experiments in ethics flexner lectures

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Experiments In Ethics

Author : Anthony Appiah
ISBN : 0674026098
Genre : Performing Arts
File Size : 72. 28 MB
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Introduction: The waterless moat -- The case against character -- The case against intuition -- The varieties of moral experience -- The ends of ethics.

Verstehen Und Verst Ndigung In Einer Ver Nderten Welt

Author : Hamid Reza Yousefi
ISBN : 9783531197210
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 28. 98 MB
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In einer Zeit, in der die Welt immer mehr zusammenrückt und Informationen weit entfernter Kulturregionen im Sekundentakt per Mausklick verfügbar gemacht oder weitergeleitet werden können, benötigen wir neue Kompetenzen. Die Beiträge des vorliegenden Bandes nehmen sich dieser Herausforderung an und gehen der Frage nach, was sich auf den jeweiligen Fachgebieten im Zuge der Globalisierungen verändert hat und warum neue Wege und Methoden auszuloten sind, um bestehenden Herausforderungen angemessen zu begegnen und eine dialogische Völkerverständigung in Theorie und Praxis zu gestalten. Dieser Sammelband ist konzipiert als ein einführendes Kompendium für Studierende aller Bereiche der Sozial- und Kulturwissenschaften.​

Mensch Und Weltkultur

Author : Christoph Antweiler
ISBN : 9783839416341
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 60. 26 MB
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Die global vernetzte Welt wird kleiner und lässt uns nach kulturübergreifenden Orientierungen suchen. Politik und Religion brauchen ein Gespräch darüber, was die Einheit der Menschheit ausmacht. Wie kann eine humane Weltkultur aussehen, die Erfahrungen der europäischen Welt nicht einfach universalisiert? Christoph Antweiler bringt die Debatte um globale Ethik erstmals mit breiten kulturvergleichenden Erkenntnissen zusammen und befragt zentrale Positionen zu Kosmopolitismus und Weltgesellschaft, etwa von Anthony Appiah und Martha Nussbaum, auf ihre Tauglichkeit für den interkulturellen Umgang.

New Perspectives On Technology In Society

Author : Ibo van de Poel
ISBN : 9781315468235
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 61. 78 MB
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The development and introduction of a new technology to society can be viewed as an experimental process, full of uncertainties, which are only gradually reduced as the technology is employed. Unexpected developments may trigger an experimental process in which society must find new ways to deal with the uncertainties posed. This book explores how the experimental perspective determines what ethical issues new technologies raise and how it helps morally evaluate their introduction. Expert contributors highlight the uncertainties that accompany the process, identify the social and ethical challenges they give rise to, and propose strategies to manage them. Focusing on the introduction of new technologies and experimentation as ways to perceive new developments and changing contexts, a key theme of the book is how to approach the moral issues raised by new technology and understand the role of experimentation in exploring these matters.

Life And Death Decisions In The Clinical Setting

Author : Paul Walker
ISBN : 9789811043017
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 51. 96 MB
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This book moves away from the frameworks that have traditionally guided ethical decision-making in the Western clinical setting, towards an inclusive, non-coercive and, reflective dialogic approach to moral decision-making. Inspired in part by Jürgen Habermas’s discourse theory of morality and principles of communicative action, the book offers a proportionist approach as a way of balancing out the wisdom in traditional frameworks, set in the actual reality of the clinical situation at hand. Putting this approach into practice requires having a conversation, a dialogue or a discourse, with collaboration amongst all the stakeholders. The aim of the dialogue is to reach consensus in the decision, via mutual understanding of the values held by the patient and others whom they see as significant. This book aims to underscore the moral philosophical foundations for having a meaningful conversation. Life and Death Decision in the Clinical Setting is especially relevant in our contemporary era, characterised medically by an ever-increasing armamentarium of life-sustaining technology, but also by increasing multiculturalism, a multiplicity of faiths, and increasing value pluralism.

Handbook Of Evolutionary Thinking In The Sciences

Author : Thomas Heams
ISBN : 9789401790147
Genre : Science
File Size : 59. 48 MB
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The Darwinian theory of evolution is itself evolving and this book presents the details of the core of modern Darwinism and its latest developmental directions. The authors present current scientific work addressing theoretical problems and challenges in four sections, beginning with the concepts of evolution theory, its processes of variation, heredity, selection, adaptation and function, and its patterns of character, species, descent and life. The second part of this book scrutinizes Darwinism in the philosophy of science and its usefulness in understanding ecosystems, whilst the third section deals with its application in disciplines beyond the biological sciences, including evolutionary psychology and evolutionary economics, Darwinian morality and phylolinguistics. The final section addresses anti-Darwinism, the creationist view and issues around teaching evolution in secondary schools. The reader learns how current experimental biology is opening important perspectives on the sources of variation, and thus of the very power of natural selection. This work examines numerous examples of the extension of the principle of natural selection and provides the opportunity to critically reflect on a rich theory, on the methodological rigour that presides in its extensions and exportations, and on the necessity to measure its advantages and also its limits. Scholars interested in modern Darwinism and scientific research, its concepts, research programs and controversies will find this book an excellent read, and those considering how Darwinism might evolve, how it can apply to the human sciences and other disciplines beyond its origins will find it particularly valuable. Originally produced in French (Les Mondes Darwiniens), the scope and usefulness of the book have led to the production of this English text, to reach a wider audience. This book is a milestone in the impressive penetration by Francophone scholars into the world of Darwinian science, its historiography and philosophy over the last two decades. Alex Rosenberg, R. Taylor Cole Professor of Philosophy, Duke University Until now this useful and comprehensive handbook has only been available to francophones. Thanks to this invaluable new translation, this collection of insightful and original essays can reach the global audience it deserves. Tim Lewens, University of Cambridge

Ethische Experimente

Author : Anthony Appiah
ISBN : 3406592643
Genre : Ethik
File Size : 64. 69 MB
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Experiences Of Freedom In Postcolonial Literatures And Cultures

Author : Annalisa Oboe
ISBN : 9781136811739
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 26. 94 MB
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Modern ideas of freedom and human rights have been repeatedly contested and are hotly debated at the beginning of the third millennium in response to new theories, needs, and changes in the world today. This volume offers culturally diverse responses to the contemporary idea of ‘freedom’ from the literatures and the arts of the postcolonial world.

Inclusive Humanism

Author : Christoph Antweiler
ISBN : 9783847100225
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 23. 66 MB
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The diversity of interconnected cultures on a bounded planet requires more shared orientations. The humanities and politics have to face fundamental questions. What does a humanism look like that does not move too rapidly to universalize the views and historical experiences of the European or American world? How can we conceive of globality as a new entity without playing unity and diversity off against one another? Does a world culture that is becoming ever closely related in fact need common values or only rules of human exchange? How can we succeed at civilizing an ever-present ethnocentrism? How do we keep the terms "culture" and "humanity" from being misused as weapons in identity wars? Any realistic cosmopolitanism must proceed from an understanding of humankind as one entity without requiring us to re-design cultures to fit on with some sort of global template. Answers can be gained by deploying shared characteristics of humans as well as pan-cultural commonalities. This book offers an anthropologically informed foundation for addressing pertinent questions of intercultural exchange.

Medical Education And Ethics Concepts Methodologies Tools And Applications

Author : Management Association, Information Resources
ISBN : 9781522509790
Genre : Medical
File Size : 26. 30 MB
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As the healthcare industry continues to expand, a higher volume of new professionals must be integrated into the field. Providing these professionals with a quality education will likewise ensure the further progress and advancements in the medical field. Medical Education and Ethics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications presents a compendium of contemporary research on the educational practices and ethical considerations in the medical industry. This multi-volume work contains pedagogical frameworks, emerging trends, case studies, and technological innovations essential for optimizing medical education initiatives. This comprehensive publication is a pivotal resource for medical professionals, upper-level students, researchers, and practitioners.

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