families and end of life treatment decisions an international perspective droit bioethique et societe book 6

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Awareness Of Dying

Author : Barney Galland Glaser
ISBN : 0202364445
Genre : Self-Help
File Size : 79. 65 MB
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Death, as a social ritual, is one of the great turning points in human existence, but prior to this classic work, it had been subjected to little scientific study. American perspectives on death seem strangely paradoxical - the brutal fact of death is confronted daily in our newspapers yet Americans are unwilling to talk openly about the process of dying itself. Awareness of Dying, using a highly original theory of awareness, examines the dying patient and those about him in social interaction. It gives readers a language and tools of analysis for understanding who knows what about dying, under what circumstances, and what difference it makes.

The Use Of Electroconvulsive Therapy In Qu Bec

Author : Banken, Reiner
ISBN : 2550403266
Genre : Electroconvulsive therapy
File Size : 44. 18 MB
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In this report. AETMIS examines the efficacy and risks of electroconvulsive therapy as well as the conditions of its use in Québec in comparison with experiences elsewhere in the worid. The assessment also pays particular attention to the social, ethical and legal issues surrounding this therapy. AETMIS's in-depth examination of the information available leads to the conclusion that, despite certain risks associated with its use, ECT constitutes an accepted therapy for certain severe forms of depression. Clinicians' use of ECT for treatment of schizophrenia and mania should be very limited, while ECT remains preferred treatment for pernicious catatonia because the gravity of the condition makes urgent action vital. On the other hand, ECT's use in neurology should be considered as experimental. AETMIS's assessment concludes that, despite the increase in the number of ECT sessions in Québec in the past 15 years, the rate of use compares with that in other countries. However, there is a need to properly supervise the use of ECT in order to ensure respect for patients' rights and safety.

Access To Knowledge In Africa

Author : Chris Armstrong
ISBN : 9781919895451
Genre : Law
File Size : 71. 58 MB
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Based on the work of the African Copyright and Access to Knowledge (ACA2K) research network, this book describes the legal and practical issues posed by copyright for access to learning materials in eight countries in Africa—Egypt, Ghana, Kenya, Morocco, Mozambique, Senegal, South Africa and Uganda. It identifies the policies and practices that would broaden this access.

Society S Choices

Author : Committee on the Social and Ethical Impacts of Developments in Biomedicine
ISBN : 9780309051323
Genre : Medical
File Size : 62. 58 MB
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Breakthroughs in biomedicine often lead to new life-giving treatments but may also raise troubling, even life-and-death, quandaries. Society's Choices discusses ways for people to handle today's bioethics issues in the context of America's unique history and culture--and from the perspectives of various interest groups. The book explores how Americans have grappled with specific aspects of bioethics through commission deliberations, programs by organizations, and other mechanisms and identifies criteria for evaluating the outcomes of these efforts. The committee offers recommendations on the role of government and professional societies, the function of commissions and institutional review boards, and bioethics in health professional education and research. The volume includes a series of 12 superb background papers on public moral discourse, mechanisms for handling social and ethical dilemmas, and other specific areas of controversy by well-known experts Ronald Bayer, Martin Benjamin, Dan W. Brock, Baruch A. Brody, H. Alta Charo, Lawrence Gostin, Bradford H. Gray, Kathi E. Hanna, Elizabeth Heitman, Thomas Nagel, Steven Shapin, and Charles M. Swezey.

Death Foretold

Author : Nicholas A. Christakis
ISBN : 0226104710
Genre : Medical
File Size : 79. 59 MB
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This groundbreaking book explains prognosis from the perspective of doctors, examining why physicians are reluctant to predict the future, how doctors use prognosis, the symbolism it contains, and the emotional difficulties it involves. Drawing on his experiences as a doctor and sociologist, Nicholas Christakis interviewed scores of physicians and searched dozens of medical textbooks and medical school curricula for discussions of prognosis in an attempt to get to the core of this nebulous medical issue that, despite its importance, is only partially understood and rarely discussed. "Highly recommended for everyone from patients wrestling with their personal prognosis to any medical practitioner touched by this bioethical dilemma."—Library Journal, starred review "[T]he first full general discussion of prognosis ever written. . . . [A] manifesto for a form of prognosis that's equal parts prediction-an assessment of likely outcomes based on statistical averages-and prophecy, an intuition of what lies ahead."—Jeff Sharlet, Chicago Reader "[S]ophisticated, extraordinarily well supported, and compelling. . . . [Christakis] argues forcefully that the profession must take responsibility for the current widespread avoidance of prognosis and change the present culture. This prophet is one whose advice we would do well to heed."—James Tulsky, M.D., New England Journal of Medicine

Before Bioethics

Author : Robert Baker
ISBN : 9780199774111
Genre : Medical
File Size : 84. 37 MB
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The first history of American medical ethics published in more than a half century, Before Bioethics tracks the evolution of American medical ethics from colonial midwives and physicians' oaths to current bioethical controversies over abortion, AIDS, animal rights, and physician-assisted suicide.

The Costanzo Obligation

Author : Maartje Verhoeven
ISBN : 9400001940
Genre : Law
File Size : 65. 83 MB
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National administrative authorities are obliged to leave provisions of national law unapplied when these are incompatible with European Union law. Irrespective of their position and powers under national law, national administrative authorities are supposed to comply with this so-called 'Costanzo obligation' as established by the Court of Justice. This raises questions of both EU law and national constitutional law, particularly with regard to the principle of legality. This book explores three issues: a) Which European obligations apply to national administrative authorities, with regard to provisions of national law that are incompatible with directly effective provisions of European law? b) Which national constitutional obstacles do they come across by giving effect to these obligations? c) How should the tensions between the European obligations and the national constitutional obstacles be solved? The national law part of the research is focused on the legal systems of France, Germany, and the Netherlands. The last question combines the European and national perspective and reveals a clash, which gives rise to the question whether the obligation in the current form should be maintained. The 'Costanzo obligation' has not been explored very often thus far, as the focus is mostly on the application of EU law by national courts. This research shifts the focus to the position of national administrative authorities in cases of conflict between national law and EU law. Moreover, the book offers a new point of view, as it not only discusses the European perspective, but also explores the 'Costanzo obligation' from the viewpoint of the Member States in a comparative legal study. This combined approach makes the book interesting and valuable for readers with a background in European law or in national constitutional and administrative law.

Palliative Care Nursing Fourth Edition

Author : Marianne Matzo
ISBN : 9780826196354
Genre : Medical
File Size : 34. 34 MB
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This fourth edition of a comprehensive text/reference that has been valued by students, educators, and practicing nurses for many years, Palliative Care Nursing continues to reflect the fundamental basic and advanced hospice and palliative care nursing competencies that are required for effective and empathetic care of patients and families. This new edition focuses on palliative care that is responsive to the demand for health care reform in America and globally. It provides the knowledge, scientific evidence, and skills needed by nurses to address the complex physical, emotional, social, and spiritual needs of patients and families within the context of a changing health care delivery system. With a focus on interprofessional collaboration, the book emphasizes the value of complementary, holistic models in promoting health, wholeness, and wellness across the illness trajectory, even as death approaches.

Global Bioethics

Author : Hugo Tristram Engelhardt
ISBN : 0976404133
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 80. 64 MB
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This collection of essays, Global Bioethics: The Collapse of Consensus, deals with the issue of the repeated failure of attempts to derive a universal set of standards in bioethics. The predicament of contemporary morality, the post-modern condition, is such that we find ourselves in the position of numerous competing moralities that not only reach conflicting judgments about particular issues, but also reflect radically divergent world-views. Consensus, therefore, is impossible to achieve.The essays analyze and diagnose both the causes and results of the diversity of moral world-views in both philosophy and the practices in the world. Furthermore, some of the essays in this volume argue that the post-modern condition is actually the direct and inevitable result of the attempted philosophical-theological synthesis of the Western Christian Middle Ages. The essays of this volume attempt to resolve the difficulties, both procedural and contentful, that have arisen from the failure of various attempts to arrive at a global secular bioethics by means of rational-discursive philosophy.

The Birth Of Bioethics

Author : Albert R. Jonsen
ISBN : 0199759820
Genre : Medical
File Size : 62. 6 MB
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This book is the first broad history of the growing field of bioethics. Covering the period 1947-1987, it examines the origin and evolution of the debates over human experimentation, genetic engineering, organ transplantation, termination of life-sustaining treatment, and new reproductive technologies. It assesses the contributions of philosophy, theology, law and the social sciences to the expanding discourse of bioethics. Written by one of the field's founders, it is based on extensive archival research into resources that are difficult to obtain and on interviews with many leading figures. A very readable account of the development of bioethics, the book stresses the history of ideas but does not neglect the social and cultural context and the people involved.

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