# first course in formal logic and its applications in computer science

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## A First Course In Formal Logic And Its Applications In Computer Science

**Author :**Roy Dowsing

**ISBN :**0632013087

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**71. 1 MB

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## Logic In Computer Science

**Author :**Michael Huth

**ISBN :**9781139453059

**Genre :**Computers

**File Size :**35. 88 MB

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Recent years have seen the development of powerful tools for verifying hardware and software systems, as companies worldwide realise the need for improved means of validating their products. There is increasing demand for training in basic methods in formal reasoning so that students can gain proficiency in logic-based verification methods. The second edition of this successful textbook addresses both those requirements, by continuing to provide a clear introduction to formal reasoning which is both relevant to the needs of modern computer science and rigorous enough for practical application. Improvements to the first edition have been made throughout, with extra and expanded sections on SAT solvers, existential/universal second-order logic, micro-models, programming by contract and total correctness. The coverage of model-checking has been substantially updated. Further exercises have been added. Internet support for the book includes worked solutions for all exercises for teachers, and model solutions to some exercises for students.

## Logic For Applications

**Author :**Anil Nerode

**ISBN :**9781461206491

**Genre :**Computers

**File Size :**60. 17 MB

**Format :**PDF, Kindle

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In writing this book, our goal was to produce a text suitable for a first course in mathematical logic more attuned than the traditional textbooks to the re cent dramatic growth in the applications oflogic to computer science. Thus, our choice oftopics has been heavily influenced by such applications. Of course, we cover the basic traditional topics: syntax, semantics, soundnes5, completeness and compactness as well as a few more advanced results such as the theorems of Skolem-Lowenheim and Herbrand. Much ofour book, however, deals with other less traditional topics. Resolution theorem proving plays a major role in our treatment of logic especially in its application to Logic Programming and PRO LOG. We deal extensively with the mathematical foundations ofall three ofthese subjects. In addition, we include two chapters on nonclassical logics - modal and intuitionistic - that are becoming increasingly important in computer sci ence. We develop the basic material on the syntax and semantics (via Kripke frames) for each of these logics. In both cases, our approach to formal proofs, soundness and completeness uses modifications of the same tableau method in troduced for classical logic. We indicate how it can easily be adapted to various other special types of modal logics. A number of more advanced topics (includ ing nonmonotonic logic) are also briefly introduced both in the nonclassical logic chapters and in the material on Logic Programming and PROLOG.

## Logic For Computer Scientists

**Author :**Uwe Schöning

**ISBN :**9780817647636

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**57. 3 MB

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This book introduces the notions and methods of formal logic from a computer science standpoint, covering propositional logic, predicate logic, and foundations of logic programming. The classic text is replete with illustrative examples and exercises. It presents applications and themes of computer science research such as resolution, automated deduction, and logic programming in a rigorous but readable way. The style and scope of the work, rounded out by the inclusion of exercises, make this an excellent textbook for an advanced undergraduate course in logic for computer scientists.

## Introduction To Mathematical Logic Fourth Edition

**Author :**Elliott Mendelson

**ISBN :**0412808307

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**88. 28 MB

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The Fourth Edition of this long-established text retains all the key features of the previous editions, covering the basic topics of a solid first course in mathematical logic. This edition includes an extensive appendix on second-order logic, a section on set theory with urlements, and a section on the logic that results when we allow models with empty domains. The text contains numerous exercises and an appendix furnishes answers to many of them. Introduction to Mathematical Logic includes: propositional logic first-order logic first-order number theory and the incompleteness and undecidability theorems of Gödel, Rosser, Church, and Tarski axiomatic set theory theory of computability The study of mathematical logic, axiomatic set theory, and computability theory provides an understanding of the fundamental assumptions and proof techniques that form basis of mathematics. Logic and computability theory have also become indispensable tools in theoretical computer science, including artificial intelligence. Introduction to Mathematical Logic covers these topics in a clear, reader-friendly style that will be valued by anyone working in computer science as well as lecturers and researchers in mathematics, philosophy, and related fields.

## Problem Solving Methods Programming And Future Concepts

**Author :**O.V. German

**ISBN :**0080544835

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**35. 46 MB

**Format :**PDF, Mobi

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Problem solving is the very area of articifical intelligence AI which, probably, will never result in a complete set of formalized theories, in a pragmatic philosphy, or in a "universal" applied discipline. Studying questions concerning this area, encompasses different concepts, models and theories. This volume of the series looks at classifying problems, interpreting them, and the methods of solving them. The final chapter covers future concepts such as universal problem solving approach restoration, weak methods becoming strong, the role of formal logic in future developments, human factors and other paradigms. Different groups of readers such as mathematicians, specialists in computer sciences, and programmers will find this title of interest. Post-graduates and the students specializing in AI and applied mathematics will also find the work useful.

## Fuzzy Logic And Expert Systems Applications

**Author :**Cornelius T. Leondes

**ISBN :**9780080553191

**Genre :**Computers

**File Size :**78. 6 MB

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This volume covers the integration of fuzzy logic and expert systems. A vital resource in the field, it includes techniques for applying fuzzy systems to neural networks for modeling and control, systematic design procedures for realizing fuzzy neural systems, techniques for the design of rule-based expert systems using the massively parallel processing capabilities of neural networks, the transformation of neural systems into rule-based expert systems, the characteristics and relative merits of integrating fuzzy sets, neural networks, genetic algorithms, and rough sets, and applications to system identification and control as well as nonparametric, nonlinear estimation. Practitioners, researchers, and students in industrial, manufacturing, electrical, and mechanical engineering, as well as computer scientists and engineers will appreciate this reference source to diverse application methodologies. Fuzzy system techniques applied to neural networks for modeling and control Systematic design procedures for realizing fuzzy neural systems Techniques for the design of rule-based expert systems Characteristics and relative merits of integrating fuzzy sets, neural networks, genetic algorithms, and rough sets System identification and control Nonparametric, nonlinear estimation Practitioners, researchers, and students in industrial, manufacturing, electrical, and mechanical engineering, as well as computer scientists and engineers will find this volume a unique and comprehensive reference to these diverse application methodologies

## A First Course In Fuzzy Logic

**Author :**Hung T. Nguyen

**ISBN :**UOM:39015040743083

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**24. 70 MB

**Format :**PDF, ePub

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"Classical and Fuzzy Concepts in Mathematical Logic and Applications" explains how to use the English language with logical responsibility, how to define and use formal language, and how to reason correctly. Specific issues examined include a discussion of propositional and predicate logic, logic networks. logic programming, proof of correctness, semantics, syntax, and theorems of Herbrand and Kalman. The text emphasizes the use of logic in computer science, addresses questions in automatic deduction, and introduces a systematic parallel between aspects of classical logic and fuzzy mathematical logic.

## A First Course In Mathematical Logic And Set Theory

**Author :**Michael L. O'Leary

**ISBN :**9780470905883

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**28. 82 MB

**Format :**PDF, ePub

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Rather than teach mathematics and the structure of proofssimultaneously, this book first introduces logic as the foundationof proofs and then demonstrates how logic applies to mathematicaltopics. This method ensures that readers gain a firmunderstanding of how logic interacts with mathematics and empowersthem to solve more complex problems. The study of logic andapplications is used throughout to prepare readers for further workin proof writing. Readers are first introduced tomathematical proof-writing, and then the book provides anoverview of symbolic logic that includes two-column logicproofs. Readers are then transitioned to set theory andinduction, and applications of number theory, relations, functions,groups, and topology are provided to further aid incomprehension. Topical coverage includes propositional logic,predicate logic, set theory, mathematical induction, number theory,relations, functions, group theory, and topology.

## An Introduction To Symbolic Logic

**Author :**Langer

**ISBN :**0486601641

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**28. 22 MB

**Format :**PDF

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Famous classic has introduced countless readers to symbolic logic with its thorough and precise exposition. Starts with simple symbols and conventions and concludes with the Boole-Schroeder and Russell-Whitehead systems. No special knowledge of mathematics necessary. "One of the clearest and simplest introductions to a subject which is very much alive." — Mathematics Gazette.