from cells to societies models of complex coherent action springer series in synergetics

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From Cells To Societies

Author : Alexander Mikhailov
ISBN : 9783662050620
Genre : Science
File Size : 36. 82 MB
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Using simple models this book shows how we can gain insights into the behavior of complex systems. It is devoted to the discussion of functional self-organization in large populations of interacting active elements. The authors have chosen a series of models from physics, biochemistry, biology, sociology and economics, and systematically discuss their general properties. The book addresses researchers and graduate students in a variety of disciplines.

Emergence Of Dynamical Order

Author : Susanna C Manrubia
ISBN : 9789814482950
Genre : Science
File Size : 73. 47 MB
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' Synchronization processes bring about dynamical order and lead to spontaneous development of structural organization in complex systems of various origins, from chemical oscillators and biological cells to human societies and the brain. This book provides a review and a detailed theoretical analysis of synchronization phenomena in complex systems with different architectures, composed of elements with periodic or chaotic individual dynamics. Special attention is paid to statistical concepts, such as nonequilibrium phase transitions, order parameters and dynamical glasses. Contents:Synchronization and Clustering of Periodic Oscillators:Ensembles of Identical Phase OscillatorsHeterogeneous Ensembles and the Effects of NoiseOscillator NetworksArrays of Limit-Cycle OscillatorsSynchronization and Clustering in Chaotic Systems:Chaos and SynchronizationSynchronization in Populations of Chaotic ElementsClusteringDynamical GlassesSelected Applications:Chemical SystemsBiological CellsNeural Networks Readership: Graduate students and academics interested in complex systems. Keywords:Self-Organization;Nonlinear Dynamics;Chaos;Collective Synchronization;Dynamical Clustering;Hierarchical OrderReviews:“This book makes an additional contribution to the topic paying special attention to statistical concepts, such as nonequilibrium phase transitions, order parameters and dynamical glasses. Another distinguishing feature of the book is that it includes applications in chemistry, cell biology, and brain science.”Zentralblatt MATH '

Brain Dynamics

Author : H. Haken
ISBN : 3540430768
Genre : Computers
File Size : 30. 41 MB
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Centered around the author's recent research, this book addresses a large variety of models in mathematical and computational neuroscience. The author studied the behavior of large neural networks composed of many neurons coupled by spike trains. He devotes the main part to the synchronization problem, and presents neural net models more realistic than the conventional ones by taking into account the detailed dynamics of axons, synapses, and dendrites. The book also contains a complete stability analysis that goes far beyond what has been presented before.

American Book Publishing Record

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015066043129
Genre : American literature
File Size : 90. 71 MB
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Mathematical Reviews

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ISBN : UOM:39015055144714
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 66. 91 MB
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Diffusion And Defect Data

Author :
ISBN : CORNELL:31924089810539
Genre : Crystals
File Size : 82. 23 MB
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Self Formation Theory And Aplications Sic

Author : Sti͡apas I͡Anushonis
ISBN : UOM:39015058308142
Genre : Self-organizing systems
File Size : 44. 94 MB
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Simulating Social Complexity

Author : Bruce Edmonds
ISBN : 9783319669489
Genre : Computers
File Size : 30. 86 MB
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This volume examines all aspects of using agent or individual-based simulation. This approach represents systems as individual elements having their own set of differing states and internal processes. The interactions between elements in the simulation represent interactions in the target systems. What makes this "social" is that it can represent an observed society. Social systems include all those systems where the components have individual agency but also interact with each other. This includes human societies and groups, but also increasingly socio-technical systems where the internet-based devices form the substrate for interaction. These systems are central to our lives, but are among the most complex known. This poses particular problems for those who wish to understand them. The complexity often makes analytic approaches infeasible but, on the other hand, natural language approaches are also inadequate for relating intricate cause and effect. This is why individual and agent-based computational approaches hold out the possibility of new and deeper understanding of such systems. This handbook marks the maturation of this new field. It brings together summaries of the best thinking and practices in this area from leading researchers in the field and constitutes a reference point for standards against which future methodological advances can be judged. This second edition adds new chapters on different modelling purposes and applying software engineering methods to simulation development. Revised existing content will keep the book up-to-date with recent developments. This volume will help those new to the field avoid "reinventing the wheel" each time, and give them a solid and wide grounding in the essential issues. It will also help those already in the field by providing accessible overviews of current thought. The material is divided into four sections: Introduction, Methodology, Mechanisms, and Applications. Each chapter starts with a very brief section called ‘Why read this chapter?’ followed by an abstract, which summarizes the content of the chapter. Each chapter also ends with a section on ‘Further Reading’. Whilst sometimes covering technical aspects, this second edition of Simulating Social Complexity is designed to be accessible to a wide range of researchers, including both those from the social sciences as well as those with a more formal background. It will be of use as a standard reference text in the field and also be suitable for graduate level courses.

Complex Artificial Environments

Author : Juval Portugali
ISBN : 3540259171
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 69. 30 MB
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This book explores the possibilities of applying the theories of complexity and self-organization developed to account for various phenomena in the natural science to artifacts traditionally the realm of humanities and social sciences. The emphasis of this volume is on the development of cities and the impact of these methods on urban simulation methods.

Terahertz Science And Technology For Military And Security Applications

Author : Dwight L. Woolard
ISBN : 9789812771803
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 87. 80 MB
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The inherent advantages and potential payoffs of the terahertz (THz) regime for military and security applications serve as an important driver for interest in new THz-related science and technology. In particular, the very rapid growth in more recent years is arguably most closely linked to the potential payoffs of THz sensing and imaging (THz-S&I). This book presents some of the leading fundamental research efforts towards the realization of practical THz-S&I capabilities for military and security applications. Relevant subjects include theoretical prediction and/or measurement of THz spectroscopic phenomenon in solid-state materials such as high explosives (e.g. HMX, PETN, RDX, TNT, etc.), carbon-fiber composites, biological agents (e.g. DNA, RNA, proteins, amino acids) and organic-semiconductor nanostructures. Individual papers also address the effective utilization of state-of-the-art THz-frequency technology in military and security relevant scenarios such as standoff S&I, screening of packages and personnel, and perimeter defense. Technical papers introduce novel devices and/or concepts that enhance THz source and detector performance, enabling completely new types of sensor functionality at THz frequency (e.g. detection at nanoscale/molecular levels), and defining new and innovative sensing modalities (e.g. remote personnel identification) for defense and security. Therefore, the collective research presented here represents a valuable source of information on the evolving field of THz-S&I for military and security applications. Sample Chapter(s). Foreword (106 KB). Chapter 1: Development of Computational Methodologies for the Prediction and Analysis of Solid-State Terahertz Spectra (1,347 KB). Contents: Fire Damage on Carbon Fiber Materials Characterized by THz Waves (N Karpowicz et al.); Fingerprinting Insulins in the Spectral Region from Mid-IR to THz (R Song et al.); Ambient Air Used as the Nonlinear Media for THz Wave Generation (X Xie et al.); Time Domain Terahertz Imaging of Threats in Luggage and Personnel (D Zimdars et al.); Designed Self-Organization for Molecular Optoelectronic Sensors (M Norton); An Optically-Triggered I-RTD Hybrid THz Oscillator Design (D Woolard et al.); New Technique to Suppress Sidelobe Clutter in Perimeter Security Systems (G W Webb et al.); Remote Identification of Foreign Subjects (A Sokolnikov); and other papers. Readership: University researchers in electrical engineering, physics, chemistry, biology; students and small business efforts in high-frequency electronics and sensors; as a supplement for graduate courses.

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