equity and efficiency considerations of public higher education 557 lecture notes in economics and mathematical systems

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Equity And Efficiency Considerations Of Public Higher Education

Author : Salvatore Barbaro
ISBN : 9783540285151
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 66. 22 MB
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It has become part of the conventional wisdom in the economics of education that subsidies to higher education have a regressive distributional effect. Given that relatively more children from wealthier families enroll in higher education, many economist assume that these subsidies to higher education have an unwanted distributional impact. This volume presents new empirical evidence for the cross-sectional point of view and provides an analytical framework for the longitudinal perspective. The present volume also analyzes the equity and efficiency effects of widely-discussed funding reforms and proposes a voluntary graduate tax.

Equity And Well Being

Author : Hyun Hwa Son
ISBN : 9781136579325
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 57. 87 MB
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Equity is an abstract concept covering philosophical issues such as fairness and social justice, making its definition and measurement complex. This volume tackles these complexities head-on. The book is enriched with many empirical analyses and provides a comprehensive analysis of equity ranging from concepts and measurements to empirical illustrations and policy implications. After an extensive discussion on equity in the introduction, this volume begins with a chapter on well-being where the concepts of functioning and capability are discussed. This is followed by a few chapters on what an equitable distribution is and how equity can be measured. The volume then provides a definition and a methodology to measure equitable growth, examining the relationship between growth, inequality, and poverty. It also presents various empirical illustrations and country-specific experiences with three country case studies which assess whether publicly provided health and education services are equitable in developing Asia, examining the extent to which these social services favor the poor as well as the policy challenges to a more equitable delivery of these services. Finally, these country studies provide evidence–based policy recommendations to improve equity in social service delivery in developing countries. Achieving social equity has long been an important policy goal. There are relatively few studies on equity. This book aims to help fill this gap with an in-depth analysis of the issues associated with equity, covering its concept, measurement, and policy practices and implications.

Achieving High Educational Standards For All

Author : Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
ISBN : 9780309083034
Genre : Education
File Size : 72. 10 MB
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This volume summarizes a range of scientific perspectives on the important goal of achieving high educational standards for all students. Based on a conference held at the request of the U.S. Department of Education, it addresses three questions: What progress has been made in advancing the education of minority and disadvantaged students since the historic Brown v. Board of Education decision nearly 50 years ago? What does research say about the reasons of successes and failures? What are some of the strategies and practices that hold the promise of producing continued improvements? The volume draws on the conclusions of a number of important recent NRC reports, including How People Learn, Preventing Reading Difficulties in Young Children, Eager to Learn, and From Neurons to Neighborhoods, among others. It includes an overview of the conference presentations and discussions, the perspectives of the two co-moderators, and a set of background papers on more detailed issues.

At A Crossroads

Author : María Marta Ferreyra
ISBN : 9781464810152
Genre : Education
File Size : 78. 48 MB
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"Higher education in Latin America and the Caribbean has expanded dramatically in the past 15 years, as the average gross enrollment rate has more than doubled, and many new institutions and programs have been opened. Although higher education access has become more equitable, and higher education supply has become more varied, many of the 'new' students in the system are, on average, less academically ready than are their more advantaged counterparts. Furthermore, only half of higher education students, on average, complete their degree, and labor market returns to higher education vary greatly across institutions and programs. Thus, higher education is at a crossroads today. Given the region's urgency to raise productivity in a low-growth, fiscally constrained environment, going past this crossroads requires the formation of skilled human capital fast and efficiently. 'At a Crossroads: Higher Education in Latin America and the Caribbean' contributes to the discussion by studying quality, variety, and equity of higher education in Latin America and the Caribbean. The book presents comprehensive evidence on the recent higher education expansion and evolution of higher education labor market returns. Using novel data and state-of-the-art methods, it studies demand and supply drivers of the recent expansion. It investigates the behavior of institutions and students and explores the unintended consequences of large-scale higher education policies. Framing the analysis are the singular characteristics of the higher education market and the market segmentation induced by the variety of students and institutions in the system. At this crossroads, a role emerges for incentives, information, accountability, and choice."

Resources In Education Rie 1990

Author : ABC-CLIO, LLC
ISBN : 0897746333
Genre :
File Size : 21. 52 MB
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Making Choices In Health

Author : Tessa Tan-Torres Edejer
ISBN : 9241546018
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 55. 28 MB
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This guide provides information on the concepts involved in using cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) to evaluate the costs and health effects of specific health policy interventions, taking into account the efficiency of current and proposed interventions and seeking to maximise the transferability of cost estimates across settings. Issues discussed include: a brief description of this 'generalized CEA' approach and its methodological differences to more traditional methods, study design, cost estimation, discounting, uncertainty and sensitivity analysis, and results reporting. The second part of the publication contains a series of papers on selected technical issues and applications, originally published in journals.

Current Index To Journals In Education

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105003616252
Genre : Education
File Size : 69. 82 MB
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Restructuring Schools

Author : W. Lowe Boyd
ISBN : 9781135721992
Genre : Education
File Size : 54. 66 MB
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Education reform has become part of a political imperative in a number of developed countries around the world. The simultaneous movement to reform schooling and the administrative structures which deliver educational services therefore needs to be studied in order to lay bare its fundamental assumptions. This movement has been labelled "restructuring" and "reform", although the words carry different meanings in different countries.; The authors question why this reconstruction occurred at the same time in different places. What common themes are emerging in the restructuring movement? And in the 1990s, where will the movement lead schooling and what essential changes will it effect? They explore these questions by examining developments in the USA, Canada, the UK, Australia, New Zealand and Japan.

Natural Resource And Environmental Economics

Author : Roger Perman
ISBN : 9780273760375
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 48. 88 MB
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Now in its fourth edition, Natural Resources and Environmental Economics, provides comprehensive and contemporary analysis of the major areas of natural resource and environmental economics. All chapters have been fully updated in light of new developments and changes in the subject, and provide a balance of theory, applications and examples to give a rigorous grounding in the economic analysis of the resource and environmental issues that are increasingly prominent policy concerns. This text is suitable for second and third year undergraduate and postgraduate students of economics.

Oecd Reviews Of Integrity In Education Ukraine 2017

Author : OECD
ISBN : 9789264270664
Genre :
File Size : 46. 73 MB
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Education in Ukraine is marked by integrity violations from early childhood education and care through postgraduate study. In the past decade policy makers and civic organisations have made progress in addressing these challenges. However, much remains to be done.

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