good intentions bad outcomes social policy informality and economic growth in mexico

Download Book Good Intentions Bad Outcomes Social Policy Informality And Economic Growth In Mexico in PDF format. You can Read Online Good Intentions Bad Outcomes Social Policy Informality And Economic Growth In Mexico here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

Good Intentions Bad Outcomes

Author : Santiago Levy
ISBN : 0815701632
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 28. 97 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 410
Read : 1009

Get This Book


Despite various reform efforts, Mexico has experienced economic stability but little growth. Today more than half of all Mexican workers are employed informally, and one out of every four is poor. Good Intentions, Bad Outcomes argues that incoherent social programs significantly contribute to this state of affairs and it suggests reforms to improve the situation. Over the past decade, Mexico has channeled an increasing number of resources into subsidizing the creation of low-productivity, informal jobs. These social programs have hampered growth, fostered illegality, and provided erratic protection to workers, trapping many in poverty. Informality has boxed Mexico into a dilemma: provide benefits to informal workers at the expense of lower growth and reduced productivity or leave millions of workers without benefits. Former finance official Santiago Levy proposes how to convert the existing system of social security for formal workers into universal social entitlements. He advocates eliminating wage-based social security contributions and raising consumption taxes on higher-income households to simultaneously increase the rate of growth of GDP, reduce inequality, and improve benefits for workers. Go od Intentions, Bad Outcomes considers whether Mexico can build on the success of Progresa-Oportunidades, a targeted poverty alleviation program that originated in Mexico and has been replicated in over 25 countries as well as in New York City. It sets forth a plan to reform social and economic policy, an essential element of a more equitable and sustainable development strategy for Mexico.

Good Intentions Bad Outcomes

Author : Santiago Levy
ISBN : UOM:39015076137804
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 20. 68 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 236
Read : 1004

Get This Book



Progress Against Poverty

Author : Santiago Levy
ISBN : 9780815752226
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 54. 93 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 556
Read : 380

Get This Book


In 1997, Mexico launched a new incentive-based poverty reduction program to enhance the human capital of those living in extreme poverty. This book presents a case study of Progresa-Oportunidades, focusing on the main factors that have contributed to the program's sustainability, policies that have allowed it to operate at the national level, and future challenges.

Social Insurance Informality And Labor Markets

Author : Markus Frölich
ISBN : 9780191508363
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 68. 66 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 850
Read : 453

Get This Book


Most countries implement social protection programs to help individuals manage risks such as unemployment, disability, illness, longevity or death. In many middle income countries, these are often based on a 'Bismarckian model' (named after Otto von Bismarck), where benefits are financed by contributions levied on salaried employment. In countries with a large informal sector, however, only a fraction of the population is covered by this system and non-contributory programs have been added or are planned to increase coverage. This can create distortions in the labor market, and the book is about policies to expand the coverage of social insurance programs to all workers, without reducing incentives to job creation and formal work. While few would argue against the need and social merits of social insurance and social assistance programs there are growing concerns about their unintended consequences on labor markets because of poor design. The programs can distort incentives and individual behaviors in ways that either reduce employment levels and/or promote informality, ultimately affecting productivity and economic performance. For instance, high social security contribution rates can reduce formal employment; badly designed unemployment benefits can reduce incentives to keep, search, and take jobs; and fragmented social assistance programs can become a tax on formal labor and encourage informality. The book reviews the evidence regarding the effects of social insurance and social assistance programs on labor market outcomes and discusses options to improve their design and implementation. The book focuses particularly on middle income countries in Latin America and Asia with a large informal sector and suggests ways to reduce these distortions and better manage and finance the subsidies to make coverage universal, while creating good jobs. The book compiles expert papers from the joint conferences of the World Bank (WB), the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) on Employment and Development.

Under Rewarded Efforts

Author : Santiago Levy
ISBN : 159782304X
Genre :
File Size : 79. 83 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 968
Read : 1112

Get This Book



No Growth Without Equity

Author : Santiago Levy
ISBN : 9780821377680
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 26. 31 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 994
Read : 1132

Get This Book


This work examines the relationship between equity and growth in Mexico. It looks at how specific inequalities in power, wealth and status have created and sustained economic institutions and policies that both tend to perpetuate these inequalities and are sources of inefficiences in the economy.

The Art Of Political Murder

Author : Francisco Goldman
ISBN : 1555846378
Genre : History
File Size : 42. 46 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 476
Read : 522

Get This Book


In this New York Times Notable Book, an award-winning writer undertakes his own investigation into the murder of a Guatemalan bishop. Named a Best Book of the Year by the Washington Post Book World, the Chicago Tribune, the Economist, and the San Francisco Chronicle Two days after releasing a groundbreaking church-sponsored report implicating the military in the murders and disappearances of some two hundred thousand Guatemalan civilians, Bishop Juan Gerardi was bludgeoned to death in his garage. The victim was the country’s leading human rights activist, but the Church quickly realized that it could not rely on police investigators or the legal system to solve the crime. Instead, Church leaders formed their own investigative team: a group of secular young men who called themselves Los Intocables—the Untouchables. Author Francisco Goldman spoke to witnesses no other reporter was able to reach, observing firsthand some of the most crucial developments in this sensational case. Documenting the Latin American reality of mara youth gangs and organized crime, The Art of Political Murder tells the story of Los Intocables and their remarkable fight for justice. “Becoming by turns a little bit Columbo, Jason Bourne and Seymour Hersh, Goldman gives us the anatomy of a crime while opening a window to a misunderstood neighboring country that is flirting with anarchy.” —The New York Times Book Review

Size Dependent Policies Informality And Misallocation

Author : Ms.Era Dabla-Norris
ISBN : 9781484372852
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 68. 92 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 988
Read : 550

Get This Book


We examine the effect of size-dependent policies in developing economies by focusing on a set of regulations that are applicable to firms with 20 or more formal employees in Peru. Firms can adjust to the regulations by (a) reducing their size, (b) shifting employment composition, or (c) splitting into subunits that fall below the regulatory threshold. We show that these actions are consistent with observed discontinuities in the distributions of firm size and employment composition. We extend the framework proposed by Garicano et al. (2016) to model and estimate the Peruvian economy and perform counterfactual exercises. Size-dependent regulations are costly for the economy, especially in the presence of labor market rigidities, and lead to lower aggregate wages, profits, and output. We also find that access to informal labor does not mitigate the economic impact of the size-dependent regulations, as the increase in informal employment is largely offset by a decline in formal employment.

Out Of The Shadows

Author : Patricia Fernández-Kelly
ISBN : 9780271045597
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 38. 8 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 248
Read : 876

Get This Book


Since the beginning of scholarly writing about the informal economy in the mid-1970s, the debate has evolved from addressing survival strategies of the poor to considering the implications for national development and the global economy. Simultaneously, research on informal politics has ranged from neighborhood clientelism to contentious social movements basing their claims on a variety of social identities in their quest for social justice. Despite related empirical and theoretical concerns, these research traditions have seldom engaged in dialogue with one another. Out of the Shadows brings leading scholars of the informal economy and informal politics together to address how globalization has influenced local efforts to resolve political and economic needs&—and how these seemingly separate issues are indeed deeply related. In addition to the editors, contributors are Javier Auyero, Miguel Angel Centeno, Sylvia Chant, Robert Gay, Mercedes Gonz&ález de la Rocha, Jos&é Itzigsohn, Alejandro Portes, and Juan Manuel Ram&írez S&áiz.

Informality

Author : Guillermo Perry
ISBN : 9780821370933
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 63. 26 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 850
Read : 1096

Get This Book


Analyzes informality in Latin America, exploring root causes and reasons for and implications of its growth. This book uses two distinct but complementary lenses. It concludes that reducing informality levels and overcoming the "culture of informality" will require actions to increase aggregate productivity in the economy.

Top Download:

Best Books