eye movements a window on mind and brain

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Eye Movements

Author : Roger PG van Gompel
ISBN : 0080474918
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 59. 40 MB
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Eye-movement recording has become the method of choice in a wide variety of disciplines investigating how the mind and brain work. This volume brings together recent, high-quality eye-movement research from many different disciplines and, in doing so, presents a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art in eye-movement research. Sections include the history of eye-movement research, physiological and clinical studies of eye movements, transsaccadic integration, computational modelling of eye movements, reading, spoken language processing, attention and scene perception, and eye-movements in natural environments. Includes recent research from a variety of disciplines Divided into sections based on topic areas, with an overview chapter beginning each section Through the study of eye movements we can learn about the human mind, and eye movement recording has become the method of choice in many disciplines

The Moving Tablet Of The Eye

Author : Nicholas Wade
ISBN : 0198566166
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 82. 90 MB
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Eye movements are a vital part of our interaction with the world. They play a pivotal role in perception, cognition, and education. Research in this field is now proceeding at a considerable pace and casting new light on how the eyes move and what information we can derive during the frequent and brief periods of fixation. However, the origins of this work are less well known, even though much of our knowledge was derived from this research with far more primitive equipment. This book is unique in tracing the history of eye movement research. It shows how great strides were made in this area before modern recording devices were available, especially in the measurement of nystagmus. When photographic techniques were adapted to measure discontinuous eye movements, from about 1900, many of the issues that are now basic to modern research were then investigated. One of the earliest cognitive tasks examined was reading, and it remains in the vanguard of contemporary research.Modern researchers in this field will be astonished at the subtleties of these early experimental studies and the ingenuity of interpretations that were advanced one and even two centuries ago. Though physicians often carried out the original eye movement research, later on it was pursued by psychologists - it is within contemporary neuroscience that we find these two strands reunited. Anyone interested in the origins of psychology and neuroscience will find much to stimulate and surprise them in this valuable new work.

Eye Movements And Information Processing During Reading

Author : Ralph Radach
ISBN : 184169956X
Genre : Medical
File Size : 53. 10 MB
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Measurement and analysis of eye movements are two of the most powerful ways to study the workings of the human mind. This Special Issue on eye movements and information processing in reading presents an overview of experimental research based on this methodology. Eye movements provide a unique opportunity to examine principles of human information processing in a well-structured visual environment while people engage in a natural cognitive task. At the same time, oculomotor measures can be used as a tool to develop and test psycholinguistic hypotheses about the processing of written language. The papers in this issue contribute to both aspects, addressing issues that dominate current debates in the field. Seen from the angle of visual information processing, a major theme is the role played by parafoveal information for different types and levels of processing and for oculomotor control in reading. This includes effects of visual and linguistic word properties on the selection of words for fixation and the specification of saccade amplitudes. Clearly the most controversial question in this context concerns the allocation of attention, with positions ranging from a sequentially moving spotlight to a gradient of spatially distributed processing. Related to this is the issue of serial vs. parallel word processing and the fundamental question as to what extent the duration of fixations in reading is related to lexical processing. Taking a psycholinguistic perspective, the topics addressed include several levels of language processing from orthography to pragmatic information in sentence reading. New approaches to the study of morphologically complex words are reported, together with novel work revealing the complex nature of the apparently accessible, but elusive, concept of word frequency. Other papers reflect current theoretical discussions centered on the development of computational models of the reading process and contribute to the empirical base of these discussions. Taken together, this collection of papers, supplemented by an introduction to the field and a commentary on major issues, presents a comprehensive and up-to-date perspective on a research area currently characterised by numerous theoretical and empirical disputes. The papers will be of particular appeal to readers interested in basic and applied psycholinguistics, attention and visual perception, motor control and the modelling of complex cognitive processes.

The Neurobiology Of Saccadic Eye Movements

Author : Robert H. Wurtz
ISBN : UOM:39015018930399
Genre : Medical
File Size : 73. 64 MB
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Saccadic eye movements shift the direction of the eye rapidly from one part of the visual field to another. The system within the brain controlling this eye movement is probably the best understood sensory motor system in the brain of primates. The Neurobiology of Saccadic Eye Movements presents a series of state-of-the-art reviews of this system including the behavior, neuronal mechanisms, and systems engineering characterization. The successful interaction of systems modelling with the neurophysiological approaches described in this book provide a potential blueprint for future study of more complicated systems within the brain.

Eye And Brain

Author : Richard L. Gregory
ISBN : 9781400866861
Genre : Science
File Size : 69. 55 MB
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Since the publication of the first edition in 1966, Eye and Brain has established itself worldwide as an essential introduction to the basic phenomena of visual perception. Richard Gregory offers clear explanations of how we see brightness, movement, color, and objects, and he explores the phenomena of visual illusions to establish principles about how perception normally works and why it sometimes fails. Illusion continues to be a major theme in the book, which provides a comprehensive classification system. There are also sections on what babies see and how they learn to see, on motion perception, the relationship between vision and consciousness, and on the impact of new brain imaging techniques.

The Interface Of Language Vision And Action

Author : Fernanda Ferreira
ISBN : 9780203488430
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 32. 33 MB
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People often use language to guide action in the real world. These actions frequently involve objects in the immediate physical environment, and therefore engage systems responsible for visual perception and complex motor control in addition to language processing. This book explores how spoken language is comprehended and produced when a person is confronted with a visual world and a specific task to perform on it. The chapters, written by major figures in psycholinguistics and visual cognition, cover topics such as scene processing, language comprehension, language production, and the visual-world methodology. The book ties together the evolutionarily significant domains of language, vision, and action, and will be indispensable to scientists working in these areas.

Change Blindness And Visual Memory

Author : Daniel J. Simons
ISBN : 0863776124
Genre : Medical
File Size : 76. 62 MB
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A central goal in the study of object and scene perception is to understand how visual information is integrated across views to provide a stable, continuous experience of our environment. Research on issues ranging from visual masking to priming across saccades to the representation of spatial layout across views has addressed the issue of what information is preserved from one view to the next. Recently, research on visual memory for objects and scenes has led to striking claims about the nature of the information that is and is not preserved from one instant to the next. For example, studies of change blindness have shown that striking changes to objects and scenes can go undetected when they coincide with an eye movement, a flashed blank screen, a blink, or an occlusion event. These studies suggest that relatively little visual information about objects and scenes is combined across views. Despite these failures of change detection, observers somehow manage to experience a stable, continuous visual environment. This special issue seeks to unite recent studies of change blindness with studies of visual integration to better understand the nature of our representations and the richness of our visual memory.

Perception

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015081490347
Genre : Perception
File Size : 50. 72 MB
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The Oxford Handbook Of Eye Movements

Author : Simon Liversedge
ISBN : 9780199539789
Genre : Medical
File Size : 20. 3 MB
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In the past few years, there has been an explosion of eye movement research in cognitive science and neuroscience. The Oxford Handbook of Eye Movements provides the first comprehensive review of the entire field of eye movement research. This book is the definitive reference work in this field.

The Perception Of Speech From Sound To Meaning

Author : Brian C. J. Moore
ISBN : 0854036695
Genre : Speech perception
File Size : 81. 13 MB
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