fires explosions and toxic gas dispersions effects calculation and risk analysis

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Fires Explosions And Toxic Gas Dispersions

Author : Marc J. Assael
ISBN : 1439826765
Genre : Science
File Size : 87. 95 MB
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Today’s risk analysis is a very challenging field, and a solid understanding of the calculations procedure associated with it is essential for anyone involved. Fires, Explosions, and Toxic Gas Dispersions: Effects Calculation and Risk Analysis provides an overview of the methods used to assess the risk of fires, explosions, and toxic gas dispersion, and then deduce the subsequent effects and consequences of these events. The authors cover various aspects of such incidents, including the probability that an accident will occur, and how to calculate leaks, heat flux, overpressure, and the concentration of toxic clouds. The book follows by describing the consequences to people (injury or death) and material damages, and it concludes with a discussion of possible causes of destruction and common circumstances that can result in accidents. Some key features of this book include: Introduction of basic techniques of hazard identification, emphasizing "what if" and HAZOP analyses Step-by-step procedures for the calculation of fires (i.e., pool fire, jet fire, fire ball), explosions (VCE, BLEVE), and concentration of toxic clouds (light and heavy gases) Methods for determining probability of injuries or lethality Invaluable to professionals, researchers, and students whose work involves predicting the consequences of accidents, this book describes simple modern methods, which are a great aid for understanding the meaning of all the variables involved—in contrast to current complicated computer packages, which produce only results. Filling the existing gap in useful literature on risk analysis, this book follows a logical structure and presents straightforward, step-by-step calculation procedures and numerous examples that will be valuable in both teaching and learning the content.

Risk Analysis For Process Plant Pipelines And Transport

Author : J. R. Taylor
ISBN : 0419190902
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 64. 19 MB
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Risk Analysis for Process Plants, Pipelines and Transport gives a detailed description of practical risk and safety analysis methods, tried and tested in over 100 process industry projects. The aim is to provide the methods and data needed by practising safety engineers, as well as practical advice on how to use them.

Hazardous Area Classification In Petroleum And Chemical Plants

Author : Alireza Bahadori
ISBN : 9781482206463
Genre : Science
File Size : 57. 99 MB
Format : PDF
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Due to an increase in the wide-range of chemicals in petrochemical processing industries, as well as frequency of use, there has been a steady rise in flammability problems and other hazards. Hazardous Area Classification in Petroleum and Chemical Plants: A Guide to Mitigating Risk outlines the necessities of explosion protection in oil, gas and chemical industries, and discusses fire and occupancy hazards, extinguishing methods, hazard identification, and classification of materials. This book addresses these issues and concerns and presents a simple hazard identification system to help offset future problems. It offers information on the hazards of various materials and their level of severity as it relates to fire prevention, exposure, and control. The system provides an alerting signal and on-the-spot information to help protect lives in an industrial plant or storage location during fire emergencies. Understanding the hazard helps to ensure that the process equipment is properly selected, installed, and operated to provide a safe operating system. This text also includes a summary of the rules, methods, and requirements for fighting a fire, introduces various hazard identification systems. • Includes a summary of the rules, methods, and requirements needed to extinguish a fire • Introduces various hazard identification systems • Includes concepts for layout and spacing of equipment in process plants The book serves as resource for plant design engineers as well as plant protection and safety personnel in planning for effective firefighting operations.

Still Going Wrong

Author : Trevor Kletz
ISBN : 0080469922
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 87. 5 MB
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This is Trevor Kletz's follow up to his extremely successful What Went Wrong? Case Histories of Process Plant Disasters. In it, Kletz reinforces the messages in his now-classic book of famous case histories, but the majority of the book covers points not covered in the original. This new volume will focus more on procedural changes that can be made, not only at the technical or engineering levels, but at the managerial level, to prevent disasters from happening. * This volume follows up on the cases and strategies outlined in the original million-dollar seller: "What Went Wrong" * Contains many new cases and areas for improvement, including the hazards of rust, corrosion, and many more new topics * Written by the world's leading expert on industrial safety

Chemical Process Safety

Author : Daniel A. Crowl
ISBN : 9780132440554
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 82. 44 MB
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Combines academic theory with practical industry experience Updated to include the latest regulations and references Covers hazard identification, risk assessment, and inherent safety Case studies and problem sets enhance learning Long-awaited revision of the industry best seller. This fully revised second edition of Chemical Process Safety: Fundamentals with Applications combines rigorous academic methods with real-life industrial experience to create a unique resource for students and professionals alike. The primary focus on technical fundamentals of chemical process safety provides a solid groundwork for understanding, with full coverage of both prevention and mitigation measures. Subjects include: Toxicology and industrial hygiene Vapor and liquid releases and dispersion modeling Flammability characterization Relief and explosion venting In addition to an overview of government regulations, the book introduces the resources of the AICHE Center for Chemical Process Safety library. Guidelines are offered for hazard identification and risk assessment. The book concludes with case histories drawn directly from the authors' experience in the field. A perfect reference for industry professionals, Chemical Process Safety: Fundamentals with Applications, Second Edition is also ideal for teaching at the graduate and senior undergraduate levels. Each chapter includes 30 problems, and a solutions manual is now available for instructors.

Environmental Impact Assessment

Author : A. G. Colombo
ISBN : 9789401125284
Genre : Science
File Size : 88. 69 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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This book includes four Sections. Section 1 discusses the current state of implementation of the directives on environmental impact assessment and environmental hazards. It also includes a paper on Dutch integral environmental zoning project. Section 2 deals with EIA approaches and techniques. First, the phases of an EIA study and the risk analysis methods are described. Then, Danish experiences in EIA, environmental planning in the Ruhr area and pollution abatement in oil refineries and inorganic chemical industries are illustrated. Finally, a decision support system for EIA is presented. Section 3 is devoted to environmental indicators and indices. A first paper investigates the fundamental problems related to the notions of environmental indicator and measurement scale. The assessment of air, surface water, ground water and soil quality indicators and indices is then discussed in detail. The last two papers of this section deal with ecotoxicological risk indicators for environmental chemicals and industrial plant risk indicators, respectively. Finally, Section 4 discusses the economical and sociological dimensions of EIA. The book will be of value to scientists and technicians involved in environmental impact, environmental compatibility and environmental audit studies.

Loss Prevention In The Process Industries

Author : Frank P. Lees
ISBN : 0750615478
Genre : Petroleum chemicals industry
File Size : 35. 83 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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