glut mastering information through the ages

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Glut

Author : Alex Wright
ISBN : 0801475090
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 59. 50 MB
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Richly illustrated and exhaustively researched, "Glut" takes readers on an intriguing cross-disciplinary journey through the deep history of human knowledge systems and examines the problem of information overload.

Cataloging The World

Author : Alex Wright
ISBN : 9780199931422
Genre : History
File Size : 80. 68 MB
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The dream of capturing and organizing knowledge is as old as history. From the archives of ancient Sumeria and the Library of Alexandria to the Library of Congress and Wikipedia, humanity has wrestled with the problem of harnessing its intellectual output. The timeless quest for wisdom has been as much about information storage and retrieval as creative genius. In Cataloging the World, Alex Wright introduces us to a figure who stands out in the long line of thinkers and idealists who devoted themselves to the task. Beginning in the late nineteenth century, Paul Otlet, a librarian by training, worked at expanding the potential of the catalog card, the world's first information chip. From there followed universal libraries and museums, connecting his native Belgium to the world by means of a vast intellectual enterprise that attempted to organize and code everything ever published. Forty years before the first personal computer and fifty years before the first browser, Otlet envisioned a network of "electric telescopes" that would allow people everywhere to search through books, newspapers, photographs, and recordings, all linked together in what he termed, in 1934, a r?seau mondial--essentially, a worldwide web. Otlet's life achievement was the construction of the Mundaneum--a mechanical collective brain that would house and disseminate everything ever committed to paper. Filled with analog machines such as telegraphs and sorters, the Mundaneum--what some have called a "Steampunk version of hypertext"--was the embodiment of Otlet's ambitions. It was also short-lived. By the time the Nazis, who were pilfering libraries across Europe to collect information they thought useful, carted away Otlet's collection in 1940, the dream had ended. Broken, Otlet died in 1944. Wright's engaging intellectual history gives Otlet his due, restoring him to his proper place in the long continuum of visionaries and pioneers who have struggled to classify knowledge, from H.G. Wells and Melvil Dewey to Vannevar Bush, Ted Nelson, Tim Berners-Lee, and Steve Jobs. Wright shows that in the years since Otlet's death the world has witnessed the emergence of a global network that has proved him right about the possibilities--and the perils--of networked information, and his legacy persists in our digital world today, captured for all time.

The Organized Mind

Author : Daniel J. Levitin
ISBN : 9780698157224
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 63. 44 MB
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New York Times bestselling author and neuroscientist Daniel J. Levitin shifts his keen insights from your brain on music to your brain in a sea of details. The information age is drowning us with an unprecedented deluge of data. At the same time, we’re expected to make more—and faster—decisions about our lives than ever before. No wonder, then, that the average American reports frequently losing car keys or reading glasses, missing appointments, and feeling worn out by the effort required just to keep up. But somehow some people become quite accomplished at managing information flow. In The Organized Mind, Daniel J. Levitin, PhD, uses the latest brain science to demonstrate how those people excel—and how readers can use their methods to regain a sense of mastery over the way they organize their homes, workplaces, and time. With lively, entertaining chapters on everything from the kitchen junk drawer to health care to executive office workflow, Levitin reveals how new research into the cognitive neuroscience of attention and memory can be applied to the challenges of our daily lives. This Is Your Brain on Music showed how to better play and appreciate music through an understanding of how the brain works. The Organized Mind shows how to navigate the churning flood of information in the twenty-first century with the same neuroscientific perspective.

Pers Nliche Weblogs In Organisationen Spielzeug Oder Werkzeug F R Ein Zeitgem Es Wissensmanagement

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Game Based Teaching And Simulation In Nursing And Health Care

Author : Eric B. Bauman, PhD, RN
ISBN : 9780826109705
Genre : Medical
File Size : 41. 44 MB
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"This is a comprehensive resource for anyone interested in integrating gaming and simulation into a course or the entire curricula. It presents the theory and the associated practical application. The extensive reference list and resource/product list encourage and support readers with implementation." Score: 98, 5 Stars.--Doody's Medical Reviews "Game-Based Teaching and Simulation in Nursing and Healthcare is a timely, exhaustive look at how emerging technologies are transforming clinical education. Anyone looking for firsthand, direct account of how game-based learning technologies are reshaping clinical practice needs this book." Kurt Squire, PhD Associate Professor Games+Learning+Society [GLS] School of Education University Of Wisconsin - Madison This innovative text provides practical strategies for developing, integrating, and evaluating new and emerging technology, specifically game-based learning methods, useful in nursing and clinical health sciences education. The text draws upon existing models of experiential learning such as Benner's "thinking-in-action" and "novice-to-expert" frameworks, and introduces current theories supporting the phenomenon of the created learning environment. Chapters explain how simulation and game-based learning strategies can be designed, implemented, and evaluated to improve clinical educational thinking and outcomes and increase exposure to critical experiences to inform clinicians during the journey from novice to expert. The text also describes how game-based learning methods can support the development of complex decision-making and critical thinking skills. Case studies throughout demonstrate the practical application of harnessing technology as a teaching/learning device. Key Features: Provides strategies for developing, integrating, and evaluating game-based learning methods for nursing and healthcare educators Prepares teachers for the paradigm shift from static "e-learning" to dynamic distance experiential learning in virtual and game-based environments Illustrates how to integrate game-based learning into existing curricula Offers theoretical and practical examples of how game-based learning technologies can be used in nursing and clinical education

Atlas Of Knowledge

Author : Katy Börner
ISBN : 9780262028813
Genre : Computers
File Size : 66. 70 MB
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The power of mapping: principles for visualizing knowledge, illustrated by many stunning large-scale, full-color maps.

Die Information

Author : James Gleick
ISBN : 9783864142246
Genre : Science
File Size : 42. 24 MB
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Blut, Treibstoff, Lebensprinzip - in seinem furiosen Buch erzählt Bestsellerautor James Gleick, wie die Information zum Kernstück unserer heutigen Zivilisation wurde. Beginnend bei den Wörtern, den "sprechenden" Trommeln in Afrika, über das Morsealphabet und bis hin zur Internetrevolution beleuchtet er, wie die Übermittlung von Informationen die Gesellschaften prägten und veränderten. Gleick erläutert die Theorien, die sich mit dem Codieren und Decodieren, der Übermittlung von Inhalten und dem Verbreiten der Myriaden von Botschaften beschäftigen. Er stellt die bekannten und unbekannten Pioniere der Informationsgesellschaft vor: Claude Shannon, Norbert Wiener, Ada Byron, Alan Turing und andere. Er bietet dem Leser neue Einblicke in die Mechanismen des Informationsaustausches. So lernt dieser etwa die sich selbst replizierende Meme kennen, die "DNA" der Informationen. Sein Buch ermöglicht ein neues Verständnis von Musik, Quantenmechanik - und eine gänzlich neue Sicht auf die faszinierende Welt der Informationen.

Was Macht Uns Schlauer

Author : John Brockman
ISBN : 9783104026619
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 70. 41 MB
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Der große Visionär, Wissenschaftsaktivist und Literaturagent John Brockmann hat den führenden Köpfen aus unterschiedlichsten Disziplinen die Frage gestellt, welche neuen wissenschaftlichen Konzepte und Ideen unser Wissen wesentlich erweitern werden. Hierbei sind die Naturwissenschaften ebenso wie die Philosophie, die Künste und die Rechts- und die Wirtschaftswissenschaften angesprochen. Eine spannende Debatte u. a. mit Daniel Kahneman, Richard Dawkins, Brian Eno, J. Craig Venter, Martin Rees, Ernst Pöppel, Gerd Gigerenzer, Nicholas Christakis, Lisa Randall, Hans Ulrich Obrist, Steven Pinker und George Dyson. »Man muss Brockman und den Wissenschaftlern dankbar sein. Viel zu selten werden Fragen diskutiert, die an unserem Selbstverständnis als Mensch rütteln oder Überzeugungen und mit ihnen Deutungshoheiten und Herrschaftsstrukturen in Frage stellen.« Deutschlandradio Kultur

Die Welt Der B Cher

Author : Matthew Battles
ISBN : 3411160047
Genre : Books
File Size : 67. 99 MB
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Der Marshmallow Effekt

Author : Walter Mischel
ISBN : 9783641119270
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 63. 74 MB
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Wie Willensstärke unsere Persönlichkeit prägt Es ist das wohl berühmteste Experiment in der Geschichte der Psychologie: Ein Kind bekommt einen Marshmallow vorgesetzt und hat die Wahl – sofort aufessen oder warten, um später zwei zu bekommen? Wird es zögern oder zugreifen? Und was bedeutet diese Entscheidung für sein späteres Leben? Walter Mischel, weltbekannter Psychologe und Erfinder des Marshmallow-Tests, zeigt in seinem Buch, wie Selbstdisziplin unsere Persönlichkeit prägt – und wie sie uns, in gesundem Maße, hilft, unser Leben zu meistern. Als Mischel vor mehr als vierzig Jahren vier- bis sechsjährige Kinder zum Marshmallow-Test bat, wollte er herausfinden, wie Menschen auf Verlockungen reagieren. Eher durch Zufall entdeckte er, dass die Fähigkeit der Kinder zum Belohnungsaufschub beeinflusste, wie sie später ihr Leben meistern würden. Je besser es ihnen gelang, sich zu beherrschen, desto eher entwickelten sie Selbstvertrauen, Stressresistenz und soziale Kompetenz. Wie aber kommt es, dass manche Menschen offenbar über stärkere Willenskraft verfügen als andere? Und, noch wichtiger: Ist diese Fähigkeit genetisch veranlagt oder kann man sie lernen? Walter Mischel beschäftigt sich seit mehr als vierzig Jahren mit diesen Fragen – im vorliegenden Buch präsentiert er seine faszinierenden Erkenntnisse zum ersten Mal der breiten Öffentlichkeit.

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