environmental problems in an urbanizing world finding solutions in cities in africa asia and latin america

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Environmental Problems In An Urbanizing World

Author : Jorge Enrique Hardoy
ISBN : 1853837202
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 79. 81 MB
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* Updated and much expanded edition of the authors' 1992 classic Environmental Problems in Third World Cities * Comprehensive account of the health- and life- threatening environmental conditions in which a growing proportion of the world's people live * Ideal as a textbook and for professionals and interested general readers * 1st edition widely adopted on urban geography, development studies, environmental courses Most of the world's urban population and most of the large and rapidly growing cities are in developing countries. Often poorly governed, their conditions produce millions of preventable deaths and extensive disease. This book describes these cities' environmental problems and how they affect health, local ecosystems and global cycles. It analyzes the causes: the failure of governments to supply clean water and implement existing measures, or land-owning structures that marginalize the poor. It also highlights the innovative ways in which problems are being tackled, showing solutions are available and the action needed by cities, local governments and community organizations.

Environmental Problems In An Urbanizing World

Author : Jorge E. Hardoy
ISBN : 9781134200856
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 35. 94 MB
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New edition of Environmental Problems in Third World Cities Cities in Africa, Asia and Latin America contain some of the world's most life- and health-threatening human environments. Environment-related diseases and injuries cause millions of preventable deaths each year. In many squatter settlements, children are 40 to 50 times more likely to die before the age of five than they would be in Europe or North America and most such deaths are environment-related. Many cities also cause serious environmental degradation to their surroundings and increasingly contribute to global warming. This updated and much expanded edition of the classic Environmental Problems in Third World Cities describes environmental problems and their effect on human health, local ecosystems and global cycles. It points to the political causes that underpin many of these problems - including ineffective, unaccountable governments, and aid agencies' reluctance to work with the urban poor. It also highlights innovative solutions such as: * High-quality, low-cost homes and neighbourhoods developed by urban poor groups working with local non-governmental organizations * Local Agenda 21s developed by municipal governments in partnership with community organizations.* In their analysis, the authors show that cities can meet sustainable development goals. There are practical, affordable solutions to their environmental problems, but most of these depend on more competent and accountable city governments and on more support for low-income households and their organizations. The book also outlines the changes needed international aid agencies to support this. PRAISE FOR THE FIRST EDITION 'It's rare to encounter a work as authoritative and accessible as this. It is a mine of useful information from cities in every corner of the Third World, which does not shy away from the immensity of the problems, but says as much about the solutions to them as about the problems themselves' Jonathon Porritt 'Well written and very accessible' The Geographical Journal 'Of value to students, teachers, practitioners, policy makers and aid agencies' Third World Planning Review 'A valuable resource for understanding the underlying problems[this book offers] practical alternatives' Cities International.

Latin America And The Caribbean

Author : Kevin Hillstrom
ISBN : 9781576076903
Genre : History
File Size : 71. 40 MB
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Presents an overview of Latin America's and the Caribbean's present status and future outlook for economic, human, and environmental health.

Scaling Urban Environmental Challenges

Author : Peter J Marcotullio
ISBN : 9781136557767
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 34. 24 MB
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Think globally, act locally emphasizes the importance of scale in dealing with environmental challenges, but not how to factor it in. This major new book focuses on the spatial dimensions of urban environmental burdens, showing how important it is to take these into account when pursuing environmental justice and good governance - whether in the context of the sanitary risks of slum living, the pollution of uncontrolled industrialization and motorization, or the enormous ecological footprints of affluent urban lifestyles. Written by leading experts in the fields of urban development and environmental planning, the book reviews the urban environmental shifts that have shaped todays challenges, and examines conditions and problems in the urban centres of low-, middle- and high-income countries. Case studies address such economically diverse cities as Accra, New Delhi, Mexico City and Manchester, while thematic chapters explore issues including water, sanitation and transportation. The book concludes by exploring and analysing different scales of governance. The editors argue that we should not rely solely on local governance to address local burdens like poor sanitation, nor depend only on global governance for global challenges such as greenhouse gas emissions, but that scale is crucial in both understanding the problems and devising successful responses. Published with UNU-IAS and IIED.

Urbanization And Rural Development In Vietnam S Mekong Delta

Author : Xuân Thành Hoàng
ISBN : 9781843697046
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 50. 61 MB
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State Of The World 2007

Author : The Worldwatch Institute
ISBN : 9781610916325
Genre : Nature
File Size : 20. 36 MB
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In 2008, half of the Earth’s population will live in urban areas, marking the first time in history that humans are an urban species. State of the World 2007: Our Urban Future examines changes in the ways cities are managed, built, and lived in that could tip the balance towards a healthier and more peaceful urban future.

Community Driven Development For Water And Sanitation In Urban Areas Its Contribution To Meeting The Millennium Development Goal Targets

Author : Gordon MacGranahan
ISBN : 9781843695585
Genre :
File Size : 88. 5 MB
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Rural Urban Transformations

Author : Mahmoud Bah
ISBN : 1843694417
Genre :
File Size : 45. 60 MB
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Urbanization Biodiversity And Ecosystem Services Challenges And Opportunities

Author : Thomas Elmqvist
ISBN : 9789400770881
Genre : Science
File Size : 74. 43 MB
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Urbanization is a global phenomenon and the book emphasizes that this is not just a social-technological process. It is also a social-ecological process where cities are places for nature, and where cities also are dependent on, and have impacts on, the biosphere at different scales from local to global. The book is a global assessment and delivers four main conclusions: Urban areas are expanding faster than urban populations. Half the increase in urban land across the world over the next 20 years will occur in Asia, with the most extensive change expected to take place in India and China Urban areas modify their local and regional climate through the urban heat island effect and by altering precipitation patterns, which together will have significant impacts on net primary production, ecosystem health, and biodiversity Urban expansion will heavily draw on natural resources, including water, on a global scale, and will often consume prime agricultural land, with knock-on effects on biodiversity and ecosystem services elsewhere Future urban expansion will often occur in areas where the capacity for formal governance is restricted, which will constrain the protection of biodiversity and management of ecosystem services

The Double Burden Of Malnutrition In Asia

Author : Stuart R. Gillespie
ISBN : 9780761997573
Genre : Medical
File Size : 36. 31 MB
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This book is the first comprehensive assessment of nutrition in Asia, a region that has the largest concentration of global malnutrition. It reviews a wide array of nutrition-relevant trends, policies, programmes, challenges and opportunities in Asia. The simple fact that every third child born is malnourished at birth represents an enormous drain on human and economic development. The pay-off to turning this tide is both immense and immeasurable. In the long-term, sustainable poverty-reducing economic growth will simply not be possible without dealing with malnutrition. This book describes the main driving forces behind the groundswell of under nutrition. It sheds light on the emerging "double burden" of co-existing underweight and overweight and the linkages between these two different forms of malnutrition.

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