fundamentals of attosecond optics

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Fundamentals Of Attosecond Optics

Author : Zenghu Chang
ISBN : 9781420089387
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 24. 18 MB
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Attosecond optical pulse generation, along with the related process of high-order harmonic generation, is redefining ultrafast physics and chemistry. A practical understanding of attosecond optics requires significant background information and foundational theory to make full use of these cutting-edge lasers and advance the technology toward the next generation of ultrafast lasers. Fundamentals of Attosecond Optics provides the first focused introduction to the field. The author presents the underlying concepts and techniques required to enter the field, as well as recent research advances that are driving the field forward. A stand-alone textbook for courses on attosecond optics and the interaction of matter with ultrafast, high-power lasers, the book begins with basic theory and gradually advances to more complex ideas. Using both semi-classical models and quantum mechanics theories, the author explains foundational concepts and mechanisms including femtosecond lasers, high-order harmonic generation, and the technological leap that inspired attosecond pulse generation. The book introduces techniques for generating attosecond train using the basis of high-order harmonics, followed by an explanation of gating methods for extracting single isolated pulses. Chapters examine the connection between attosecond pulses and high harmonic generation, the use of driving lasers as key tools in attosecond generation, the mechanism of chirped pulse amplification, and the generation of few-cycle pulses. The book looks at carrier-envelope phase stabilization and the theoretical foundations for single atom and dipole phase response. It discusses propagation effects, introducing several approaches for improving phase matching; attosecond pulse generation and characterization, covering attosecond pulse train and single isolated pulses; and several examples of experimental applications for attosecond pulses.

Attosecond And Strong Field Physics

Author : Cheng Jin
ISBN : 9781107197763
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 70 MB
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An introductory textbook on attosecond and strong field physics, covering fundamental theory and modeling techniques, as well as future opportunities and challenges.

Fundamentals Of Picoscience

Author : Klaus D. Sattler
ISBN : 9781466505094
Genre : Science
File Size : 24. 28 MB
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Now ubiquitous in public discussions about cutting-edge science and technology, nanoscience has generated many advances and inventions, from the development of new quantum mechanical methods to far-reaching applications in electronics and medical diagnostics. Ushering in the next technological era, Fundamentals of Picoscience focuses on the instrumentation and experiments emerging at the picometer scale. One picometer is the length of a trillionth of a meter. Compared to a human cell of typically ten microns, this is roughly ten million times smaller. In this state-of-the-art book, international scientists and researchers at the forefront of the field present the materials and methods used at the picoscale. They address the key challenges in developing new instrumentation and techniques to visualize and measure structures at this sub-nanometer level. With numerous figures, the book will help you: Understand how picoscience is an extension of nanoscience Determine which experimental technique to use in your research Connect basic studies to the development of next-generation picoelectronic devices The book covers various approaches for detecting, characterizing, and imaging at the picoscale. It then presents picoscale methods ranging from scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) to spectroscopic approaches at sub-nanometer spatial and energy resolutions. It also covers novel picoscale structures and picometer positioning systems. The book concludes with picoscale device applications, including single molecule electronics and optical computers. Introductions in each chapter explain basic concepts, define technical terms, and give context to the main material.

Attosecond Nanophysics

Author : Peter Hommelhoff
ISBN : 9783527411719
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 1 MB
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The first broad and in-depth overview of current research in attosecond nanophysics, covering the field of active plasmonics via attosecond science in metals and dielectrics to novel imaging techniques with the highest spatial and temporal resolution. The authors are pioneers in the field and present here new developments and potential novel applications for ultra-fast data communication and processing, discussing the investigation of the natural timescale of electron dynamics in nanoscale solid state systems. Both an introduction for starting graduate students, as well as a look at the current state of the art in this hot and emerging field.

Femtosecond Laser Pulses

Author : Claude Rullière
ISBN : 9783662036822
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 33. 47 MB
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An introduction to the fundamentals of lasers and pulsed optics, teaching readers the physics behind short and ultrashort laser pulses, and how to manipulate and measure them. Additionally, the text presents experiments and discusses the spectroscopic implications. This well-rounded book provides an up-to-date insight into one of the most exciting fields of laser physics.

The Supercontinuum Laser Source

Author : Robert R. Alfano
ISBN : 9780387250977
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 57. 98 MB
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This new edition of a classic in the field has been expanded and enriched with new content and updated references. The book covers the fundamental principles and surveys research of current thinkers and experts in the field with updated references of the key breakthroughs over the past decade and a half.

Introduction To Laser Spectroscopy

Author : Halina Abramczyk
ISBN : 0080455255
Genre : Science
File Size : 73. 18 MB
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Introduction to Laser Spectroscopy is a well-written, easy-to-read guide to understanding the fundamentals of lasers, experimental methods of modern laser spectroscopy and applications. It provides a solid grounding in the fundamentals of many aspects of laser physics, nonlinear optics, and molecular spectroscopy. In addition, by comprehensively combining theory and experimental techniques it explicates a variety of issues that are essential to understanding broad areas of physical, chemical and biological science. Topics include key laser types - gas, solid state, and semiconductor - as well as the rapidly evolving field of ultrashort laser phenomena for femtochemistry applications. The examples used are well researched and clearly presented. Introduction to Laser Spectroscopy is strongly recommended to newcomers as well as researchers in physics, engineering, chemistry and biology. * A comprehensive course that combines theory and practice * Includes a systematic and comprehensive description for key laser types * Written for students and professionals looking to gain a thorough understanding of modern laser spectroscopy

Photonics

Author : Georg A. Reider
ISBN : 9783319260761
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 47. 2 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive introduction into photonics, from the electrodynamic and quantum mechanic fundamentals to the level of photonic components and building blocks such as lasers, amplifiers, modulators, waveguides, and detectors.The book will serve both as textbook and as a reference work for the advanced student or scientist. Theoretical results are derived from basic principles with convenient, yet state-of-the-art mathematical tools, providing not only deeper understanding but also familiarization with formalisms used in the relevant technical literature and research articles. Among the subject matters treated are polarization optics, pulse and beam propagation, waveguides, light–matter interaction, stationary and transient behavior of lasers, semiconductor optics and lasers (including low-dimensional systems such as quantum wells), detector technology, photometry, and colorimetry. Nonlinear optics are elaborated comprehensively.The book is intended for both students of physics and electronics and scientists and engineers in fields such as laser technology, optical communications, laser materials processing, and medical laser applications who wish to gain an in-depth understanding of photonics.

Lasers

Author : Jean-Claude Diels
ISBN : 9783527410392
Genre : Science
File Size : 41. 45 MB
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An introductory guide to laser technologies in very diverse fields from nuclear and particle physics to medicine, astronomy and ultra-precise metrology written by reputable laser experts who think that science should be entertaining.

Ultrafast Optics And Spectroscopy In Physical Chemistry

Author : Atanu Bhattacharya
ISBN : 9789813223691
Genre :
File Size : 56. 66 MB
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Ultrafast spectroscopy is an advanced spectroscopic technique which enables us to capture events (mostly microscopic) in a very rapid time scale (spanning from nanoseconds (10–9 sec) to attosecond (10–18 sec)). The introduction of this spectroscopic technique to chemistry came with microsecond resolution near about 1950 with the development of flash photolysis by Norrish and Porter (R G W Norrish and G Porter, Nature, 164, 658 (1949); Discuss. Faraday Soc. 17, 40 (1954). They studied chemical reaction dynamics in time domain, for the first time. Thereafter, with the advances made with ultrafast lasers, the time resolution improved continuously over the years, reaching the "picosecond" in 1980, the "femtosecond" in 1990 and the "attosecond" in 2000. The field is continuously maturing and has earned noble prize in chemistry twice: the first one was awarded to M Eigen, R G W Norrish and G Porter, and the second one was awarded to A Zewail. This highlights the significant role of ultrafast spectroscopy in chemical dynamics study (more broadly in Physical Chemistry). Ultrafast Spectroscopy is a vast and exhaustive subject and perhaps everybody working in the field of ultrafast spectroscopy would agree that it is difficult to introduce this subject to a new student, particularly with physical chemistry (or chemistry) background (education obtained at the bachelor or master level in India). Generally, the language of ultrafast spectroscopy and related optics is not part of the chemistry education in India. Students with academic background in physics and electrical engineering are far better suited to this. However, physical chemists have to measure physical properties and monitor dynamics of different physical and chemical processes routinely using ultrafast spectroscopic techniques. Furthermore, physical chemists have to reason intellectually about a new ultrafast technique to monitor a novel dynamics of chemical system. This leads to a problem, particularly when it comes to educating (Indian) chemistry students in ultrafast spectroscopy laboratory. Unfortunately, no single textbook is available which is suitable for a chemistry student new to this field. Realizing this need, a course on ultrafast optics and spectroscopy was offered by me in the January session of 2014 to the integrated and regular PhD students at Indian Institute of Science and the favourable reception to the course by the students from several departments, including Physics, Centre of Nano Science and Engineering, and Physical Chemistry, confirmed the existence of that need, not only in physical chemistry but also in other related disciplines. The primary goal of this text book is that any student (beginner), even one who has never heard of the subject, should be able to learn what ultrafast spectroscopy is, why optics related to the subject requires special attention, how to use the basic ideas of the subject in laboratory-based ultrafast spectroscopy experiments, and how to interpret the experimental observations, and so on. Furthermore, the book should be studied without any help from an expert in the field. The level of mathematics is suitably selected in the book so that any student with basic knowledge of algebra, differentiation and integration would comfortably go through the book. As chemists often tend to see the physical picture of a mathematical formula, significant discussion on the meaning of mathematical expressions used in the text is included. Contents: Introduction Mathematical Representation of Ultrafast Pulse Propagation of Ultrafast Pulse, Part I: Nonlinear Optical Effects Propagation of Ultrafast Pulse, Part II: Dispersion Effects Transverse Electromagnetic Mode (TEM) of Ultrafast Pulse Construction of Ultrafast Laser Measurement of Ultrafast Pulses Ultrafast Spectroscopy, Part I: Measurement Tec

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