freedom national the destruction of slavery in the united states 1861 1865 the destruction of slavery in the united states 1861 1865

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Freedom National The Destruction Of Slavery In The United States 1861 1865

Author : James Oakes
ISBN : 9780393089714
Genre : History
File Size : 71. 42 MB
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Winner of the Lincoln Prize. “Oakes brilliantly succeeds in [clarifying] the aims of the war with a wholly new perspective.”—David Brion Davis, New York Review of Books Freedom National is a groundbreaking history of emancipation that joins the political initiatives of Lincoln and the Republicans in Congress with the courageous actions of Union soldiers and runaway slaves in the South. It shatters the widespread conviction that the Civil War was first and foremost a war to restore the Union and only gradually, when it became a military necessity, a war to end slavery. These two aims—"Liberty and Union, one and inseparable"—were intertwined in Republican policy from the very start of the war. By summer 1861 the federal government invoked military authority to begin freeing slaves, immediately and without slaveholder compensation, as they fled to Union lines in the disloyal South. In the loyal Border States the Republicans tried coaxing officials into gradual abolition with promises of compensation and the colonization abroad of freed blacks. James Oakes shows that Lincoln’s landmark 1863 proclamation marked neither the beginning nor the end of emancipation: it triggered a more aggressive phase of military emancipation, sending Union soldiers onto plantations to entice slaves away and enlist the men in the army. But slavery proved deeply entrenched, with slaveholders determined to re-enslave freedmen left behind the shifting Union lines. Lincoln feared that the war could end in Union victory with slavery still intact. The Thirteenth Amendment that so succinctly abolished slavery was no formality: it was the final act in a saga of immense war, social upheaval, and determined political leadership. Fresh and compelling, this magisterial history offers a new understanding of the death of slavery and the rebirth of a nation.

Abraham Lincoln Und Das Politische Kalk L Hinter Der Emancipation Proclamation

Author : Alexander Netzer
ISBN : 9783668404861
Genre : History
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2013 im Fachbereich Geschichte - Amerika, Note: 1,0, Universität Trier, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Zu Neujahr 1863, inmitten des Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieges, veröffentlichte Präsident Abraham Lincoln die Emancipation Proclamation und befreite die Sklaven der rebellierenden Südstaaten der Vereinigten Staaten, auch wenn diese nicht mehr unter Lincolns Einfluss standen. Er griff dabei auf den zweiten Artikel der Verfassung zurück, aber erst als eine „militärische Notwendigkeit“ dazu bestand. Vorgänger der präsidentiellen Proklamation waren die beiden Confiscation Acts, welche sich mit den Eigentumsrechten im Kriegsfalle befassten. Der Proklamation folgten drei Verfassungszusätze, die vom Kongress in den Jahren nach dem Bürgerkrieg ratifiziert wurden. Der 13. Zusatz schaffte die Sklaverei im Dezember 1865 ab, der 14. Zusatz sorgte ab Juli 1868 für die Gleichheit aller vor dem Gesetz, für das Recht auf ein ordentliches Gerichtsverfahren und für die Staatsbürgerschaft der befreiten Sklaven und ihrer Nachkommen und der 15. Zusatz, der erst im Februar 1870 ratifiziert wurde, sollte ihnen das Wahlrecht garantieren, was jedoch erst rund ein Jahrhundert später geschah, nachdem Wahlsteuern, Sprachtests und ähnliche Hürden abgeschafft worden waren. Die vorliegende Arbeit wird untersuchen, welche Hürden der 16. Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika auf dem Weg zur Beendigung der Sklaverei in der Zeit bis zur Veröffentlichung der Proklamation überwinden musste und wie dies in der heutigen Forschung reflektiert wird. Der Hauptteil dieser Arbeit soll sich thematisch anstatt chronologisch untergliedern, um einen besseren Überblick herzustellen und den Faden der verstrickten Ereigniskette zu lösen, die zur Emanzipation der Sklaven der Vereinigten Staaten geführt hat. Hierfür wird in drei Blöcke unterteilt: Gedankliche Hürden, politisch-militärische Hindernisse und Hemmnisse juristischer Natur.

The Rest I Will Kill William Tillman And The Unforgettable Story Of How A Free Black Man Refused To Become A Slave

Author : Brian McGinty
ISBN : 9781631491306
Genre : History
File Size : 43. 89 MB
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A surprising work of narrative history and detection that illuminates one of the most daring—and long-forgotten—heroes of the Civil War. Independence Day, 1861. The schooner S. J. Waring sets sail from New York on a routine voyage to South America. Seventeen days later, it limps back into New York’s frenzied harbor with the ship's black steward, William Tillman, at the helm. While the story of that ill-fated voyage is one of the most harrowing tales of captivity and survival on the high seas, it has, almost unbelievably, been lost to history. Now reclaiming Tillman as the real American hero he was, historian Brian McGinty dramatically returns readers to that riotous, explosive summer of 1861, when the country was tearing apart at the seams and the Union army was in near shambles following a humiliating defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run. Desperate for good news, the North was soon riveted by reports of an incident that occurred a few hundred miles off the coast of New York, where the Waring had been overtaken by a marauding crew of Confederate privateers. While the white sailors became chummy with their Southern captors, free black man William Tillman was perfectly aware of the fate that awaited him in the ruthless, slave-filled ports south of the Mason-Dixon Line. Stealthily biding his time until a moonlit night nine days after the capture, Tillman single-handedly killed three officers of the privateer crew, then took the wheel and pointed it home. Yet, with no experience as a navigator, only one other helper, and a war-torn Atlantic seaboard to contend with, his struggle had just begun. It took five perilous days at sea—all thrillingly recounted here—before the Waring returned to New York Harbor, where the story of Tillman's shipboard courage became such a tabloid sensation that he was not only put on the bill of Barnum’s American Museum but also proclaimed to be the "first hero" of the Civil War. As McGinty evocatively shows, however, in the horrors of the war then engulfing the nation, memories of his heroism—even of his identity—were all but lost to history. As such, The Rest I Will Kill becomes a thrilling and historically significant work, as well as an extraordinary journey that recounts how a free black man was able to defy efforts to make him a slave and become an unlikely glimmer of hope for a disheartened Union army in the war-battered North.

The Thin Light Of Freedom The Civil War And Emancipation In The Heart Of America

Author : Edward L. Ayers
ISBN : 9780393292640
Genre : History
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A landmark Civil War history told from a fresh, deeply researched ground-level perspective. At the crux of America’s history stand two astounding events: the immediate and complete destruction of the most powerful system of slavery in the modern world, followed by a political reconstruction in which new constitutions established the fundamental rights of citizens for formerly enslaved people. Few people living in 1860 would have dared imagine either event, and yet, in retrospect, both seem to have been inevitable. In a beautifully crafted narrative, Edward L. Ayers restores the drama of the unexpected to the history of the Civil War. He does this by setting up at ground level in the Great Valley counties of Augusta, Virginia, and Franklin, Pennsylvania, communities that shared a prosperous landscape but were divided by the Mason-Dixon Line. From the same vantage point occupied by his unforgettable characters, Ayers captures the strategic savvy of Lee and his local lieutenants, and the clear vision of equal rights animating black troops from Pennsylvania. We see the war itself become a scourge to the Valley, its pitched battles punctuating a cycle of vicious attack and reprisal in which armies burned whole towns for retribution. In the weeks and months after emancipation, from the streets of Staunton, Virginia, we see black and white residents testing the limits of freedom as political leaders negotiate the terms of readmission to the Union. Ayers deftly shows throughout how the dynamics of political opposition drove these momentous events, transforming once unimaginable outcomes into fact. With analysis as powerful as its narrative, here is a landmark history of the Civil War.

Rethinking American Emancipation

Author :
ISBN : 9781107073036
Genre :
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Journal Of The Civil War Era

Author : William A. Blair
ISBN : 9781469615981
Genre : History
File Size : 88. 18 MB
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The Journal of the Civil War Era Volume 4, Number 2 June 2014 TABLE OF CONTENTS Tom Watson Brown Book Award John Fabian Witt Civil War Historians and the Laws of War Articles Chandra Manning Working for Citizenship in Civil War Contraband Camps Michael F. Conlin The Dangerous Isms and the Fanatical Ists: Antebellum Conservatives in the South and the North Confront the Modernity Conspiracy Nicholas Guyatt "An Impossible Idea?" The Curious Career of Internal Colonization Review Essay John Craig Hammond Slavery, Sovereignty, and Empires: North American Borderlands and the American Civil War, 1660-1860 Book Reviews Books Received Professional Notes Jill Ogline Titus An Unfinished Struggle: Sesquicentennial Interpretations of Slavery and Emancipation

Freedom Volume 1 Series 1 The Destruction Of Slavery

Author : Ira Berlin
ISBN : 0521229790
Genre : History
File Size : 31. 79 MB
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This is the first of a series of documentary histories of emancipation designed to tell the story of the transit of black people from slavery to freedom in the United States. The series will provide a social history of emancipation, written in the words of the emancipated. This volume explains how black military service helped to destroy slavery, and how the experience of soldiering shaped the life of black people (in the army and out) during and after the war; it also provides a social history of black soldiers.

Who Freed The Slaves

Author : Leonard L. Richards
ISBN : 9780226208947
Genre : History
File Size : 50. 17 MB
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In the popular imagination, slavery in the United States ended with Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation. The Proclamation may have been limited—freeing only slaves within Confederate states who were able to make their way to Union lines—but it is nonetheless generally seen as the key moment, with Lincoln’s leadership setting into motion a train of inevitable events that culminated in the passage of an outright ban: the Thirteenth Amendment. The real story, however, is much more complicated—and dramatic—than that. With Who Freed the Slaves?, distinguished historian Leonard L. Richards tells the little-known story of the battle over the Thirteenth Amendment, and of James Ashley, the unsung Ohio congressman who proposed the amendment and steered it to passage. Taking readers to the floor of Congress and the back rooms where deals were made, Richards brings to life the messy process of legislation—a process made all the more complicated by the bloody war and the deep-rooted fear of black emancipation. We watch as Ashley proposes, fine-tunes, and pushes the amendment even as Lincoln drags his feet, only coming aboard and providing crucial support at the last minute. Even as emancipation became the law of the land, Richards shows, its opponents were already regrouping, beginning what would become a decades-long—and largely successful—fight to limit the amendment’s impact. Who Freed the Slaves? is a masterwork of American history, presenting a surprising, nuanced portrayal of a crucial moment for the nation, one whose effects are still being felt today.

The Ordeal Of The Reunion

Author : Mark Wahlgren Summers
ISBN : 9781469617589
Genre : History
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For a generation, scholarship on the Reconstruction era has rightly focused on the struggles of the recently emancipated for a meaningful freedom and defined its success or failure largely in those terms. In The Ordeal of the Reunion, Mark Wahlgren Summers goes beyond this vitally important question, focusing on Reconstruction's need to form an enduring Union without sacrificing the framework of federalism and republican democracy. Assessing the era nationally, Summers emphasizes the variety of conservative strains that confined the scope of change, highlights the war's impact and its aftermath, and brings the West and foreign policy into an integrated narrative. In sum, this book offers a fresh explanation for Reconstruction's demise and a case for its essential successes as well as its great failures. Indeed, this book demonstrates the extent to which the victors' aims in 1865 were met--and at what cost. Summers depicts not just a heroic, tragic moment with equal rights advanced and then betrayed but a time of achievement and consolidation, in which nationhood and emancipation were placed beyond repeal and the groundwork was laid for a stronger, if not better, America to come.

The Smell Of Battle The Taste Of Siege

Author : Mark M. Smith
ISBN : 9780199322633
Genre : History
File Size : 24. 24 MB
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Historical accounts of major events have almost always relied upon what those who were there witnessed. Nowhere is this truer than in the nerve-shattering chaos of warfare, where sight seems to confer objective truth and acts as the basis of reconstruction. In The Smell of Battle, the Taste of Siege, historian Mark M. Smith considers how all five senses, including sight, shaped the experience of the Civil War and thus its memory, exploring its full sensory impact on everyone from the soldiers on the field to the civilians waiting at home. From the eardrum-shattering barrage of shells announcing the outbreak of war at Fort Sumter; to the stench produced by the corpses lying in the mid-summer sun at Gettysburg; to the siege of Vicksburg, once a center of Southern culinary aesthetics and starved into submission, Smith recreates how Civil War was felt and lived. Relying on first-hand accounts, Smith focuses on specific senses, one for each event, offering a wholly new perspective. At Bull Run, the similarities between the colors of the Union and Confederate uniforms created concern over what later would be called "friendly fire" and helped decide the outcome of the first major battle, simply because no one was quite sure they could believe their eyes. He evokes what it might have felt like to be in the HL Hunley submarine, in which eight men worked cheek by jowl in near-total darkness in a space 48 inches high, 42 inches wide. Often argued to be the first "total war," the Civil War overwhelmed the senses because of its unprecedented nature and scope, rendering sight less reliable and, Smith shows, forcefully engaging the nonvisual senses. Sherman's March was little less than a full-blown assault on Southern sense and sensibility, leaving nothing untouched and no one unaffected. Unique, compelling, and fascinating, The Smell of Battle, The Taste of Siege, offers readers way to experience the Civil War with fresh eyes.

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