gis and spatial analysis for the social sciences coding mapping and modeling contemporary sociological perspectives

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Gis And Spatial Analysis For The Social Sciences

Author : Robert Nash Parker
ISBN : 9781135857592
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 48. 46 MB
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This is the first book to provide sociologists, criminologists, political scientists, and other social scientists with the methodological logic and techniques for doing spatial analysis in their chosen fields of inquiry. The book contains a wealth of examples as to why these techniques are worth doing, over and above conventional statistical techniques using SPSS or other statistical packages. GIS is a methodological and conceptual approach that allows for the linking together of spatial data, or data that is based on a physical space, with non-spatial data, which can be thought of as any data that contains no direct reference to physical locations.

Alcohol And Violence

Author : Robert Nash Parker
ISBN : 9780739180112
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 69. 33 MB
Format : PDF
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This book interrogates new contexts of the alcohol and violence relationship: victimization and injury, Mexican-American youth, elementary school children, advertising, and cross national comparisons. Environmental prevention strategies are deployed towards harm reduction in the alcohol and violence framework. Minimum drinking age increases, extreme and moderate reductions in availability, and direct community based efforts in enforcement and reduced consumption are successfully employed in real communities to show that it is possible to reduce alcohol related violence.

Gis And The Social Sciences

Author : Dimitris Ballas
ISBN : 9781317638827
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 93 MB
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GIS and the Social Sciences offers a uniquely social science approach on the theory and application of GIS with a range of modern examples. It explores how human geography can engage with a variety of important policy issues through linking together GIS and spatial analysis, and demonstrates the importance of applied GIS and spatial analysis for solving real-world problems in both the public and private sector. The book introduces basic theoretical material from a social science perspective and discusses how data are handled in GIS, what the standard commands within GIS packages are, and what they can offer in terms of spatial analysis. It covers the range of applications for which GIS has been primarily used in the social sciences, offering a global perspective of examples at a range of spatial scales. The book explores the use of GIS in crime, health, education, retail location, urban planning, transport, geodemographics, emergency planning and poverty/income inequalities. It is supplemented with practical activities and datasets that are linked to the content of each chapter and provided on an eResource page. The examples are written using ArcMap to show how the user can access data and put the theory in the textbook to applied use using proprietary GIS software. This book serves as a useful guide to a social science approach to GIS techniques and applications. It provides a range of modern applications of GIS with associated practicals to work through, and demonstrates how researcher and policy makers alike can use GIS to plan services more effectively. It will prove to be of great interest to geographers, as well as the broader social sciences, such as sociology, crime science, health, business and marketing.

Beyond The Knowledge Trap

Author : Thomas Menkhoff
ISBN : 9789814460637
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 89. 54 MB
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Based on the success of the World Scientific publication “Governing and Managing Knowledge” edited by Thomas Menkhoff, Hans-Dieter Evers and Chay Yue Wah in 2005, this unique volume presents 16 new theoretical-practical papers on the strategic aspects of developing knowledge-based economies with case studies from South Korea, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Philippines and Uzbekistan. A key question which the book seeks to answer is what Asian policy-makers and leaders in government, economy and society can do to further enhance learning and capability formation so as to foster sustainable development in an increasingly globalized world. It addresses the politico-cultural and socio-economic challenges of effectively managing both knowledge resources and coping with the great digital divide created by globalization, continuous technology innovations and rapid external change. A key objective of the publication is to enable latecomers in the knowledge race to understand some of the critical success factors of sustainable knowledge-based development and what it takes to build a resilient knowledge-based economy. Contents:Introduction: Strategic Aspects of Developing Asia' Knowledge-Based Economies (T Menkhoff, H-D Evers, Y W Chay & E F Pang)Conceptualizing and Strategizing Knowledge as an Engine for Growth:Knowledge Hubs and Knowledge Clusters: A Knowledge Architecture for Development (H-D Evers, S Gerke & T Menkhoff)Using Knowledge as an Engine of Growth: The Case of South Korea (D H C Chen)'Knowledge Society' as Academic Concept and Stage of Development: A Conceptual and Historical Review (A-K Hornidge)Measuring Spatial Density: Knowledge Clusters in Malaysia (H-D Evers, P Nienkemper & B Schraven)The Moment of Truth for Science: The Consequences of the 'Knowledge Society' for Society and Science (P Weingart)The Conflicting “Norms” of Science in the Institutionalization of Scientific Knowledge (K G Huang)Governing and Managing Knowledge as a Strategic Development Resource: Asian Experiences:Korea's Public Research System as a National Knowledge Infrastructure (K-R Lee)Practicing Knowledge Management: Thailand's Experience (S Pasong)Emerging Epistemic Landscapes: Knowledge Clusters in Ho Chi Minh City and the Mekong Delta (H-D Evers & T Bauer)Knowledge Sharing in the Indonesian Context: Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB) as Potential Knowledge Hub to Create Value from Academia, Business and Government Linkages (J H Tjakraatmadja, A Wicaksono & L Martini)Achieving Knowledge Economy Status Through Good Knowledge Governance: The Singapore KBE Story Revisited (T Menkhoff, H-D Evers, Y W Chay & S Gerke)Knowledge for Poverty Alleviation: A Framework for Developing Intangible Assects of Low-Income Communities (S D Talisayon & J P Suministrado)Knowledge Loss: Managing Local Knowledge in Rural Uzbekistan (H-D Evers & C Wall)Local Knowledge as a Strategic Resource: Fisheries in the Seasonal Floodplains of the Mekong Delta, Vietnam (S Gerke & J Ehlert)Integrating Natural and Social Sciences: Developing a Water Information System for the Mekong Delta (T Menkhoff, S Gerke & H-D Evers)Implementing Knowledge Management in a Geographically Dispersed Organization: The Case of an NGO (P Luthra & S L Pan) Readership: Graduate students, researchers, knowledge-based development and knowledge management (KM) practitioners in public policy, governance and business. Keywords:Knowledge for Development (K4D);Knowledge Management (KM);Knowledge Economy;Public Policy;Local Knowledge;Asia (South Korea, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Vietnam, Philippines, Uzbekistan)Key Features:Examines how concepts such as value creating knowledge architectures can be applied to the requirements of both developing countries and emerging markets in AsiaProvides lessons learned from Asia's successful knowledge-based economies such as South Korea and Singapore as well as insights how countries such as Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam and Uzbekistan attempt to strategize on knowledge for developmentSuitable for policy-makers, leaders in development and business as well as graduate students who want to enhance their knowledge for development capabilities aimed at leveraging on knowledge as factor of production in an era of accelerated innovation and profound knowledge traps

Trends In Spatial Analysis And Modelling

Author : Martin Behnisch
ISBN : 9783319525228
Genre : Science
File Size : 35. 19 MB
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This book is a collection of original research papers that focus on recent developments in Spatial Analysis and Modelling with direct relevance to settlements and infrastructure. Topics include new types of data (such as simulation data), applications of methods to support decision-making, and investigations of human-environment data in order to recognize significance for structures, functions and processes of attributes. Research incorporated ranges from theoretical through methodological to applied work. It is subdivided into four main parts: the first focusing on the research of settlements and infrastructure, the second studies aspects of Geographic Data Mining, the third presents contributions in the field of Spatial Modelling, System Dynamics and Geosimulation, and the fourth part is dedicated to Multi-Scale Representation and Analysis. The book is valuable to those with a scholarly interest in spatial sciences, urban and spatial planning, as well as anyone interested in spatial analysis and the planning of human settlements and infrastructure. Most of the selected papers were originally presented at the “International Land Use Symposium (ILUS 2015): Trends in Spatial Analysis and Modelling of Settlements and Infrastructure” November 11-13 2015, in Dresden, Germany.

Gis Research Methods

Author : Sheila L. Steinberg
ISBN : 1589483782
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 56 MB
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Few if any books have been written about social science research methods and GIS in an ArcGIS environment. This books claims that niche.

Qualitative Gis

Author : Meghan Cope
ISBN : 9781446244562
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 45 MB
Format : PDF
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Geographic Information Systems are an essential tool for analyzing and representing quantitative spatial data. Qualitative GIS explains the recent integration of qualitative research with Geographical Information Systems With a detailed contextualising introduction, the text is organised in three sections: Representation: examines how researchers are using GIS to create new types of representations; working with spatial data, maps, and othervisualizations to incorporate multiple meanings and to provide texture and context. Analysis: discusses the new techniques of analysis that are emerging at the margins between qualitative research and GIS, this in the wider context of a critical review of mixed-methods in geographical research Theory: questions how knowledge is produced, showing how ideas of 'science' and 'truth' inform research, and demonstrates how qualitative GIS can be used to interrogate discussions of power, community, and social action Making reference to representation, analysis, and theory throughout, the text shows how to frame questions, collect data, analyze results, and represent findings in a truly integrated way. An important addition to the mixed methods literature, Qualitative GIS will be the standard reference for upper-level students and researchers using qualitative methods and Geographic Information Systems.

The Sage Handbook Of Gis And Society

Author : Timothy Nyerges
ISBN : 9781446209622
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 50. 92 MB
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"The definitive guide to a technology that succeeds or fails depending upon our ability to accommodate societal context and structures. This handbook is lucid, integrative, comprehensive and, above all, prescient in its interpretation of GIS implementation as a societal process." - Paul Longley, University College London "This is truly a handbook - a book you will want to keep on hand for frequent reference and to which GIS professors should direct students entering our field... Selection of a few of the chapters for individual attention is difficult because each one contributes meaningfully to the overall message of this volume. An important collection of articles that will set the tone for the next two decades of discourse and research about GIS and society." - Journal of Geographical Analysis Over the past twenty years research on the evolving relationship between GIS and Society has been expanding into a wide variety of topical areas, becoming in the process an increasingly challenging and multifaceted endeavour. The SAGE Handbook of GIS and Society is a retrospective and prospective overview of GIS and Society research that provides an expansive and critical assessment of work in that field. Emphasizing the theoretical, methodological and substantive diversity within GIS and Society research, the book highlights the distinctiveness and intellectual coherence of the subject as a field of study, while also examining its resonances with and between key themes, and among disciplines ranging from geography and computer science to sociology, anthropology, and the health and environmental sciences. Comprising 27 chapters, often with an international focus, the book is organized into six sections: Foundations of Geographic Information and Society Geographical Information and Modern Life Alternative Representations of Geographic Information and Society Organizations and Institutions Participation and Community Issues Value, Fairness, and Privacy Aimed at academics, researchers, postgraduates, and GIS practitioners, this Handbook will be the basic reference for any inquiry applying GIS to societal issues.

The Coding Manual For Qualitative Researchers

Author : Johnny Saldana
ISBN : 9781473943582
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 45. 47 MB
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Lecturers, request your electronic inspection copy Johnny Saldaña’s unique and invaluable manual demystifies the qualitative coding process with a comprehensive assessment of different coding types, examples and exercises. The ideal reference for students, teachers, and practitioners of qualitative inquiry, it is essential reading across the social sciences and neatly guides you through the multiple approaches available for coding qualitative data. Its wide array of strategies, from the more straightforward to the more complex, is skillfully explained and carefully exemplified providing a complete toolkit of codes and skills that can be applied to any research project. For each code Saldaña provides information about the method's origin, gives a detailed description of the method, demonstrates its practical applications, and sets out a clearly illustrated example with analytic follow-up. Now with a companion website, the book is supported by: SAGE journal articles showing coding being applied to real research Sample transcripts highlighting coding techniques Links to CAQDAS sites to introduce relevant software Practical student exercises Links to video and digital content This international bestseller is an extremely usable, robust manual and is a must-have resource for qualitative researchers at all levels. Click here for a listing of Johnny Saldaña's upcoming workshops. Available with Perusall—an eBook that makes it easier to prepare for class Perusall is an award-winning eBook platform featuring social annotation tools that allow students and instructors to collaboratively mark up and discuss their SAGE textbook. Backed by research and supported by technological innovations developed at Harvard University, this process of learning through collaborative annotation keeps your students engaged and makes teaching easier and more effective. Learn more.

Spatially Integrated Social Science

Author : Michael F. Goodchild
ISBN : 019534846X
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 21. 68 MB
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Spatial analysis assists theoretical understanding and empirical testing in the social sciences, and rapidly expanding applications of geographic information technologies have advanced the spatial data-gathering needed for spatial analysis and model making. This much-needed volume covers outstanding examples of spatial thinking in the social sciences, with each chapter showing some aspect of how certain social processes can be understood by analyzing their spatial context. The audience for this work is as trans-disciplinary as its authorship because it contains approaches and methodologies useful to geography, anthropology, history, political science, economics, criminology, sociology, and statistics.

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