into a sustained conversation across different social, temporal and geographic contexts. This volume is the result of a collaborative endeavour to advance debates on environmental citizenship, while simultaneously and systematically addressing broader theoretical and methodological questions related to the particularities of studying environment and citizenship in Latin America. Providing a window onto leading scholarship in the field, the book also sets an ambitious agenda to spark further research.

Regional Environmental Cooperation In South America

Author : Karen M. Siegel
ISBN : 9781137558749
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 55. 71 MB
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This book examines cooperation on shared environmental concerns across national boundaries in the Southern Cone region of South America, specifically Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. It covers regional environmental cooperation in the Southern Cone since the early 1990s. By using the marginalised issues of ecological and socio-environmental concerns as an analytical lens, the author makes a significant contribution to the study of regional cooperation in Latin America. Her book also presents the first detailed study of how environmental cooperation across national boundaries takes place in a region of the South, and thus fills a lacuna in global environmental governance. This innovative work is geared toward students and scholars of environmental politics, regional cooperation in Latin America, and transboundary environmental governance.

Subterranean Struggles

Author : Anthony Bebbington
ISBN : 9780292748620
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 79. 54 MB
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Over the past two decades, the extraction of nonrenewable resources in Latin America has given rise to many forms of struggle, particularly among disadvantaged populations. The first analytical collection to combine geographical and political ecological approaches to the post-1990s changes in Latin America’s extractive economy, Subterranean Struggles closely examines the factors driving this expansion and the sociopolitical, environmental, and political economic consequences it has wrought. In this analysis, more than a dozen experts explore the many facets of struggles surrounding extraction, from protests in the vicinity of extractive operations to the everyday efforts of excluded residents who try to adapt their livelihoods while industries profoundly impact their lived spaces. The book explores the implications of extractive industry for ideas of nature, region, and nation; “resource nationalism” and environmental governance; conservation, territory, and indigenous livelihoods in the Amazon and Andes; everyday life and livelihood in areas affected by small- and large-scale mining alike; and overall patterns of social mobilization across the region. Arguing that such struggles are an integral part of the new extractive economy in Latin America, the authors document the increasingly conflictive character of these interactions, raising important challenges for theory, for policy, and for social research methodologies. Featuring works by social and natural science authors, this collection offers a broad synthesis of the dynamics of extractive industry whose relevance stretches to regions beyond Latin America.

New Political Spaces In Latin American Natural Resource Governance

Author : H. Haarstad
ISBN : 9781137073723
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 59. 70 MB
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Case studies written by anthropologists, geographers, political scientists, and sociologists provide empirical detail and analytical insight into states' and communities' relations to natural resource sectors, and show how resource dependencies continue to shape their political spaces.

Adaptive Capacity And Environmental Governance

Author : Derek Armitage
ISBN : 3642121942
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 69. 53 MB
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Rapid environmental change calls for individuals and societies with an ability to transform our interactions with each other and the ecosystems upon which we depend. Adaptive capacity - the ability of a social-ecological system (or the components of that system) to be robust to disturbances and capable of responding to changes - is increasingly recognized as a critical attribute of multi-level environmental governance. This unique volume offers the first interdisciplinary and integrative perspective on an emerging area of applied scholarship, with contributions from internationally recognized researchers and practitioners. It demonstrates how adaptive capacity makes environmental governance possible in complex social-ecological systems. Cutting-edge theoretical developments are explored and empirical case studies offered from a wide range of geographic settings and natural resource contexts, such as water, climate, fisheries and forestry. • Of interest to researchers, policymakers and resource managers seeking to navigate and understand social-ecological change in diverse geographic settings and resource contexts

Environmental Management Sustainable Development And Human Health

Author : Eddie N. Laboy-Nieves
ISBN : 0203881257
Genre : Science
File Size : 39. 54 MB
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Sustainable development is now considered by many organizations and their stakeholders the model to follow. An increasing number of companies currently act and communicate based on their triple performance (i.e. economic, environmental and social). Educators and scientists can follow this example by keeping in mind the bigger picture when it comes doing research and educating young people, helping improve the overall health of the society in which we live. This book assesses some of the major environmental problems facing developing and developed regions of the world and suggests solutions for resolving them. It discusses environmental education projects that help to raise awareness in young people about the interrelationships between pollution, the environment and society.

Beyond Neoliberalism In Latin America

Author : J. Burdick
ISBN : 9780230618428
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 35. 79 MB
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While the neoliberal model continues to dominate economic and political life in Latin America, people throughout the region have begun to strategize about how to move beyond this model. Twelve cutting-edge papers investigate how Latin Americans are struggling to articulate a future in which neoliberalism is reconfigured.

The Oxford Handbook Of Comparative Regionalism

Author : Thomas Risse
ISBN : 9780199682300
Genre :
File Size : 87. 49 MB
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The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Regionalism is an innovative volume that presents an authoritative examination of comparative regionalism. The post-cold-war resurgence of regionalism has triggered a proliferation of approaches to its study. Broadly speaking, the term refers to the processes and structures of region-building through closer economic, political, security, and socio-cultural linkages between states and societies that are geographicallyproximate. The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Regionalism reviews conceptual and theoretical approaches to regionalism in political science and the social sciences more broadly. Secondly, it provides an overviewof region-building processes in the different parts of the world, and surveys the relevant organizations and actors at the regional level. The volume also provides systematic comparison of regions with regard to central themes, including security cooperation, trade liberalization, integration, investment, and migration. The volume concludes with chapters on the future of regionalism and on the research agenda for the future.

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