fat politics the real story behind america s obesity epidemic

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Fat Politics

Author : J. Eric Oliver
ISBN : 9780195347029
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 69. 66 MB
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It seems almost daily we read newspaper articles and watch news reports exposing the growing epidemic of obesity in America. Our government tells us we are experiencing a major health crisis, with sixty percent of Americans classified as overweight, and one in four as obese. But how valid are these claims? In Fat Politics, J. Eric Oliver shows how a handful of doctors, government bureaucrats, and health researchers, with financial backing from the drug and weight-loss industries, have campaigned to create standards that mislead the public. They mislabel more than sixty million Americans as "overweight," inflate the health risks of being fat, and promote the idea that obesity is a killer disease. In reviewing the scientific evidence, Oliver shows there is little proof that obesity causes so much disease and death or that losing weight is what makes people healthier. Our concern with obesity, he writes, is fueled more by social prejudice, bureaucratic politics, and industry profit than by scientific fact. Misinformation pushes millions of Americans towards dangerous surgeries, crash diets, and harmful diet drugs, while we ignore other, more real health problems. Oliver goes on to examine why it is that Americans despise fatness and explores why, despite this revulsion, we continue to gain weight. Fat Politics will topple your most basic assumptions about obesity and health. It is essential reading for anyone with a stake in the nation's--or their own--good health.

Die Bittere Wahrheit Ber Zucker

Author : Robert H. Lustig
ISBN : 9783959711920
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 40. 97 MB
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Zucker ist giftig, macht abhängig und krank – ist aber gleichzeitig allgegenwärtig. Zuckerfrei zu leben scheint geradezu unmöglich. Da wir heutzutage immer beschäftigt sind und kaum Zeit zum Kochen haben, greifen wir auf verarbeitete Lebensmittel zurück. Aber genau diese sind verantwortlich dafür, dass viele Menschen immer weiter zunehmen und Diabetes und chronische Krankheiten auf dem Vormarsch sind. Der Arzt und Professor Dr. Robert H. Lustig deckt die Wahrheit über zuckerreiche Nahrung auf: ·Zu viel Zucker kann schwere Krankheiten verursachen – selbst bei Menschen, die nicht übergewichtig sind ·Diäten, bei denen nur Fett reduziert wird, funktionieren nicht ·Die Lebensmittelindustrie reichert unsere Nahrungsmittel mit verstecktem Zucker an und auf solche Lebensmittel muss man verzichten, um diesen Zucker zu vermeiden. ·Die Politik macht sich mitschuldig und verschlimmert die Lebensmittelkatastrophe noch weiter Dieses Buch verändert die Sichtweise auf unsere Nahrung radikal und eröffnet zugleich die Chance auf ein gesünderes und glücklicheres Leben. Es bietet einzigartige und wissenschaftlich fundierte Strategien, wie man sinnvoll Gewicht verlieren und wieder fit werden kann.

Obesity Discourse And Fat Politics

Author : Lee Monaghan
ISBN : 9781317748151
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 33. 13 MB
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There is considerable rhetoric and concern about weight and obesity across an increasing range of national contexts. Alarmist claims about an ‘obesity time-bomb’ are continually recycled in policy reports, reviews and white papers, each of which begin with the assumption that fatness is fundamentally unhealthy and damaging to national economies. With contributions from the UK, Canada, the USA and Australia, this book offers alternative critical perspectives on this alleged public health crisis which were, in part, developed through an Economic and Social Research Council seminar series on Fat Studies and Health at Every Size (HAES). Written by scholars from a range of disciplines and the health professions, themes include: an interrogation of statistical procedures used to construct the obesity epidemic, overweight and obesity as cultural signifiers for Type 2 diabetes, understandings of healthy eating and healthy weight in a ‘problem’ population, gendered expectations on men and women to lose weight, the visual representation of obesity, tensions when researching (anti-)fatness, critical dietitians’ engagement with HAES, alternative ways of promoting physical activity, and representations of obesity in the media. This book was originally published as a special issue of Critical Public Health.

Biopolitics And The Obesity Epidemic

Author : Jan Wright
ISBN : 9781135851859
Genre : Medical
File Size : 53. 98 MB
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Biopolitics and the ‘Obesity Epidemic’ is the first edited collection of critical perspectives on the 'obesity epidemic.' The volume provides a comprehensive discussion of current issues in the critical analysis of health, obesity and society, and the impact of obesity discourses on different individuals, social groups and institutions. Contributors from the UK, Canada, New Zealand and Australia provide original, accessible, and engaging chapters on issues such as the effects on individuals, families, youths and schools. The timely contributions offered by Biopolitics and the ‘Obesity Epidemic’ to this highly topical area will be of interest to a wide range of readers, including teachers, education professionals, community health and allied professionals, and academics in areas such as education, health, youth studies, social work and psychology.

Fat Rights

Author : Anna Kirkland
ISBN : 0814748198
Genre : Law
File Size : 82. 4 MB
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Author Interview on The Brian Lehrer Show America is a weight-obsessed nation. Over the last decade, there's been an explosion of concern in the U.S. about people getting fatter. Plaintiffs are now filing lawsuits arguing that discrimination against fat people should be illegal. Fat Rights asks the first provocative questions that need to be raised about adding weight to lists of currently protected traits like race, gender, and disability. Is body fat an indicator of a character flaw or of incompetence on the job? Does it pose risks or costs to employers they should be allowed to evade? Or is it simply a stigmatized difference that does not bear on the ability to perform most jobs? Could we imagine fatness as part of workplace diversity? Considering fat discrimination prompts us to rethink these basic questions that lawyers, judges, and ordinary citizens ask before a new trait begins to look suitable for antidiscrimination coverage. Fat Rights draws on little-known legal cases brought by fat citizens as well as significant lawsuits over other forms of bodily difference (such as transgenderism), asking why the boundaries of our antidiscrimination laws rest where they do. Fatness, argues Kirkland, is both similar to and provocatively different from other protected traits, raising long–standing dilemmas in antidiscrimination law into stark relief. Though options for defending difference may be scarce, Kirkland evaluates the available strategies and proposes new ways of navigating this new legal question. Fat Rights enters the fray of the obesity debate from a new perspective: our inherited civil rights tradition. The scope is broad, covering much more than just weight discrimination and drawing the reader into the larger context of antidiscrimination protections and how they can be justified for a new group.

Is Breast Best

Author : Joan B. Wolf
ISBN : 9780814794814
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 43. 15 MB
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Mainstream, or more formally, neoclassical, economics claims to be a science. But as Michael Perelman makes clear in his latest book, nothing could be further from the truth. While a science must be rooted in material reality, mainstream economics ignores or distorts the most fundamental aspect of this reality: that the vast majority of people must, out of necessity, labor on behalf of others, transformed into nothing but a means to the end of maximum profits for their employers. The nature of the work we do and the conditions under which we do it profoundly shape our lives. And yet, both of these factors are peripheral to mainstream economics. By sweeping labor under the rug, mainstream economists hide the nature of capitalism, making it appear to be a system based upon equal exchange rather than exploitation inside every workplace. Perelman describes this illusion as the “invisible handcuffs” of capitalism and traces its roots back to Adam Smith and his contemporaries and their disdain for working people. He argues that far from being a basically fair system of exchanges regulated by the “invisible hand” of the market, capitalism handcuffs working men and women (and children too) through the very labor process itself. Neoclassical economics attempts to rationalize these handcuffs and tells workers that they are responsible for their own conditions. What we need to do instead, Perelman suggests, is eliminate the handcuffs through collective actions and build a society that we direct ourselves.

Social Justice And The Urban Obesity Crisis

Author : Melvin Delgado
ISBN : 9780231534253
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 50. 12 MB
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A number of economic, cultural, and contextual factors are driving urban America's obesity crisis, which can create chronic health conditions for those least able to manage them. Considering urban obesity through a social justice lens, this book is the first to help social workers and others develop targeted interventions for effective outcomes. The text dissects the problem of urban obesity in populations of color from individual, family, group, community, and policy perspectives. Beginning with a historical survey of urban obesity in communities of color, anti-obesity policies and programs, and the role of social work in addressing this threat, the volume follows with an analysis of the social, ecological, environmental, and spatial aggravators of urban obesity, such as the food industry's advertising strategies, which promote unhealthy choices; the failure of local markets to provide good food options; the lack of safe exercise spaces; and the paucity of heath education. Melvin Delgado reviews recent national obesity statistics; explores the connection between food stamps and obesity; and reveals the financial and social consequences of the epidemic for society as a whole. He concludes with recommendations for effective health promotion programs, such as youth-focused interventions, community gardens, and community-based food initiatives, and a unique consideration of urban obesity in relation to acts of genocide and national defense.

Nutritionism

Author : Gyorgy Scrinis
ISBN : 9780231527149
Genre : Cooking
File Size : 84. 63 MB
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Popularized by Michael Pollan in his best-selling In Defense of Food, Gyorgy Scrinis's concept of nutritionism refers to the reductive understanding of nutrients as the key indicators of healthy food—an approach that has dominated nutrition science, dietary advice, and food marketing. Scrinis argues this ideology has narrowed and in some cases distorted our appreciation of food quality, such that even highly processed foods may be perceived as healthful depending on their content of "good" or "bad" nutrients. Investigating the butter versus margarine debate, the battle between low-fat, low-carb, and other weight-loss diets, and the food industry's strategic promotion of nutritionally enhanced foods, Scrinis reveals the scientific, social, and economic factors driving our modern fascination with nutrition. Scrinis develops an original framework and terminology for analyzing the characteristics and consequences of nutritionism since the late nineteenth century. He begins with the era of quantification, in which the idea of protective nutrients, caloric reductionism, and vitamins' curative effects took shape. He follows with the era of good and bad nutritionism, which set nutricentric dietary guidelines and defined the parameters of unhealthy nutrients; and concludes with our current era of functional nutritionism, in which the focus has shifted to targeted nutrients, superfoods, and optimal diets. Scrinis's research underscores the critical role of nutrition science and dietary advice in shaping our relationship to food and our bodies and in heightening our nutritional anxieties. He ultimately shows how nutritionism has aligned the demands and perceived needs of consumers with the commercial interests of food manufacturers and corporations. Scrinis also offers an alternative paradigm for assessing the healthfulness of foods—the food quality paradigm—that privileges food production and processing quality, cultural-traditional knowledge, and sensual-practical experience, and promotes less reductive forms of nutrition research and dietary advice.

Das Salz Zucker Fett Komplott

Author : Michael Moss
ISBN : 9783641129620
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 86. 94 MB
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Essen kann tödlich sein – wie Nestlé, Kellogg’s, Kraft & Co. unsere Gesundheit aufs Spiel setzen Minneapolis, April 1999: Bei einem geheimen Treffen kommen die Geschäftsführer der zwölf größten Nahrungsmittelkonzerne der USA – darunter Nestlé, Coca-Cola und Kraft – zusammen. Auf ihrer Agenda: die weltweit zunehmende Fettleibigkeit. Ihre Sorge: Immer häufiger werden industriell hergestellte Lebensmittel mit ihren Unmengen an Salz, Zucker und Fett für die Gewichtsprobleme der Menschen verantwortlich gemacht. Ein Vorstandsmitglied von Kraft appelliert an das Gewissen seiner Kollegen. Doch unvermittelt ist das Treffen zu Ende ... Fünfzehn Jahre später ist nicht nur die Anzahl der Fettleibigen massiv angestiegen, immer öfter werden auch Krankheiten wie Diabetes, Bluthochdruck, Arthrose, Brust- und Darmkrebs mit unserem immensen Konsum von industriell erzeugten Nahrungsmitteln in Zusammenhang gebracht. Milliarden werden investiert, um die perfekte Mischung an Salz, Zucker und Fett zu finden, die uns süchtig macht nach immer mehr. Michael Moss öffnet uns die Augen für die skrupellosen Geschäftsmethoden der Nahrungsmittel-Multis. Alarmierend, spannend, zukunftsweisend: Sein Buch wird unseren Blick auf unsere Essgewohnheiten für immer verändern.

What Women Want

Author : Deborah L. Rhode
ISBN : 9780199348299
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 45. 32 MB
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American women fare worse than men on virtually every major dimension of social status, financial well-being, and physical safety. Sexual violence remains common, and reproductive rights are by no means secure. Women assume disproportionate burdens in the home and pay a heavy price in the workplace. Yet these issues are not political priorities. Nor is there a consensus that there still is a serious problem. In What Women Want, Deborah L. Rhode, one of the nation's leading scholars on women and law, brings to the discussion a broad array of interdisciplinary research as well as interviews with heads of leading women's organizations. Is the women's movement stalled? What are the major obstacles it confronts? What are its key priorities and what strategies might advance them? In addressing those questions, the book explores virtually all of the major policy issues confronting women. Topics include employment and appearance discrimination, the gender gap in pay and leadership opportunities, work/family policies, childcare, divorce, same-sex marriage, sexual harassment, domestic violence, rape, trafficking, abortion, poverty, and political representation, all with a particular focus on the capacities and limits of law as a strategy for social change. Why, despite four decades of equal employment legislation, is women's workplace status so far from equal? Why, despite a quarter century's effort at reforming rape law, is America's rate of reported rape the second highest in the developed world? Part of the problem lies in the absence of political mobilization around such issues and the underrepresentation of women in public office. In an age where many women are reluctant to identify as feminists, a broad-ranging, expert look at where American women are today is more necessary than ever. This path-breaking book explores how women can and should act on what they want.

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