environmental health indoor exposures assessments and interventions

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Environmental Health

Author : Theodore A. Myatt
ISBN : 9781466559004
Genre : Nature
File Size : 90. 81 MB
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Recent advances have been made on the identification of pollutants in indoor environments, the health effects associated with indoor or personal exposures, and interventions that can be implemented by occupants to mitigate exposures. The focus of this book is on exposures that occur typically, but not exclusively, in residences. The contributors cover a wide selection of chemical and biological pollutants, including lead, phthalates, flame retardants, mold, infectious diseases, traffic-related particulate, pesticides, PCBs, VOCs, and asthma triggers. The book also includes a chapter on the plight of teachers working in PCB-contaminated schools.

Environmental Mycology In Public Health

Author : Carla Viegas
ISBN : 9780124115354
Genre : Science
File Size : 89. 77 MB
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Environmental Mycology in Public Health: Fungi and Mycotoxins Risk Assessment and Management provides the most updated information on fungi, an essential element in the survival of our global ecology that can also pose a significant threat to the health of occupants when they are present in buildings. As the exposure to fungi in homes is a significant risk factor for a number of respiratory symptoms, including allergies and hypersensitivity pneumonitis, this book presents information on fungi and their disease agents, important aspects of exposure assessment, and their impacts on health. This book answers the hard questions, including, "How does one detect and measure the presence of indoor fungi?" and "What is an acceptable level of indoor fungi?" It then examines how we relate this information to human health problems. Provides unique new insights on fungi and their metabolites detection in the environmental and occupational settings Presents new information that is enriched by significant cases studies Multi-contributed work, edited by a proficient team in medical and environmental mycology with different individual expertise Guides the readers in the implementation of preventive and protective measures regarding exposure to fungi

Environmental Health

Author : Theodore A. Myatt
ISBN : 9781466559004
Genre : Nature
File Size : 57. 71 MB
Format : PDF
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Recent advances have been made on the identification of pollutants in indoor environments, the health effects associated with indoor or personal exposures, and interventions that can be implemented by occupants to mitigate exposures. The focus of this book is on exposures that occur typically, but not exclusively, in residences. The contributors cover a wide selection of chemical and biological pollutants, including lead, phthalates, flame retardants, mold, infectious diseases, traffic-related particulate, pesticides, PCBs, VOCs, and asthma triggers. The book also includes a chapter on the plight of teachers working in PCB-contaminated schools.

Clearing The Air

Author : Committee on the Assessment of Asthma and Indoor Air
ISBN : 9780309064965
Genre : Science
File Size : 76. 20 MB
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Since about 1980, asthma prevalence and asthma-related hospitalizations and deaths have increased substantially, especially among children. Of particular concern is the high mortality rate among African Americans with asthma. Recent studies have suggested that indoor exposures--to dust mites, cockroaches, mold, pet dander, tobacco smoke, and other biological and chemical pollutants--may influence the disease course of asthma. To ensure an appropriate response, public health and education officials have sought a science-based assessment of asthma and its relationship to indoor air exposures. Clearing the Air meets this need. This book examines how indoor pollutants contribute to asthma-- its causation, prevalence, triggering, and severity. The committee discusses asthma among the general population and in sensitive subpopulations including children, low-income individuals, and urban residents. Based on the most current findings, the book also evaluates the scientific basis for mitigating the effects of indoor air pollutants implicated in asthma. The committee identifies priorities for public health policy, public education outreach, preventive intervention, and further research.

Encyclopedia Of Environmental Health

Author : Jerome O. Nriagu
ISBN : 0444522662
Genre : Environmental health
File Size : 38. 83 MB
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Health Risks Of Indoor Exposure To Particulate Matter

Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
ISBN : 9780309443623
Genre : Medical
File Size : 73. 38 MB
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The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines PM as a mixture of extremely small particles and liquid droplets comprising a number of components, including “acids (such as nitrates and sulfates), organic chemicals, metals, soil or dust particles, and allergens (such as fragments of pollen and mold spores)â€. The health effects of outdoor exposure to particulate matter (PM) are the subject of both research attention and regulatory action. Although much less studied to date, indoor exposure to PM is gaining attention as a potential source of adverse health effects. Indoor PM can originate from outdoor particles and also from various indoor sources, including heating, cooking, and smoking. Levels of indoor PM have the potential to exceed outdoor PM levels. Understanding the major features and subtleties of indoor exposures to particles of outdoor origin can improve our understanding of the exposureâ€"response relationship on which ambient air pollutant standards are based. The EPA’s Indoor Environments Division commissioned the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to hold a workshop examining the issue of indoor exposure to PM more comprehensively and considering both the health risks and possible intervention strategies. Participants discussed the ailments that are most affected by particulate matter and the attributes of the exposures that are of greatest concern, exposure modifiers, vulnerable populations, exposure assessment, risk management, and gaps in the science. This report summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Exposure Assessment In Environmental Epidemiology

Author : Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen
ISBN : 9780199378784
Genre : Medical
File Size : 68. 51 MB
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Preceded by Exposure assessment in occupational and environmental epidemiology / edited by Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen. 1st ed. 2003.

Children S Environmental Health Research

Author : Allen Dearry
ISBN : 9780788185359
Genre :
File Size : 39. 71 MB
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Papers: etiology & pathogenesis of airway disease in children & adults from rural communities; investigating ambient air pollution & children's respiratory health; exposures of children to organophosphate pesticides; the environment & asthma, & pesticides & inner-city children; effects of environmental pollutants on the fetus; children's health & indoor mold exposure; fungal spores; residential fungal contamination; environmental factors in the etiology & pathogenesis of atopy; indoor fungal exposure; pulmonary hemorrhage among infants; microfungal contamination of damp buildings; indoor air problems in school buildings.

Exposure Assessment In Occupational And Environmental Epidemiology

Author : Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen
ISBN : 0198528612
Genre : Medical
File Size : 44. 83 MB
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Set against a growing public, media and political concern about occupational and environmental health issues, this text is a comprehensive reference on methods and applications in the field of exposure assessment for occupational and environmental epidemiological studies.

Climate Change The Indoor Environment And Health

Author : Committee on the Effect of Climate Change on Indoor Air Quality and Public Health
ISBN : 9780309209410
Genre : Science
File Size : 47. 10 MB
Format : PDF
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The indoor environment affects occupants' health and comfort. Poor environmental conditions and indoor contaminants are estimated to cost the U.S. economy tens of billions of dollars a year in exacerbation of illnesses like asthma, allergic symptoms, and subsequent lost productivity. Climate change has the potential to affect the indoor environment because conditions inside buildings are influenced by conditions outside them. Climate Change, the Indoor Environment, and Health addresses the impacts that climate change may have on the indoor environment and the resulting health effects. It finds that steps taken to mitigate climate change may cause or exacerbate harmful indoor environmental conditions. The book discusses the role the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) should take in informing the public, health professionals, and those in the building industry about potential risks and what can be done to address them. The study also recommends that building codes account for climate change projections; that federal agencies join to develop or refine protocols and testing standards for evaluating emissions from materials, furnishings, and appliances used in buildings; and that building weatherization efforts include consideration of health effects. Climate Change, the Indoor Environment, and Health is written primarily for the EPA and other federal agencies, organizations, and researchers with interests in public health; the environment; building design, construction, and operation; and climate issues.

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