gender and parenthood

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Gender And Parenthood

Author : W. Bradford Wilcox
ISBN : 9780231530972
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 42. 57 MB
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The essays in this collection deploy biological and social scientific perspectives to evaluate the transformative experience of parenthood for today’s women and men. They map the similar and distinct roles mothers and fathers play in their children’s lives and measure the effect of gendered parenting on child well-being, work and family arrangements, and the quality of couples’ relationships. Contributors describe what happens to brains and bodies when women become mothers and men become fathers; whether the stakes are the same or different for each sex; why, across history and cultures, women are typically more involved in childcare than men; why some fathers are strongly present in their children’s lives while others are not; and how the various commitments men and women make to parenting shape their approaches to paid work and romantic relationships. Considering recent changes in men’s and women’s familial duties, the growing number of single-parent families, and the impassioned tenor of same-sex marriage debates, this book adds sound scientific and theoretical insight to these issues, constituting a standout resource for those interested in the causes and consequences of contemporary gendered parenthood.

Couples Transitions To Parenthood

Author : Daniela Grunow
ISBN : 9781785366000
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 62. 64 MB
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It is common for European couples living fairly egalitarian lives to adopt a traditional division of labour at the transition to parenthood. Based on in-depth interviews with 334 parents-to-be in eight European countries, this book explores the implications of family policies and gender culture from the perspective of couples who are expecting their first child. Couples’ Transitions to Parenthood: Analysing Gender and Work in Europe is the first comparative, qualitative study that explicitly locates couples’ parenting ideals and plans in the wider context of national institutions.

Taxing Choices

Author : Rebecca Johnson
ISBN : 0774809574
Genre : Law
File Size : 69. 75 MB
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In the early 1990s, lawyer Beth Symes brought an equality challenge against the Canadian Income Tax Act, arguing that her childcare costs were a business expense. The case ignited public controversy. Was Symes disadvantaged on the basis of gender, or unfairly privileged on the basis of class? This book seeks answers to those questions through close attention to the Symes case, where class and gender interests clashed over the tax treatment of childcare. It looks at the history of legislative and litigative struggles, the dynamics of courtroom discourse, and the influence of broad social debates about children and the public/private divide. It reveals how frequently the rhetoric of choice, responsibility, and selfishness is invoked in response to women's attempts to place issues of childcare on the public agenda. Taxing Choices will interest all those who seek to use the law as a tool of social justice but are troubled by the perils posed by competing interests and conflicts involving race, class, gender, and ability.

Gender And The Life Course

Author : Alice Rossi
ISBN : 9781351329026
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 70. 75 MB
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When Couples Become Parents

Author : Bonnie Fox
ISBN : 9780802091833
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 48. 55 MB
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When Couples Become Parents examines the ways in which divisions based on gender both evolve and are challenged by heterosexual couples from late pregnancy through early parenthood.

Politicising Parenthood In Scandinavia

Author : Anne Lise Ellingsæter
ISBN : 186134645X
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 46. 37 MB
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Taking a comparative perspective, this book casts new light on the changing inequalities in Europe.

Thinking About The Baby

Author : Susan Walzer
ISBN : 1592138241
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 81. 95 MB
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Interviews with new parents about the gendered roles of mother and fatherInterviews with new parents about the gendered roles of mother and father.

Sex And Longevity Sexuality Gender Reproduction Parenthood

Author : J.-M. Robine
ISBN : 9783642595585
Genre : Medical
File Size : 26. 86 MB
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A central concept in the evolutionary theory of senescence is the idea that ageing results from life-history trade-offs. In particular, the disposable soma theory suggests that longevity is determined through the setting of longevity assurance mechanisms so as to provide an optimal compromise between investments in somatic maintenance (including stress resistance) and in reproduction. Comparative studies among mammalian species confirm that cells from long-lived species appear to have a greater intrinsic capacity to withstand stresses than cells from short-lived species. Childbearing at older ages has become increasingly common in modern societies because of demographic changes, medical progress and personal choice. While the detrimental effects of late reproduction on infant mortality and genetic diseases have been well documented, little is known about the possible postponed detrimental effects of late parenting.

Mothers And Others

Author : Melanee Thomas
ISBN : 9780774834612
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 82. 45 MB
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The first major comparative analysis of parenthood in politics, Mothers and Others brings together leading scholars of gender and politics to discuss the role of parental status in political life. Examining three main areas of citizen engagement within the political system – parenthood and political careers, parenthood and the media, and parenthood and political behaviour – they argue that being a parent is a gendered identity that influences how, why, and to what extent women (and men) engage with politics. This raises important questions about how career politicians, voters, and the media navigate the intersection of gender, parental status, and politics.

Gender Parenthood Employment And Political Participation

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:865474093
Genre :
File Size : 63. 7 MB
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Political and civic participation are vital elements of democratic society, influenced by an array of gendered individual and institutional factors. This dissertation investigates how two major life experiences--parenthood and employment--are associated with voter turnout, political participation, and civic engagement and explores how these relationships vary by gender, race, and class. Throughout I use data from the 2004 and 2008 Current Population Survey (CPS) November Voting and Registration Supplement and the 2008 Civic Engagement Supplement in intersectional analyses of participation dynamics. The first empirical chapter focuses on the relationship between parenthood and voter turnout and assesses two competing models--increased time demands and expanded networks and interests among parents. I find that children have both positive and negative consequences for voter turnout, depending on children's ages. School-age children are associated with increased turnout, whereas having preschool children is associated with reduced turnout. Parents' higher levels of civic participation--particularly in school/neighborhood groups--largely account for the heightened turnout associated with having school-age children. Next, I extend the analysis to broader political activities, finding mostly that children constrain parents' ability to engage in political action. For voting as well as a whole range of political activities, young children tend to depress participation the most among women employed full-time and unmarried women, groups who face the greatest time strain in parenting. The final empirical chapter examines how the economic sector in which paid work takes place and whether the work involves caring labor matter for political participation. I find that public and nonprofit employment is associated with greater participation in a variety of political activities and community groups, relative to private-sector employment. These findings support explanations focused on prosocial values shared by public-sector and nonprofit workers. Although considerable overlap exists between public/nonprofit sectors and care work, employment sector carries far greater significance than having a component of nurturant care in an occupation. Overall, this dissertation illuminates how work and family contexts have complex, often gendered implications for the democratic inclusion of citizens.

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