gis and spatial analysis for the social sciences coding mapping and modeling contemporary sociological perspectives

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Gis And Spatial Analysis For The Social Sciences

Author : Robert Nash Parker
ISBN : 9781135857592
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 31. 58 MB
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This is the first book to provide sociologists, criminologists, political scientists, and other social scientists with the methodological logic and techniques for doing spatial analysis in their chosen fields of inquiry. The book contains a wealth of examples as to why these techniques are worth doing, over and above conventional statistical techniques using SPSS or other statistical packages. GIS is a methodological and conceptual approach that allows for the linking together of spatial data, or data that is based on a physical space, with non-spatial data, which can be thought of as any data that contains no direct reference to physical locations.

Gis And The Social Sciences

Author : Dimitris Ballas
ISBN : 9781317638827
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 74 MB
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GIS and the Social Sciences offers a uniquely social science approach on the theory and application of GIS with a range of modern examples. It explores how human geography can engage with a variety of important policy issues through linking together GIS and spatial analysis, and demonstrates the importance of applied GIS and spatial analysis for solving real-world problems in both the public and private sector. The book introduces basic theoretical material from a social science perspective and discusses how data are handled in GIS, what the standard commands within GIS packages are, and what they can offer in terms of spatial analysis. It covers the range of applications for which GIS has been primarily used in the social sciences, offering a global perspective of examples at a range of spatial scales. The book explores the use of GIS in crime, health, education, retail location, urban planning, transport, geodemographics, emergency planning and poverty/income inequalities. It is supplemented with practical activities and datasets that are linked to the content of each chapter and provided on an eResource page. The examples are written using ArcMap to show how the user can access data and put the theory in the textbook to applied use using proprietary GIS software. This book serves as a useful guide to a social science approach to GIS techniques and applications. It provides a range of modern applications of GIS with associated practicals to work through, and demonstrates how researcher and policy makers alike can use GIS to plan services more effectively. It will prove to be of great interest to geographers, as well as the broader social sciences, such as sociology, crime science, health, business and marketing.

Alcohol And Violence

Author : Robert Nash Parker
ISBN : 9780739180112
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 77. 85 MB
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This book interrogates new contexts of the alcohol and violence relationship: victimization and injury, Mexican-American youth, elementary school children, advertising, and cross national comparisons. Environmental prevention strategies are deployed towards harm reduction in the alcohol and violence framework. Minimum drinking age increases, extreme and moderate reductions in availability, and direct community based efforts in enforcement and reduced consumption are successfully employed in real communities to show that it is possible to reduce alcohol related violence.

Beyond The Knowledge Trap

Author : Thomas Menkhoff
ISBN : 9789814460637
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 29. 99 MB
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Based on the success of the World Scientific publication “Governing and Managing Knowledge” edited by Thomas Menkhoff, Hans-Dieter Evers and Chay Yue Wah in 2005, this unique volume presents 16 new theoretical-practical papers on the strategic aspects of developing knowledge-based economies with case studies from South Korea, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Philippines and Uzbekistan. A key question which the book seeks to answer is what Asian policy-makers and leaders in government, economy and society can do to further enhance learning and capability formation so as to foster sustainable development in an increasingly globalized world. It addresses the politico-cultural and socio-economic challenges of effectively managing both knowledge resources and coping with the great digital divide created by globalization, continuous technology innovations and rapid external change. A key objective of the publication is to enable latecomers in the knowledge race to understand some of the critical success factors of sustainable knowledge-based development and what it takes to build a resilient knowledge-based economy. Contents:Introduction: Strategic Aspects of Developing Asia' Knowledge-Based Economies (T Menkhoff, H-D Evers, Y W Chay & E F Pang)Conceptualizing and Strategizing Knowledge as an Engine for Growth:Knowledge Hubs and Knowledge Clusters: A Knowledge Architecture for Development (H-D Evers, S Gerke & T Menkhoff)Using Knowledge as an Engine of Growth: The Case of South Korea (D H C Chen)'Knowledge Society' as Academic Concept and Stage of Development: A Conceptual and Historical Review (A-K Hornidge)Measuring Spatial Density: Knowledge Clusters in Malaysia (H-D Evers, P Nienkemper & B Schraven)The Moment of Truth for Science: The Consequences of the 'Knowledge Society' for Society and Science (P Weingart)The Conflicting “Norms” of Science in the Institutionalization of Scientific Knowledge (K G Huang)Governing and Managing Knowledge as a Strategic Development Resource: Asian Experiences:Korea's Public Research System as a National Knowledge Infrastructure (K-R Lee)Practicing Knowledge Management: Thailand's Experience (S Pasong)Emerging Epistemic Landscapes: Knowledge Clusters in Ho Chi Minh City and the Mekong Delta (H-D Evers & T Bauer)Knowledge Sharing in the Indonesian Context: Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB) as Potential Knowledge Hub to Create Value from Academia, Business and Government Linkages (J H Tjakraatmadja, A Wicaksono & L Martini)Achieving Knowledge Economy Status Through Good Knowledge Governance: The Singapore KBE Story Revisited (T Menkhoff, H-D Evers, Y W Chay & S Gerke)Knowledge for Poverty Alleviation: A Framework for Developing Intangible Assects of Low-Income Communities (S D Talisayon & J P Suministrado)Knowledge Loss: Managing Local Knowledge in Rural Uzbekistan (H-D Evers & C Wall)Local Knowledge as a Strategic Resource: Fisheries in the Seasonal Floodplains of the Mekong Delta, Vietnam (S Gerke & J Ehlert)Integrating Natural and Social Sciences: Developing a Water Information System for the Mekong Delta (T Menkhoff, S Gerke & H-D Evers)Implementing Knowledge Management in a Geographically Dispersed Organization: The Case of an NGO (P Luthra & S L Pan) Readership: Graduate students, researchers, knowledge-based development and knowledge management (KM) practitioners in public policy, governance and business. Keywords:Knowledge for Development (K4D);Knowledge Management (KM);Knowledge Economy;Public Policy;Local Knowledge;Asia (South Korea, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Vietnam, Philippines, Uzbekistan)Key Features:Examines how concepts such as value creating knowledge architectures can be applied to the requirements of both developing countries and emerging markets in AsiaProvides lessons learned from Asia's successful knowledge-based economies such as South Korea and Singapore as well as insights how countries such as Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam and Uzbekistan attempt to strategize on knowledge for developmentSuitable for policy-makers, leaders in development and business as well as graduate students who want to enhance their knowledge for development capabilities aimed at leveraging on knowledge as factor of production in an era of accelerated innovation and profound knowledge traps

Quantitative Methods And Applications In Gis

Author : Fahui Wang
ISBN : 9781420004281
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 70. 50 MB
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Quantitative Methods and Applications in GIS integrates GIS, spatial analysis, and quantitative methods to address various issues in socioeconomic studies and public policy. Methods range from basic regression analysis to advanced topics such as linear programming and system of equations. Applications vary from typical themes in urban and regional analysis - trade area analysis, accessibility measures, analysis of regional growth patterns, land use simulation - to issues related to crime and health analyses. The book covers common tasks such as distance and travel time estimation, spatial smoothing and interpolation, and accessibility measures. It also covers the major issues that are encountered in spatial analysis including modifiable areal unit problems, rate estimate of rare events in small populations, and spatial autocorrelation. Each chapter has one subject theme, introduces the method (or a group of related methods) most relevant to the theme, and then uses case studies to implement the method in a GIS environment.

Qualitative Gis

Author : Meghan Cope
ISBN : 9781446244562
Genre : Science
File Size : 61. 20 MB
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Geographic Information Systems are an essential tool for analyzing and representing quantitative spatial data. Qualitative GIS explains the recent integration of qualitative research with Geographical Information Systems With a detailed contextualising introduction, the text is organised in three sections: Representation: examines how researchers are using GIS to create new types of representations; working with spatial data, maps, and othervisualizations to incorporate multiple meanings and to provide texture and context. Analysis: discusses the new techniques of analysis that are emerging at the margins between qualitative research and GIS, this in the wider context of a critical review of mixed-methods in geographical research Theory: questions how knowledge is produced, showing how ideas of 'science' and 'truth' inform research, and demonstrates how qualitative GIS can be used to interrogate discussions of power, community, and social action Making reference to representation, analysis, and theory throughout, the text shows how to frame questions, collect data, analyze results, and represent findings in a truly integrated way. An important addition to the mixed methods literature, Qualitative GIS will be the standard reference for upper-level students and researchers using qualitative methods and Geographic Information Systems.

Quantitative Methods And Socio Economic Applications In Gis Second Edition

Author : Fahui Wang
ISBN : 9781466584730
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 58. 74 MB
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The second edition of a bestseller, Quantitative Methods and Socio-Economic Applications in GIS (previously titled Quantitative Methods and Applications in GIS) details applications of quantitative methods in social science, planning, and public policy with a focus on spatial perspectives. The book integrates GIS and quantitative (computational) methods and demonstrates them in various policy-relevant socio-economic applications with step-by-step instructions and datasets. The book demonstrates the diversity of issues where GIS can be used to enhance the studies related to socio-economic issues and public policy. See What’s New in the Second Edition: All project instructions are in ArcGIS 10.2 using geodatabase datasets New chapters on regionalization methods and Monte Carlo simulation Popular tasks automated as a convenient toolkit: Huff Model, 2SFCA accessibility measure, regionalization, Garin-Lowry model, and Monte Carlo based spatial simulation Advanced tasks now implemented in user-friendly programs or ArcGIS: centrality indices, wasteful commuting measure, p-median problem, and traffic simulation Each chapter has one subject theme and introduces the method (or a group of related methods) most relevant to the theme. While each method is illustrated in a special case of application, it can also be used to analyze different issues. For example, spatial regression is used to examine the relationship between job access and homicide patterns; systems of linear equations are analyzed to predict urban land use patterns; linear programming is introduced to solve the problem of wasteful commuting and allocate healthcare facilities; and Monte Carlo technique is illustrated in simulating urban traffic. The book illustrates the range of computational methods and covers common tasks and major issues encountered in a spatial environment. It provides a platform for learning technical skills and quantitative methods in the context of addressing real-world problems, giving you instant access to the tools to resolve major socio-economic issues.

Gis Research Methods

Author : Sheila L. Steinberg
ISBN : 1589483782
Genre : Science
File Size : 32. 9 MB
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Few if any books have been written about social science research methods and GIS in an ArcGIS environment. This books claims that niche.

Space Place And Mental Health

Author : Sarah Curtis
ISBN : 9781317051848
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 77. 44 MB
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There is a strong case today for a specific focus on mental public health and its relation to social and physical environments. From a public health perspective, we now appreciate the enormous significance of mental distress and illness as causes of disability and impairment. Stress and anxiety, and other mental illnesses are linked to risks in the environment. This book questions how and why the social and physical environment matters for mental health and psychological wellbeing in human populations. While putting forward a number of different points of view, there is a particular emphasis on ideas and research from health geography, which conceptualises space and place in ways that provide a distinctive focus on the interactions between people and their social and physical environment. The book begins with an overview of a rich body of theory and research from sociology, psychology, social epidemiology, social psychiatry and neuroscience, considering arguments concerning 'mind-body dualism', and presenting a conceptual framework for studying how attributes of 'space' and 'place' are associated with human mental wellbeing. It goes on to look in detail at how our mental health is associated with material, or physical, aspects of our environment (such as 'natural' and built landscapes), with social environments (involving social relationships in communities), and with symbolic and imagined spaces (representing the personal, cultural and spiritual meanings of places). These relationships are shown to be complex, with potential to be beneficial or hazardous for mental health. The final chapters of the book consider spaces of care and the implications of space and place for public mental health policy, offering a broader view of how mental health might be improved at the population level. With boxed case studies of specific research ideas and methods, chapter summaries and suggestions for introductory reading, this book offers a comprehensive introduction which will be valuable for students of health geography, public health, sociology and anthropology of health and illness. It also provides an interdisciplinary review of the literature, by the author and by other writers, to frame a discussion of issues that challenge more advanced researchers in these fields.

Spatially Integrated Social Science

Author : Michael F. Goodchild
ISBN : 019534846X
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 34. 21 MB
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Spatial analysis assists theoretical understanding and empirical testing in the social sciences, and rapidly expanding applications of geographic information technologies have advanced the spatial data-gathering needed for spatial analysis and model making. This much-needed volume covers outstanding examples of spatial thinking in the social sciences, with each chapter showing some aspect of how certain social processes can be understood by analyzing their spatial context. The audience for this work is as trans-disciplinary as its authorship because it contains approaches and methodologies useful to geography, anthropology, history, political science, economics, criminology, sociology, and statistics.

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