environmental health indoor exposures assessments and interventions

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Environmental Health

Author : Theodore A. Myatt
ISBN : 9781466559004
Genre : Nature
File Size : 65. 92 MB
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Recent advances have been made on the identification of pollutants in indoor environments, the health effects associated with indoor or personal exposures, and interventions that can be implemented by occupants to mitigate exposures. The focus of this book is on exposures that occur typically, but not exclusively, in residences. The contributors cover a wide selection of chemical and biological pollutants, including lead, phthalates, flame retardants, mold, infectious diseases, traffic-related particulate, pesticides, PCBs, VOCs, and asthma triggers. The book also includes a chapter on the plight of teachers working in PCB-contaminated schools.

Encyclopedia Of Environmental Health

Author : Jerome O. Nriagu
ISBN : 0444522662
Genre : Environmental health
File Size : 44. 35 MB
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Clearing The Air

Author : Institute of Medicine
ISBN : 0309132738
Genre : Science
File Size : 36. 50 MB
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Since about 1980, asthma prevalence and asthma-related hospitalizations and deaths have increased substantially, especially among children. Of particular concern is the high mortality rate among African Americans with asthma. Recent studies have suggested that indoor exposures--to dust mites, cockroaches, mold, pet dander, tobacco smoke, and other biological and chemical pollutants--may influence the disease course of asthma. To ensure an appropriate response, public health and education officials have sought a science-based assessment of asthma and its relationship to indoor air exposures. Clearing the Air meets this need. This book examines how indoor pollutants contribute to asthma-- its causation, prevalence, triggering, and severity. The committee discusses asthma among the general population and in sensitive subpopulations including children, low-income individuals, and urban residents. Based on the most current findings, the book also evaluates the scientific basis for mitigating the effects of indoor air pollutants implicated in asthma. The committee identifies priorities for public health policy, public education outreach, preventive intervention, and further research.

Environmental Mycology In Public Health

Author : Carla Viegas
ISBN : 9780124115354
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 83 MB
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Environmental Mycology in Public Health: Fungi and Mycotoxins Risk Assessment and Management provides the most updated information on fungi, an essential element in the survival of our global ecology that can also pose a significant threat to the health of occupants when they are present in buildings. As the exposure to fungi in homes is a significant risk factor for a number of respiratory symptoms, including allergies and hypersensitivity pneumonitis, this book presents information on fungi and their disease agents, important aspects of exposure assessment, and their impacts on health. This book answers the hard questions, including, "How does one detect and measure the presence of indoor fungi?" and "What is an acceptable level of indoor fungi?" It then examines how we relate this information to human health problems. Provides unique new insights on fungi and their metabolites detection in the environmental and occupational settings Presents new information that is enriched by significant cases studies Multi-contributed work, edited by a proficient team in medical and environmental mycology with different individual expertise Guides the readers in the implementation of preventive and protective measures regarding exposure to fungi

Exposure Assessment In Occupational And Environmental Epidemiology

Author : Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen
ISBN : 0191015687
Genre : Medical
File Size : 64. 7 MB
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Set against a background of growing public, media and political concern about occupational and environmental health issues, and a scientific need to better understand and explain the effects of pollutants on human health, this book is a unique resource. Contributions from an expert panel of international practitioners provide a comprehensive reference on the state of the art methods and applications in the field of occupational and environmental pollution and the adverse health effects, particularly the exposure assessment in epidemiological studies. Risks associated with occupational and environmental exposure are generally small, but the exposed population, and hence the population attributable risk, may be large. To detect small risk, the exposure assessment needs to be very refined. Exposure assessment is the study of the distribution and determinants of potentially hazardous agents, and includes the estimation of intensity, duration and frequency of exposure, the variation in these indices and their determinants. The aim of this book is to develop an understanding and knowledge of exposure assessment methods and their application to substantive issues in occupational and environmental epidemiology. The emphasis is on methodological principles and good practice. It is focused on exposure assessment in both occupational and environmental epidemiology since there are many similarities but also some interesting differences. The book outlines the basic principles of exposure assessment, and examines the current status and research questions in the exposure assessment of occupational and environmental epidemiological studies of allergens, particulate matter, chlorination disinfection by-products, agricultural pesticides and radiofrequencies. The book will be of interest to all concerned with exposure assessment and epidemiology. It will be a valuable source for undergraduate and postgraduate courses in exposure assessment, occupational hygiene, environmental science, epidemiology, toxicology, biostatistics, occupational and environmental health, health risk assessment and related disciplines and a useful resource of reference for policy makers and regulators.

Health Risks Of Indoor Exposure To Particulate Matter

Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
ISBN : 9780309443623
Genre : Medical
File Size : 51. 46 MB
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The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines PM as a mixture of extremely small particles and liquid droplets comprising a number of components, including “acids (such as nitrates and sulfates), organic chemicals, metals, soil or dust particles, and allergens (such as fragments of pollen and mold spores)â€. The health effects of outdoor exposure to particulate matter (PM) are the subject of both research attention and regulatory action. Although much less studied to date, indoor exposure to PM is gaining attention as a potential source of adverse health effects. Indoor PM can originate from outdoor particles and also from various indoor sources, including heating, cooking, and smoking. Levels of indoor PM have the potential to exceed outdoor PM levels. Understanding the major features and subtleties of indoor exposures to particles of outdoor origin can improve our understanding of the exposureâ€"response relationship on which ambient air pollutant standards are based. The EPA’s Indoor Environments Division commissioned the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to hold a workshop examining the issue of indoor exposure to PM more comprehensively and considering both the health risks and possible intervention strategies. Participants discussed the ailments that are most affected by particulate matter and the attributes of the exposures that are of greatest concern, exposure modifiers, vulnerable populations, exposure assessment, risk management, and gaps in the science. This report summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Climate Change The Indoor Environment And Health

Author : Committee on the Effect of Climate Change on Indoor Air Quality and Public Health
ISBN : 9780309209410
Genre : Science
File Size : 66. 13 MB
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The indoor environment affects occupants' health and comfort. Poor environmental conditions and indoor contaminants are estimated to cost the U.S. economy tens of billions of dollars a year in exacerbation of illnesses like asthma, allergic symptoms, and subsequent lost productivity. Climate change has the potential to affect the indoor environment because conditions inside buildings are influenced by conditions outside them. Climate Change, the Indoor Environment, and Health addresses the impacts that climate change may have on the indoor environment and the resulting health effects. It finds that steps taken to mitigate climate change may cause or exacerbate harmful indoor environmental conditions. The book discusses the role the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) should take in informing the public, health professionals, and those in the building industry about potential risks and what can be done to address them. The study also recommends that building codes account for climate change projections; that federal agencies join to develop or refine protocols and testing standards for evaluating emissions from materials, furnishings, and appliances used in buildings; and that building weatherization efforts include consideration of health effects. Climate Change, the Indoor Environment, and Health is written primarily for the EPA and other federal agencies, organizations, and researchers with interests in public health; the environment; building design, construction, and operation; and climate issues.

Health And Environment In Europe

Author :
ISBN : 9789289041980
Genre : Medical
File Size : 50. 72 MB
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This report describes the progress made by WHO European Member States in improving their health and environment situations over the last 20 years. The assessment focuses on the aspects of health related to clean water and air, chemical safety, noise and safety at work, and environments supporting safe mobility and physical activity. These issues arise from the four regional priority goals of the Children's Environment and Health Action Plan for Europe (CEHAPE), agreed at the Fourth Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health in 2004. Information collected by the European Environment and Health Information System forms the basis for the analysis. The report also presents the aspects of national policies on environment and health that are related to public governance and healthy public policy. It summarises the implementation, impact and challenges of CEHAPE in countries, using the information collected through a web-based survey conducted in November 2009.

Nursing Health And The Environment

Author : Committee on Enhancing Environmental Health Content in Nursing Practice
ISBN : 9780309588249
Genre : Medical
File Size : 20. 41 MB
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America's nurses, an estimated 2 million strong, are often at the frontlines in confronting environmental health hazards. Yet most nurses have not received adequate training to manage these hazards. Nursing, Health, and the Environment explores the effects that environmental hazards (including those in the workplace) have on the health of patients and communities and proposes specific strategies for preparing nurses to address them. The committee documents the magnitude of environmental hazards and discusses the importance of the relationship between nursing, health, and the environment from three broad perspectives Practice--The authors address environmental health issues in the nursing process, potential controversies over nurses taking a more activist stance on environmental health issues, and more. Education--The volume presents the status of environmental health content in nursing curricula and credentialing, and specific strategies for incorporating more environmental health into nursing preparation. Research--The book includes a survey of the available knowledge base and options for expanding nursing research as it relates to environmental health hazards.

Exposure Assessment In Environmental Epidemiology

Author : Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen
ISBN : 9780199378784
Genre : Medical
File Size : 58. 98 MB
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Preceded by Exposure assessment in occupational and environmental epidemiology / edited by Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen. 1st ed. 2003.

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