fracture and fatigue of welded joints and structures woodhead publishing series in welding and other joining technologies

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Fracture And Fatigue Of Welded Joints And Structures

Author : K Macdonald
ISBN : 9780857092502
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 84. 29 MB
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The failure of any welded joint is at best inconvenient and at worst can lead to catastrophic accidents. Fracture and fatigue of welded joints and structures analyses the processes and causes of fracture and fatigue, focusing on how the failure of welded joints and structures can be predicted and minimised in the design process. Part one concentrates on analysing fracture of welded joints and structures, with chapters on constraint-based fracture mechanics for predicting joint failure, fracture assessment methods and the use of fracture mechanics in the fatigue analysis of welded joints. In part two, the emphasis shifts to fatigue, and chapters focus on a variety of aspects of fatigue analysis including assessment of local stresses in welded joints, fatigue design rules for welded structures, k-nodes for offshore structures and modelling residual stresses in predicting the service life of structures. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Fracture and fatigue of welded joints and structures is an essential reference for mechanical, structural and welding engineers, as well as those in the academic sector with a research interest in the field. Analyses the processes and causes of fracture and fatigue, focusing predicting and minimising the failure of welded joints in the design process Assesses the fracture of welded joints and structure featuring constraint-based fracture mechanics for predicting joint failure Explores specific considerations in fatigue analysis including the assessment of local stresses in welded joints and fatigue design rules for welded structures

The Effect Of Plate Thickness On The Fatigue Strength Of Fillet Welded Joints

Author : Stephen John Maddox
ISBN : 0853002088
Genre : Fillets (Engineering)
File Size : 77. 78 MB
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Design And Analysis Of Fatigue Resistant Welded Structures

Author : Dieter Radaj
ISBN : 1855730049
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 42. 35 MB
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An English version of a sucessful German book. Both traditional and modern concepts are described.

Fatigue Design Of Welded Joints And Components

Author : A. Hobbacher
ISBN : 1855733153
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 66. 26 MB
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These recommendations present general methods for the assessment of fatigue damage in welded components, which may affect the limit states of a structure, such as ultimate limit state and serviceability limited state. Fatigue resistance data is given for welded components made of wrought or extruded products of ferritic/pearlitic or banitic structural steels up to fy = 700 Mpa and of aluminium alloys commonly used for welded structures.

The Welding Engineer S Guide To Fracture And Fatigue

Author : Philippa L Moore
ISBN : 9781782423911
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 31. 7 MB
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The Welding Engineer's Guide to Fracture and Fatigue provides an essential introduction to fracture and fatigue and the assessment of these failure modes, through to the level of knowledge that would be expected of a qualified welding engineer. Part one covers the basic principles of weld fracture and fatigue. It begins with a review of the design of engineered structures, provides descriptions of typical welding defects and how these defects behave in structures undergoing static and cyclical loading, and explains the range of failure modes. Part two then explains how to detect and assess defects using fitness for service assessment procedures. Throughout, the book assumes no prior knowledge and explains concepts from first principles. Covers the basic principles of weld fracture and fatigue. Reviews the design of engineered structures, provides descriptions of typical welding defects and how these defects behave in structures undergoing static and cyclical loading, and explains the range of failure modes. Explains how to detect and assess defects using fitness for service assessment procedures.

The Fatigue Strength Of Transverse Fillet Welded Joints

Author : T R Gurney
ISBN : 9780857093257
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 79. 40 MB
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This report is the result of a major study on the influence of both main plate thickness and of attachment size on the fatigue strength of joints with transverse non-load-carrying fillet welds. In particular, it defines the extent to which the size of the attachment might influence the thickness effect in such joints. Through a whole range of different tests, the study confirms that the present thickness effect correction for certain types of joint is too severe.

Iiw Recommendations On Methods For Improving The Fatigue Strength Of Welded Joints

Author : P J Haagensen
ISBN : 9781782420651
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 42. 81 MB
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The weld toe is a primary source of fatigue cracking because of the severity of the stress concentration it produces. Weld toe improvement can increase the fatigue strength of new structures significantly. It can also be used to repair or upgrade existing structures. However, in practice there have been wide variations in the actual improvements in fatigue strength achieved. Based on an extensive testing programme organised by the IIW, this report reviews the main methods for weld toe improvement to increase fatigue strength: burr grinding, TIG dressing and hammer and needle peening. The report provides specifications for the practical use of each method, including equipment, weld preparation and operation. It also offers guidance on inspection, quality control and training as well as assessments of fatigue strength and thickness effects possible with each technique. IIW recommendations on methods for improving the fatigue strength of welded joints will allow a more consistent use of these methods and more predictable increases in fatigue strength. Provides specifications for the practical use of each weld toe method, including equipment, weld preparation and operation Offers guidance on inspection, quality control and training, as well as assessments of fatigue strength and thickness effects possible with each technique This report will allow a more consistent use of these methods and more predictable increases in fatigue strength

Fatigue Analysis Of Welded Components

Author : E. Niemi
ISBN : 9781845696665
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 45. 64 MB
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This report provides background and guidance on the use of the structural hot spot stress approach to the fatigue design of welded components and structures. It complements the IIW recommendations for 'Fatigue Design of Welded Joints and Components' and extends the information provided in the IIW recommendations on 'Stress Determination for Fatigue Analysis of Welded Components'. This approach is applicable to cases of potential fatigue cracking from the weld toe. It has been in use for many years in the context of tubular joints. The present report concentrates on its extension to structures fabricated from plates and non-tubular sections. Following an explanation of the structural hot spot stress, its definition and its relevance to fatigue, the authors describe methods for its determination. Stress determination from both finite element analysis and strain gauge measurements is considered. Parametric formulae for calculating stress increases due to misalignment and structural discontinuities are also presented. Special attention is paid to the use of finite element stress analysis and guidance is given on the choice of element type and size for use with either solid or shell elements. Design S-N curves for use with the structural hot spot stress are presented for a range of weld details. Finally, practical application of the recommendations is illustrated in two case studies involving the fatigue assessment of welded structures using the structural hot spot stress approach. Provides practical guidance on the application of the structural hot-spot stress approach Discusses stress determination from both finite element analysis and strain gauge measurements Practical application of the recommendations is illustrated in two case studies

Iiw Recommendations For The Fatigue Assessment Of Welded Structures By Notch Stress Analysis

Author : W Fricke
ISBN : 9780857098566
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 42. 94 MB
Format : PDF
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The notch stress approach for fatigue assessment of welded joints is based on the highest elastic stress at the weld toe or root. In order to avoid arbitrary or infinite stress results, a rounded shape with a reference radius instead of the actual sharp toe or root is usually assumed. IIW recommendations for the fatigue assessment of welded structures by notch stress analysis reviews different proposals for reference radii together with associated S-N curves. Detailed recommendations are given for the numerical analysis of notch stress by the finite or boundary element method. Several aspects are discussed, such as the structural weakening by keyhole-shaped notches and the consideration of multiaxial stress states. Appropriate S-N curves are presented for the assessment of the fatigue strength of different materials. Finally, four examples illustrate the application of the approach as well as the variety of structures which can be analysed and the range of results that can be obtained from different models. Provides detailed recommendations for the number analysis of notch stress by the finite or boundary element method Discusses structural weakening by keyhole-shaped notches and the consideration of multiaxial stress states Provides four comprehensive examples, illustrating the variety of structures which can be analysed and the range of results that can be obtained from different models

Cumulative Damage Of Welded Joints

Author : T R Gurney
ISBN : 9781845691035
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 89. 33 MB
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Fatigue is a mechanism of failure which involves the formation and growth of cracks under the action of repeated stresses. Ultimately, a crack may propagate to such an extent that total fracture of the member may occur. To avoid fatigue it is essential to design the structure with inherent fatigue strength. However, fatigue strength for variable amplitude loading is not a constant material property and any calculations are necessarily built on a number of assumptions. Cumulative damage of welded joints explores the wealth of research in this important field and its implications for the design and manufacture of welded components. After an Introduction, chapter two introduces the constant amplitude database, which contains results obtained in test conditions and which forms the basis of the basic S-N curves for various types of joint. Chapter three discusses the influence of residual stresses which can have a marked effect on fatigue behaviour. Chapter four explores variable amplitude loading and the problem of how information from laboratory tests, obtained under constant amplitude conditions, can be applied to the design of structures for service conditions. This problem is further investigated in the next chapter which is devoted to two and three level load testing. Chapters six, seven and eight look at the influence that the variety of variable loading spectra can have on fatigue strength, whether narrow or wide band loading or cycles of small stress range. Taking all of this knowledge, chapter nine discusses structure designs. Cumulative damage of welded joints is a comprehensive source of invaluable information for welding engineers, supervisors, inspection personnel and designers. It will also be of great interest for academics working in the fields of structural and mechanical engineering. Covers the wealth of research in the field of fatigue strength and its role in the design and manufacture of welded components Invaluable reference source for welding engineers, supervisors, inspection personnel and designers

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