from sword to shield the transformation of the corporate income tax 1861 to present

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From Sword To Shield

Author : Steven A. Bank
ISBN : 9780195326192
Genre : Law
File Size : 82. 41 MB
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This historical account of the evolution of the corporate income tax in America explains the origins of corporate income tax. Banks shows that political, economic, and social forces transformed it from a sword against evasion of the individual income tax to a shield against government and shareholder interference.

What S Good For Business

Author : Kim Phillips-Fein
ISBN : 9780199912827
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 56. 41 MB
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This volume showcases the most exciting new voices in the fields of business and political history. While the media frequently warns of the newfound power of business in the world of politics, the authors in this book demonstrate that business has mobilized to shape public policy and government institutions, as well as electoral outcomes, for decades. Rather than assuming that business influence is inevitable, the chapters explore the complex evolution of this relationship in a wide range of different arenas--from attempts to create a corporate-friendly tax policy and regulations that would work in the interests of particular industries, to local boosterism as a weapon against New Deal liberalism, to the nexus between evangelical Christianity and the oil industry, to the frustrations that business people felt in struggles with public interest groups. The history that emerges show business actors organizing themselves to affect government in myriad ways, sometimes successfully but other times with outcomes far different than they hoped for. The result in an image of American politics that is more complex and contested than it is often thought to be. The essays represent a new trend in scholarship on political economy, one that seeks to break down the barriers that once separated old subfields to offer a vision of the economy as shaped by politics and political life influenced by economic relationships.

Anglo American Corporate Taxation

Author : Steven A. Bank
ISBN : 9781139502597
Genre : Law
File Size : 88. 17 MB
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The UK and the USA have historically represented opposite ends of the spectrum in their approaches to taxing corporate income. Under the British approach, corporate and shareholder income taxes have been integrated under an imputation system, with tax paid at the corporate level imputed to shareholders through a full or partial credit against dividends received. Under the American approach, by contrast, corporate and shareholder income taxes have remained separate under what is called a 'classical' system in which shareholders receive little or no relief from a second layer of taxes on dividends. Steven A. Bank explores the evolution of the corporate income tax systems in each country during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries to understand the common legal, economic, political and cultural forces that produced such divergent approaches and explains why convergence may be likely in the future as each country grapples with corporate taxation in an era of globalization.

A History Of Money

Author : Professor Glyn Davies
ISBN : 9781783163113
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 85. 83 MB
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A History of Money looks at how money as we know it developed through time. Starting with the barter system, the basic function of exchanging goods evolved into a monetary system based on coins made up of precious metals and, from the 1500s onwards, financial systems were established through which money became intertwined with commerce and trade, to settle by the mid-1800s into a stable system based upon Gold. This book presents its closing argument that, since the collapse of the Gold Standard, the global monetary system has undergone constant crisis and evolution continuing into the present day.

Rural Life In Canada

Author : John Macdougall
ISBN : 1297167333
Genre :
File Size : 87. 65 MB
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work.As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Fateful Lightning

Author : Allen C. Guelzo
ISBN : 9780199843282
Genre : History
File Size : 59. 58 MB
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A comprehensive look at the Civil War and how it shaped American history and culture, includes coverage of major figures and the war's affect on politics, religion, gender, race, diplomacy, and technology.

The Phoenix Program

Author : Douglas Valentine
ISBN : 9781504032759
Genre : History
File Size : 66. 65 MB
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“An important work.” —John Prados, author of President’s Secret Wars “This definitive account of the Phoenix program, the US attempt to destroy the Viet Cong through torture and summary execution, remains sobering reading for all those trying to understand the Vietnam War and the moral ambiguities of America’s Cold War victory. Though carefully documented, the book is written in an accessible style that makes it ideal for readers at all levels, from undergraduates to professional historians.” —Alfred W. McCoy, author of The Politics of Heroin: CIA Complicity in the Global Drug Trade

Pathways To Tax Reform

Author : Stanley S. Surrey
ISBN : 0674436490
Genre :
File Size : 45. 6 MB
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Corporations And American Democracy

Author : Naomi R. Lamoreaux
ISBN : 0674972287
Genre : History
File Size : 23. 96 MB
Format : PDF
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Recent Supreme Court decisions in Citizens United and other high-profile cases have sparked disagreement about the role of corporations in American democracy. Bringing together scholars of history, law, and political science, Corporations and American Democracy provides essential grounding for today’s policy debates.

Postcolonial Politics And Personal Laws

Author : Rina Verma Williams
ISBN : STANFORD:36105064226397
Genre : Law
File Size : 26. 56 MB
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Placing the contemporary discussion on personal laws in India in historical perspective, this important book views the debate as a critical component of Indian democracy. Balancing the imperatives of multiculturalism, national integration, and gender justice, it affirms that there is a complex continuity between the terms of the debate in the postcolonial Indian state and its colonial counterpart.

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