geometry from euclid to knots dover books on mathematics

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Geometry From Euclid To Knots

Author : Saul Stahl
ISBN : 9780486134987
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 26. 16 MB
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This text provides a historical perspective on plane geometry and covers non-neutral Euclidean geometry, circles and regular polygons, projective geometry, symmetries, inversions, informal topology, and more. Includes 1,000 practice problems. Solutions available. 2003 edition.

Mathematics Old And New

Author : Saul Stahl
ISBN : 9780486807386
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 67. 48 MB
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Introductory treatment for undergraduates provides insightful expositions of specific applications of mathematics and elements of mathematical history and culture. Topics include probability, statistics, voting systems game theory, geometry, Egyptian arithmetic, and more. 2016 edition.

Deductive Geometry

Author : E.A. Maxwell
ISBN : 9780486809250
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 70. 20 MB
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This concise review examines the geometry of the straight line, circle, plane, and sphere as well as their associated configurations, including the triangle and the cylinder. Aimed at university undergraduates, the treatment is also useful for advanced students at the secondary level. The straightforward approach begins with a recapitulation of previous work on the subject, proceeding to explorations of advanced plane geometry, solid geometry with some reference to the geometry of the sphere, and a chapter on the nature of space, including considerations of such properties as congruence, similarity, and symmetry. The text concludes with a brief account of the elementary transformations of projection and inversion. Numerous examples appear throughout the book.

Differential Geometry

Author : Erwin Kreyszig
ISBN : 9780486318622
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 59. 67 MB
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An introductory textbook on the differential geometry of curves and surfaces in 3-dimensional Euclidean space, presented in its simplest, most essential form. With problems and solutions. Includes 99 illustrations.

A First Course In Geometry

Author : Edward T Walsh
ISBN : 9780486796680
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 68. 85 MB
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Suitable for college courses, this introductory text covers the language of mathematics, geometric sets of points, separation and angles, triangles, parallel lines, similarity, polygons and area, circles, and space and coordinate geometry. 1974 edition.

Differential Geometry

Author : Heinrich W. Guggenheimer
ISBN : 9780486157207
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 60. 89 MB
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This text contains an elementary introduction to continuous groups and differential invariants; an extensive treatment of groups of motions in euclidean, affine, and riemannian geometry; more. Includes exercises and 62 figures.

Foundations Of Hyperbolic Manifolds

Author : John Ratcliffe
ISBN : 9781475740134
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 85. 73 MB
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This book is an exposition of the theoretical foundations of hyperbolic manifolds. It is intended to be used both as a textbook and as a reference. Particular emphasis has been placed on readability and completeness of ar gument. The treatment of the material is for the most part elementary and self-contained. The reader is assumed to have a basic knowledge of algebra and topology at the first-year graduate level of an American university. The book is divided into three parts. The first part, consisting of Chap ters 1-7, is concerned with hyperbolic geometry and basic properties of discrete groups of isometries of hyperbolic space. The main results are the existence theorem for discrete reflection groups, the Bieberbach theorems, and Selberg's lemma. The second part, consisting of Chapters 8-12, is de voted to the theory of hyperbolic manifolds. The main results are Mostow's rigidity theorem and the determination of the structure of geometrically finite hyperbolic manifolds. The third part, consisting of Chapter 13, in tegrates the first two parts in a development of the theory of hyperbolic orbifolds. The main results are the construction of the universal orbifold covering space and Poincare's fundamental polyhedron theorem.

The Functions Of Mathematical Physics

Author : Harry Hochstadt
ISBN : 9780486652146
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 64 MB
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A modern classic, this clearly written, incisive textbook provides a comprehensive, detailed survey of the functions of mathematical physics, a field of study straddling the somewhat artificial boundary between pure and applied mathematics. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the theorists who devoted themselves to this field — pioneers such as Gauss, Euler, Fourier, Legendre, and Bessel — were searching for mathematical solutions to physical problems. Today, although most of the functions have practical applications, in areas ranging from the quantum-theoretical model of the atom to the vibrating membrane, some, such as those related to the theory of discontinuous groups, still remain of purely mathematical interest. Chapters One and Two examine orthogonal polynomials, with sections on such topics as the recurrence formula, the Christoffel-Darboux formula, the Weierstrass approximation theorem, and the application of Hermite polynomials to quantum mechanics. Chapter Three is devoted to the principal properties of the gamma function, including asymptotic expansions and Mellin-Barnes integrals. Chapter Four covers hypergeometric functions, including a review of linear differential equations with regular singular points, and a general method for finding integral representations. Chapters Five and Six are concerned with the Legendre functions and their use in the solutions of Laplace's equation in spherical coordinates, as well as problems in an n-dimension setting. Chapter Seven deals with confluent hypergeometric functions, and Chapter Eight examines, at length, the most important of these — the Bessel functions. Chapter Nine covers Hill's equations, including the expansion theorems.

Figures For Fun

Author : Yakov Perelman
ISBN : 9780486803456
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 72. 81 MB
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"Does your brain need a workout? Are you wondering what to do? Well this could be the book for you! This is a great book for anyone who is looking for a challenge and, if you get too stuck, the author kindly also provided the answers at the end of each chapter!" — Splashes Into Books Give your mind a playful workout with this collection of more than 100 inventive puzzles. Finding the solutions requires only minimal mathematical knowledge and will test your imagination as well as your brainpower. The motley collection ranges from conundrums and mathematical stunts to practical situations involving counting and measuring. Chess problems, magic squares, and a host of other intriguing scenarios will amuse and challenge puzzle enthusiasts and fans of recreational mathematics. Answers appear at the end of each chapter. These puzzles are the inventions of a gifted Soviet mathematician, Yakov Perelman, whose popular science books on astronomy, physics, and mathematics inspired generations of readers. Perelman's distinctive style, abounding in wit and ingenuity, adds a special flair to his timeless riddles and brainteasers.

Principles Of Topology

Author : Fred H. Croom
ISBN : 9780486810447
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 89. 1 MB
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Topology is a natural, geometric, and intuitively appealing branch of mathematics that can be understood and appreciated by students as they begin their study of advanced mathematical topics. Designed for a one-semester introduction to topology at the undergraduate and beginning graduate levels, this text is accessible to students familiar with multivariable calculus. Rigorous but not abstract, the treatment emphasizes the geometric nature of the subject and the applications of topological ideas to geometry and mathematical analysis. Customary topics of point-set topology include metric spaces, general topological spaces, continuity, topological equivalence, basis, subbasis, connectedness, compactness, separation properties, metrization, subspaces, product spaces, and quotient spaces. In addition, the text introduces geometric, differential, and algebraic topology. Each chapter includes historical notes to put important developments into their historical framework. Exercises of varying degrees of difficulty form an essential part of the text.

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