from strange simplicity to complex familiarity a treatise on matter information life and thought

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From Strange Simplicity To Complex Familiarity

Author : Manfred Eigen
ISBN : 9780198570219
Genre : Computers
File Size : 38. 85 MB
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This book presents a vivid argument for the almost lost idea of a unity of all natural sciences. It starts with the "strange" physics of matter, including particle physics, atomic physics and quantum mechanics, cosmology, relativity and their consequences (Chapter I), and it continues by describing the properties of material systems that are best understood by statistical and phase-space concepts (Chapter II). These lead to entropy and to the classical picture of quantitative information, initially devoid of value and meaning (Chapter III). Finally, "information space" and dynamics within it are introduced as a basis for semantics (Chapter IV), leading to an exploration of life and thought as new problems in physics (Chapter V). Dynamic equations - again of a strange (but very general) nature - bring about the complex familiarity of the world we live in. Surprising new results in the life sciences open our eyes to the richness of physical thought, and they show us what can and what cannot be explained by a Darwinian approach. The abstract physical approach is applicable to the origins of life, of meaningful information and even of our universe.

From Strange Simplicity To Complex Familiarity

Author : Manfred Eigen
ISBN : 9780191633072
Genre : Science
File Size : 48. 77 MB
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This book presents a vivid argument for the almost lost idea of a unity of all natural sciences. It starts with the "strange" physics of matter, including particle physics, atomic physics and quantum mechanics, cosmology, relativity and their consequences (Chapter I), and it continues by describing the properties of material systems that are best understood by statistical and phase-space concepts (Chapter II). These lead to entropy and to the classical picture of quantitative information, initially devoid of value and meaning (Chapter III). Finally, "information space" and dynamics within it are introduced as a basis for semantics (Chapter IV), leading to an exploration of life and thought as new problems in physics (Chapter V). Dynamic equations - again of a strange (but very general) nature - bring about the complex familiarity of the world we live in. Surprising new results in the life sciences open our eyes to the richness of physical thought, and they show us what can and what cannot be explained by a Darwinian approach. The abstract physical approach is applicable to the origins of life, of meaningful information and even of our universe.

From Strange Simplicity To Complex Familiarity

Author : Manfred Eigen
ISBN : 9780191633065
Genre : Science
File Size : 61. 36 MB
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This book presents a vivid argument for the almost lost idea of a unity of all natural sciences. It starts with the "strange" physics of matter, including particle physics, atomic physics and quantum mechanics, cosmology, relativity and their consequences (Chapter I), and it continues by describing the properties of material systems that are best understood by statistical and phase-space concepts (Chapter II). These lead to entropy and to the classical picture of quantitative information, initially devoid of value and meaning (Chapter III). Finally, "information space" and dynamics within it are introduced as a basis for semantics (Chapter IV), leading to an exploration of life and thought as new problems in physics (Chapter V). Dynamic equations - again of a strange (but very general) nature - bring about the complex familiarity of the world we live in. Surprising new results in the life sciences open our eyes to the richness of physical thought, and they show us what can and what cannot be explained by a Darwinian approach. The abstract physical approach is applicable to the origins of life, of meaningful information and even of our universe.

Waves And Particles

Author : Roger G Newton
ISBN : 9789814449694
Genre : Science
File Size : 37. 66 MB
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The book consists of two separate parts, the first part is on waves and the second part on particles. In part 1, after describing the awesome power of tsunami and the history of their occurrences, the book turns to the history of explaining phenomena by means of mathematical equations. Then it describes other wave phenomena and the laws governing them: the vibration of strings and drums in musical instruments, the sound waves making them audible, ultrasound and its uses, sonar, and shock waves; electromagnetic waves: light waves, refraction, diffraction, why the sky is blue, the rainbow, and the glory; microwaves and radio waves: radar, radio astronomy, the discovery of the cosmic microwave background radiation, microwave ovens and how a radio works, lasers and masers; waves in modern physics: the Schrödinger wave function and gravitational waves in general relativity; water waves in the ocean, tides and tidal waves, and the quite different solitary waves, solitons discovered in canals. Finally we return to tsunami and the question of what laws govern them. We conclude that the answer to that question is not quite known yet, but there is ongoing research to solve the riddle. In part 2, the history of the idea of atoms is reviewed, and then the scientific evidence for their existence, with Rutherford's discovery of the atomic nucleus. The investigation of what the nucleus is like follows, including the discovery of the neutron, followed by that of the neutrino — of which there are several different kinds — and the muon as well as the pion. The important work of Paul Dirac is described, as well as the discovery of the positron and other antiparticles. The ways by which particles are discovered, by cloud chambers, bubble chambers, etc. are all explained, followed by the invention of the various machines to accelerate particles to high speeds: the cyclotron, the synchrotron, and the bigger and bigger machines, in the US as well as in Switzerland, including their storage rings. The new terminology of fermions and bosons are explained, followed by the remarkable use of group theory and group representations by matrices, whose unfamiliar algebra is carefully explained. Contents:Tsunami and other Waves:Introduction to Part IThe Story of a TsunamiScience and MathematicsThe Sound of MusicElectromagnetic WavesWave Mechanics and Gravitational WavesWater WavesAnd Back to TsunamiParticles:Introduction to Part IIAtomsNuclear PhysicsAnother New ParticleParticle AcceleratorsAn Abundance of New Particles Readership: Academics and students of physics as well as the general public. Keywords:Tsunami;Light Waves;Sound Waves;Radio Waves;Microwaves;Ultrasound;Radio Astronomy;Standing Waves;Overtones;Reverberation;Wave Equation;KdV Equation;Interference;Wave Function;Gravitational Waves;Water Waves;Solitons;Solitary Waves;Waves;Tidal Waves;Tides;Radar;Laser;Maser;Resonance;Echo;Cosmic Background Radiation;CMB;Atoms;Cyclotron;Synchrotron;Accelerators;Cosmic Rays;Bevatron;Cosmotron;SSC;Superconducting Super Collider;Storage Rings;Large Hadron Collider;LHC;Electrostatic Generator;Alpha Particles;Beta Particles;Gamma Rays;Atomic Nucleus;Fermions;Bosons;Exclusion Principle;Quantum Mechanics;QED;Antiparticle;Noether's Theorem;Group Theory;Group Representation;Matrices;Strangeness;Hyperons;Muons;Pions;Kaons;Cloud Chamber;Bubble Chamber;SU(3);Eightfold Way;Omega Minus;Quarks

Steps Towards Life

Author : Manfred Eigen
ISBN : 0198547528
Genre : Evolution
File Size : 22. 55 MB
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Eigen shows that life on Earth is the inevitable result of certain chance events that took place in the unique history of our planet. He introduces how to interpret the molecular 'fossil record'. Part one are ideas that are justified scientifically. Part two shows important biological ideas and the final section summarizes developments in molecular biology.

Decoding Reality

Author : Vlatko Vedral
ISBN : 9780192554253
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 85 MB
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For a physicist, all the world is information. The Universe and its workings are the ebb and flow of information. We are all transient patterns of information, passing on the recipe for our basic forms to future generations using a four-letter digital code called DNA. In this engaging and mind-stretching account, Vlatko Vedral considers some of the deepest questions about the Universe and considers the implications of interpreting it in terms of information. He explains the nature of information, the idea of entropy, and the roots of this thinking in thermodynamics. He describes the bizarre effects of quantum behaviour — effects such as 'entanglement', which Einstein called 'spooky action at a distance', and explores cutting edge work on harnessing quantum effects in hyperfast quantum computers, and how recent evidence suggests that the weirdness of the quantum world, once thought limited to the tiniest scales, may reach into the macro world. Vedral finishes by considering the answer to the ultimate question: where did all of the information in the Universe come from? The answers he considers are exhilarating, drawing upon the work of distinguished physicist John Wheeler. The ideas challenge our concept of the nature of particles, of time, of determinism, and of reality itself. This edition includes a new foreword from the author, reflecting on changes in the world of quantum information since first publication. Oxford Landmark Science books are 'must-read' classics of modern science writing which have crystallized big ideas, and shaped the way we think.

Secrets Of The Aether

Author : David W. Thomson III
ISBN : 9780972425124
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 1 MB
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Author David Thomson and Jim Bourassa have founded the Quantum AetherDynamics Institute, an organization dedicated to understanding the Aether. For the first time in human history, the Aether is fully quantified based upon empirical data. Through a very simple observation noted nearly 200 years ago by Charles Coulomb, the electromagnetic units have been corrected of an error that has led physics astray for so long. Now, electrodynamics expresses in simple dimensional equations, the neurosciences unite with quantum and classical physics, and we can precisely model the geometry of subatomic particles.

Confessions Of Saint Augustine

Author : Frank J. Sheed
ISBN : 9780567110053
Genre : Religion
File Size : 74. 29 MB
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Sheed's classic translation of Augustine's Confessions. True to the original, and in a subtle and dignified English translation, let this be a cornerstone of your library.

Matter And Mind

Author : Mario Bunge
ISBN : 9048192250
Genre : Science
File Size : 33. 36 MB
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This book discusses two of the oldest and hardest problems in both science and philosophy: What is matter?, and What is mind? A reason for tackling both problems in a single book is that two of the most influential views in modern philosophy are that the universe is mental (idealism), and that the everything real is material (materialism). Most of the thinkers who espouse a materialist view of mind have obsolete ideas about matter, whereas those who claim that science supports idealism have not explained how the universe could have existed before humans emerged. Besides, both groups tend to ignore the other levels of existence—chemical, biological, social, and technological. If such levels and the concomitant emergence processes are ignored, the physicalism/spiritualism dilemma remains unsolved, whereas if they are included, the alleged mysteries are shown to be problems that science is treating successfully.

The Beautiful Invisible

Author : Giovanni Vignale
ISBN : 9780199574841
Genre : Science
File Size : 57. 88 MB
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Theoretical physics, argues Giovanni Vignale, is an endeavour of deep imagination and creativity. And the quest to explain profoundly abstract ideas in concrete images makes it strangely akin to poetry and literature. Vignale leads us through beautiful and bizarre worlds, explaining them in his own unique way.

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