european perspectives on behavioural law and economics economic analysis of law in european legal scholarship

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European Perspectives On Behavioural Law And Economics

Author : Klaus Mathis
ISBN : 9783319116358
Genre : Law
File Size : 87. 16 MB
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This anthology highlights the theoretical foundations as well as the various applications of Behavioural Law and Economics in European legal culture. By the same token, it fosters the dialogue between European and American Law and Economics scholars. The traditional neo-classical microeconomic theory explains human behaviour by using Rational Choice. According to this model, people tend to maximize the difference between expected utility and cost (“expected utility theory”). This theory includes three assumptions: (1) unbounded rationality, (2) unbounded self-interest, and (3) unbounded willpower. Behavioural Economics questions these assumptions and endeavours to render economic analysis more realistic by underpinning it with psychological insights. In recent years, the influence of Behavioural Economics on the Economic Analysis of Law has gained momentum. Behavioural Law and Economics generates a better theoretical understanding of legal phenomena and offers a multitude of applications in legislation and legal adjudication. This volume is testament to the growing and thriving Law and Economics movement in Europe. The European Law and Economics community has steadily grown and the yearly Law and Economics Conference at the law faculty of the University of Lucerne has successfully become a guiding star in the vast sky of Law and Economics.

Nudge And The Law

Author : Alberto Alemanno
ISBN : 9781782259497
Genre : Law
File Size : 82. 40 MB
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Behavioural sciences help refine our understanding of human decision-making. Their insights are immensely relevant for policy-making since public intervention works much better when it targets real people rather than imaginary beings assumed to be perfectly rational. Increasingly, governments around the world are keen to rely on those insights for reshaping public interventions in a wide range of policy areas such as energy, health, financial services and data protection. When policy-making meets behavioural sciences, effective and low-cost regulations can emerge in the form of default rules, smart disclosure and simplification requirements. While behaviourally-informed intervention has a huge potential for policymaking, it also attracts legitimacy and practicability concerns. Nudge and the Law takes a European perspective on those issues and explores the legal implications of the emergent phenomenon of behavioural regulation by focusing on the challenges and opportunities it may offer to EU policy-making and beyond.

Verbraucherwissenschaften

Author : Peter Kenning
ISBN : 9783658109264
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 55. 45 MB
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In diesem Herausgeberband wird das vielfältige Themenfeld der Verbraucherwissenschaften wissenschaftlich-konzeptionell definiert, skizziert und strukturiert. Ausgewählte Problemfelder der Verbraucherwissenschaften und der Verbraucherpolitikberatung stehen im Fokus wie z.B. die Digitale Welt, Energie, Ernährung, Finanzen und Gesundheit. Ausgewiesene Experten stellen Institutionen und Organisationen auf internationaler, Bundes- und Landesebene vor und betrachten den Verbraucher zusätzlich aus der Praxisperspektive. Der Inhalt Definitionen, begriffliche Abgrenzung und Entwicklungspfade der Verbraucherwissenschaft Rahmenbedingungen aus wirtschaftswissenschaftlicher, historischer, technologischer, politikwissenschaftlicher, soziologischer und rechtlicher Perspektive Wesentliche Forschungsfelder Innovative Ansätze der Verbraucherwissenschaften Institutionen, Organisationen und Akteure Die Herausgeber Univ.-Prof. Dr. Peter Kenning ist Inhaber des Lehrstuhls für Betriebswirtschaftslehre, insbesondere Marketing an der Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf. Er ist Sprecher des Koordinierungsgremiums des Netzwerks Verbraucherforschung im Bundesministerium der Justiz und für Verbraucherschutz (BMJV). Univ.-Prof. Dr. Andreas Oehler ist Inhaber des Lehrstuhls für Betriebswirtschaftslehre, insbesondere Finanzwirtschaft, an der Universität Bamberg. Er ist u.a. Direktor der Forschungsstelle „Verbraucherfinanzen und Verbraucherbildung“ und Vorsitzender des Verwaltungsrats der Stiftung Warentest. Prof. Dr. Lucia A. Reisch ist Verhaltensökonomin und Konsumforscherin. Sie ist Full Professor an der Copenhagen Business School sowie Direktorin des Forschungszentrums Verbraucher, Markt und Politik an der Zeppelin Universität Friedrichshafen. Sie ist Vorsitzende des Sachverständigenrats für Verbraucherfragen (SVRV). Dr. Christian Grugel ist im Bereich der verbraucherpolitischen Beratung tätig. Bis Juni 2015 leitete er im Bundesministerium der Justiz und für Verbraucherschutz die Abteilung Verbraucherpolitik.

Nudging Possibilities Limitations And Applications In European Law And Economics

Author : Klaus Mathis
ISBN : 9783319295626
Genre : Law
File Size : 67. 49 MB
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This anthology provides an in-depth analysis and discusses the issues surrounding nudging and its use in legislation, regulation, and policy making more generally. The 17 essays in this anthology provide startling insights into the multifaceted debate surrounding the use of nudges in European Law and Economics. Nudging is a tool aimed at altering people’s behaviour in a predictable way without forbidding any option or significantly changing economic incentives. It can be used to help people make better decisions to influence human behaviour without forcing them because they can opt out. Its use has sparked lively debates in academia as well as in the public sphere. This book explores who decides which behaviour is desired. It looks at whether or not the state has sufficient information for debiasing, and if there are clear-cut boundaries between paternalism, manipulation and indoctrination. The first part of this anthology discusses the foundations of nudging theory and the problems associated, as well as outlining possible solutions to the problems raised. The second part is devoted to the wide scope of applications of nudges from contract law, tax law and health claim regulations, among others. This volume is a result of the flourishing annual Law and Economics Conference held at the law faculty of the University of Lucerne. The conferences have been instrumental in establishing a strong and ever-growing Law and Economics movement in Europe, providing unique insights in the challenges faced by Law and Economics when applied in European legal traditions.

Csr Und Investment Banking

Author : Karen Wendt
ISBN : 9783662437094
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 59. 10 MB
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Die Finanzindustrie ist Spiegel der Gesellschaft und ihr Businessmodell befindet sich nicht erst seit der Finanzkrise am Scheideweg. Wenn die Negativspirale aus Klimawandel, rasantem Bevölkerungswachstum, ungehemmter Urbanisierung und zunehmend sozialen Spannungen abgewendet werden soll, sind ganzheitliche Management-Ansätze zwingend. Immer mehr Vorstände und Experten der deutschen Finanzindustrie zeigen - nachhaltiges Investment und nachhaltiges Bankgeschäft ist machbar. Vordenker aus Wirtschaft, Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft stellen die integrierte Betrachtung finanzieller, gesellschaftlicher und Umweltleistung in den Mittelpunkt der Geschäftsstrategie und zeigen, dass Integration von Nachhaltigkeit in die Wertschöpfungskette funktioniert. Das klassische Dreieck aus Profit, Risiko und Liquidität wird um eine vierte Komponente ergänzt, die gesellschaftliche Wirkkraft der Geldverwendung.

Theorie Der Rechtsprinzipien

Author : Humberto Bergmann Ávila
ISBN : 3428120809
Genre : Jurisprudence
File Size : 73. 17 MB
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Environmental Law And Economics

Author : Klaus Mathis
ISBN : 9783319509327
Genre : Law
File Size : 83. 82 MB
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This anthology discusses important issues surrounding environmental law and economics and provides an in-depth analysis of its use in legislation, regulation and legal adjudication from a neoclassical and behavioural law and economics perspective. Environmental issues raise a vast range of legal questions: to what extent is it justifiable to rely on markets and continued technological innovation, especially as it relates to present exploitation of scarce resources? Or is it necessary for the state to intervene? Regulatory instruments are available to create and maintain a more sustainable society: command and control regulations, restraints, Pigovian taxes, emission certificates, nudging policies, etc. If regulation in a certain legal field is necessary, which policies and methods will most effectively spur sustainable consumption and production in order to protect the environment while mitigating any potential negative impact on economic development? Since the related problems are often caused by scarcity of resources, economic analysis of law can offer remarkable insights for their resolution. Part I underlines the foundations of environmental law and economics. Part II analyses the effectiveness of economic instruments and regulations in environmental law. Part III is dedicated to the problems of climate change. Finally, Part IV focuses on tort and criminal law. The twenty-one chapters in this volume deliver insights into the multifaceted debate surrounding the use of economic instruments in environmental regulation in Europe.

The Role Of Law And Regulation In Sustaining Financial Markets

Author : Niels Philipsen
ISBN : 9781317750406
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 86. 11 MB
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This book explores the role of law and regulation in sustaining financial markets in both developed and developing countries, particularly the European Union, United States and China. The central argument of this book is that law matters for the operation of financial markets, which, in turn, significantly influences the performance of firms, industries, and economies. The Role of Law and Regulation in Sustaining Financial Markets is divided into four parts. Part one addresses the connection between law, financial development, and economic growth. Part two deals with the role of financial regulation, which can be used to correct market failures, such as negative externalities, information asymmetries, and monopolies. Part three focuses on the design, functioning, and performance of different financial instruments. Part four examines the topic of Corporate Social Responsibility. This book contributes to the ‘law and finance’ literature by studying certain conventional issues, such as the relationship between finance and economic growth, and the effects of regulatory quality on financial development, from new perspectives and/or with new evidence, data, and cases. It also explores novel topics, such as project finance contracts, insurance and climate change, the shadow banking system, that have been overlooked in current literature. This book is meaningful not only for the EU and the US, which have suffered considerably from the financial crisis of 2008, but also for China, which is struggling to build a sound institutional infrastructure to govern its increasingly complicated financial system. By comparing the regulatory philosophies and practices of the EU, the US and China, this book will help the reader to understand the diverse nature of the global ‘law and finance’ nexus and avoid succumbing to the myth of "one size fits all".

Regulating And Managing Food Safety In The Eu

Author : Harry Bremmers
ISBN : 9783319770451
Genre : Law
File Size : 75. 72 MB
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This book analyses EU food law from a regulatory, economic and managerial perspective. It presents an economic assessment of strategies of food safety regulation, and discusses the different regulatory regimes in EU food law. It examines the challenges of food safety in the internal market as well as the regulatory tools that are available. The book’s generic theorising and measurement of regulatory effects is supplemented by detailed analysis of key topics in food markets, such as health claims, enforcement strategies, and induced risk management at the level of the organizations producing food. The regulatory effects discussed in the book range from classical regulatory analysis covering e.g. effects of ex-ante versus ex-post regulation and content-related versus information-related regulation to new regulatory options such as behavioral regulation. The book takes as its premise the idea that economic considerations are basic to the design and functioning of the European food supply arena, and that economic effects consolidate or induce modification of the present legal structures and principles. The assessments, analyses and examination of the various issues presented in the book serve to answer the question of how economic theory and practice can explain and enhance the shaping and modification of the regulatory framework that fosters safe and sustainable food supply chains. ​ ​

Energy Law And Economics

Author : Klaus Mathis
ISBN : 9783319746364
Genre : Law
File Size : 58. 8 MB
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This book offers an edited volume for all readers who wish to gain an in-depth grasp of the economic analysis of recent developments in energy law and policy in Europe and the United States. In response to waning resources and heightened environmental awareness, many countries are now seeking to redefine their energy mix. Several energy sources are available: coal and oil, natural gas, and a variety of renewables. Yet which of them are capable of addressing core energy-related concerns? Reliability, security, affordability, fairness, and sustainability all have to be taken into account. Further, once a target mix has been identified, two challenges remain for legal scholars: what role does the law play in achieving a specified energy mix, and, how can the law best fulfill that role? The essential energy concerns are just as important in defining the way we shape our energy mix as they are in defining the mix itself. An example of current challenges in energy law and policy can be seen in the pursuit by the German and Swiss governments of the so-called “Energiewende” (energy transition). These policies are intended to enable the transition from a non-sustainable use of fossil and nuclear energy to a more sustainable approach based on renewable energies. On the one hand, the goal is to achieve a decarbonization of the energy economy by reducing the use of fossil energy sources such as petroleum, carbon and natural gas. On the other, and in response to the Fukushima nuclear accident, a phase out is intended to eliminate the dangers of nuclear technologies. Achieving these goals poses tremendous challenges for the two countries’ energy policies – partly because the energy transition will not only affect energy production, but also energy consumption. From a Law and Economics perspective, a number of questions arise: to what extent is it justifiable to rely on markets and continued technological innovation, especially with regard to the present exploitation of scarce resources? To what extent is it necessary for states to intervene in energy markets? Regulatory instruments are available to create and maintain more sustainable societies: command and control regulations, restraints, Pigovian taxes, emission certificates, nudging policies, and more. If regulation in a certain legal field is necessary, which policies and methods will most effectively spur the sustainable consumption and production of energy in order to protect the environment while mitigating any potential negative impacts on economic development? Do neoclassical and behavioural economics provide us with a suitable framework for predicting the market’s complex reactions to a changing energy policy? This book provides theoretical insights as well as empirical findings in order to answer these vital questions.

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