evidential uncertainty in causation in negligence hart studies in private law

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Evidential Uncertainty In Causation In Negligence

Author : Gemma Turton
ISBN : 9781509900329
Genre : Law
File Size : 63. 6 MB
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This book undertakes an analysis of academic and judicial responses to the problem of evidential uncertainty in causation in negligence. It seeks to bring clarity to what has become a notoriously complex area by adopting a clear approach to the function of the doctrine of causation within a corrective justice-based account of negligence liability. It first explores basic causal models and issues of proof, including the role of statistical and epidemiological evidence, in order to isolate the problem of evidential uncertainty more precisely. Application of Richard Wright's NESS test to a range of English case law shows it to be more comprehensive than the 'but for' test that currently dominates, thereby reducing the need to resort to additional tests, such as the Wardlaw test of material contribution to harm, the scope and meaning of which are uncertain. The book builds on this foundation to explore the solution to a range of problems of evidential uncertainty, focusing on the Fairchild principle and the idea of risk as damage, as well as the notion of loss of a chance in medical negligence which is often seen as analogous with 'increase in risk', in an attempt to bring coherence to this area of the law.

Proof Of Causation In Tort Law

Author : Sandy Steel
ISBN : 9781107049109
Genre : Law
File Size : 54. 86 MB
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A clear, critical analysis of proof of causation in the law of tort in England, France and Germany.

Uncertain Causation In Medical Liability

Author : Lara Khoury
ISBN : 9781847312730
Genre : Law
File Size : 27. 66 MB
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'Proving' the cause of the plaintiff's injury in personal injury litigation often entails significant challenges, particularly when science cannot identify the cause of a biological phenomenon or when the nature of this cause is debatable. This problem is frequently encountered in medical malpractice cases, where the limitations of scientific knowledge are still extensive. Yet judges must decide cases, however uncertain the evidence with regard to proof of causation. Reluctant to leave patients without compensation, courts have in some cases challenged their traditional approach to causation through recourse to such techniques as reliance on factual presumptions and inferences, the concept of loss of chance, and reversal of the burden of proof. This book analyses and criticises the use of these various techniques by the courts of England, Australia, Canada, France, and the civilian Canadian province of Quebec in confronting evidentiary causal difficulties caused by the uncertainties of medical science.

Tort Law

Author : Nicholas J McBride
ISBN : 9781292207858
Genre : Law
File Size : 70. 17 MB
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Written by two leading scholars, Tort Law combines detailed coverage of the legal principles, supported by hypothetical case scenarios and guided further reading, with critical discussion of the key academic debates and literature in the subject making it ideal for use by anyone studying tort law at undergraduate or postgraduate level. Extensively updated, this new edition covers all important case-law and legislative developments, including the expansion of vicarious liability in Mohamud v Wm Morrison Supermarkets, the treatment of the notion of ‘defect’ under the Consumer Protection Act 1987 in Wilkes v Depuy International Ltd, the reinvigoration of the tort in Wilkinson v Downton by O (a child) v Rhodes, the recognition of a tort of the malicious institution of civil proceedings in Willers v Joyce, and the attempts to reform the law on the defence of illegality in Patel v Mirza.

Perspectives On Causation

Author : Richard Goldberg
ISBN : 9781847318268
Genre : Law
File Size : 37. 92 MB
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The chapters in this volume arise from a conference held at the University of Aberdeen concerning the law of causation in the UK, Commonwealth countries, France and the USA. The distinguished group of international experts who have contributed to this book examine the ways in which legal doctrine in causation is developing, and how British law should seek to influence and be influenced by developments in other countries. As such, the book will serve as a focal point for the study of this important area of law. The book is organised around three themes - the black letter law, scientific evidence, and legal theory. In black letter law scholarship, major arguments have emerged about how legal doctrine will develop in cases involving indeterminate defendants and evidential gaps in causation. Various chapters examine the ways in which legal doctrine should develop over the next few years, in particular in England, Scotland, Canada and the USA, including the problem of causation in asbestos cases. In the area of scientific evidence, its role in the assessment of causation in civil litigation has never been greater. The extent to which such evidence can be admitted and used in causation disputes is controversial. This section of the book is therefore devoted to exploring the role of statistical evidence in resolving causation problems, including recent trends in litigation in the UK, USA, Australia and in France and the question of liability for future harm. In the legal theory area, the so-called NESS (necessary element in a sufficient set) test of causation is discussed and defended. The importance of tort law responding to developing science and observations from the perspective of precaution and indeterminate causation are also explored. The book will be of interest to legal academics, policy makers in the field, specialist legal practitioners, those in the pharmaceutical and bioscience sectors, physicians and scientists.

Proof Of Causation In Tort Law

Author : Sandy Steel
ISBN : 9781107049109
Genre : Law
File Size : 70. 67 MB
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A clear, critical analysis of proof of causation in the law of tort in England, France and Germany.

Tort Law Text And Materials

Author : Ken Oliphant
ISBN : 9780198745525
Genre : Torts
File Size : 35. 29 MB
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The sixth edition of this celebrated book brings together a selection of carefully chosen extracts from cases and materials with insightful author text. Each section begins with a clear overview of the law, followed by illustrating extracts from case law and from government reports and scholarly literature, which are supported by the authors' expert explanation and analysis. Opportunities for further research are highlighted by the many suggestions for additional readings that are woven throughout the text. This approach enables students to gain a rich and contextual understanding of the law of tort.

Encyclopedia Of Building And Construction Terms

Author : Hugh Brooks
ISBN : 0976836483
Genre :
File Size : 73. 72 MB
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Your value in the construction industry will be measured by your understanding and use of its terminology. THIS UPDATED AND EXPANDED EDTION gives concise explanations of over 3,000 terms you will hear in meetings, read in reports, and discuss on the job site. A single source for terminology in all areas of construction technology, including related terms in engineering, mathematics, energy conservation, surveying, construction management and real estate. Includes an invaluable resource directory for trade and professional associations, governmental and regulatory agencies, and current building codes. A compendium of information for all involved in today's building and construction industry.

Exploring Tort Law

Author : M. Stuart Madden
ISBN : 9781139446716
Genre : Law
File Size : 83. 23 MB
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Independent of criminal or contract law, Tort law provides individuals and groups with redress for injury to every dimension of life from physical injury, to property damage, to personal insult. Over past decades no body of law within the civil justice system has experienced greater ferment than the law of Torts. In the US, state courts, federal courts, and the Supreme Court have all been active in the development of Tort policy. This edited collection comprises scholarship from many of today's most influential contributors regarding Torts and Compensation Systems scholarship. Topics include an investigation of the original stimuli for tort-type norms from ancient times onwards, a provocative analysis of five tort landmarks from MacPherson v. Buick Motor Co. to United States v. Carroll Towing Co, and a frank assessment of the limitations of torts within broader compensation systems goals.

Dealing With Uncertainties In Policing Serious Crime

Author : Gabriele Bammer
ISBN : 9781921666377
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 84. 62 MB
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Grappling with uncertainties is at the heart of investigating serious crime. At a time when such crime is becoming more complex and resources are increasingly stretched, this book draws together research and practice perspectives to review fruitful approaches to uncertainties and to chart the way forward. Scene setting chapters describe the consequences of globalisation and the spread of sophisticated information technologies (Sue Wilkinson), as well as advances in understanding and managing uncertainty (Michael Smithson). Ways of enhancing responses from statistics (Robyn Attewell), risk analysis (Richard Jarrett and Mark Westcott) and the psychology of decision making (Mark Kebbell, Damon Muller and Kirsty Martin) follow. These are complemented by insights from law (the Hon. Tim Carmody SC), politics (the Hon. Carmen Lawrence) and business (Neil Fargher), which all have significant intersections with policing. Synthesis is provided by the four final chapters which present the outlooks of the investigating officer and investigation manager (Peter Martin), the provider of policing higher education (Tracey Green and Greg Linsdell), the capacity-building consultant (Steve Longford), and the leader of a law enforcement agency (Alastair Milroy).

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