forensic neuropsychology a scientific approach

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Forensic Neuropsychology

Author : Glenn J. Larrabee
ISBN : 9780195383522
Genre : Medical
File Size : 51. 85 MB
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An invaluable guide for neuropsychologists who provide expert testimony in both civil and criminal court cases where judgments must be made as to the cause of, and prognosis for, brain diseases and injuries, as well as the impact of brain dysfunction on legal competencies and responsibilities. Topics include scientific reasoning, ethical and professional issues, admissibility of evidence, malingering, traumatic brain injury in children and adults, neurotoxic injury, chronic pain, post-traumatic stress disorder, unexplained medical disorders, functional neuroimaging, and civil and criminal competencies and responsibilities.

The Scientific Foundation Of Neuropsychological Assessment

Author : Elbert W. Russell
ISBN : 9780124160293
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 38. 71 MB
Format : PDF
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Neuropsychology is a specialized branch of psychology which focuses on the relationship between the brain and human functions including cognition, behaviour, and emotion. With an emphasis on a scientific approach which includes analysing quantitative data, neuropsychology follows an information processing approach to brain activity using standard assessments to evaluate various mental functions. This book examines the standardized battery of tests in neuropsychology, with a particular focus on forensic applications of these tests, suggesting that a united theory of assessment needs to be established. Bringing together multiple articles related to forensic neuropsychology, this book offers an exploration of the neurological and psychometric theoretical basis for standardized batteries as well as a comparison between flexible and standardized batteries. Ultimately, it is argued that a standardized battery of tests need to be used and explains the justification for the reliability of this approach, especially in relation to expert witness testimony. While doing this, formal procedures, including advanced mathematical procedures such as formulas and decision tree algorithms, are presented to be utilized in assessments. With its thorough examination of the theoretical and practical applications of a standardized battery in neuropsychological assessment, this book will prove helpful to clinical practitioners and attorneys using assessment for their cases. Provides a unified theoretical basis for a standardized neuropsychological assessment battery Shows the justification for using neuropsychological assessment in forensic applications Offers practical examples which can be used to create a standardized assessment battery

Assessment Of Malingered Neuropsychological Deficits

Author : Glenn J. Larrabee
ISBN : 0199727600
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 63. 73 MB
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Written specifically for the clinical neuropsychologist who does forensic consultations, the book is a comprehensive review by experts of the procedures available to evaluate malingered neuropsychological deficits. It discusses tools for detecting atypical patterns of performance on standard clinical tests as well as malingering on measures of perception and sensorimotor function, of attention, processing speed, and memory, and of executive function. The underpinnings of the forensic neuropsychology enterprise are presented in chapters on definitions of malingering, research designs for its evaluation, data on the frequency with which malingering occurs, diagnostic classification statistics, symptom validity tests that do not depend on forced choice testing, and those that do. Guidance on assessing exaggerated psychiatric symptoms; exaggerated medical symptoms and injuries; and detecting malingering during the neurological exam is also included. Of particular note is a chapter devoted to the topic of coaching. The book closes with a review of the diagnostic criteria for malingering and looks to the future with evidence-based proposals for improving the criteria.

Clinical Practice Of Forensic Neuropsychology

Author : Kyle Brauer Boone
ISBN : 9781462507337
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 58. 18 MB
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Written by a foremost expert in the field, this hands-on, evidence-based guide describes how to conduct a comprehensive forensic neuropsychological evaluation and provide expert testimony. All steps are covered--from selecting, scoring, and interpreting tests to writing reports and responding to cross-examination--with special attention to assessing noncredible performance. The book identifies seven common flaws of forensic neuropsychological reports and shows how to avoid them. Excerpts from testimony transcripts illustrate ways neuropsychologists can protect their reports from attack. Also featured are case illustrations and a sample report.

Forensic Neuropsychology

Author : Jerry J. Sweet
ISBN : 9026515448
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 60. 44 MB
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In recent years, forensic neuropsychology has become a practice area of explosive growth and interest. This text elucidates the practice of forensic neuropsychology for those who need to understand the scope and limitations of this field. Fifteen chapters by neuropsychology and legal experts organized into four sections (Fundamentals, Practice Expertise, Relevant Populations, and Parameters of the Legal Arena) convey authoritatively a breadth of relevant information and the state-of-the-art of forensic neuropsychology. Topic coverage includes essential psychometrics, evaluation of premorbid function, personality and emotional functioning, complexities of executive functions, variables affecting decision-making, clinical and scientific foundations of the neuropsychological evaluation, differential diagnosis, malingering, ecological validity, mild traumatic brain injury, neurotoxin-related encephalopathy, special pediatric issues. Forensic Neuropsychology will be useful for: practicing clinical neuropsychologists and those in advanced training, plaintiff and defense attorneys whose practices include brain injured individuals, and other health care providers in non-psychology disciplines (e.g., psychiatry, neurology) who are providing expert opinions in litigated brain injury cases, and in doing so use and interact with opinions of neuropsychologists.

Clinical Neuropsychology In The Criminal Forensic Setting

Author : Robert L. Denney
ISBN : 9781593857219
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 41. 17 MB
Format : PDF
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Neuropsychologists are increasingly serving as expert witnesses and consultants in legal proceedings of all kinds. Yet the criminal forensic setting is new terrain for most practitioners, and navigating it requires specialized knowledge and skills. This volume brings together leading neuropsychologists to present the legal and clinical foundations of criminal forensic practice. Authoritative yet accessible, this book is a reference for neuropsychologists who already work in the criminal arena or who are seeking to expand their practice, as well as other mental health practitioners who evaluate criminal defendants. Neuropsychology graduate students, interns, and residents will find it a highly useful text.

Pediatric Forensic Neuropsychology

Author : Elisabeth M.S. Sherman
ISBN : 9780199921362
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 66. 36 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Pediatric Forensic Neuropsychology is the authoritative, definitive reference on the practice and process of civil forensic neuropsychological assessment of children and adolescents. With chapters authored by top experts in the field of pediatric neuropsychology and forensic neuropsychology, this book provides critical, knowledgeable, and expert information for clinicians, attorneys, physicians and other professionals involved in forensic pediatric neuropsychological assessment. Pediatric Forensic Neuropsychology covers core theoretical and practical topics including the role of pediatric neuropsychology in the courtroom, ethics, test selection, advanced interpretation of test results, tools for assessing sub-optimal performance, differential diagnosis of malingering and related conditions, and factors such as culture and pre-morbid conditions. In addition, in-depth review and clinical case descriptions of mild traumatic brain injury, moderate to severe traumatic brain injury, medical malpractice, the independent educational evaluation, and the diagnosis of psychological and psychiatric conditions such as secondary ADHD in the context of the forensic neuropsychological evaluation are covered in detail. The book also includes a toolbox of forms useful for conducting clinical forensic evaluations which will be of particular interest to practicing clinicians.

Assessment Of Feigned Cognitive Impairment

Author : Kyle Brauer Boone
ISBN : 9781593854645
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 48. 19 MB
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Comprehensive and user friendly, this book synthesizes the growing literature on symptom feigning in cognitive testing and translates it into evidence-based recommendations for clinical and forensic practice. A wide range of cognitive effort assessment techniques and strategies are critically reviewed, including both dedicated measures and the use of embedded indicators in standard clinical tests. The book describes approaches to distinguishing between credible and noncredible performance in specific clinical populations: persons presenting with head injury, chronic pain and fatigue, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and learning disability, mental retardation, seizures, and exposure to environmental toxins. Special topics include the potentially confounding effects of psychiatric disorder and ethnocultural factors on effort testing, and cognitive assessment in the criminal forensic setting.

Prediction In Forensic And Neuropsychology

Author : Ronald D. Franklin
ISBN : 9781135669706
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 87. 18 MB
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Psychologists are under increasing pressure to demonstrate the ecological validity of their assessment procedures--to show that the recommendations concluding their evaluations are relevant to urgent concerns in the legal and social policy arenas, such as predicting dangerousness, awarding compensation, and choosing a custodial parent. How much damage does a referred patient have? Who or what "caused" the damage? What impact will it have on his or her future life, work, and family? And what can be done to remediate the damage? The purpose of this book is to provide sound objective methods for answering these questions. It integrates the knowledge of experienced practitioners who offer state-of-the-art summaries of the best current approaches to evaluating difficult cases with that of basic theorists who describe emerging methods in both predictive and inferential statistics, such as Bayesian networks, that have proven their value in other scientific fields. Arguably, the enterprise of psychological assessment is so interdependent with that of data analysis that attempts to make inferences without consideration of statistical implications is malpractice. Prediction in Forensic and Neuropsychology: Sound Statistical Practices clarifies the process of hypothesis testing and helps to push the clinical interpretation of psychological data into the 21st century. It constitutes a vital resource for all the stakeholders in the assessment process--practitioners, researchers, attorneys, and policymakers.

Neuropsychology Of Malingering Casebook

Author : Joel E. Morgan
ISBN : 9781135423094
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 32. 3 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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Clinical neuropsychologists frequently evaluate individuals within a forensic context, and therefore must address questions regarding the possible presence of reduced effort, response bias and/or malingering. This volume offers a wide range of instructive real-world case examples involving the complex differential diagnosis where symptom exaggeration and/or malingering cloud the picture. Written by expert forensic neuropsychologists, the scenarios described provide informed, empirically-based and scientifically-derived opinions on the topic. Issues related to malingering, such as response bias and insufficient effort, are discussed thoroughly with regard to a large number of clinical conditions and assessment instruments. Test data and non-test information are considered and integrated by the numerous experts. Expert guidance for clinicians who must address the issue of malingering is provided in a straightforward and well-organized format. To date, there has not been a comparable collection of rich case material relevant to forensic practice in clinical neuropsychology.

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