forces of nature and cultural responses

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Forces Of Nature And Cultural Responses

Author : Katrin Pfeifer
ISBN : 9789400750005
Genre : Science
File Size : 50. 93 MB
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How do and how did people perceive, manage and respond to natural disasters? How are the causes of natural disasters explained in history, how are they explained today? This volume investigates relationships between forces of nature and human culture in a multidisciplinary context bridging science and the humanities. Forces of nature and cultural responses is divided into four sections: (1) ball lightnings, (2) earthquakes and tsunamis, (3) volcanic eruptions and plagues, and (4) hurricanes and floodings. Specifically, Section 1 investigates theories and case studies of ball lightning phenomena. Section 2 includes a psychological study on the impact of earthquakes on academic performance, a study on tsunami vulnerability and recovery strategies in Thailand and a study on the social and economic aftermaths of a tsunami and a hurricane in Hawaii. Section 3 consists of a chapter on volcanic eruptions and plagues as well as cultural responses in Ancient Times and a study on contemporary vulnerability and resilience under chronic volcanic eruptions. Section 4 investigates the impact of hurricane Katrina on the current jazz scene in New Orleans and cultural responses to floodings in The Netherlands in Early Modern Times.

Natural Disasters Cultural Responses

Author : Christof Mauch
ISBN : 9780739134610
Genre : Nature
File Size : 81. 12 MB
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Catastrophes, it seems, are becoming more frequent in the twenty-first century. According to UN statistics, every year approximately two hundred million people are directly affected by natural disasters_seven times the number of people who are affected by war. Discussions about global warming and fatal disasters such as Katrina and the Tsunami of 2004 have heightened our awareness of natural disasters and of their impact on both local and global communities. Hollywood has also produced numerous disaster movies in recent years, some of which have become blockbusters. This volume demonstrates that natural catastrophes_earthquakes, hurricanes, floods, etc._have exercised a vast impact on humans throughout history and in almost every part of the world. It argues that human attitudes toward catastrophes have changed over time. Surprisingly, this has not necessarily led to a reduction of exposure or risk. The organization of the book resembles a journey around the globe_from Europe to North Africa, the Middle East, and Asia, and from the Pacific through South America and Mexico to the United States. While natural disasters appear everywhere on the globe, different cultures, societies, and nations have adopted specific styles for coping with disaster. Indeed, how humans deal with catastrophes depends largely on social and cultural patterns, values, religious belief systems, political institutions, and economic structures. The roles that catastrophes play in society and the meanings they are given vary from one region to the next; they differ_and this is one of the principal arguments of this book_from one cultural, political, and geographic space to the next. The essays collected here help us to understand not only how people in different times throughout history have learned to cope with disaster but also how humans in different parts of the world have developed specific cultural, social, and technological strategies for doing so.

Natural Disasters And Cultural Change

Author : John Grattan
ISBN : 9781134604906
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 63. 88 MB
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Human cultures have been interacting with natural hazards since the dawn of time. This book explores these interactions in detail and revisits some famous catastrophes including the eruptions of Thera and Vesuvius. These studies demonstrate that diverse human cultures had well-developed strategies which facilitated their response to extreme natural events.

Forces Of Nature

Author : Bernadette H. Hyner
ISBN : 9781443808859
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 52. 58 MB
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In Forces of Nature, the authors investigate the relationships between the natural world and gender and sexuality. The authors explore the frameworks within which femininity and nature have been constructed, as well as the impact nature has had on our understandings of masculinity, homosexuality, and heterosexuality. For some writers nature has restorative powers, for others nature embodies violence and destruction. Yet, one common thread runs across all of the chapters in this collection: nature and animals can not be separated from the human experience. Forces of Nature brings to light the intimate connection humans have with the natural world and provides students and scholars with innovative readings of both canonical and noncanonical texts.

Natural Disasters And Cultural Responses

Author :
ISBN : IND:39000004614892
Genre : Disaster relief
File Size : 52. 79 MB
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Childhood Today

Author : Alex Owen
ISBN : 9781526425775
Genre : Education
File Size : 86. 53 MB
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"This is an urgently needed book that explores a number of different concepts of childhood in 21st century. The book throughout considers enduring topics and new concepts of childhood, and initiates a number of questions that students of education, childhood and early childhood studies can engage as lines of inquiries. The book offers a multidisciplinary approach of the child today, that influences practice, policy, and education, and offers diverse dimensions to provoke our thinking." - Dr. Ioanna Palaiologou, Institute of Education, University College London How we understand what ‘childhood’ means in today’s society is constantly changing, and the rate of this change is unprecedented. This new edited book explores what it really means to be a child of the 21st century, and how we as professionals, researchers, parents and adults can understand an environment seemingly in constant flux. Each chapter seeks to explore and problematise some of the different ‘labels’ that we give to children in an attempt to understand their contemporary experiences. From the Regulated Child to the Stressed Child to the Poor Child the book covers a wide array of key issues in contemporary childhood, including obesity, risk, special needs, wellbeing and poverty. The pace of change in childhood can be daunting but this book helps students, practitioners and researchers to explore and understand the variety of issues affecting children in the UK and all over the world.

The New Environmentalism

Author : Davide Torsello
ISBN : 9781317022848
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 20. 78 MB
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Drawing on rich ethnographic work in both Eastern and Western Europe, The New Environmentalism? presents a range of case studies to explore the impact of corruption in EU-funded structural development projects. With detailed analyses of the forms and contexts of environmentalism, the book reveals the manner in which corruption is generated by the planning and implementation procedures of the projects, demonstrating in each case that environmental movements emerge as by-products of these processes, using corruption as part of a discourse employed in support of their action against political (regional and state) institutions, as well as to communicate their goals to local citizens. Shedding light on the ways in which revelations about corruption are adopted as a means to fostering civic participation in environmental movements and influencing institutional trust, this book contributes to our understanding of the loss of legitimacy and trust in local and global political institutions. Comparative in approach, The New Environmentalism? provides new insights into the emergence of strong civic movements at local and trans-local levels, in resistance to citizens' sense of increasing alienation from political participation and decision making. As such, it will be of interest to anthropologists, sociologists and political scientists concerned with questions of legitimacy, corruption and activism.

Cultural Responses To The Persian Wars

Author : Emma Bridges
ISBN : IND:30000116862131
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 38. 33 MB
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Introduction /Emma Bridges, Edith Hall, and P.J. Rhodes --The impact of the Persian wars on classical Greece /P.J. Rhodes --Xerxes' Homer /Johannes Haubold --The view from Eleusis : Demeter in the Persian Wars /Deborah Boedeker --Plato and the Persian wars /Christopher Rowe --The Persian wars in fourth-century oratory and historiography /John Marincola --Images of the Persian wars in Rome /Philip Hardie --De malignitate Plutarchi : Plutarch, Herodotus, and the Persian wars /Christopher Pelling --Aeschylus' Persians via the Ottoman empire to Saddam Hussein /Edith Hall --Operatic variations on an episode at the Hellespont /David Kimbell --'Shrines of the mighty' : rediscovering the battlefields of the Persian wars /Ian Macgregor Morris --From Marathon to Waterloo : Byron, battle monuments, and the Persian wars /Timothy Rood --Enacting history and patriotic myth : Aeschylus' Persians on the eve of the Greek War of Independence /Gonda Van Steen --The Persian wars as the 'origin' of historiography : ancient and modern orientalism in George Grote's History of Greece /Alexandra Lianeri --'People like us' in the face of history : Cormon's Les vainqueurs de Salamine /Clemence Schultze --Xerxes goes to Hollywood /D.S. Levene --The guts and the glory : Pressfield's Spartans at the Gates of fire /Emma Bridges..

Changing Conversations

Author : Sheila Davaney
ISBN : 9781135231750
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 53. 54 MB
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First Published in 1997. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Human System Responses To Disaster

Author : Thomas E. Drabek
ISBN : 9781461249603
Genre : Science
File Size : 20. 33 MB
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This series is dedicated to serving the growing community of scholars and practitioners concerned with the principles and applications of environ mental management. Each volume is a thorough treatment of a specific topic of importance for proper management practices. A fundamental ob jective of these books is to help the reader discern and implement man's stewardship of our environment and the world's renewable resources. For we must strive to understand the relationship between man and nature, act to bring harmony to it, and nurture an environment that is both stable and productive. These objectives have often eluded us because the pursuit of other in dividual and societal goals has diverted us from a course of living in balance with the environment. At times, therefore, the environmental manager may have to exert restrictive control, which is usually best applied to man, not nature. Attempts to alter or harness nature have often failed or backfired, as exemplified by the results of imprudent use of herbicides, fertilizers, water, and other agents. Each book in this series will shed light on the fundamental and applied aspects of environmental management. It is hoped that each will help solve a practical and serious environmental problem. Robert S. DeSanto East Lyme, Connecticut Acknowledgments Compilation of the materials reviewed in this inventory was facilitated greatly by several staff members of the Disaster Research Center, University of Delaware (formerly at The Ohio State University) and the Natural Haz ards Research and Applications Information Center, University of Colorado.

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