forensic approaches to buried remains essential forensic science

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Forensic Approaches To Buried Remains

Author : John Hunter
ISBN : 9781118374139
Genre : Medical
File Size : 35. 2 MB
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The field of forensic archaeology has developed over recentyears from being a branch of conventional archaeology into awell-established discipline in its own right. ForensicApproaches to Buried Remains takes an innovative approach tothe subject by placing the role of the forensic archaeologistwithin the wider forensic environment; it identifies new areas ofinterdisciplinary research and practice, and evaluates practicaldifficulties. The authors see this book as a reflection of the subject’sdevelopment, and as a knowledge base for the next generation offorensic archaeologists. Areas covered include: Search logistics, integration and specialist searchscenarios Levels of confidence in site search and elimination Urban and rural landscape reconstruction in both short and longterm cases The integration of cadaver dogs and earth-moving machinery The recovery of multiple evidence types Sampling strategies, spatial relevance and dating Multiple burial scenarios As part of the Essential Forensic Science book seriesthis book will provide students and practitioners alike with aninvaluable resource outlining both the major developments in thediscipline, as well as original approaches to the search for, andrecovery of buried remains.

Forensic Science

Author : Stuart H. James
ISBN : 0849327474
Genre : Law
File Size : 22. 46 MB
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Written by highly respected forensic scientists and legal practitioners, Forensic Science: An Introduction to Scientific and Investigative Techniques, Second Edition covers the latest theories and practices in areas such as DNA testing, toxicology, chemistry of explosives and arson, and vehicle accident reconstruction. This second edition offers a cutting-edge presentation of criminalistics and related laboratory subjects, including many exciting new features. What's New in the Second Edition New chapter on forensic entomology New chapter on forensic nursing Simplified DNA chapter More coverage of the chemistry of explosives and ignitable liquids Additional information on crime reconstruction Revised to include more investigation in computer forensics Complete revisions of engineering chapters New appendices showing basic principles of physics, math, and chemistry in forensic science More questions and answers in the Instructor's Guide Updated references and cases throughout An extensive glossary of terms

Human Remains In Society

Author : Jean-Marc Dreyfus
ISBN : 9781526108197
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 53. 33 MB
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Whether reburied, concealed, stored, abandoned or publicly displayed, human remains raise a vast number of questions regarding social, legal and ethical uses by communities, public institutions and civil society organisations. This book presents a ground-breaking account of the treatment and commemoration of dead bodies resulting from incidents of genocide and mass violence. Through a range of international case studies across multiple continents, it explores the effect of dead bodies or body parts on various political, cultural and religious practices. Multidisciplinary in scope, it will appeal to readers interested in this crucial phase of post-conflict reconciliation, including students and researchers of history, anthropology, sociology, archaeology, law, politics and modern warfare.

Forensic Anthropology

Author : C. Clifford Boyd, Jr.
ISBN : 9781119226383
Genre : Medical
File Size : 47. 8 MB
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Provides comprehensive coverage of everything that students and practitioners need to know about working in the field of forensic anthropology Forensic anthropology has been plagued by questions of scientific validity and rigor despite its acceptance as a section in the American Academy of Forensic Sciences nearly half a century ago. Critics have viewed it as a laboratory-based applied subfield of biological anthropology, and characterised it as emphasising methodology over theory. This book shows that these views are not only antiquated, but inadequate and inaccurate. Forensic Anthropology: Theoretical Framework and Scientific Basis introduces readers to all of the theoretical and scientific foundations of forensic anthropology — beginning with how it was influenced by the early theoretical approaches of Tyler, Morgan, Spencer and Darwin. It instructs on how modern forensic science relies on an interdisciplinary approach — with research being conducted in the fields of archaeology, physics, geology and other disciplines. This modern approach to theory in forensic anthropology is presented through the introduction and discussion of Foundational, Interpretive and Methodological theories. Sections cover: Bias and Objectivity in Forensic Anthropology Theory and Practice; The Theory and Science Behind Biological Profile and Personal Identification; Scientific Foundation for Interpretations of Antemortem, Perimortem, and Postmortem Processes; and Interdisciplinary Influences, Legal Ramifications and Future Directions. Illustrates important aspects of the theory building process and reflects methods for strengthening the scientific framework of forensic anthropology as a discipline Inspired by the “Application of Theory to Forensic Anthropology” symposium presented at the 67th annual meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences Chapters written by experts in the field who were presenters at the symposium Forensic Anthropology: Theoretical Framework and Scientific Basis is ideal for university courses in anthropological science, forensic science, criminal science and forensic archaeology.

Studies In Crime

Author : Carol Heron
ISBN : 9781135862879
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 78. 43 MB
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The study of forensic evidence using archaeology is a new discipline which has rapidly gained importance, not only in archaeological studies but also in the investigation of real crimes. Archaeological evidence is increasingly presented in criminal cases and has helped to secure a number of convictions. Studies in Crime surveys methods of searching for and locating buried remains, their practical recovery, the decay of human and associated death scene materials, the analysis and identification of human remains including the use of DNA, and dating the time of death. The book contains essential information for forensic scientists, archaeologists, police officers, police surgeons, pathologists and lawyers. Studies in Crime will also be of interest to members of the public interested in the investigation of death by unnatural causes, both ancient and modern.

Soil Analysis In Forensic Taphonomy

Author : Mark Tibbett
ISBN : 1420069926
Genre : Law
File Size : 40. 56 MB
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A burial environment is a complex and dynamic system. It plays host to an abundance of interdependent chemical, physical, and biological processes, which are greatly influenced by the inclusion of a body and its subsequent decay. However, while taphonomy continues to emerge as a valuable forensic tool, until now most of the attention has been on the cadaver rather than the grave itself. Soil Analysis in Forensic Taphonomy: Chemical and Biological Effects of Buried Human Remains is the first book to concentrate entirely on the telling impact of soil and its components on the postmortem fate of human remains. Examining the basic physicochemical composition of the soil as it relates to forensic science and taphonomy, leading experts from across the world— · Offer an introduction to the nature, distribution, and origin of soil materials in forensic comparisons · Discuss the action of biological soil components, including invertebrates, fungi, and bacteria · Address rates and processes of decomposition and time of death estimates · Detail methods for characterizing and fingerprinting soils · Provide extensive information on the decomposition of hair Edited by Mark Tibbett, a soil microbiologist and David Carter, a forensic scientist, this unique resourceprovides an up-to-date overview of fundamental scientific principles and methods used in forensic taphonomy from a soils-based perspective. It provides an understanding of the processes at work, as well as practical methods and advice for those involved with active investigation.

A Companion To Forensic Anthropology

Author : Dennis Dirkmaat
ISBN : 9781118959794
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 26. 12 MB
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Forensic Nursing Science E Book

Author : Virginia A. Lynch
ISBN : 9780323066389
Genre : Medical
File Size : 21. 87 MB
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Written and edited by the most respected authorities in forensic nursing and forensic sciences, this new edition provides the tools and concepts you need to collect evidence that is admissible in court, determine the significance of that evidence, and provide accurate, reliable testimony while administering high-quality patient care. Now in full color throughout, it remains the most comprehensive, highly illustrated text of its kind. Provides a comprehensive, updated guide to forensic nursing science, paying special attention to the International Association of Forensic Nurses’s (IAFN) goals for forensic nursing. Retains a focus on assessment skills and the collection and preservation of evidence, following the established guidelines of the forensic sciences. Prepares you to provide testimony as a fact witness or a forensic nursing expert. Includes an illustrated case study in almost every chapter, helping you relate the information to clinical practice. Highlights important recommendations for interventions in Best Practice boxes, including the evidence base for each. Summarizes important points in Key Point boxes, so you can quickly review the most important concepts in each chapter. Explores the evolving role of forensic nurses in today’s health care facilities and the community. Edited by Virginia Lynch, founding member and first President of the International Association of Forensic Nurses and Janet Barber Duval, both well-respected pioneers and educators in the field. Contains 300 full-color illustrations integrated throughout the text, so you can view evidence quickly and easily, as it is likely to appear in practice. Presents information on courtroom testimony and depositions in one reorganized, streamlined chapter, giving you a full, organized treatment of this extremely important topic. Includes twelve new chapters: Digital Evidence, Medical Evidence Recovery at the Death Scene, Asphyxia, Electrical and Thermal Injury, Intrafamilial Homicide and Unexplained Childhood Death, Human Trafficking, Credential Development for Forensic Nurses, Gangs and Hate Crimes, Ethics Issues in Forensic Nursing, Forensic Physics and Fracture Analysis, Sexual Deviant Behaviors and Crime and Forensic Epidemiology. Contains heavily revised information on Prehospital Evidence, Forensic Investigation in the Hospital, and Human Abuse and Deaths in Custody. Features critical thinking questions with every case study, so you can thoroughly consider the implications of each clinical scenario. Evolve site will include appendices and additional documentation materials.

Taphonomy Of Human Remains

Author : Eline M. J. Schotsmans
ISBN : 9781118953327
Genre : Medical
File Size : 65. 31 MB
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A truly interdisciplinary approach to this core subject within Forensic Science. The book combines essential theory with practical crime scene work, includes case studies, is applicable to all time periods so has relevance for conventional archaeology, prehistory and anthropology, and combines points of view from both established practitioners and young researchers to ensure relevance.

Forensic Recovery Of Human Remains

Author : Tosha L. Dupras
ISBN : 9781420037944
Genre : Law
File Size : 52. 83 MB
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An essential reference for both forensic experts and non-experts alike, Forensic Recovery of Human Remains: Archaeological Approaches is a comprehensive guide that focuses on the practical aspects of excavating and recovering human remains, along with any associated evidence, from crime scenes. It highlights the protocols and techniques that are used to successfully survey, map, recover, document, collect, and transport such items from these locations. Topics include identifying the difference between forensic archaeology and anthropology; employing the correct equipment when conducting searches, recoveries, and excavations; leveraging geophysical technologies used in forensic searches; collecting botanical and entomological evidence; mapping and documenting scenes; and classifying human and nonhuman skeletal remains. The authors present this information in a thorough yet straightforward manner for those who are experienced in the field of forensic recovery and for those who may not yet be as seasoned. In either situation, if you want to be confident that you have uncovered and carefully processed every bit of potential evidence at the scene, then Forensic Recovery of Human Remains: Archaeological Approaches is the one reference to have with you every time.

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