extinctions in the history of life

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Extinctions In The History Of Life

Author : Paul D. Taylor
ISBN : 1139457977
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 48 MB
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Extinction is the ultimate fate of all biological species - over 99 percent of the species that have ever inhabited the Earth are now extinct. The long fossil record of life provides scientists with crucial information about when species became extinct, which species were most vulnerable to extinction, and what processes may have brought about extinctions in the geological past. Key aspects of extinctions in the history of life are here reviewed by six leading palaeontologists, providing a source text for geology and biology undergraduates as well as more advanced scholars. Topical issues such as the causes of mass extinctions and how animal and plant life has recovered from these cataclysmic events that have shaped biological evolution are dealt with. This helps us to view the biodiversity crisis in a broader context, and shows how large-scale extinctions have had profound and long-lasting effects on the Earth's biosphere.

Lost Creatures Of The Earth

Author : Jon Erickson
ISBN : 9781438109657
Genre : Catastrophes (Geology)
File Size : 66. 82 MB
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In one of his many books of popular science, Colorado-based geologist Erickson outlines the processes and history of evolution, then surveys the several mass extinctions of species, speculates on their causes, and explains their impact on subsequent evolution.

Extinction And Evolution

Author : Niles Eldredge
ISBN : 1770853596
Genre : Nature
File Size : 55. 38 MB
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Eldredge's groundbreaking work is now accepted as the definitive statement of how life as we know it evolved on Earth. This book chronicles how Eldredge made his discoveries and traces the history of life through the lenses of paleontology, geology, ecology, anthropology, biology, genetics, zoology, mammalogy, herpetology, entomology and botany. While rigorously accurate, the text is accessible, engaging and free of jargon.

Mass Extinctions And Their Aftermath

Author : A. Hallam
ISBN : 0191588393
Genre :
File Size : 67. 57 MB
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The first book to review all the evidence concerning both the dinosaur extinctions and all the other major extinctions - of plant, animal, terrestrial, and marine life - in the history of life. All the extinction mechanisms are critically assessed, including meteorite impact, anoxia, and volcanism. - ;Why do mass extinctions occur? The demise of the dinosaurs has been discussed exhaustively, but has never been out into the context of other extinction events. This is the first systematic review of the mass extinctions of all organisms, plant and animal, terrestrial and marine, that have occurred in the history of life. This includes the major crisis 250 million years ago which nearly wiped out all life on Earth. By examining current paleontological, geological, and sedimentological evidence of environmental changes, the cases for explanations based on climate change, marine regressions, asteroid or comet impact, anoxia, and volcanic eruptions are all critically evaluated. -

Catastrophes And Lesser Calamities

Author : Anthony Hallam
ISBN : 0192806688
Genre : Science
File Size : 88. 34 MB
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Uses the geological record to trace historical and modern views on five mass extinction events, including the disappearance of dinosaurs.

Evolutionary Catastrophes

Author : Vincent Courtillot
ISBN : 0521891183
Genre : Nature
File Size : 45. 45 MB
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Mass extinction and cataclysmic volcanic activity: will fascinate everyone interested in the history of life and death on our planet.

Rivers In Time

Author : Peter D. Ward
ISBN : 0231118635
Genre : Nature
File Size : 69. 27 MB
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Elaborating on and updating Ward's previous work, "The End of Evolution," "Rivers in Time" delves into his newest discoveries. The book presents the gripping tale of the author's investigations into the history of life and death on Earth through a series of expeditions that have brought him ever closer to the truth about mass extinctions, past and future.

When The Invasion Of Land Failed

Author : George R. McGhee, Jr.
ISBN : 9780231160575
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 14 MB
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The invasion of land by ocean-dwelling plants and animals was one of the most revolutionary events in the evolution of life on Earth, yet the animal invasion almost failed—twice—because of the twin mass extinctions of the Late Devonian Epoch. Some 359 to 375 million years ago, these catastrophic events dealt our ancestors a blow that almost drove them back into the sea. If those extinctions had been just a bit more severe, spiders and insects might have become the ecologically dominant forms of animal life on land. This book examines the profound evolutionary consequences of the Late Devonian extinctions, which shaped the composition of the modern terrestrial ecosystem. Only one group of four-limbed vertebrates now live on Earth while other tetrapod-like fishes are extinct. This gap is why the idea of “fish with feet” seems so peculiar yet these animals were once a vital part of our world.

The Sixth Extinction

Author : Elizabeth Kolbert
ISBN : 9780805099799
Genre : Nature
File Size : 24. 63 MB
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ONE OF THE NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW'S 10 BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR A major book about the future of the world, blending intellectual and natural history and field reporting into a powerful account of the mass extinction unfolding before our eyes Over the last half a billion years, there have been five mass extinctions, when the diversity of life on earth suddenly and dramatically contracted. Scientists around the world are currently monitoring the sixth extinction, predicted to be the most devastating extinction event since the asteroid impact that wiped out the dinosaurs. This time around, the cataclysm is us. In The Sixth Extinction, two-time winner of the National Magazine Award and New Yorker writer Elizabeth Kolbert draws on the work of scores of researchers in half a dozen disciplines, accompanying many of them into the field: geologists who study deep ocean cores, botanists who follow the tree line as it climbs up the Andes, marine biologists who dive off the Great Barrier Reef. She introduces us to a dozen species, some already gone, others facing extinction, including the Panamian golden frog, staghorn coral, the great auk, and the Sumatran rhino. Through these stories, Kolbert provides a moving account of the disappearances occurring all around us and traces the evolution of extinction as concept, from its first articulation by Georges Cuvier in revolutionary Paris up through the present day. The sixth extinction is likely to be mankind's most lasting legacy; as Kolbert observes, it compels us to rethink the fundamental question of what it means to be human.

The Great Extinctions

Author : Norman MacLeod
ISBN : 1770853278
Genre : Science
File Size : 29. 52 MB
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A fascinating history of species extinctions, their causes and the looming "sixth extinction". Explores the history of this search, its subjects, its controversies, its current conclusions, and their implications for our efforts to preserve Earth's biodiversity. It explains what extinction is, what causes it and whether it is preventable, and by comparing past geological extinction events, it aims to predict what will happen in the future--P. [4] of cover.

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