finite element method in partial differential equations

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Partial Differential Equations And The Finite Element Method

Author : Pavel Ŝolín
ISBN : 9780471764090
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 55. 3 MB
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A systematic introduction to partial differential equations and modern finite element methods for their efficientnumerical solution Partial Differential Equations and the Finite Element Methodprovides a much-needed, clear, and systematic introduction tomodern theory of partial differential equations (PDEs) and finiteelement methods (FEM). Both nodal and hierachic concepts of the FEMare examined. Reflecting the growing complexity and multiscalenature of current engineering and scientific problems, the authoremphasizes higher-order finite element methods such as the spectralor hp-FEM. A solid introduction to the theory of PDEs and FEM contained inChapters 1-4 serves as the core and foundation of the publication.Chapter 5 is devoted to modern higher-order methods for thenumerical solution of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) thatarise in the semidiscretization of time-dependent PDEs by theMethod of Lines (MOL). Chapter 6 discusses fourth-order PDEs rootedin the bending of elastic beams and plates and approximates theirsolution by means of higher-order Hermite and Argyris elements.Finally, Chapter 7 introduces the reader to various PDEs governingcomputational electromagnetics and describes their finite elementapproximation, including modern higher-order edge elements forMaxwell's equations. The understanding of many theoretical and practical aspects of bothPDEs and FEM requires a solid knowledge of linear algebra andelementary functional analysis, such as functions and linearoperators in the Lebesgue, Hilbert, and Sobolev spaces. Thesetopics are discussed with the help of many illustrative examples inAppendix A, which is provided as a service for those readers whoneed to gain the necessary background or require a refreshertutorial. Appendix B presents several finite element computationsrooted in practical engineering problems and demonstrates thebenefits of using higher-order FEM. Numerous finite element algorithms are written out in detailalongside implementation discussions. Exercises, including manythat involve programming the FEM, are designed to assist the readerin solving typical problems in engineering and science. Specifically designed as a coursebook, this student-testedpublication is geared to upper-level undergraduates and graduatestudents in all disciplines of computational engineeringandscience. It is also a practical problem-solving reference forresearchers, engineers, and physicists.

Numerical Solution Of Partial Differential Equations By The Finite Element Method

Author : Claes Johnson
ISBN : 9780486131597
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 21. 70 MB
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An accessible introduction to the finite element method for solving numeric problems, this volume offers the keys to an important technique in computational mathematics. Suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses, it outlines clear connections with applications and considers numerous examples from a variety of science- and engineering-related specialties.This text encompasses all varieties of the basic linear partial differential equations, including elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic problems, as well as stationary and time-dependent problems. Additional topics include finite element methods for integral equations, an introduction to nonlinear problems, and considerations of unique developments of finite element techniques related to parabolic problems, including methods for automatic time step control. The relevant mathematics are expressed in non-technical terms whenever possible, in the interests of keeping the treatment accessible to a majority of students.

The Finite Element Method

Author : A. J. Davies
ISBN : 9780199609130
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 70. 71 MB
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An introduction to the application of the finite element method to the solution of boundary and initial-value problems posed in terms of partial differential equations. Contains worked examples throughout and each chapter has a set of exercises with detailed solutions.

The Mathematical Foundations Of The Finite Element Method With Applications To Partial Differential Equations

Author : A. K. Aziz
ISBN : 9781483267982
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 51. 52 MB
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The Mathematical Foundations of the Finite Element Method with Applications to Partial Differential Equations is a collection of papers presented at the 1972 Symposium by the same title, held at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County Campus. This symposium relates considerable numerical analysis involved in research in both theoretical and practical aspects of the finite element method. This text is organized into three parts encompassing 34 chapters. Part I focuses on the mathematical foundations of the finite element method, including papers on theory of approximation, variational principles, the problems of perturbations, and the eigenvalue problem. Part II covers a large number of important results of both a theoretical and a practical nature. This part discusses the piecewise analytic interpolation and approximation of triangulated polygons; the Patch test for convergence of finite elements; solutions for Dirichlet problems; variational crimes in the field; and superconvergence result for the approximate solution of the heat equation by a collocation method. Part III explores the many practical aspects of finite element method. This book will be of great value to mathematicians, engineers, and physicists.

Adaptive Computational Methods For Partial Differential Equations

Author : Ivo Babushka
ISBN : 0898711916
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 56. 10 MB
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List of participants; Elliptic equations; Parabolic equations; Hyperbolic equations.

Analysis Of A Finite Element Method

Author : Granville Sewell
ISBN : 9781468463316
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 67. 31 MB
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This text can be used for two quite different purposes. It can be used as a reference book for the PDElPROTRAN user· who wishes to know more about the methods employed by PDE/PROTRAN Edition 1 (or its predecessor, TWODEPEP) in solving two-dimensional partial differential equations. However, because PDE/PROTRAN solves such a wide class of problems, an outline of the algorithms contained in PDElPROTRAN is also quite suitable as a text for an introductory graduate level finite element course. Algorithms which solve elliptic, parabolic, hyperbolic, and eigenvalue partial differential equation problems are pre sented, as are techniques appropriate for treatment of singularities, curved boundaries, nonsymmetric and nonlinear problems, and systems of PDEs. Direct and iterative linear equation solvers are studied. Although the text emphasizes those algorithms which are actually implemented in PDEI PROTRAN, and does not discuss in detail one- and three-dimensional problems, or collocation and least squares finite element methods, for example, many of the most commonly used techniques are studied in detail. Algorithms applicable to general problems are naturally emphasized, and not special purpose algorithms which may be more efficient for specialized problems, such as Laplace's equation. It can be argued, however, that the student will better understand the finite element method after seeing the details of one successful implementation than after seeing a broad overview of the many types of elements, linear equation solvers, and other options in existence.

Partial Differential Equations With Numerical Methods

Author : Stig Larsson
ISBN : 9783540887065
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 58. 95 MB
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The main theme is the integration of the theory of linear PDE and the theory of finite difference and finite element methods. For each type of PDE, elliptic, parabolic, and hyperbolic, the text contains one chapter on the mathematical theory of the differential equation, followed by one chapter on finite difference methods and one on finite element methods. The chapters on elliptic equations are preceded by a chapter on the two-point boundary value problem for ordinary differential equations. Similarly, the chapters on time-dependent problems are preceded by a chapter on the initial-value problem for ordinary differential equations. There is also one chapter on the elliptic eigenvalue problem and eigenfunction expansion. The presentation does not presume a deep knowledge of mathematical and functional analysis. The required background on linear functional analysis and Sobolev spaces is reviewed in an appendix. The book is suitable for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students of applied mathematics and engineering.

Computer Methods For Partial Differential Equations

Author : Robert Vichnevetsky
ISBN : UOM:39015002002437
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 49. 56 MB
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Numerical Approximation Of Partial Differential Equations

Author : Sören Bartels
ISBN : 9783319323541
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 58. 63 MB
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Finite element methods for approximating partial differential equations have reached a high degree of maturity, and are an indispensible tool in science and technology. This textbook aims at providing a thorough introduction to the construction, analysis, and implementation of finite element methods for model problems arising in continuum mechanics. The first part of the book discusses elementary properties of linear partial differential equations along with their basic numerical approximation, the functional-analytical framework for rigorously establishing existence of solutions, and the construction and analysis of basic finite element methods. The second part is devoted to the optimal adaptive approximation of singularities and the fast iterative solution of linear systems of equations arising from finite element discretizations. In the third part, the mathematical framework for analyzing and discretizing saddle-point problems is formulated, corresponding finte element methods are analyzed, and particular applications including incompressible elasticity, thin elastic objects, electromagnetism, and fluid mechanics are addressed. The book includes theoretical problems and practical projects for all chapters, and an introduction to the implementation of finite element methods.

Computational Partial Differential Equations Using Matlab

Author : Jichun Li
ISBN : 1420089056
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 28. 30 MB
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This textbook introduces several major numerical methods for solving various partial differential equations (PDEs) in science and engineering, including elliptic, parabolic, and hyperbolic equations. It covers traditional techniques that include the classic finite difference method and the finite element method as well as state-of-the-art numerical methods, such as the high-order compact difference method and the radial basis function meshless method. Helps Students Better Understand Numerical Methods through Use of MATLAB® The authors uniquely emphasize both theoretical numerical analysis and practical implementation of the algorithms in MATLAB, making the book useful for students in computational science and engineering. They provide students with simple, clear implementations instead of sophisticated usages of MATLAB functions. All the Material Needed for a Numerical Analysis Course Based on the authors’ own courses, the text only requires some knowledge of computer programming, advanced calculus, and difference equations. It includes practical examples, exercises, references, and problems, along with a solutions manual for qualifying instructors. Students can download MATLAB code from, enabling them to easily modify or improve the codes to solve their own problems.

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