exposure assessment in occupational and environmental epidemiology

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Exposure Assessment In Occupational And Environmental Epidemiology

Author : Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen
ISBN : 0191015687
Genre : Medical
File Size : 48. 83 MB
Format : PDF
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Set against a background of growing public, media and political concern about occupational and environmental health issues, and a scientific need to better understand and explain the effects of pollutants on human health, this book is a unique resource. Contributions from an expert panel of international practitioners provide a comprehensive reference on the state of the art methods and applications in the field of occupational and environmental pollution and the adverse health effects, particularly the exposure assessment in epidemiological studies. Risks associated with occupational and environmental exposure are generally small, but the exposed population, and hence the population attributable risk, may be large. To detect small risk, the exposure assessment needs to be very refined. Exposure assessment is the study of the distribution and determinants of potentially hazardous agents, and includes the estimation of intensity, duration and frequency of exposure, the variation in these indices and their determinants. The aim of this book is to develop an understanding and knowledge of exposure assessment methods and their application to substantive issues in occupational and environmental epidemiology. The emphasis is on methodological principles and good practice. It is focused on exposure assessment in both occupational and environmental epidemiology since there are many similarities but also some interesting differences. The book outlines the basic principles of exposure assessment, and examines the current status and research questions in the exposure assessment of occupational and environmental epidemiological studies of allergens, particulate matter, chlorination disinfection by-products, agricultural pesticides and radiofrequencies. The book will be of interest to all concerned with exposure assessment and epidemiology. It will be a valuable source for undergraduate and postgraduate courses in exposure assessment, occupational hygiene, environmental science, epidemiology, toxicology, biostatistics, occupational and environmental health, health risk assessment and related disciplines and a useful resource of reference for policy makers and regulators.

Exposure Assessment In Environmental Epidemiology

Author : Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen
ISBN : 9780199378784
Genre : Medical
File Size : 88. 94 MB
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Preceded by Exposure assessment in occupational and environmental epidemiology / edited by Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen. 1st ed. 2003.

Environmental Epidemiology

Author : Dean Baker
ISBN : 0198527926
Genre : Medical
File Size : 85. 5 MB
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Environmental epidemiology is the study of disease and environmental determinants of disease in humans, for example air pollution, water contamination, pesticides and telephone masts. This book describes the methods of environmental epidemiology and provides practical guidance on how to conduct studies on environmental problems and health effects.

Research Methods In Occupational Epidemiology

Author : Harvey Checkoway
ISBN : 9780195092424
Genre : Medical
File Size : 72. 39 MB
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From reviews of the first edition:'An up-to-date presentation of research methods in occupational epidemiology is provided by this well-written and well-structured textbook... This excellent book is likely to become a standard reference text. All those engaged in occupational epidemiology should obtain a copy.' -International Journal of Epidemiology'A remarkably well-written, easy-to-read, concise synopsis of the whole range of methods used in occupational epidemiology. Many examples, tables, diagrams, with comprehensive summaries of statistical concepts and various methods used to model exposure and dose. A valuable reference for basic and intermediate work.' -APHA Occupational Health and Safety Newsletter'This book is a worthwhile introductory text to the emerging field of occupational epidemiology. It gives an extensive discussion of the practical problems to be faced in planning and executing occupational studies, and will be of particular benefit to persons starting work in this field of study.' -Chronic DiseasesThis widely used text provides a clear and critical summary of research approaches to the epidemiological study of workplace hazards. It describes the historical development of occupational epidemiology, methods for characterizing occupational exposures, and techniques for designing and implementing epidemiologic studies in this area. The relative strengths and limitations of various study designs for investigating specific health outcomes are emphasized. Also included are more advanced discussions of statistical analysis, exposure and dose modelling, and subsequent applications of data derived from epidemiologic research, as in meta-analysis, pooled analysis, and statistical analysis, exposure and dose modelling, and risk assessment. Since the first edition was published 15 years ago, there have been numerous advances in epidemiologic methods to accommodate a broadened scope of investigations of occupational exposures and associated adverse health outcomes. Thus, in this Second Edition the authors have updated their discussions of methodology to include such topics as case-cohort and case-crossover designs and statistical analysis of repeated measures data, and have expanded the examples they use throughout the book to demonstrate the applications of these methods to a wide range of acute and chronic health outcomes. They have also added a new chapter on occupational health surveillance. Their text is unique for its strong emphasis on the definition and assessment of exposures, the application of quantitative exposure data to epidemiologic models, and the recognition that improvements in workplace risk identification and quantification will come from careful integration of these approaches.

Statistical Methods In Environmental Epidemiology

Author : Duncan C. Thomas
ISBN : 9780191552687
Genre : Medical
File Size : 72. 2 MB
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Environmental epidemiology is the study of the environmental causes of disease in populations and how these risks vary in relation to intensity and duration of exposure and other factors like genetic susceptibility. As such, it is the basic science upon which governmental safety standards and compensation policies for environmental and occupational exposure are based. Profusely illustrated with examples from the epidemiologic literature on ionizing radiation and air pollution, thistext provides a systematic treatment of the statistical challenges that arise in environmental health studies and the use epidemiologic data in formulating public policy, at a level suitable for graduate students and epidemiologic researchers.After a general overview of study design and statistical methods for epidemiology generally, the book goes on to address the problems that are unique to environmental health studies, special-purpose designs like two-phase case-control studies and countermatching, statistical methods for modeling exposure-time-response relationships, longitudinal and time-series studies, spatial and ecologic methods, exposure measurement error, interactions, and mechanistic models. It also discusses studiesaimed at evaluating the public health benefits of interventions to improve the environment, the use of epidemiologic data to establish environmental safety standards and compensation policy, and concludes with emerging problems in reproductive epidemiology, natural and man-made disasters like globalwarming, and the global burden of environmentally caused disease. No other book provides such a broad perspective on the methodological challenges in this field at a level accessible to both epidemiologists and statisticians.

Topics In Environmental Epidemiology

Author : Kyle Steenland
ISBN : 0195095642
Genre : Medical
File Size : 28. 94 MB
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A comprehensive survey of the epidemiology of common environmental exposures, this volume covers diet, water, particulates in outdoor air, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, environmental tobacco smoke, radon in homes, electromagnetic fields, and lead. Design and analysis issues, risk assessment and meta-analysis, and future directions in environmental epidemiology are also discussed. All chapters provide a review of the relevant literature as well as an overview of important methodologic issues, particularly exposure assessment and statistical methods. Most of these exposures are widespread and low-level, and are thought to increase the risk of chronic diseases that have many causes. Even though the disease risks due to these exposures may be low, the public health burden may be significant because large numbers of people are exposed. Such exposures are inherently difficult to detect via observational epidemiology. This book clarifies the problems and suggests ways to move forward. It will be useful to students and practitioners of public health, environmental health, and epidemiology.

Current Topics In Occupational Epidemiology

Author : Katherine Venables
ISBN : 9780199683901
Genre : Medical
File Size : 56. 42 MB
Format : PDF
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Current Topics in Occupational Epidemiology is an in-depth study of the contemporary issues and emerging themes in the field. Divided into nine sections the book discusses how traditional methods can be used to study new" occupational diseases such as epidemiological studies of older workers, and aid understanding of the "older" topics including morbidity and mortality among coal workers. Trends in society have allowed occupational epidemiological methods to be expanded to cover issues such as the ageing workforce, return to work after illness, and the migration of workers. These issues as well as new data sources such as surveillance systems are discussed in topic specific chapters. Written by leading international experts in the field, Current Topics in Occupational Epidemiology provides a comprehensive look at the current areas of interest and will be essential reading for epidemiologists, statisticians, exposure assessment scientists, physicians, and policymakers."

Environmental Epidemiology Principles And Methods

Author : Ray M. Merrill
ISBN : 9781449666644
Genre : Medical
File Size : 23. 85 MB
Format : PDF
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From the author of the bestselling Introduction to Epidemiology, this new book presents basic concepts and research methods used in environmental epidemiology and the application of environmental epidemiology to influencing human health and well-being. The first eight chapters cover basic concepts and research methods used in environmental epidemiology. The following chapters focus on the application of environmental epidemiology to specific environmental factors associated with health. Developed for an introductory course in environmental epidemiology, Environmental Epidemiology is ideal for undergraduate and graduate students in public health, as well as field public health workers. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.

Occupational Exposure Assessment For Air Contaminants

Author : Gurumurthy Ramachandran
ISBN : 9781420032154
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 62. 7 MB
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Over the last three decades, significant progress has been made not only in the technology of measuring air contaminants but also in the statistical descriptions of exposure distributions and exposure assessment strategies. Occupational Exposures for Air Contaminants addresses the various aspects of occupational exposure assessment for air contaminants as a coherent body of knowledge. It is the first book to explore occupational air contaminant measurement and properties, human exposure assessment, design of exposure strategies, and the statistical interpretation of exposure measurements in one comprehensive source. The book describes the process of obtaining a number that represents the value of exposure to an air contaminant and the science and technology underlying this process. It includes a discussion of sources of variability in exposures, the statistics of exposure distributions, and exposure assessment strategies for routine monitoring as well as occupational epidemiology. The book's all-inclusive exploration of the major theories and practices of occupational exposure assessment for air contaminants make this an ideal textbook for a graduate or upper-level undergraduate course on occupational exposure assessment of airborne contaminants.

Environmental Mycology In Public Health

Author : Carla Viegas
ISBN : 9780124115354
Genre : Science
File Size : 56. 82 MB
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Environmental Mycology in Public Health: Fungi and Mycotoxins Risk Assessment and Management provides the most updated information on fungi, an essential element in the survival of our global ecology that can also pose a significant threat to the health of occupants when they are present in buildings. As the exposure to fungi in homes is a significant risk factor for a number of respiratory symptoms, including allergies and hypersensitivity pneumonitis, this book presents information on fungi and their disease agents, important aspects of exposure assessment, and their impacts on health. This book answers the hard questions, including, "How does one detect and measure the presence of indoor fungi?" and "What is an acceptable level of indoor fungi?" It then examines how we relate this information to human health problems. Provides unique new insights on fungi and their metabolites detection in the environmental and occupational settings Presents new information that is enriched by significant cases studies Multi-contributed work, edited by a proficient team in medical and environmental mycology with different individual expertise Guides the readers in the implementation of preventive and protective measures regarding exposure to fungi

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