frontiers in clinical neuroscience

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Frontiers In Clinical Neuroscience

Author : Laszlo Vecsei
ISBN : 0306480387
Genre : Medical
File Size : 30. 76 MB
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This is a special proceedings - "Frontiers in Clinical Neuroscience: 2002" - held in Abel Lajtha's honor. Professor Lajtha is a well-known supporter of Hungarian science and he is celebrating his 80th birthday this year. Professor Vecsei is the secretary for the European Society for Clinical Neuropharmacology and the Danube Symposium for Neurological Sciences. The proceedings will focus on neurodegeneration and neuroprotection, two current topics in clinical and experimental neuroscience.

The Hippocampus In Clinical Neuroscience

Author : K. Szabo
ISBN : 9783318025682
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 72. 74 MB
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The hippocampus is one of the most intriguing structures of the human brain. Damage to this part causes symptoms ranging from transient disorders accompanied by tiny lesions to severely debilitating cognitive disorders with marked tissue loss. This publication provides a predominantly clinical approach to the complex workings of the hippocampus from different perspectives, ranging from basic principles to specific diseases. The first part of the book summarizes current knowledge regarding the structure and physiology of the hippocampus and establishes the ties to basic neuroscience. The second part deals with the function and assessment of the human hippocampus, including memory function, neuropsychological measures, and conventional and functional imaging studies. The chapters of the third part are devoted to the hippocampus in neurological disorders, e.g. the interaction between stress and memory function, and the pathological conditions of common as well as selected rare neurological diseases affecting the hippocampus. The book is highly recommended to clinical neurologists who wish to gain a broad understanding of this complex and fascinating organ in terms of basic principles, modern imaging findings, and specific diseases.

Frontiers In Clinical Drug Research Cns And Neurological Disorders Volume 6

Author : Atta-ur- Rahman
ISBN : 9781681086071
Genre : Science
File Size : 21. 76 MB
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Frontiers in Clinical Drug Research - CNS and Neurological Disorders is a book series that brings updated reviews to readers interested in advances in the development of pharmaceutical agents for the treatment of central nervous system (CNS) and other nerve disorders. The scope of the book series covers a range of topics including the medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, molecular biology and biochemistry of contemporary molecular targets involved in neurological and CNS disorders. Reviews presented in the series are mainly focused on clinical and therapeutic aspects of novel drugs intended for these targets. Frontiers in Clinical Drug Research - CNS and Neurological Disorders is a valuable resource for pharmaceutical scientists and postgraduate students seeking updated and critical information for developing clinical trials and devising research plans in the field of neurology. The sixth volume of this series features reviews that cover the following topics: -Depression, Insomnia and Atypical Antidepressants -Combination Therapy of Hypothermia for Hypoxic Encephalopathy in Neonates -Development of A “Theranostic Nano-Bullet” for Tinnitus -Dexmedetomidine: From Basic Science to Clinical Application of Brain Protection -Protein Misfolding, Aggregation, Amyloid Formation in Neurodegenerative Diseases

New Frontiers In Mirror Neurons Research

Author : Pier Francesco Ferrari
ISBN : 9780199686155
Genre : Mirror neurons
File Size : 61. 96 MB
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The discovery of mirror neurons caused a revolution in neuroscience and psychology. Nevertheless, because of their profound impact within life sciences, mirror neuron are still the subject of numerous debates concerning their origins and their functions. With more than 20 years of research in this area, it is timely to synthesise the expanding literature on this topic. New Frontiers in Mirror Neurons provides a comprehensive overview of the latest advances in mirror neurons research - accessible both to experts and to non-experts. In the book, leading scholars draw on the latest research to examine methodological approaches, theoretical implications, and the latest findings on mirror neurons research. A broad range of topics are covered within the book: basic findings and new concepts in action-perception theory, functional properties and evolution, development, and clinical implications. In particular, the last two sections of the book outline the importance of the plasticity and development of the mirror neuron system. This knowledge will be key in future research for helping us understand possible disorders associated with impairments in the mirror neurons system, as well as in helping us design new therapeutic tools for interventions within the field of neurodevelopmental disorders and in neurorehabilitation. New Frontiers in Mirror Neurons is an exciting new work for neuroscientists, psychologists, and philosophers of mind.

Frontiers In Drug Design And Discovery

Author : Atta-ur Rahman
ISBN : 9781608052035
Genre : Medical
File Size : 33. 19 MB
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"Frontiers in Drug Design and Discovery" is an Ebook series devoted to publishing the latest and the most important advances in drug design and discovery. Eminent scientists write contributions on all areas of rational drug design and drug discovery including medicinal chemistry, in-silico drug design, combinatorial chemistry, high-throughput screening, drug targets, and structure-activity relationships. the Ebook series should prove to be of interest to all the pharmaceutical scientists involved in research in drug design and discovery. Each volume is devoted to the major advances in drug design and discovery. the Ebook series is essential reading to all scientists involved in drug design and discovery who wish to keep abreast of rapid and important developments in the field.

Frontiers In Cognitive Neuroscience

Author : Stephen Michael Kosslyn
ISBN : 0262611104
Genre : Medical
File Size : 45. 12 MB
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Frontiers in Cognitive Neuroscience is the first book of extensive readings in an exciting new field that is built on the assumption that "the mind is what the brain does," and that seeks to understand how brain function gives rise to mental activities such as perception, memory, and language. The editors, a cognitive scientist and a neuroscientist, have worked together to select contributions that provide the interdisciplinary foundations of this emerging field, putting them into context, both historically and with regard to current issues.Fifty-five articles are grouped in sections that cover attention, vision, auditory and somatosensory systems, memory, and higher cortical functions. They range from Gazzaniga and Bogen's discussion of functional effects of sectioning the cerebral commissure in man and Geschwind's classic study of the organization of language in the brain, published in the 1960s, to contemporary investigations by Schiller and Logothetis on color-opponent and broad-band channels of the primate visual system and by Bekkers and Stevens on presynaptic mechanisms for long-term potentiation in the hippocampus. The editors have provided both a general introduction and introductions to each of the five major sections.Stephen Kosslyn is Professor of Psychology at Harvard University. Richard Andersen is Professor of Neuroscience and Director of the McDonnell-Pew Center for Cognitive Neuroscience at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

The Auditory Cortex

Author : Peter Heil
ISBN : 9781135613358
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 20. 92 MB
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Understanding human hearing is not only a scientific challenge but also a problem of growing social and political importance, given the steadily increasing numbers of people with hearing deficits or even deafness. This book is about the highest level of hearing in humans and other mammals. It brings together studies of both humans and animals thereby giving a more profound understanding of the concepts, approaches, techniques, and knowledge of the auditory cortex. All of the most up-to-date procedures of non-invasive imaging are employed in the research that is described.

Gaba And Mood Disorders

Author : Giuseppe Bartholini
ISBN : UOM:39015010649294
Genre : Medical
File Size : 90. 10 MB
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Slow Potential Changes In The Brain

Author : Haschke
ISBN : 9781475713794
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 88. 64 MB
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DC-potential changes, comprising fast fluctuations and slow shifts, rep resent objective concomitants of neuronal processes in the brain. They can be recorded not only in animals, but also in humans under various conditions. As far as slow brain potentials are concerned, exciting results have been detected with respect to their correlation to psychophysiolog ical events. Although a large amount of data has been accumulated by psychophysiologists, neurophysiologists, and other scientists involved, the neurophysiological basis of these field potentials is still not clear, and remains controversial. Scientists from European countries participated in an interdisciplinary symposium in the summer of 1990, July 2 to 6, at the Friedrich Schiller University in Jena, which covered the field of slow brain potentials from the psychophysiological to the cellular level, including glial cells and microenvironment. From this conference the idea derived to present an up-to-date overview on important aspects of the field concerned. The Introductory Remarks are given to elucidate what is thought to be a "generator" of slow potentials of the brain. The large number of sources, implications of the "inverse problem" to analyze field potentials are taken into account.

Exploring Frontiers Of The Mind Brain Relationship

Author : Alexander Moreira-Almeida
ISBN : 1461406471
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 24. 32 MB
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The conscious mind defines human existence. Many consider the brain as a computer, and they attempt to explain consciousness as emerging at a critical, but unspecified, threshold level of complex computation among neurons. The brain-as-computer model, however, fails to account for phenomenal experience and portrays consciousness as an impotent, after-the-fact epiphenomenon lacking causal power. And the brain-as-computer concept precludes even the remotest possibility of spirituality. As described throughout the history of humankind, seemingly spiritual mental phenomena including transcendent states, near-death and out-of-body experiences, and past-life memories have in recent years been well documented and treated scientifically. In addition, the brain-as-computer approach has been challenged by advocates of quantum brain biology, who are possibly able to explain, scientifically, nonlocal, seemingly spiritual mental states. Exploring Frontiers of the Mind-Brain Relationship argues against the purely physical analysis of consciousness and for a balanced psychobiological approach. This thought-provoking volume bridges philosophy of mind with science of mind to look empirically at transcendent phenomena, such as mystic states, near-death experiences and past-life memories, that have confounded scientists for decades. Representing disciplines ranging from philosophy and history to neuroimaging and physics, and boasting a panel of expert scientists and physicians, including Andrew Newberg, Peter Fenwick, Stuart Hameroff, Mario Beauregard, Deepak Chopra, and Chris Clarke the book rigorously follows several lines of inquiry into mind-brain controversies, challenging readers to form their own conclusions—or reconsider previous ones. Key coverage includes: Objections to reductionistic materialism from the philosophical and the scientific tradition. Phenomena and the mind-brain problem. The neurobiological correlates of meditation and mindfulness. The quantum soul, a view from physics. Clinical implications of end-of-life experiences. Mediumistic experience and the mind-brain relationship. Exploring Frontiers of the Mind-Brain Relationship is essential reading for researchers and clinicians across many disciplines, including cognitive psychology, personality and social psychology, the neurosciences, neuropsychiatry, palliative care, philosophy, and quantum physics. “This book ... brings together some precious observations about the fundamental mystery of the nature of consciousness ... It raises many questions that serve to invite each of us to be more aware of the uncertainty of our preconceptions about consciousness ... This book on the frontiers of mind-body relationships is a scholarly embodiment of creative and open-minded science.” C. Robert Cloninger, MD Wallace Renard Professor of Psychiatry, Genetics, and Psychology, Washington University School of Medicine St. Louis MO

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