fear power and politics the recipe for war in iraq after 9 11

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Fear Power And Politics

Author : Mary Cardaras
ISBN : 9780739179956
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 87. 3 MB
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The Iraq War of March 19, 2003 was an implausible war at the outset. We now understand that it could have been averted and never should have been waged. How and why did it begin? Who was responsible? This book offers a new perspective on the Iraq War and explains the dynamic relationships between the George W. Bush administration, the United States Congress, and the national news media. It is based on the “multiple streams model of political change” by John Kingdon, which says that if a unique combination of political, policy, and problem streams collide, under the right circumstances, they can create a window of opportunity for a shift in policy. It was the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, which set the stage for the emergence of three dynamic streams in the country. Fear, power, and a contentious political climate converged to produce not only a dramatic new foreign policy, but also a war with Iraq, a country which had not provoked or threatened the United States. Fear, power, and a tense political climate also influenced institutional behavior and exposed the failures of 1) The executive branch in the administration of George W. Bush, 2) The United States Congress and, 3) the national news media. All are designed and are differently responsible to protect the interests of the American people. Errors in judgment have happened throughout history with other administrations, with other Congresses, and with the news media. However, with regard to the Iraq War, it was a matter of degree and extent, especially for the President of the United States. Both the Congress and the news media were also experiencing colossal institutional changes, which influenced and hindered their performances. However, all were culpable in helping to create the Iraq war, which today stands as one of the longest military conflicts in United States history.

Permanent State Of Emergency

Author : Ryan Alford
ISBN : 9780773549210
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 60. 61 MB
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In the wake of the attacks of September 11, 2001, the United States launched initiatives that test the limits of international human rights law. The indefinite detention and torture of detainees at Guantánamo Bay, targeted killing, and mass surveillance require an expansion of executive authority that negates the rule of law. In Permanent State of Emergency, Ryan Alford establishes that the ongoing failure to address human rights abuses is a symptom of the most serious constitutional crisis in American history. Instead of curbing the increase in executive power, Congress and the courts facilitated the breakdown of the nation’s constitutional order and set the stage for presidential supremacy. The presidency, Alford argues, is now more than imperial: it is an elective dictatorship. Providing both an overview and a systematic analysis of the new regime, he objectively demonstrates that it does not meet even the minimum requirements of the rule of law. At this critical juncture in American democracy, Permanent State of Emergency alerts the public to the structural transformation of the state and reiterates the importance of the constitutional limits of the American presidency.

Documentary Film

Author : Mary Cardaras
ISBN : 151650383X
Genre :
File Size : 62. 1 MB
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""Sex and Violence in the Media" is a unique anthology examining the content and effects of sex and violence in a variety of mediated environments. Scholarly articles in this anthology bring together the work of many noted researchers in the field of mass communication who examine sexual and violent content of television, film, music, video games, and advertising. The articles provide a balanced view of the current state of scholarly research in this area without overly specialized language, making the text accessible to undergraduates of all levels while still providing the scholarly research for graduate students and beyond. This anthology sets the stage with an examination of how sexual and violent content can impact audience members emotionally, particularly children. This theme carries on throughout with unique examinations of content including public perceptions of homosexual imagery in advertising, the impact of music videos on teen sexual attitudes, and the appeal and impact of mediated sports violence. James R. Angelini (Ph.D., Indiana University) is an associate professor of communication at the University of Delaware, where he teaches theories of mass communication, among other courses. His current research interests include the cognitive processing of media messages, focusing on sports and advertising. He has published several research articles in journals, including "Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media," "Journal of Advertising, Communication Methods & Measures," "Communication Quarterly," "Sex Roles: A Journal of Research," "Journal of Homosexuality," and "Journal of Language and Social Psychology.""

The Basics Of American Politics

Author : Gary Wasserman
ISBN : 0133815439
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 26. 84 MB
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A lively, straight-forward approach to the basics of American Politics Written to engage students, and kept short to provide a flexible foundation for instructors, The Basics of American Politics covers all the terms and topics a student will need to understand the nuts-and-bolts of American government and politics. This title uses a dynamic game metaphor to engage students in the basics of the American political system and the contact sport of politics. Beginning with a clear definition of politics, it introduces four governmental and four nongovernmental “players” who must abide by the “rules of the game” established by the Constitution and civil liberties. It ends by examining rival theories of who wins and who loses in American politics.

The Translation Zone

Author : Emily Apter
ISBN : 9781400841219
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 82. 23 MB
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Translation, before 9/11, was deemed primarily an instrument of international relations, business, education, and culture. Today it seems, more than ever, a matter of war and peace. In The Translation Zone, Emily Apter argues that the field of translation studies, habitually confined to a framework of linguistic fidelity to an original, is ripe for expansion as the basis for a new comparative literature. Organized around a series of propositions that range from the idea that nothing is translatable to the idea that everything is translatable, The Translation Zone examines the vital role of translation studies in the "invention" of comparative literature as a discipline. Apter emphasizes "language wars" (including the role of mistranslation in the art of war), linguistic incommensurability in translation studies, the tension between textual and cultural translation, the role of translation in shaping a global literary canon, the resistance to Anglophone dominance, and the impact of translation technologies on the very notion of how translation is defined. The book speaks to a range of disciplines and spans the globe. Ultimately, The Translation Zone maintains that a new comparative literature must take stock of the political impact of translation technologies on the definition of foreign or symbolic languages in the humanities, while recognizing the complexity of language politics in a world at once more monolingual and more multilingual.

Going To War

Author : Russ Hoyle
ISBN : 0312360355
Genre : History
File Size : 49. 84 MB
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Presents an account of how the Bush administration manipulated Congress and the media to gain support for the invasion of Iraq.

Indefensible

Author : Paul Holden
ISBN : 9781783605675
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 85. 51 MB
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Although there is often opposition to individual wars, most people continue to believe that the arms industry is necessary in some form: to safeguard our security, provide jobs and stimulate the economy. Not only conservatives, but many progressives and liberals, support it for these reasons. Indefensible puts forward a devastating challenge to this conventional wisdom, which has normalised the existence of the most savage weapons of mass destruction ever known. It is the essential handbook for those who want to debunk the arguments of the industry and its supporters: deploying case studies, statistics and irrefutable evidence to demonstrate they are fundamentally flawed, both factually and logically. Far from protecting us, the book shows how the arms trade undermines our security by fanning the flames of war, terrorism and global instability. In countering these myths, the book points to ways in which we can combat the arms trade’s malignant influence, reclaim our democracies and reshape our economies.

The Tragedy Of Great Power Politics Updated Edition

Author : John J. Mearsheimer
ISBN : 0393076245
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 24. 42 MB
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"A superb book.…Mearsheimer has made a significant contribution to our understanding of the behavior of great powers."—Barry R. Posen, The National Interest The updated edition of this classic treatise on the behavior of great powers takes a penetrating look at the question likely to dominate international relations in the twenty-first century: Can China rise peacefully? In clear, eloquent prose, John Mearsheimer explains why the answer is no: a rising China will seek to dominate Asia, while the United States, determined to remain the world's sole regional hegemon, will go to great lengths to prevent that from happening. The tragedy of great power politics is inescapable.

Power And Purpose

Author : James M. Goldgeier
ISBN : 081579617X
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 89. 84 MB
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Russia, once seen as America's greatest adversary, is now viewed by the United States as a potential partner. This book traces the evolution of American foreign policy toward the Soviet Union, and later Russia, during the tumultuous and uncertain period following the end of the cold war. It examines how American policymakers—particularly in the executive branch—coped with the opportunities and challenges presented by the new Russia. Drawing on extensive interviews with senior U.S. and Russian officials, the authors explain George H. W. Bush's response to the dramatic coup of August 1991 and the Soviet breakup several months later, examine Bill Clinton's efforts to assist Russia's transformation and integration, and analyze George W. Bush's policy toward Russia as September 11 and the war in Iraq transformed international politics. Throughout, the book focuses on the benefits and perils of America's efforts to promote democracy and markets in Russia as well as reorient Russia from security threat to security ally. Understanding how three U.S. administrations dealt with these critical policy questions is vital in assessing not only America's Russia policy, but also efforts that might help to transform and integrate other former adversaries in the future.

European Security And Transatlantic Relations After 9 11 And The Iraq War

Author : H. Gärtner
ISBN : 9780230502536
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 81. 85 MB
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At a time of unprecedented turmoil in the transatlantic relationship, as America asserts its right to act unilaterally to defend itself against terrorism and Europeans are increasingly aggressive in promoting a multilateralist approach to security issues, this book examines the post-9/11 and Iraqi war security environment, especially the impact on NATO and transatlantic relations as the European Union seeks to build a unified foreign and defence policy that will enable Europeans to play a fuller role in the international system.

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