folk psychological narratives the sociocultural basis of understanding reasons bradford books mit press

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Folk Psychological Narratives

Author : Daniel D. Hutto
ISBN : 9780262263177
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 31. 77 MB
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Established wisdom in cognitive science holds that the everyday folk psychological abilities of humans -- our capacity to understand intentional actions performed for reasons -- are inherited from our evolutionary forebears. In Folk Psychological Narratives, Daniel Hutto challenges this view (held in somewhat different forms by the two dominant approaches, "theory theory" and simulation theory) and argues for the sociocultural basis of this familiar ability. He makes a detailed case for the idea that the way we make sense of intentional actions essentially involves the construction of narratives about particular persons. Moreover he argues that children acquire this practical skill only by being exposed to and engaging in a distinctive kind of narrative practice. Hutto calls this developmental proposal the narrative practice hypothesis (NPH). Its core claim is that direct encounters with stories about persons who act for reasons (that is, folk psychological narratives) supply children with both the basic structure of folk psychology and the norm-governed possibilities for wielding it in practice. In making a strong case for the as yet underexamined idea that our understanding of reasons may be socioculturally grounded, Hutto not only advances and explicates the claims of the NPH, but he also challenges certain widely held assumptions. In this way, Folk Psychological Narratives both clears conceptual space around the dominant approaches for an alternative and offers a groundbreaking proposal.

Medienrezeptionsforschung

Author : Helena Bilandzic
ISBN : 9783825240035
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 90. 31 MB
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Dieses Lehrbuch bietet einen kompakten und theoretisch fundierten Einstieg in die wichtigsten Ansätze der kommunikationswissenschaftlichen Rezeptionsforschung. Im Mittelpunkt steht das Individuum, das sich einem Medium zuwendet und es nutzt – die dabei ablaufenden kognitiven, emotionalen und verhaltensbezogenen Aspekte werden systematisiert und anhand von Beispielen dargestellt. Der Rezeptionsprozess wird umfassend beleuchtet – von der Medienselektion bis hin zur Verarbeitung medialer Informationen und der Rolle der Interaktivität. Ein weiteres wichtiges Feld sind die konkreten Formen des Rezeptionserlebens, z. B. Emotionen und Stimmung, Spannung und Interesse, Identifikation und parasoziale Interaktion sowie Realismus und Unterhaltungserleben.

Tourism Destination Marketing And Management

Author : Youcheng Wang
ISBN : 1845937007
Genre : Electronic books
File Size : 46. 86 MB
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This book offers a comprehensive understanding of the concept and scope of the tourism industry in general and of destination marketing and management in particular. Taking an integrated and comprehensive approach, it focuses on both the macro and micro aspects of destination marketing and management. The book consists of 27 chapters presented in seven parts with the following themes: concept, scope and structure of destination marketing and management, destination planning and policy, consumer decision-making processes, destination marketing research, destination branding and positioning, destination product development and distribution, the role of emerging technologies in destination marketing, destination stakeholder management, destination safety, disaster and crisis management, destination competitiveness and sustainability, and challenges and opportunities for destination marketing and management.

The Wiley Handbook On The Development Of Children S Memory

Author : Patricia J. Bauer
ISBN : 9781118590201
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 71. 20 MB
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This all-embracing Handbook on the Development of Children’s Memory represents the first place in which critical topics in memory development are covered from multiple perspectives, from infancy through adolescence. Forty-four chapters are written by experienced researchers who have influenced the field. Edited by two of the world’s leading experts on the development of memory Discusses the importance of a developmental perspective on the study of memory The first ever handbook to bring together the world’s leading academics in one reference guide Each section has an introduction written by one of the Editors, who have also written an overall introduction that places the work in historical and contemporary contexts in cognitive and developmental psychology 2 Volumes

Knowing Without Thinking

Author : Z. Radman
ISBN : 9780230368064
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 34. 34 MB
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A volume devoted explicitly to the subtle and multidimensional phenomenon of background knowing that has to be recognized as an important element of the triad mind-body-world. The essays are inspired by seminal works on the topic by Searle and Dreyfus, but also make significant contribution in bringing the discussion beyond the classical confines.

Rediscovering Empathy

Author : Karsten Stueber
ISBN : 9780262264785
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 48. 31 MB
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In this timely and wide-ranging study, Karsten Stueber argues that empathy is epistemically central for our folk-psychological understanding of other agents--that it is something we cannot do without in order to gain understanding of other minds. Setting his argument in the context of contemporary philosophy of mind and the interdisciplinary debate about the nature of our mindreading abilities, Stueber counters objections raised by some in the philosophy of social science and argues that it is time to rehabilitate the empathy thesis.Empathy, regarded at the beginning of the twentieth century as the fundamental method of gaining knowledge of other minds, has suffered a century of philosophical neglect. Stueber addresses the plausible philosophical misgivings about empathy that have been responsible for its failure to gain widespread philosophical acceptance.Crucial in this context is his defense of the assumption, very much contested in contemporary philosophy of mind, that the notion of rational agency is at the core of folk psychology. Stueber then discusses the contemporary debate between simulation theorists--who defend various forms of the empathy thesis--and theory theorists. In distinguishing between basic and reenactive empathy, he provides a new interpretive framework for the investigation into our mindreading capacities. Finally, he considers epistemic objections to empathy raised by the philosophy of social science that have been insufficiently discussed in contemporary debates. Empathy theorists, Stueber writes, should be prepared to admit that, although empathy can be regarded as the central default mode for understanding other agents, there are certain limitations in its ability to make sense of other agents; and there are supplemental theoretical strategies available to overcome these limitations.

On The Contrary

Author : PAUL M AUTOR CHURCHLAND
ISBN : 0262032546
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 53. 40 MB
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Paul M. and Patricia S. Churchland are towering figures in the fields of philosophy,neuroscience, and consciousness. This collection was prepared in the belief that the most useful andrevealing of anyone's writings are often those shorter essays penned in conflict with or criticismof one's professional colleagues. The essays present the Churchlands' critical responses to avariety of philosophical positions advanced by some two dozen philosophical theorists. The book isdivided into three parts: part I, Folk Psychology and Eliminative Materialism; part II, Meaning,Qualia, and Emotion: The Several Dimensions of Consciousness; and part III, the Philosophy ofScience. V. S. Ramachandran and Rick Grush are coauthors on two of the essays.

Words Without Meaning

Author : Christopher Gauker
ISBN : 0262571625
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 27. 35 MB
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A critique of, and alternative to, the received view of linguistic communication.

Varieties Of Meaning

Author : Ruth Garrett Millikan
ISBN : 0262134446
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 89. 31 MB
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How the various things that are said to have meaning -- purpose, natural signs, linguistic signs, perceptions, and thoughts -- are related to one another.

Sehen Und Handeln

Author : Horst Bredekamp
ISBN : 9783050062389
Genre : Art
File Size : 55. 44 MB
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Sehen wird traditionell als passiver Prozess aufgefasst, der im Gehirn innere Bil-der entstehen lässt, welche die Wirklichkeit repräsentieren. Handlungen wer-den hingegen in der Regel als aktive Prozesse verstanden, die von Subjekten gesteuert werden. Die Beiträge der Eröffnungstagung der Kolleg-Forschergruppe „Bildakt und Verkörperung“ erarbeiten in den Sektionen „E-naktivismus“, „Dynamik des Blickens“ und „Die Sicht auf die Dinge“ alternative Verständnisweisen von Visualität. Sie begreifen Sehen als eine Aktivität, die nicht nur das Gehirn, sondern den gesamten Körper einbezieht, permanent Wirklichkeit gestaltet und somit als Handlung verstanden werden kann. Mit Beiträgen von Alex Arteaga, Horst Bredekamp, Frank Fehrenbach, Shaun Gallagher, Bettina Gockel, Dan Hutto, Sybille Krämer, John Michael Krois, Helmut Pape, Eva Schürmann und Claus Zittel.

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