fluid mechanics of environmental interfaces second edition

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Fluid Mechanics Of Environmental Interfaces Second Edition

Author : Carlo Gualtieri
ISBN : 9780203109243
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 8 MB
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Environmental Fluid Mechanics (EFM) studies the motion of air and water at several different scales, the fate and transport of species carried along by these fluids, and the interactions among those flows and geological, biological, and engineered systems. EFM emerged some decades ago as a response to the need for tools to study problems of flow and transport in rivers, estuaries, lakes, groundwater and the atmosphere; it is a topic of increasing importance for decision makers, engineers, and researchers alike. The second edition of the successful textbook "Fluid Mechanics of Environmental Interfaces" is still aimed at providing a comprehensive overview of fluid mechanical processes occurring at the different interfaces existing in the realm of EFM, such as the air-water interface, the air-land interface, the water-sediment interface, the surface water-groundwater interface, the water-vegetation interface, and the water-biological systems interface. Across any of these interfaces mass, momentum, and heat are exchanged through different fluid mechanical processes over various spatial and temporal scales. In this second edition, the unique feature of this book, considering all the topics from the point of view of the concept of environmental interface, was maintained while the chapters were updated and five new chapters have been added to significantly enlarge the coverage of the subject area. The book starts with a chapter introducing the concept of EFM and its scope, scales, processes and systems. Then, the book is structured in three parts with fifteen chapters. Part one, which is composed of four chapters, covers the processes occurring at the interfaces between the atmosphere and the surface of the land and the seas, including the transport of dust and the dispersion of passive substances within the atmosphere. Part two deals in five chapters with the fluid mechanics at the air-water interface at small scales and sediment-water interface, including the advective diffusion of air bubbles, the hyporheic exchange and the tidal bores. Finally, part three discusses in six chapters the processes at the interfaces between fluids and biotic systems, such as transport processes in the soil-vegetation-lower atmosphere system, turbulence and wind above and within the forest canopy, flow and mass transport in vegetated open channels, transport processes to and from benthic plants and animals and coupling between interacting environmental interfaces. Each chapter has an educational part, which is structured in four sections: a synopsis of the chapter, a list of keywords that the reader should have encountered in the chapter, a list of questions and a list of unsolved problems related to the topics covered by the chapter. The book will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in environmental sciences, civil engineering and environmental engineering, (geo)physics, atmospheric science, meteorology, limnology, oceanography, and applied mathematics.

Fluid Mechanics Of Environmental Interfaces Second Edition

Author : Taylor & Francis Group
ISBN : 1138074276
Genre :
File Size : 64. 63 MB
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Advances In Environmental Fluid Mechanics

Author : Dragutin T. Mihailovic
ISBN : 9789814293006
Genre : Science
File Size : 87. 60 MB
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Environmental fluid mechanics (EFM) is the scientific study of transport, dispersion and transformation processes in natural fluid flows on our planet Earth, from the microscale to the planetary scale. This book brings together scientists and engineers working in research institutions, universities and academia, who engage in the study of theoretical, modeling, measuring and software aspects in environmental fluid mechanics. It provides a forum for the participants, and exchanges new ideas and expertise through the presentations of up-to-date and recent overall achievements in this field.

Transport Modeling For Environmental Engineers And Scientists

Author : Mark M. Clark
ISBN : 9781118210864
Genre : Science
File Size : 44. 83 MB
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Transport Modeling for Environmental Engineers and Scientists, Second Edition, builds on integrated transport courses in chemical engineering curricula, demonstrating the underlying unity of mass and momentum transport processes. It describes how these processes underlie the mechanics common to both pollutant transport and pollution control processes.

Environmental Fluid Mechanics

Author : Hillel Rubin
ISBN : 020390849X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 74. 53 MB
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Environmental Fluid Mechanics provides comprehensive coverage of a combination of basic fluid principles and their application in a number of different situations-exploring fluid motions on the earth's surface, underground, and in oceans-detailing the use of physical and numerical models and modern computational approaches for the analysis of environmental processes. Environmental Fluid Mechanics covers novel scaling methods for a variety of environmental issues; equations of motion for boundary layers; hydraulic characteristics of open channel flow; surface and internal wave theory; the advection diffusion equation; sediment and associated contaminant transport in lakes and streams; mixed layer modeling in lakes; remediation; transport processes at the air/water interface; and more.

The Engineering Handbook Second Edition

Author : Richard C. Dorf
ISBN : 9781420039870
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 66. 58 MB
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First published in 1995, The Engineering Handbook quickly became the definitive engineering reference. Although it remains a bestseller, the many advances realized in traditional engineering fields along with the emergence and rapid growth of fields such as biomedical engineering, computer engineering, and nanotechnology mean that the time has come to bring this standard-setting reference up to date. New in the Second Edition 19 completely new chapters addressing important topics in bioinstrumentation, control systems, nanotechnology, image and signal processing, electronics, environmental systems, structural systems 131 chapters fully revised and updated Expanded lists of engineering associations and societies The Engineering Handbook, Second Edition is designed to enlighten experts in areas outside their own specialties, to refresh the knowledge of mature practitioners, and to educate engineering novices. Whether you work in industry, government, or academia, this is simply the best, most useful engineering reference you can have in your personal, office, or institutional library.

Applied Combustion Second Edition

Author : Eugene L. Keating
ISBN : 1420017489
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 84. 51 MB
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The second edition of this practical text offers a broad introduction to the engineering principles of chemical energy conversion. Eugene L. Keating, Ph.D., P.E., a recognized authority within academia, government, and industry, examines combustion science and technology using fundamental principles. Thermochemical engineering data and design formulations of basic performance relationships appear in dual SI and English engineering dimensions and units, helping you save time and avoid conversion errors. New in the Second Edition Streamlined organization that progressively develops fundamental concepts Extended section on fuel cells New section on the nitrogen-oxygen reaction system Additional coverage of environmental aspects of specific combustion characteristics New chapter on thermal destruction Furnishing examples that demonstrate a proper engineering analysis as well as important concepts relevant to the nature of combustion devices, Applied Combustion, Second Edition explores the ideal oxidation-reaction equation, fuel heat release rates, chemical equilibrium, incomplete combustion, chemical kinetics, and detonation, thermal explosion, and basic flame theories. The book treats the features of chemical energy resources and presents a thermochemical overview of current and potential solid, liquid, and gaseous natural and synthetic fuel resources. It also describes the fuel-engine interface characteristics of important external and internal combustion heat engines in terms of fuel compatibility, consumption rates, pollution characteristics, emission controls, and energy conversion efficiencies.

Environmental Chemodynamics

Author : Louis J. Thibodeaux
ISBN : 0471612952
Genre : Science
File Size : 62. 3 MB
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What happens to a chemical once it enters the natural environment? How do its physical and chemical properties influence its transport, persistence, and partitioning in the biosphere? How do natural forces influence its distribution? How are the answers to these questions useful in making toxicological and epidemiological forecasts? Environmental Chemodynamics, Second Edition introduces readers to the concepts, tools, and techniques currently used to answer these and other critical questions about the fate and transport of chemicals in the natural environment. Like its critically acclaimed predecessor, its main focus is on the mechanisms and rates of movement of chemicals across the air/soil, soil/water, and water/air interfaces, and on how natural processes work to mobilize chemicals near and across interfaces––information vital to performing human and ecological risk assessments. Also consistent with the first edition, Environmental Chemodynamics, Second Edition is organized to accommodate readers of every level of experience. The first section is devoted to theoretical underpinnings and includes discussions of mass balance, thermodynamics, transport science concepts, and more. The second section concentrates on practical aspects, including the movement between bed–sediment and water, movement between soil and air, and intraphase chemical behavior. This revised and updated edition of Louis J. Thibodeaux′s 1979 classic features new or expanded coverage of: ∗ Equilibrium models for environmental compartments ∗ Dry deposition of particles and vapors onto water and soil surfaces ∗ Chemical profiles in rivers and estuaries, particles and porous media ∗ Fate and transport in the atmospheric boundary layer and within subterranean media ∗ Chemical exchange between water column and bed–sediment ∗ Intraphase chemical transport and fate This Second Edition of Environmental Chemodynamics also includes twice as many references and 50% more exercises and practice problems.

Environmental Modelling

Author : John Wainwright
ISBN : 9781118351482
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 81. 53 MB
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Simulation models are an established method used to investigate processes and solve practical problems in a wide variety of disciplines. Central to the concept of this second edition is the idea that environmental systems are complex, open systems. The authors present the diversity of approaches to dealing with environmental complexity and then encourage readers to make comparisons between these approaches and between different disciplines. Environmental Modelling: Finding Simplicity in Complexity 2nd edition is divided into four main sections: An overview of methods and approaches to modelling. State of the art for modelling environmental processes Tools used and models for management Current and future developments. The second edition evolves from the first by providing additional emphasis and material for those students wishing to specialize in environmental modelling. This edition: Focuses on simplifying complex environmental systems. Reviews current software, tools and techniques for modelling. Gives practical examples from a wide variety of disciplines, e.g. climatology, ecology, hydrology, geomorphology and engineering. Has an associated website containing colour images, links to WWW resources and chapter support pages, including data sets relating to case studies, exercises and model animations. This book is suitable for final year undergraduates and postgraduates in environmental modelling, environmental science, civil engineering and biology who will already be familiar with the subject and are moving on to specialize in the field. It is also designed to appeal to professionals interested in the environmental sciences, including environmental consultants, government employees, civil engineers, geographers, ecologists, meteorologists, and geochemists.

Environmental Fluid Mechanics

Author : Hayley H. Shen
ISBN : 0784475210
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 58 MB
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Sponsored by the Fluids Committee of the Engineering Mechanics Division of ASCE. This report provides environmental engineers with a comprehensive survey of recent developments in the application of fluid mechanics theories to treat environmental problems. Chapters cover principles of fluid mechanics, as well as contemporary applications to environmental problems involving river, lake, coastal, and groundwater areas. Topics include: turbulent diffusion; mixing of a turbulent jet in crossflow -- the advected line puff; multi-phase plumes in uniform, stratified, and flowing environments; turbulent transport processes across natural streams; three-dimensional hydrodynamic and salinity transport modeling in estuaries; fluid flows and reactive chemical transport in variably saturated subsurface media; heat and mass transport in porous media; parameter identification of environmental systems; finite element analysis of stratified lake hydrodynamics; water quality modeling in reservoirs; and linear systems approach to river water quality analysis In addition to providing valuable information to practitioners, this book also serves as a text for an advanced undergraduate or introductory graduate level course.

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