forces of the quantum vacuum an introduction to casimir physics

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Forces Of The Quantum Vacuum

Author : William M R Simpson
ISBN : 9789814644778
Genre : Science
File Size : 60. 51 MB
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Forces of the Quantum Vacuum presents a number of theoretical approaches to Casimir, van der Waals and Casimir–Polder forces that have been fruitfully employed in mainstream research, and also reviews the experimental evidence for Casimir forces. Beginning with basic ideas in quantum mechanics and building its way to a sophisticated form of macroscopic QED, the book provides an inspiring training manual for graduate students to develop in a natural progression the ideas needed for modern theoretical research on Casimir forces.

The Quantum Vacuum

Author : Peter W. Milonni
ISBN : 9780080571492
Genre : Science
File Size : 35. 53 MB
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In modern physics, the classical vacuum of tranquil nothingness has been replaced by a quantum vacuum with fluctuations of measurable consequence. In The Quantum Vacuum, Peter Milonni describes the concept of the vacuum in quantum physics with an emphasis on quantum electrodynamics. He elucidates in depth and detail the role of the vacuum electromagnetic field in spontaneous emission, the Lamb shift, van der Waals, and Casimir forces, and a variety of other phenomena, some of which are of technological as well as purely scientific importance. This informative text also provides an introduction based on fundamental vacuum processes to the ideas of relativistic quantum electrodynamics and quantum field theory, including renormalization and Feynman diagrams. Experimental as well as theoreticalaspects of the quantum vacuum are described, and in most cases details of mathematical derivations are included. Chapter 1 of The Quantum Vacuum - published in advance in The American Journal of Physics (1991)-was later selected by readers as one of the Most Memorable papers ever published in the 60-year history of the journal. This chapter provides anexcellent beginning of the book, introducing a wealth of information of historical interest, the results of which are carefully woven into subsequent chapters to form a coherent whole. Does not assume that the reader has taken advanced graduate courses, making the text accessible to beginning graduate students Emphasizes the basic physical ideas rather than the formal, mathematical aspects of the subject Provides a careful and thorough treatment of Casimir and van der Waals forces at a level of detail not found in any other book on this topic Clearly presents mathematical derivations

Surprises In Theoretical Casimir Physics

Author : William M.R. Simpson
ISBN : 9783319093154
Genre : Science
File Size : 55. 41 MB
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Despite more than half a century of theoretical work, the Casimir effect is still not as fully understood as some suppose. In this treatise, the author uncovers new puzzles and paradoxes concerning this mysterious phenomenon. In particular, he clearly demonstrates that the most sophisticated theories fail when confronted with dielectrics in which the refractive index is not uniform but gradually changes.

Casimir Physics

Author : Diego Dalvit
ISBN : 9783642202872
Genre : Science
File Size : 63. 2 MB
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Casimir effects serve as primary examples of directly observable manifestations of the nontrivial properties of quantum fields, and as such are attracting increasing interest from quantum field theorists, particle physicists, and cosmologists. Furthermore, though very weak except at short distances, Casimir forces are universal in the sense that all material objects are subject to them. They are thus also an increasingly important part of the physics of atom-surface interactions, while in nanotechnology they are being investigated not only as contributors to ‘stiction’ but also as potential mechanisms for actuating micro-electromechanical devices. While the field of Casimir physics is expanding rapidly, it has reached a level of maturity in some important respects: on the experimental side, where most sources of imprecision in force measurements have been identified as well as on the theoretical side, where, for example, semi-analytical and numerical methods for the computation of Casimir forces between bodies of arbitrary shape have been successfully developed. This book is, then, a timely and comprehensive guide to the essence of Casimir (and Casimir-Polder) physics that will have lasting value, serving the dual purpose of an introduction and reference to the field. While this volume is not intended to be a unified textbook, but rather a collection of largely independent chapters written by prominent experts in the field, the detailed and carefully written articles adopt a style that should appeal to non-specialist researchers in the field as well as to a broader audience of graduate students.

The Casimir Effect

Author : K. A. Milton
ISBN : 9812810528
Genre : Science
File Size : 57. 8 MB
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In its simplest manifestation, the Casimir effect is a quantum force of attraction between two parallel uncharged conducting plates. More generally, it refers to the interaction OCo which may be either attractive or repulsive OCo between material bodies due to quantum fluctuations in whatever fields are relevant. It is a local version of the van der Waals force between molecules. Its sweep ranges from perhaps its being the origin of the cosmological constant to its being responsible for the confinement of quarks. This monograph develops the theory of such forces, based primarily on physically transparent Green''s function techniques, and makes applications from quarks to the cosmos, as well as observable consequences in condensed matter systems. It is aimed at graduate students and researchers in theoretical physics, quantum field theory, and applied mathematics. Contents: Introduction to the Casimir Effect; Casimir Force Between Parallel Plates; Casimir Force Between Parallel Dielectrics; Casimir Effect with Perfect Spherical; The Casimir Effect of a Dielectric Ball: The Equivalence of the Casimir Effect and van der Waals Forces; Application to Hadronic Physics: Zero-Point Energy in the Bag Model; Casimir Effect in Cylindrical Geometries; Casimir Effect in Two Dimensions: The Maxwell-Chern-Simons Casimir Effect; Casimir Effect on a D -dimensional Sphere; Cosmological Implications of the Casimir Effect; Local Effects; Sonoluminescene and the Dynamical Casimir Effect; Radiative Corrections to the Casimir Effect; Conclusions and Outlook; Appendices: Relation of Contour Integral Method to Green''s Function Approach; Casimir Effect for a Closed String. Readership: High-energy, condensed-matter and nuclear physicists."

Advances In The Casimir Effect

Author : Michael Bordag
ISBN : 9780191579882
Genre : Science
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The subject of this book is the Casimir effect, a manifestation of zero-point oscillations of the quantum vacuum resulting in forces acting between closely spaced bodies. For the benefit of the reader, the book assembles field-theoretical foundations of this phenomenon, applications of the general theory to real materials, and a comprehensive description of all recently performed measurements of the Casimir force with a comparison between experiment and theory. There is an urgent need for a book of this type, given the increase of interest in forces originating from the quantum vacuum. Numerous new results have been obtained in the last few years which are not reflected in previous books on the subject, but which are very promising for fundamental science and nanotechnology. The book is a unique source of information presenting a critical assessment of all the main results and approaches from hundreds of journal papers. It also outlines new ideas which have not yet been universally accepted but which are finding increasing support from experiment.

Quantum Optics And Nanophotonics

Author : Claude Fabre
ISBN : 9780191081774
Genre : Science
File Size : 52. 42 MB
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Quantum Optics and Nanophotonics consists of the lecture notes of the Les Houches Summer School 101 held in August 2013. Some of the most eminent experts in this flourishing area of research have contributed chapters lying at the intersection of basic quantum science and advanced nanotechnology. The book is part of the renowned series of tutorial books that contain the lecture notes of all the Les Houches Summer Schools since the 1950's and cover the latest developments in physics and related fields.

The Casimir Effect

Author : K A Milton
ISBN : 9789814492508
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 15 MB
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In its simplest manifestation, the Casimir effect is a quantum force of attraction between two parallel uncharged conducting plates. More generally, it refers to the interaction — which may be either attractive or repulsive — between material bodies due to quantum fluctuations in whatever fields are relevant. It is a local version of the van der Waals force between molecules. Its sweep ranges from perhaps its being the origin of the cosmological constant to its being responsible for the confinement of quarks. This monograph develops the theory of such forces, based primarily on physically transparent Green's function techniques, and makes applications from quarks to the cosmos, as well as observable consequences in condensed matter systems. It is aimed at graduate students and researchers in theoretical physics, quantum field theory, and applied mathematics. Contents:Introduction to the Casimir EffectCasimir Force Between Parallel PlatesCasimir Force Between Parallel DielectricsCasimir Effect with Perfect SphericalThe Casimir Effect of a Dielectric Ball: The Equivalence of the Casimir Effect and van der Waals ForcesApplication to Hadronic Physics: Zero-Point Energy in the Bag ModelCasimir Effect in Cylindrical GeometriesCasimir Effect in Two Dimensions: The Maxwell-Chern-Simons Casimir EffectCasimir Effect on a D-dimensional SphereCosmological Implications of the Casimir EffectLocal EffectsSonoluminescene and the Dynamical Casimir EffectRadiative Corrections to the Casimir EffectConclusions and OutlookAppendices:Relation of Contour Integral Method to Green's Function ApproachCasimir Effect for a Closed String Readership: High-energy, condensed-matter and nuclear physicists. Keywords:Van Der Waals Forces;Quantum Field Theory;Quantum Fluctuations;Green's Functions;Finite-Temperature Field Theory;Sonoluminescence;Cosmological Constant;Boundary Conditions;Dimensional Dependence;Energy-Momentum TensorReviews:“The Casimir effect is about a lot more than a force between two metals plates, and Milton's book offers a great opportunity to read about it and learn the techniques by which it can be calculated … the book is very comprehensive, clearly written and filled with wonderful physics.”CERN Courier “Milton's attractively slim book will guide the serious beginner around the shoals, and its analytical rigor should also attract experienced theorists. It is appealing also in its unified approach, based mainly on Green's function methods that Milton and others developed in collaboration with Julian Schwinger.”Physics Today “Milton's monograph provides an outstanding review of the present state of the theory and applications of Casmir effects to diverse problems … Because of its clarity and advanced treatment, this book will likely stimulate the next stage in that development by opening a number of impenetrable fields to advanced students.”American Journal of Physics “This carefully written book gives a survey of the experimental and theoretical situation concerning the Casimir effect … All technical points are presented clearly and thoroughly. The book belongs on the shelf of anyone who wishes to make practical calculations involving the Casimir effect. The book contains an extensive bibliography. There are occasional historical notes as well. A graduate student or researcher would gain a good perspective of the role of the Casimir effect in physics from a reading.”Mathematical Reviews “Milton also tries to survey the field while emphasizing the Green's function technique in concrete calculations. In the past decades, he contributed in so many ways to our present understanding of the effect that the book more or less recounts his personal journey through the Casimir world.”Zentralblatt MATH

Laser Physics At The Limits

Author : Hartmut Figger
ISBN : 3540424180
Genre : Computers
File Size : 23. 35 MB
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Laser physics has always been driven by a genuinely scientific quest to extend existing limits, limits of physical knowledge and limits of physical methods. Enhancing precision, sensitivity, and resolution has been an essential topic of this evolution. Experiments and concepts of laser physics have also earned a central place in modern physics. More than 100 years after the invention of quantum physics, subtleties of light-matter interaction can be beautifully illustrated through the application of lasers, an invaluable highlight of our current presentation of modern microscopic physics. The scientific advancement of physics is impossible without the ingenuity of experimenters and of theoreticians. Among those, Theodor Hänsch has oc cupied a commanding position for many decades now, contributing numerous original and fundamental contributions to the field of laser physics. This vol urne was thus initiated on the occasion of his 60th birthday. It demonstrates the influence of his scientific activities at present and during the recent past. Current developments in fields such as atomic elocks, precision measurements of fundamental constants, nonlinear optical effects, Bose-Einstein condensa tion, and atomic quantum engineering underline the virtue of concepts and results derived in his laboratories.

The Casimir Effect And Its Applications

Author : Vladimir Mikhaĭlovich Mostepanenko
ISBN : 0198539983
Genre : Science
File Size : 73. 90 MB
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Of value to the general scientific public, this is the first book in the world scientific literature devoted to the Casimir effect. This topic has important applications in the fields of elementary particle physics, statistical physics, quantum field theory, gravitation and cosmology.

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