generalized vectorization cross products and matrix calculus

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Generalized Vectorization Cross Products And Matrix Calculus

Author : Darrell A. Turkington
ISBN : 9781107032002
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 61. 50 MB
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"This book studies the mathematics behind matrix calculus, and the final chapter looks at applications of matrix calculus in statistics and econometrics"--

Scalar Vector And Matrix Mathematics

Author : Dennis S. Bernstein
ISBN : 9781400888252
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 32. 20 MB
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The essential reference book on matrices—now fully updated and expanded, with new material on scalar and vector mathematics Since its initial publication, this book has become the essential reference for users of matrices in all branches of engineering, science, and applied mathematics. In this revised and expanded edition, Dennis Bernstein combines extensive material on scalar and vector mathematics with the latest results in matrix theory to make this the most comprehensive, current, and easy-to-use book on the subject. Each chapter describes relevant theoretical background followed by specialized results. Hundreds of identities, inequalities, and facts are stated clearly and rigorously, with cross-references, citations to the literature, and helpful comments. Beginning with preliminaries on sets, logic, relations, and functions, this unique compendium covers all the major topics in matrix theory, such as transformations and decompositions, polynomial matrices, generalized inverses, and norms. Additional topics include graphs, groups, convex functions, polynomials, and linear systems. The book also features a wealth of new material on scalar inequalities, geometry, combinatorics, series, integrals, and more. Now more comprehensive than ever, Scalar, Vector, and Matrix Mathematics includes a detailed list of symbols, a summary of notation and conventions, an extensive bibliography and author index with page references, and an exhaustive subject index. Fully updated and expanded with new material on scalar and vector mathematics Covers the latest results in matrix theory Provides a list of symbols and a summary of conventions for easy and precise use Includes an extensive bibliography with back-referencing plus an author index

Matrix Calculus And Kronecker Product

Author : Willi-hans Steeb
ISBN : 9814335320
Genre : Electronic books
File Size : 23. 39 MB
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Matrix Differential Calculus With Applications In Statistics And Econometrics

Author : Jan R. Magnus
ISBN : 0471915165
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 52. 3 MB
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This book provides a unified treatment of matrix differential calculus, specifically written for econometricians and statisticians. Divided into six parts, the book begins with a treatment of matrix algebra, discussing the Schur, Jordan, and singular-value decompositions, the Hadamard and Kronecker products, and more. The second section is the theoretical core of the book and presents a thorough development of the theory of differentials. Practically-oriented, part three contains the rules for working with differentials and lists the differentials of important scalar, vector, and matrix functions. The fourth deals with inequalities, such as Cauchy-Schwarz's and Minkowski's, while the fifth section is devoted to applications of matrix differential calculus to the linear regression model. The book closes by detailing maximum likelihood estimation, an ideal source for demonstrating the power of the propagated techniques. Features numerous exercises.

Matrix Algebra

Author : Karim M. Abadir
ISBN : 0521822890
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 79. 75 MB
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A stand-alone textbook in matrix algebra for econometricians and statisticians - advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and teachers.

Matrix Calculus And Zero One Matrices

Author : Darrell A. Turkington
ISBN : 0521022452
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 42. 28 MB
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This 2002 book presents the reader with mathematical tools taken from matrix calculus and zero-one matrices and demonstrates how these tools greatly facilitate the application of classical statistical procedures to econometric models. The matrix calculus results are derived from a few basic rules that are generalizations of the rules of ordinary calculus. These results are summarized in a useful table. Well-known zero-one matrices, together with some newer ones, are defined, their mathematical roles explained, and their useful properties presented. The basic building blocks of classical statistics, namely the score vector, the information matrix, and the Cramer-Rao lower bound, are obtained for a sequence of linear econometric models of increasing statistical complexity. From these are obtained interactive interpretations of maximum likelihood estimators, linking them with efficient econometric estimators. Classical test statistics are also derived and compared for hypotheses of interest.

Kronecker Products And Matrix Calculus With Applications

Author : Alexander Graham
ISBN : 9780486824178
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 49. 52 MB
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Enhanced by many worked examples, problems, and solutions, this in-depth text is suitable for undergraduates and presents a great deal of information previously only available in specialized and hard-to-find texts. 1981 edition.

Calculus Matrix Version

Author : Charles Henry Edwards
ISBN : 0130084069
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 62. 63 MB
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This text is aimed at undergraduate-level courses in calculus. The matrix version combines traditional mainstream calculus with a flexible approach to cutting-edge ideas and calculator/computer technology.

Convex Optimization Euclidean Distance Geometry

Author : Jon Dattorro
ISBN : 9780976401308
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 35. 96 MB
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The study of Euclidean distance matrices (EDMs) fundamentally asks what can be known geometrically given onlydistance information between points in Euclidean space. Each point may represent simply locationor, abstractly, any entity expressible as a vector in finite-dimensional Euclidean space.The answer to the question posed is that very much can be known about the points;the mathematics of this combined study of geometry and optimization is rich and deep.Throughout we cite beacons of historical accomplishment.The application of EDMs has already proven invaluable in discerning biological molecular conformation.The emerging practice of localization in wireless sensor networks, the global positioning system (GPS), and distance-based pattern recognitionwill certainly simplify and benefit from this theory.We study the pervasive convex Euclidean bodies and their various representations.In particular, we make convex polyhedra, cones, and dual cones more visceral through illustration, andwe study the geometric relation of polyhedral cones to nonorthogonal bases biorthogonal expansion.We explain conversion between halfspace- and vertex-descriptions of convex cones,we provide formulae for determining dual cones,and we show how classic alternative systems of linear inequalities or linear matrix inequalities and optimality conditions can be explained by generalized inequalities in terms of convex cones and their duals.The conic analogue to linear independence, called conic independence, is introducedas a new tool in the study of classical cone theory; the logical next step in the progression:linear, affine, conic.Any convex optimization problem has geometric interpretation.This is a powerful attraction: the ability to visualize geometry of an optimization problem.We provide tools to make visualization easier.The concept of faces, extreme points, and extreme directions of convex Euclidean bodiesis explained here, crucial to understanding convex optimization.The convex cone of positive semidefinite matrices, in particular, is studied in depth.We mathematically interpret, for example,its inverse image under affine transformation, and we explainhow higher-rank subsets of its boundary united with its interior are convex.The Chapter on "Geometry of convex functions",observes analogies between convex sets and functions:The set of all vector-valued convex functions is a closed convex cone.Included among the examples in this chapter, we show how the real affinefunction relates to convex functions as the hyperplane relates to convex sets.Here, also, pertinent results formultidimensional convex functions are presented that are largely ignored in the literature;tricks and tips for determining their convexityand discerning their geometry, particularly with regard to matrix calculus which remains largely unsystematizedwhen compared with the traditional practice of ordinary calculus.Consequently, we collect some results of matrix differentiation in the appendices.The Euclidean distance matrix (EDM) is studied,its properties and relationship to both positive semidefinite and Gram matrices.We relate the EDM to the four classical axioms of the Euclidean metric;thereby, observing the existence of an infinity of axioms of the Euclidean metric beyondthe triangle inequality. We proceed byderiving the fifth Euclidean axiom and then explain why furthering this endeavoris inefficient because the ensuing criteria (while describing polyhedra)grow linearly in complexity and number.Some geometrical problems solvable via EDMs,EDM problems posed as convex optimization, and methods of solution arepresented;\eg, we generate a recognizable isotonic map of the United States usingonly comparative distance information (no distance information, only distance inequalities).We offer a new proof of the classic Schoenberg criterion, that determines whether a candidate matrix is an EDM. Our proofrelies on fundamental geometry; assuming, any EDM must correspond to a list of points contained in some polyhedron(possibly at its vertices) and vice versa.It is not widely known that the Schoenberg criterion implies nonnegativity of the EDM entries; proved here.We characterize the eigenvalues of an EDM matrix and then devisea polyhedral cone required for determining membership of a candidate matrix(in Cayley-Menger form) to the convex cone of Euclidean distance matrices (EDM cone); \ie,a candidate is an EDM if and only if its eigenspectrum belongs to a spectral cone for EDM^N.We will see spectral cones are not unique.In the chapter "EDM cone", we explain the geometric relationship betweenthe EDM cone, two positive semidefinite cones, and the elliptope.We illustrate geometric requirements, in particular, for projection of a candidate matrixon a positive semidefinite cone that establish its membership to the EDM cone. The faces of the EDM cone are described,but still open is the question whether all its faces are exposed as they are for the positive semidefinite cone.The classic Schoenberg criterion, relating EDM and positive semidefinite cones, isrevealed to be a discretized membership relation (a generalized inequality, a new Farkas''''''''-like lemma)between the EDM cone and its ordinary dual. A matrix criterion for membership to the dual EDM cone is derived thatis simpler than the Schoenberg criterion.We derive a new concise expression for the EDM cone and its dual involvingtwo subspaces and a positive semidefinite cone."Semidefinite programming" is reviewedwith particular attention to optimality conditionsof prototypical primal and dual conic programs,their interplay, and the perturbation method of rank reduction of optimal solutions(extant but not well-known).We show how to solve a ubiquitous platonic combinatorial optimization problem from linear algebra(the optimal Boolean solution x to Ax=b)via semidefinite program relaxation.A three-dimensional polyhedral analogue for the positive semidefinite cone of 3X3 symmetricmatrices is introduced; a tool for visualizing in 6 dimensions.In "EDM proximity"we explore methods of solution to a few fundamental and prevalentEuclidean distance matrix proximity problems; the problem of finding that Euclidean distance matrix closestto a given matrix in the Euclidean sense.We pay particular attention to the problem when compounded with rank minimization.We offer a new geometrical proof of a famous result discovered by Eckart \& Young in 1936 regarding Euclideanprojection of a point on a subset of the positive semidefinite cone comprising all positive semidefinite matriceshaving rank not exceeding a prescribed limit rho.We explain how this problem is transformed to a convex optimization for any rank rho.

Introduction To Applied Linear Algebra

Author : Stephen Boyd
ISBN : 9781316518960
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 56. 77 MB
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A groundbreaking introduction to vectors, matrices, and least squares for engineering applications, offering a wealth of practical examples.

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