evolution and the human mind modularity language and meta cognition

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Evolution And The Human Mind

Author : Peter Carruthers
ISBN : 0521789087
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 49. 97 MB
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This volume of essays offers an interdisciplinary examination of the evolution of the human mind.

The Evolution Of Cognition

Author : Cecilia M. Heyes
ISBN : 0262082861
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 25. 53 MB
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This book encompasses the behavior and mentality of nonhuman as well as human animalsand a full range of evolutionary approaches. Rather than a collection by and for the like-minded, itis a debate about how evolutionary processes have shaped cognition.

Language Brain And Cognitive Development

Author : Jacques Mehler
ISBN : 0262041979
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 83. 45 MB
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Interdisciplinary essays on central issues in cognitive science. In the early 1960s, the bold project of the emerging field of cognition was to put the human mind under the scrutiny of rational inquiry, through the conjoined efforts of philosophy, linguistics, computer science, psychology, and neuroscience. Forty years later, cognitive science is a flourishing academic field. The contributions to this collection, written in honor of Jacques Mehler, a founder of the field of psycholinguistics, assess the progress of cognitive science. The questions addressed include: What have we learned or not learned about language, brain, and cognition? Where are we now? Where have we failed? Where have we succeeded? The book is organized into four sections in addition to the introduction: thought, language, neuroscience, and brain and biology. Some chapters cut across several sections, attesting to the cross-disciplinary nature of the field.

Verbal Communication

Author : Andrea Rocci
ISBN : 9783110255478
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 84. 60 MB
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Language is the most pervasive means of human communication. Drawing on research in communication and in the language sciences, the Handbook presents a rich picture of verbal communication addressing how explicit and implicit meanings are negotiated in conversations, arguments and narratives, covering the media and contexts of verbal communication, the impact of cultural and linguistic diversity and the assessment of verbal communication quality.

Cognitive Archaeology And Human Evolution

Author : Sophie A. de Beaune
ISBN : 9780521769778
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 53. 17 MB
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Cognitive Archaeology and Human Evolution presented new directions in the study of cognitive archaeology. Seeking to understand the conditions that led to the development of a variety of cognitive processes during evolution, it uses evidence from empirical studies and offers theoretical speculations about the evolution of modern thinking as well. The twelve essays, written by an international team of scholars, represent an eclectic array of interests, methods, and theories about evolutionary cognitive archaeology. Collectively, they consider whether the processes in the development of human cognition simply made a better use of anatomical and cerebral structures already in place at the beginning of hominization. They also consider the possibility of an active role of hominoids in their own development and query the impact of hominoid activity in the emergence of new cognitive abilities.

Anatomy Of The Mind

Author : Ron Sun
ISBN : 9780199794706
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 62. 26 MB
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This book aims to understand human cognition and psychology through a comprehensive computational theory of the human mind, namely, a computational "cognitive architecture" (or more specifically, the Clarion cognitive architecture). The goal of this work is to develop a unified framework for understanding the human mind, and within the unified framework, to develop process-based, mechanistic explanations of a large variety of psychological phenomena. Specifically, the book first describes the essential Clarion framework and its cognitive-psychological justifications, then its computational instantiations, and finally its applications to capturing, simulating, and explaining various psychological phenomena and empirical data. The book shows how the models and simulations shed light on psychological mechanisms and processes through the lens of a unified framework. In fields ranging from cognitive science, to psychology, to artificial intelligence, and even to philosophy, researchers, graduate and undergraduate students, and practitioners of various kinds may have interest in topics covered by this book. The book may also be suitable for seminars or courses, at graduate or undergraduate levels, on cognitive architectures or cognitive modeling (i.e. computational psychology).

Why We Lie

Author : David Livingstone Smith
ISBN : 9781466821507
Genre : Science
File Size : 61. 54 MB
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Deceit, lying, and falsehoods lie at the very heart of our cultural heritage. Even the founding myth of the Judeo-Christian tradition, the story of Adam and Eve, revolves around a lie. We have been talking, writing and singing about deception ever since Eve told God, "The serpent deceived me, and I ate." Our seemingly insatiable appetite for stories of deception spans the extremes of culture from King Lear to Little Red Riding Hood, retaining a grip on our imaginations despite endless repetition. These tales of deception are so enthralling because they speak to something fundamental in the human condition. The ever-present possibility of deceit is a crucial dimension of all human relationships, even the most central: our relationships with our very own selves. Now, for the first time, philosopher and evolutionary psychologist David Livingstone Smith elucidates the essential role that deception and self-deception have played in human--and animal--evolution and shows that the very structure of our minds has been shaped from our earliest beginnings by the need to deceive. Smith shows us that by examining the stories we tell, the falsehoods we weave, and the unconscious signals we send out, we can learn much about ourselves and how our minds work. Readers of Richard Dawkins and Steven Pinker will find much to intrigue them in this fascinating book, which declares that our extraordinary ability to deceive others--and even our own selves--"lies" at the heart of our humanity.

Language And Thought

Author : Peter Carruthers
ISBN : 0521637589
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 42. 5 MB
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This distinguished collection of essays explores the place of natural language in human cognition.

How Can The Human Mind Occur In The Physical Universe

Author : John R. Anderson
ISBN : 9780195398953
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 90. 12 MB
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'The question for me is how can the human mind occur in the physical universe. We now know that the world is governed by physics. We now understand the way biology nestles comfortably within that. The issue is how will the mind do that as well.' --Alan Newell, December 4, 1991, Carnegie Mellon University The argument John Anderson gives in this book was inspired by the passage above, from the last lecture by one of the pioneers of cognitive science. Newell describes what, for him, is the pivotal question of scientific inquiry, and Anderson gives an answer that is emerging from the study of brain and behavior. Humans share the same basic cognitive architecture with all primates, but they have evolved abilities to exercise abstract control over cognition and process more complex relational patterns. The human cognitive architecture consists of a set of largely independent modules associated with different brain regions. In this book, Anderson discusses in detail how these various modules can combine to produce behaviors as varied as driving a car and solving an algebraic equation, but focuses principally on two of the modules: the declarative and procedural. The declarative module involves a memory system that, moment by moment, attempts to give each person the most appropriate possible window into his or her past. The procedural module involves a central system that strives to develop a set of productions that will enable the most adaptive response from any state of the modules. Newell argued that the answer to his question must take the form of a cognitive architecture, and Anderson organizes his answer around the ACT-R architecture, but broadens it by bringing in research from all areas of cognitive science, including how recent work in brain imaging maps onto the cogntive architecture.

Philosophy At 3 Am

Author : Richard Marshall
ISBN : 9780199969531
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 37. 55 MB
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The 25 interviews collected in this volume were carried out with the aim of confronting widespread ignorance about contemporary philosophy. Contemporary philosophical issues are presented through engaging but serious dialogues that, taken together, offer a glimpse into key debates across the discipline.

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