genetic manipulation in plants for mitigation of climate change

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Genetic Manipulation In Plants For Mitigation Of Climate Change

Author : Pawan Kumar Jaiwal
ISBN : 9788132226628
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 58. 36 MB
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This book presents a detailed overview and critical evaluation of the state of the art and latest approaches in genetic manipulation studies on plants to mitigate the impact of climate change on growth and productivity. Each chapter has been written by experts in plant-stress biology and highlights the involvement of a variety of genes/pathways and their regulation in abiotic stress, recent advances in molecular breeding (identification of tightly liked markers, QTLs/genes), transgenesis (introduction of exogenous genes or changing the expression of endogenous stress- responsive genes) and genomics approaches that have made it easier to identify and isolate several key genes involved in abiotic stress such as drought, water lodging/flooding, extreme temperatures, salinity and heavy-metal toxicity. Food and nutritional security has emerged as a major global challenge due to expanding populations, and cultivated areas becoming less productive as a result of extreme climatic changes adversely affecting the quantity and quality of plants. Hence, there is an urgent need to develop crop varieties resilient to abiotic stress to ensure food security and combat increased input costs, low yields and the marginalization of land. The role of GM crops in poverty alleviation, nutrition and health in developing countries and their feasibility in times of climate change are also discussed. Recent advances in gene technologies have shown t he potential for faster, more targeted crop improvements by transferring genes across the sexual barriers. The book is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers, students, planners and industrialists working in the area of biotechnology, plant agriculture, agronomy, horticulture, plant physiology, molecular biology, plant sciences and environmental sciences.

Pl Doyer Gegen Die Perfektion

Author : Michael Sandel
ISBN : 373741307X
Genre :
File Size : 82. 5 MB
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Climate Change And Crop Production

Author : Noureddine Benkeblia
ISBN : 9781315391854
Genre : Nature
File Size : 36. 35 MB
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Key features: Describes the effects and responses of the macro and micro levels of crops under the different components of climate change Reports on the adaptation and resilience of food production systems within the changing climate Covers how plants cope with the changing climate including physiological, biochemical, phenotype, and ecosystem responses Provides an in-depth discussion on the importance of agricultural education connected to climate change Presenting an overview of agroecology within the framework of climate change, this book looks at the impact of our changing climate on crop production and agroecosystems, reporting on how plants will cope with these changes, and how we can mitigate these negative impacts to ensure food production for the growing population. It explores the ways that farmers can confront the challenges of climate change, with contributed chapters from around the world demonstrating the different challenges associated with differing climates. Examples are provided of the approaches being taken right now to expand the ecological, physiological, morphological, and productive potential of a range of crop types. Giving readers a greater understanding of the mechanisms of plant resilience to climate change, this book provides new insights into improving the productivity of an individual crop species as well as bringing resistance and resiliency to the entire agroecosystem. It offers a strong foundation for changing research and education programs so that they build the resistance and resilience that will be needed for the uncertain climate future ahead.

Renewable Energy Sources And Climate Change Mitigation

Author : Ottmar Edenhofer
ISBN : 9781139505598
Genre : Science
File Size : 40. 86 MB
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This Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report (IPCC-SRREN) assesses the potential role of renewable energy in the mitigation of climate change. It covers the six most important renewable energy sources – bioenergy, solar, geothermal, hydropower, ocean and wind energy – as well as their integration into present and future energy systems. It considers the environmental and social consequences associated with the deployment of these technologies and presents strategies to overcome technical as well as non-technical obstacles to their application and diffusion. SRREN brings a broad spectrum of technology-specific experts together with scientists studying energy systems as a whole. Prepared following strict IPCC procedures, it presents an impartial assessment of the current state of knowledge: it is policy relevant but not policy prescriptive. SRREN is an invaluable assessment of the potential role of renewable energy for the mitigation of climate change for policymakers, the private sector and academic researchers.

Food Security And Climate Change

Author : Shyam Singh Yadav
ISBN : 9781119180630
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 61. 58 MB
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This book looks at the current state of food security and climate change, discusses the issues that are affecting them, and the actions required to ensure there will be enough food for the future. By casting a much wider net than most previously published books—to include select novel approaches, techniques, genes from crop diverse genetic resources or relatives—it shows how agriculture may still be able to triumph over the very real threat of climate change. Food Security and Climate Change integrates various challenges posed by changing climate, increasing population, sustainability in crop productivity, demand for food grains to sustain food security, and the anticipated future need for nutritious quality foods. It looks at individual factors resulting from climate change, including rising carbon emission levels, increasing temperature, disruptions in rainfall patterns, drought, and their combined impact on planting environments, crop adaptation, production, and management. The role of plant genetic resources, breeding technologies of crops, biotechnologies, and integrated farm management and agronomic good practices are included, and demonstrate the significance of food grain production in achieving food security during climate change. Food Security and Climate Change is an excellent book for researchers, scientists, students, and policy makers involved in agricultural science and technology, as well as those concerned with the effects of climate change on our environment and the food industry.

Genetic Engineering Of Horticultural Crops

Author : Gyana Ranjan Rout
ISBN : 9780128104408
Genre : Science
File Size : 55. 58 MB
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Genetic Engineering of Horticultural Crops provides key insights into commercialized crops, their improved productivity, disease and pest resistance, and enhanced nutritional or medicinal benefits. It includes insights into key technologies, such as marker traits identification and genetic traits transfer for increased productivity, examining the latest transgenic advances in a variety of crops and providing foundational information that can be applied to new areas of study. As modern biotechnology has helped to increase crop productivity by introducing novel gene(s) with high quality disease resistance and increased drought tolerance, this is an ideal resource for researchers and industry professionals. Provides examples of current technologies and methodologies, addressing abiotic and biotic stresses, pest resistance and yield improvement Presents protocols on plant genetic engineering in a variety of wide-use crops Includes biosafety rule regulation of genetically modified crops in the USA and third world countries

Genomics And Breeding For Climate Resilient Crops

Author : Chittaranjan Kole
ISBN : 9783642370458
Genre : Science
File Size : 74. 40 MB
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Climate change is expected to have a drastic impact on agronomic conditions including temperature, precipitation, soil nutrients, and the incidence of disease pests, to name a few. To face this looming threat, significant progress in developing new breeding strategies has been made over the last few decades. The first volume of Genomics and Breeding for Climate-Resilient Crops presents the basic concepts and strategies for developing climate-resilient crop varieties. Topics covered include: conservation, evaluation and utilization of biodiversity; identification of traits, genes and crops of the future; genomic and molecular tools; genetic engineering; participatory and evolutionary breeding; bioinformatics tools to support breeding; funding and networking support; and intellectual property, regulatory issues, social and political dimensions. ​

Applications Of Biotechnology To Mitigation Of Greenhouse Warming

Author : Norman J. Rosenberg
ISBN : UOM:39015058117667
Genre : Science
File Size : 36. 13 MB
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These proceedings of the St. Michaels II Workshop present plenary papers, commentaries, and recommendations about the opportunities for biotechnology to contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, especially carbon dioxide. Major topics include- Use of biotechnology, especially genetic engineering, for increasing the yield of biomass crops as a substitute for fossil fuels and of agricultural engineering, for increasing the yield of biomass crops as a substitute for fossil fuels and of agricultural crops to make up for loss of land to biomass production- Manipulation of the rhizosphere to increase sequestration of carbon in soils- Development of biorefineries to convert biomass into liquid transportation fuels and plastics- Improvement of microbes and enzymes to increase energy efficiency of industrial processes.

Microbes For Climate Resilient Agriculture

Author : Prem Lal Kashyap
ISBN : 9781119275923
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 63. 67 MB
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"Microbes and climate are major influences on crop growth, and therefore significantly influence the quality, productivity, and sustainability of food production systems. Global warming is projected to significantly impact agriculture in terms of temperature, precipitation, chilling and glacial run-off etc. Microbes can be both beneficial and detrimental in agriculture; the array of functions they perform under stressed/limited conditions are currently underestimated. Agriculture is affected by the crop microbiome, nutrient cycling microbes, endophytes, and mycorrhizae, as well as pests and disease. Agricultural sustainability has always been highly dependent on the relationships between these factors. Various microorganisms can thrive under extreme conditions - extreme temperatures, extreme pH, high saline concentrations and pressures, etc. As a result, they provide excellent models for understanding the stress tolerance, adaptation and response mechanisms that can be subsequently engineered into crop plants to cope with climate change induced stresses. Use of these microorganisms may alleviate stresses in crop plants, which in turn opens a new and emerging application in agriculture. While there is an abundance of information on this topic, there is not yet a comprehensive volume pulling current research together. This text will be authored by leaders in the field and edited to ensure conciseness and clarity. Chapters will cover a broad range of agriculturally important crops, impact of climate change on crops as well as biotechnologically and environmentally relevant microbes; the text will serve as a springboard for novel research findings and new applications in the field"--Provided by publisher.

Emerging Technologies And Management Of Crop Stress Tolerance

Author : Parvaiz Ahmad
ISBN : 9780128010884
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 70. 6 MB
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Emerging Technologies and Management of Crop Stress Tolerance: Volume 1 - Biological Techniques presents the latest technologies used by scientists for improvement the crop production and explores the various roles of these technologies for the enhancement of crop productivity and inhibition of pathogenic bacteria that can cause disease. This resource provides a comprehensive review of how proteomics, genomics, transcriptomics, ionomics, and micromics are a pathway to improve plant stress tolerance to increase productivity and meet the agricultural needs of the growing human population. This valuable resource will help any scientist have a better understanding of environmental stresses to improve resource management within a world of limited resources. Includes the most recent advances methods and applications of biotechnology to crop science Discusses different techniques of genomics, proteomics, transcriptomics and nanotechnology Promotes the prevention of potential diseases to inhibit bacteria postharvest quality of fruits and vegetable crops by advancing application and research Presents a thorough account of research results and critical reviews

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