genetic control of malaria and dengue

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Genetic Control Of Malaria And Dengue

Author : Zach N. Adelman
ISBN : 9780128004050
Genre : Medical
File Size : 81. 64 MB
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Genetic Control of Malaria and Dengue focuses on the knowledge, technology, regulation and ethics of using genetically modified mosquitoes to interrupt the transmission of important vector-borne diseases including Malaria. It contains coverage of the current state of knowledge of vector-borne diseases and how they are currently controlled; vaccine, drug and insecticide development; various strategies for altering the genome of mosquitoes in beneficial ways; and the regulatory, ethical and social environment concerning these strategies. For more than five decades, the prospect of using genetically-modified mosquitoes to control vector-borne disease transmission has been a purely hypothetical scenario. We simply did not have the technology or basic knowledge to be able to do it. With the explosion of field trials and potential interventions in development, Genetic Control of Malaria and Dengue provides a comprehensive overview of research in genetics, microbiology, virology, and ecology involved in the development and implementation of genetic modification programs for virus and disease control. This book is meant to provide a practical guide to researchers, regulators and the general public about how this technology actually works, how it can be improved, and what is still unknown. Includes coverage of vectorial capacity, critical to understanding vector-borne disease transmission Provides a summary of the concepts of both population suppression and population replacement Contains pivotal coverage of ethical and ecological ramifications of genetics-based control strategies

Der Stumme Fr Hling

Author : Rachel Carson
ISBN : 9783406704222
Genre : Nature
File Size : 66. 94 MB
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Der stumme Frühling erschien erstmals 1962. Der Titel bezieht sich auf das eingangs erzählte Märchen von der blühenden Stadt, in der sich eine seltsame, schleichende Seuche ausbreitet … Das spannend geschriebene Sachbuch wirkte bei seinem Erscheinen wie ein Alarmsignal und avancierte rasch zur Bibel der damals entstehendenÖkologie-Bewegung. ZumerstenMal wurde hier in eindringlichem Appell die Fragwürdigkeit des chemischen Pflanzenschutzes dargelegt. An einer Fülle von Tatsachen machte Rachel Carson seine schädlichen Auswirkungen auf die Natur und die Menschen deutlich. Ihre Warnungen haben seither nichts von ihrer Aktualität verloren.

Ecological Aspects For Application Of Genetically Modified Mosquitoes

Author : W. Takken
ISBN : 1402015852
Genre : Science
File Size : 74. 76 MB
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This book is the reflection of a workshop, held in June 2002. Experts on mosquito ecology met for the first time to discuss the current knowledge of mosquito ecology with respect to GM-insect technology. Emphasis of the workshop was on evaluating how human health and natural ecosystems, including target wild-mosquito populations, will respond to the invasion of GM vectors. This volume will stimulate discussion by clearly showing the importance of vector ecology for prevention of vector-borne diseases.

Biologie Von Parasiten

Author : Richard Lucius
ISBN : 9783662548622
Genre : Science
File Size : 26. 99 MB
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Die 3. vollständig überarbeitete Auflage dieses Buches führt in die Biologie parasitärer Einzeller, Würmer und Arthropoden ein. Die Autoren bieten auf Grundlage der aktuellen Systematik eine Übersicht über die verschiedenen Parasitengruppen. Ausführlich wird auf wichtige Infektionserreger, wie die der Malaria, Schlafkrankheit und Toxoplasmose eingegangen, wobei die molekularen Grundlagen der Pathogene erläutert werden. Außerdem werden Parasiten als Krankheitsüberträger dargestellt und wichtige Infektionskrankheiten, die bei Tieren vorkommen, besprochen. Daher wendet sich dieses Buch sowohl an Biologen, als auch an Veterinärmediziner und Mediziner. In den einzelnen Kapiteln kommen die Anpassungen an die parasitische Lebensweise zur Sprache. Anhand häufiger Vertreter werden exemplarisch typische Lebenszyklen, die Immunreaktionen und die resultierenden Krankheitsbilder erklärt. Viele Abbildungen veranschaulichen dabei den Text. Die Prüfungsfragen am Ende eines jeden Kapitels helfen den Lerninhalt zu rekapitulieren und zu verinnerlichen.

Ecology Of Parasite Vector Interactions

Author : Willem Takken
ISBN : 9789086861880
Genre : Medical
File Size : 29. 4 MB
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Vector-borne diseases continue to be one of the most important determinants affecting human and animal health. Large numbers of people suffer from diseases like malaria, dengue, filariasis and leishmaniasis, especially in the tropics. Whereas these diseases were eradicated from the temperate climate zones, in recent years the rising incidence of 'emerging' vector-borne diseases such as bluetongue, West Nile Virus, Lyme disease, tick-borne encephalitis and the recent outbreaks of chikungunya and dengue in southern Europe provide evidence that these diseases are resilient and can disperse to other regions and continents where before they were not present or relevant. Many tools for the management of vector-borne diseases are currently under pressure because of increasing drug and insecticide resistance, as well as the realization of biological variation of parasites and vectors and their ecosystems. At the same time, progress in our understanding of genetics, immunology, population biology and epidemiology allow for a better understanding of parasite-vector interactions. Here the state-of- the-art of these interactions is being reviewed, and means for using this information for advanced strategies of vector-borne disease control are proposed. This 3rd edition of ECVD aims to provide a rapid overview of recent developments in the field of parasite-vector interactions and how this can be used for more effective and sustainable disease control.

Das Egoistische Gen

Author : Richard Dawkins
ISBN : 9783642553912
Genre : Science
File Size : 82. 12 MB
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p”Ein auch heute noch bedeutsamer Klassiker“ Daily Express Sind wir Marionetten unserer Gene? Nach Richard Dawkins ́ vor über 30 Jahren entworfener und heute noch immer provozierender These steuern und dirigieren unsere von Generation zu Generation weitergegebenen Gene uns, um sich selbst zu erhalten. Alle biologischen Organismen dienen somit vor allem dem Überleben und der Unsterblichkeit der Erbanlagen und sind letztlich nur die "Einweg-Behälter" der "egoistischen" Gene. Sind wir Menschen also unserem Gen-Schicksal hilflos ausgeliefert? Dawkins bestreitet dies und macht uns Hoffnung: Seiner Meinung nach sind wir nämlich die einzige Spezies mit der Chance, gegen ihr genetisches Schicksal anzukämpfen.

Encyclopedia Of Entomology

Author : John L. Capinera
ISBN : 1402062427
Genre : Science
File Size : 40. 44 MB
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This text brings together fundamental information on insect taxa, morphology, ecology, behavior, physiology, and genetics. Close relatives of insects, such as spiders and mites, are included.

Molekulare Zellbiologie

Author : Arnold Berk
ISBN : 9783110810578
Genre : Science
File Size : 56. 3 MB
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Vector Bionomics In The Epidemiology And Control Of Malaria The Who South East Asia Region The Who Western Pacific Region

Author : A. R. Zahar
ISBN : CORNELL:31924067923130
Genre : Anopheles
File Size : 34. 61 MB
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Transgenesis And The Management Of Vector Borne Disease

Author : Serap Aksoy
ISBN : 9780387782256
Genre : Science
File Size : 76. 84 MB
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Parasitic, bacterial and viral agents continue to challenge the welfare of humans, livestock, wild life and plants worldwide. The public health impact and financial consequences of these diseases are particularly hard on the already overburdened economies of developing countries especially in the tropics. Many of these disease agents utilize insect hosts (vectors) to achieve their transmission to mammals. In the past, these diseases were largely controlled by insecticide-based vector reduction strategies. Now, many of these diseases have reemerged in the tropics, recolonizing their previous range, and expanding into new territories previously not considered to be endemic. Habitat change, irrigation practices, atmospheric and climate change, insecticide and drug resistance as well as increases in global tourism, human traffic and commercial activities, have driven the reemergence and spread of vector borne diseases. While these diseases can be controlled through interventions aimed at both their vertebrate and invertebrate hosts, no effective vaccines exist, and only limited therapeutic prospects are available for their control in mammalian hosts. Molecular technologies such as transgenesis, which is the subject of this book, stand to increase the toolbox and benefit disease management strategies.

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