geometry and meaning lecture notes

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Geometry And Meaning

Author : Dominic Widdows
ISBN : 1575864479
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 76. 19 MB
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Geometric models similar to those of Pythagoras and Einstein are now being applied to the conceptual space of information and meaning, for example in the arrangement of Internet documents. This text explores the computational techniques necessary to represent meaning and their basis in conceptual space.

Lecture Notes On O Minimal Structures And Real Analytic Geometry

Author : Chris Miller
ISBN : 9781461440413
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 61. 48 MB
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​This volume was produced in conjunction with the Thematic Program in o-Minimal Structures and Real Analytic Geometry, held from January to June of 2009 at the Fields Institute. Five of the six contributions consist of notes from graduate courses associated with the program: Felipe Cano on a new proof of resolution of singularities for planar analytic vector fields; Chris Miller on o-minimality and Hardy fields; Jean-Philippe Rolin on the construction of o-minimal structures from quasianalytic classes; Fernando Sanz on non-oscillatory trajectories of vector fields; and Patrick Speissegger on pfaffian sets. The sixth contribution, by Antongiulio Fornasiero and Tamara Servi, is an adaptation to the nonstandard setting of A.J. Wilkie's construction of o-minimal structures from infinitely differentiable functions. Most of this material is either unavailable elsewhere or spread across many different sources such as research papers, conference proceedings and PhD theses. This book will be a useful tool for graduate students or researchers from related fields who want to learn about expansions of o-minimal structures by solutions, or images thereof, of definable systems of differential equations. ​

Lecture Notes On Elementary Topology And Geometry

Author : I.M. Singer
ISBN : 9781461573470
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 30. 37 MB
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At the present time, the average undergraduate mathematics major finds mathematics heavily compartmentalized. After the calculus, he takes a course in analysis and a course in algebra. Depending upon his interests (or those of his department), he takes courses in special topics. Ifhe is exposed to topology, it is usually straightforward point set topology; if he is exposed to geom etry, it is usually classical differential geometry. The exciting revelations that there is some unity in mathematics, that fields overlap, that techniques of one field have applications in another, are denied the undergraduate. He must wait until he is well into graduate work to see interconnections, presumably because earlier he doesn't know enough. These notes are an attempt to break up this compartmentalization, at least in topology-geometry. What the student has learned in algebra and advanced calculus are used to prove some fairly deep results relating geometry, topol ogy, and group theory. (De Rham's theorem, the Gauss-Bonnet theorem for surfaces, the functorial relation of fundamental group to covering space, and surfaces of constant curvature as homogeneous spaces are the most note worthy examples.) In the first two chapters the bare essentials of elementary point set topology are set forth with some hint ofthe subject's application to functional analysis.

Riemannian Geometry

Author : Takashi Sakai
ISBN : 0821889567
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 36. 55 MB
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This volume is an English translation of Sakai's textbook on Riemannian Geometry which was originally written in Japanese and published in 1992. The author's intent behind the original book was to provide to advanced undergraduate and graudate students an introduction to modern Riemannian geometry that could also serve as a reference. The book begins with an explanation of the fundamental notion of Riemannian geometry. Special emphasis is placed on understandability and readability, to guide students who are new to this area. The remaining chapters deal with various topics in Riemannian geometry, with the main focus on comparison methods and their applications.

Handbook Of Geometric Topology

Author : R.B. Sher
ISBN : 0080532853
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 65. 80 MB
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Geometric Topology is a foundational component of modern mathematics, involving the study of spacial properties and invariants of familiar objects such as manifolds and complexes. This volume, which is intended both as an introduction to the subject and as a wide ranging resouce for those already grounded in it, consists of 21 expository surveys written by leading experts and covering active areas of current research. They provide the reader with an up-to-date overview of this flourishing branch of mathematics.

Topics In Geometric Group Theory

Author : Pierre de la Harpe
ISBN : 0226317218
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 25. 44 MB
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In this book, Pierre de la Harpe provides a concise and engaging introduction to geometric group theory, a new method for studying infinite groups via their intrinsic geometry that has played a major role in mathematics over the past two decades. A recognized expert in the field, de la Harpe adopts a hands-on approach, illustrating key concepts with numerous concrete examples. The first five chapters present basic combinatorial and geometric group theory in a unique and refreshing way, with an emphasis on finitely generated versus finitely presented groups. In the final three chapters, de la Harpe discusses new material on the growth of groups, including a detailed treatment of the "Grigorchuk group." Most sections are followed by exercises and a list of problems and complements, enhancing the book's value for students; problems range from slightly more difficult exercises to open research problems in the field. An extensive list of references directs readers to more advanced results as well as connections with other fields.

Geometric Measure Theory And Minimal Surfaces

Author : E. Bombieri
ISBN : 3642109705
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 56. 76 MB
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W.K. ALLARD: On the first variation of area and generalized mean curvature.- F.J. ALMGREN Jr.: Geometric measure theory and elliptic variational problems.- E. GIUSTI: Minimal surfaces with obstacles.- J. GUCKENHEIMER: Singularities in soap-bubble-like and soap-film-like surfaces.- D. KINDERLEHRER: The analyticity of the coincidence set in variational inequalities.- M. MIRANDA: Boundaries of Caciopoli sets in the calculus of variations.- L. PICCININI: De Giorgi’s measure and thin obstacles.

Information Geometry

Author : Khadiga Arwini
ISBN : 9783540693918
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 20. 81 MB
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This volume will be useful to practising scientists and students working in the application of statistical models to real materials or to processes with perturbations of a Poisson process, a uniform process, or a state of independence for a bivariate process. We use information geometry to provide a common differential geometric framework for a wide range of illustrative applications including amino acid sequence spacings in protein chains, cryptology studies, clustering of communications and galaxies, cosmological voids, coupled spatial statistics in stochastic fibre networks and stochastic porous media, quantum chaology. Introduction sections are provided to mathematical statistics, differential geometry and the information geometry of spaces of probability density functions.

Contributions To Algebraic Geometry

Author : Piotr Pragacz
ISBN : 3037191147
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 23. 24 MB
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The articles in this volume cover a broad range of topics in algebraic geometry: classical varieties, linear system, birational geometry, Minimal Model Program, moduli spaces, toric varieties, enumerative theory of singularities, equivariant cohomology and arithmetic questions.

Tutorials On Multiresolution In Geometric Modelling

Author : Armin Iske
ISBN : 3540436391
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 50. 37 MB
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This is the only textbook available on multiresolution methods in geometric modeling, a central topic in visualization, which is of great importance for industrial applications. Written in tutorial form, the book is introductory in character, and includes supporting exercises. Other supplementary material and software can be downloaded from the website 2001/.

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