# foundations of general topology

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## Foundations Of General Topology

**Author :**William J. Pervin

**ISBN :**9781483225159

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**20. 69 MB

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Foundations of General Topology presents the value of careful presentations of proofs and shows the power of abstraction. This book provides a careful treatment of general topology. Organized into 11 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the important notions about cardinal and ordinal numbers. This text then presents the fundamentals of general topology in logical order processing from the most general case of a topological space to the restrictive case of a complete metric space. Other chapters consider a general method for completing a metric space that is applicable to the rationals and present the sufficient conditions for metrizability. This book discusses as well the study of spaces of real-valued continuous functions. The final chapter deals with uniform continuity of functions, which involves finding a distance that satisfies certain requirements for all points of the space simultaneously. This book is a valuable resource for students and research workers.

## Foundation Of General Topology

**Author :**Ákos Császár

**ISBN :**PSU:000043145348

**Genre :**Topology

**File Size :**32. 50 MB

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## Mathematics Of Fuzzy Sets

**Author :**Ulrich Höhle

**ISBN :**9781461550792

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**41. 40 MB

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Mathematics of Fuzzy Sets: Logic, Topology and Measure Theory is a major attempt to provide much-needed coherence for the mathematics of fuzzy sets. Much of this book is new material required to standardize this mathematics, making this volume a reference tool with broad appeal as well as a platform for future research. Fourteen chapters are organized into three parts: mathematical logic and foundations (Chapters 1-2), general topology (Chapters 3-10), and measure and probability theory (Chapters 11-14). Chapter 1 deals with non-classical logics and their syntactic and semantic foundations. Chapter 2 details the lattice-theoretic foundations of image and preimage powerset operators. Chapters 3 and 4 lay down the axiomatic and categorical foundations of general topology using lattice-valued mappings as a fundamental tool. Chapter 3 focuses on the fixed-basis case, including a convergence theory demonstrating the utility of the underlying axioms. Chapter 4 focuses on the more general variable-basis case, providing a categorical unification of locales, fixed-basis topological spaces, and variable-basis compactifications. Chapter 5 relates lattice-valued topologies to probabilistic topological spaces and fuzzy neighborhood spaces. Chapter 6 investigates the important role of separation axioms in lattice-valued topology from the perspective of space embedding and mapping extension problems, while Chapter 7 examines separation axioms from the perspective of Stone-Cech-compactification and Stone-representation theorems. Chapters 8 and 9 introduce the most important concepts and properties of uniformities, including the covering and entourage approaches and the basic theory of precompact or complete [0,1]-valued uniform spaces. Chapter 10 sets out the algebraic, topological, and uniform structures of the fundamentally important fuzzy real line and fuzzy unit interval. Chapter 11 lays the foundations of generalized measure theory and representation by Markov kernels. Chapter 12 develops the important theory of conditioning operators with applications to measure-free conditioning. Chapter 13 presents elements of pseudo-analysis with applications to the Hamilton–Jacobi equation and optimization problems. Chapter 14 surveys briefly the fundamentals of fuzzy random variables which are [0,1]-valued interpretations of random sets.

## Mathematical Foundations Of Constructive Solid Geometry

**Author :**A. A. G. Requicha

**ISBN :**OCLC:255491436

**Genre :**Geometry, Solid

**File Size :**32. 47 MB

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## The Foundations Of Topological Analysis A Straightforward Introduction

**Author :**K. G. Binmore

**ISBN :**0521299306

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**24. 23 MB

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This book is an introduction to the ideas from general topology that are used in elementary analysis. It is written at a level that is intended to make the bulk of the material accessible to students in the latter part of their first year of study at a university or college although students will normally meet most of the work in their second or later years. The aim has been to bridge the gap between introductory books like the author's Mathematical Analysis: A Straightforward Approach, in which carefully selected theorems are discussed at length with numerous examples, and the more advanced book on analysis, in which the author is more concerned with providing a comprehensive and elegant theory than in smoothing the ways for beginners. An attempt has been made throughout not only to prepare the ground for more advanced work, but also to revise and to illuminate the material which students will have met previously but may have not fully understood.

## General Topology Ii

**Author :**A.V. Arhangel'skii

**ISBN :**9783642770302

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**79. 54 MB

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Compactness is related to a number of fundamental concepts of mathemat ics. Particularly important are compact Hausdorff spaces or compacta. Com pactness appeared in mathematics for the first time as one of the main topo logical properties of an interval, a square, a sphere and any closed, bounded subset of a finite dimensional Euclidean space. Once it was realized that pre cisely this property was responsible for a series of fundamental facts related to those sets such as boundedness and uniform continuity of continuous func tions defined on them, compactness was given an abstract definition in the language of general topology reaching far beyond the class of metric spaces. This immensely extended the realm of application of this concept (including in particular, function spaces of quite general nature). The fact, that general topology provided an adequate language for a description of the concept of compactness and secured a natural medium for its harmonious development is a major credit to this area of mathematics. The final formulation of a general definition of compactness and the creation of the foundations of the theory of compact topological spaces are due to P.S. Aleksandrov and Urysohn (see Aleksandrov and Urysohn (1971)).

## Foundations Of Combinatorial Topology

**Author :**L. S. Pontryagin

**ISBN :**9780486406855

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**31. 34 MB

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Concise, rigorous introduction to homology theory features applications to dimension theory and fixed-point theorems. Lucid coverage of the field includes examinations of complexes and their Betti groups, invariance of the Betti groups, and continuous mappings and fixed points. Proofs are presented in a complete and careful manner. A beneficial text for a graduate-level course, "this little book is an extremely valuable addition to the literature of algebraic topology." — The Mathematical Gazette.

## Foundations Of Topology

**Author :**C. Wayne Patty

**ISBN :**9781449668655

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**36. 81 MB

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Topology is a branch of pure mathematics that deals with the abstract relationships found in geometry and analysis. Written with the mature student in mind, Foundations of Topology, Second Edition, provides a user-friendly, clear, and concise introduction to this fascinating area of mathematics. The author introduces topics that are well motivated with thorough proofs that make them easy to follow. Historical comments are dispersed throughout the text, and exercises, varying in degree of difficulty, are found at the end of each chapter. Foundations of Topology is an excellent text for teaching students how to develop the skill to write clear and precise proofs.

## General Topology I

**Author :**A. V. Arkhangelʹskiĭ

**ISBN :**3540181784

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**80. 97 MB

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This is the first of the encyclopaedia volumes devoted to general topology. It has two parts. The first outlines the basic concepts and constructions of general topology, including several topics which have not previously been covered in English language texts. The second part presents a survey of dimension theory, from the very beginnings to the most important recent developments. The principal ideas and methods are treated in detail, and the main results are provided with sketches of proofs. The authors have suceeded admirably in the difficult task of writing a book which will not only be accessible to the general scientist and the undergraduate, but will also appeal to the professional mathematician. The authors' efforts to detail the relationship between more specialized topics and the central themes of topology give the book a broad scholarly appeal which far transcends narrow disciplinary lines.

## Topology Geometry And Gauge Fields

**Author :**Gregory Naber

**ISBN :**9781475727425

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**21. 63 MB

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Like any books on a subject as vast as this, this book has to have a point-of-view to guide the selection of topics. Naber takes the view that the rekindled interest that mathematics and physics have shown in each other of late should be fostered, and that this is best accomplished by allowing them to cohabit. The book weaves together rudimentary notions from the classical gauge theory of physics with the topological and geometrical concepts that became the mathematical models of these notions. The reader is asked to join the author on some vague notion of what an electromagnetic field might be, to be willing to accept a few of the more elementary pronouncements of quantum mechanics, and to have a solid background in real analysis and linear algebra and some of the vocabulary of modern algebra. In return, the book offers an excursion that begins with the definition of a topological space and finds its way eventually to the moduli space of anti-self-dual SU(2) connections on S4 with instanton number -1.