first order logic and automated theorem proving texts in computer science

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First Order Logic And Automated Theorem Proving

Author : Melvin Fitting
ISBN : 9781461223603
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 72. 33 MB
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There are many kinds of books on formal logic. Some have philosophers as their intended audience, some mathematicians, some computer scien tists. Although there is a common core to all such books, they will be very different in emphasis, methods, and even appearance. This book is intended for computer scientists. But even this is not precise. Within computer science formal logic turns up in a number of areas, from pro gram verification to logic programming to artificial intelligence. This book is intended for computer scientists interested in automated theo rem proving in classical logic. To be more precise yet, it is essentially a theoretical treatment, not a how-to book, although how-to issues are not neglected. This does not mean, of course, that the book will be of no interest to philosophers or mathematicians. It does contain a thorough presentation of formal logic and many proof techniques, and as such it contains all the material one would expect to find in a course in formal logic covering completeness but, not incompleteness issues. The first item to be addressed is, What are we talking about and why are we interested in it? We are primarily talking about truth as used in mathematical discourse, and our interest in it is, or should be, self evident. Truth is a semantic concept, so we begin with models and their properties. These are used to define our subject.

Logic For Computer Science

Author : Jean H. Gallier
ISBN : 9780486780825
Genre : Computers
File Size : 22. 10 MB
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This advanced text for undergraduate and graduate students introduces mathematical logic with an emphasis on proof theory and procedures for algorithmic construction of formal proofs. The self-contained treatment is also useful for computer scientists and mathematically inclined readers interested in the formalization of proofs and basics of automatic theorem proving. Topics include propositional logic and its resolution, first-order logic, Gentzen's cut elimination theorem and applications, and Gentzen's sharpened Hauptsatz and Herbrand's theorem. Additional subjects include resolution in first-order logic; SLD-resolution, logic programming, and the foundations of PROLOG; and many-sorted first-order logic. Numerous problems appear throughout the book, and two Appendixes provide practical background information.

Automated Theorem Proving

Author : Monty Newborn
ISBN : 9781461300892
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 87. 44 MB
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This text and software package introduces readers to automated theorem proving, while providing two approaches implemented as easy-to-use programs. These are semantic-tree theorem proving and resolution-refutation theorem proving. The early chapters introduce first-order predicate calculus, well-formed formulae, and their transformation to clauses. Then the author goes on to show how the two methods work and provides numerous examples for readers to try their hand at theorem-proving experiments. Each chapter comes with exercises designed to familiarise the readers with the ideas and with the software, and answers to many of the problems.

Automated Theorem Proving A Logical Basis

Author : D.W. Loveland
ISBN : 9781483296777
Genre : Computers
File Size : 46. 70 MB
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Automated Theorem Proving: A Logical Basis

Extensions Of First Order Logic

Author : Maria Manzano
ISBN : 0521354358
Genre : Computers
File Size : 61. 30 MB
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This book introduces some extensions of classical first-order logic and applies them to reasoning about computer programs. The extensions considered are: second-order logic, many-sorted logic, w-logic, modal logic type theory and dynamic logic. These have wide applications in various areas of computer science, philosophy, natural language processing and artificial intelligence. Researchers in these areas will find this book a useful introduction and comparative treatment.

Handbook Of Practical Logic And Automated Reasoning

Author : John Harrison
ISBN : 9780521899574
Genre : Computers
File Size : 50. 30 MB
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One-stop reference, self-contained, with theoretical topics presented in conjunction with implementations for which code is supplied.

Programming With Higher Order Logic

Author : Dale Miller
ISBN : 9780521879408
Genre : Computers
File Size : 48. 37 MB
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Formal systems that describe computations over syntactic structures occur frequently in computer science. Logic programming provides a natural framework for encoding and animating such systems. However, these systems often embody variable binding, a notion that must be treated carefully at a computational level. This book aims to show that a programming language based on a simply typed version of higher-order logic provides an elegant, declarative means for providing such a treatment. Three broad topics are covered in pursuit of this goal. First, a proof-theoretic framework that supports a general view of logic programming is identified. Second, an actual language called λProlog is developed by applying this view to higher-order logic. Finally, a methodology for programming with specifications is exposed by showing how several computations over formal objects such as logical formulas, functional programs, and λ-terms and π-calculus expressions can be encoded in λProlog.

Automated Theorem Proving In Software Engineering

Author : Johann M. Schumann
ISBN : 9783662226469
Genre : Computers
File Size : 77. 81 MB
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Growing demands for the quality, safety, and security of software can only be satisfied by the rigorous application of formal methods during software design. This book methodically investigates the potential of first-order logic automated theorem provers for applications in software engineering. Illustrated by complete case studies on protocol verification, verification of security protocols, and logic-based software reuse, this book provides techniques for assessing the prover's capabilities and for selecting and developing an appropriate interface architecture.

Proofs And Algorithms

Author : Gilles Dowek
ISBN : 0857291211
Genre : Computers
File Size : 48. 59 MB
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Logic is a branch of philosophy, mathematics and computer science. It studies the required methods to determine whether a statement is true, such as reasoning and computation. Proofs and Algorithms: Introduction to Logic and Computability is an introduction to the fundamental concepts of contemporary logic - those of a proof, a computable function, a model and a set. It presents a series of results, both positive and negative, - Church's undecidability theorem, Gödel’s incompleteness theorem, the theorem asserting the semi-decidability of provability - that have profoundly changed our vision of reasoning, computation, and finally truth itself. Designed for undergraduate students, this book presents all that philosophers, mathematicians and computer scientists should know about logic.

Logic For Computer Scientists

Author : Uwe Schöning
ISBN : 9780817647636
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 51. 66 MB
Format : PDF
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This book introduces the notions and methods of formal logic from a computer science standpoint, covering propositional logic, predicate logic, and foundations of logic programming. The classic text is replete with illustrative examples and exercises. It presents applications and themes of computer science research such as resolution, automated deduction, and logic programming in a rigorous but readable way. The style and scope of the work, rounded out by the inclusion of exercises, make this an excellent textbook for an advanced undergraduate course in logic for computer scientists.

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