governments and geographic information

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Governments And Geographic Information

Author : I. Masser
ISBN : 9781482267891
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63. 68 MB
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Modern geographic information systems technology has transformed spatial data handling capabilities and made it necessary for governments to rethink their roles with respect to the supply and availability of geographic information.; The nature of the relationship between governments and geographic information is explored in this book from a number of different conceptual positions with reference to the experiences of Britain, the Netherlands, Austria and the United States and particularly with respect to the development of national geographic information strategies.; The book examines the role that can be played both directly through a variety of policy initiatives and also indirectly because of the extent to which they create the broader institutional context within which these are developed and implemented. The discussion is divided into three main parts. The first of these considers what is Special About Geographic Information And Evaluates The Notion Of geographic information from four different standpoints - as a resource, a commodity, an asset and an infrastructure.; The second part presents the findings from four case studies of national geographic information strategies, while the final section evaluates these experiences with a view to identifying what general lessons can be learnt from them.

Gis In Public Policy

Author : R. W. Greene
ISBN : 1879102668
Genre : Computers
File Size : 52. 37 MB
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How government officials, educators, and social welfare experts can put GIS to use.

Crowdsourced Geographic Information Use In Government

Author : Mordechai Haklay; Vyron Antoniou; Sofia Basiouka; Robert Soden; Peter Mooney
ISBN :
Genre :
File Size : 70. 33 MB
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The acceptance of volunteered geographic information (VGI) as a valued and useful source of information for governments is growing at all levels. Put simply, VGI is “crowdsourced” geographic information provided by a wide range of participants with varying levels of education, knowledge and skills (see Michael Goodchild’s writing for the original definition of the term). While a growing body of research demonstrates the reliability and accuracy of VGI when compared to official or government produced data sets, the progression towards their adoption and wider use is slow. There are a range of mechanisms and methods available for ensuring that crowdsourced information is fit for purpose so concerns about data quality are not the major reason for the lack of adoption. Instead, organizational practices, regulations and legal issues limit the rate of change. This report is based on a six-month study of the use of VGI by government and aims to provide a guide for the successful implementation of VGI.

Geographic Information Management In Local Government

Author : Ian Gilfoyle
ISBN : 0203484924
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 51. 13 MB
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As early pioneers in the use of digital geographic data, many local governments in the UK were ahead of their counterparts in central government and the private sector in the application of GIS technology. To meet current challenges, local authorities must coordinate the latest technology with effective information management strategies, human and cultural issues, and organizational structures and processes. Geographic Information Management in Local Government examines the factors that are necessary to ensure that real benefits are delivered from the improved availability of geographic information. Written by two practitioners with extensive government experience, this four-part book examines supporting technology, the data that fuels it, and the human factors that help or hinder successful GIS implementation. Exploring the history of geographic information management in local government, this volume offers a pragmatic overview of the subject and what local authorities need to do in order to be successful. The Introduction covers the emergence of Geographic Information Management (GIM) and GIS in local government and explains why they are important. Part 2 explains the key elements of human and organizational issues, data, the technology toolbox, GIS selection and implementation, and coordinating mechanisms. Part 3 provides in-depth analyses of nine case studies on the use of technology by local UK authorities. Part 4 looks forward to the prospects and challenges for further GIM by local governments.

Beyond Maps

Author : John O'Looney
ISBN : 187910279X
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 90. 12 MB
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Using the varied case studies, this comprehensive resource looks beyond the mechanics of systems and screens to show how local governments can make geographic information systems true management tools. Case studies provide a framework of understanding of the unique capabilities of GIS. 50 maps.

Geospatial Information And Geographic Information Systems Gis

Author : Peter Folger
ISBN : 9781437919479
Genre :
File Size : 85. 10 MB
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Discusses geospatial info. (GI), which is data referenced to a place -- a set of geographic coordinates -- which can be gathered, manipulated, and displayed in real time. A Geographic Info. System is a computer system capable of capturing, storing, analyzing, and displaying geographically referenced info. In 1990 the Fed. Geographic Data Comm. (FGDC) was estab. to promote the use, sharing, and dissemination of GI. There are questions about FGDC fulfilling its mission. Has this organizational structure worked? Can the fed. gov¿t. account for the costs of acquiring, coordinating, and managing GI? How well is the fed. gov¿t. coordinating with the state and local entities that have an increasing stake in GI? What is the role of the private sector?

Gis Diffusion

Author : I. Masser
ISBN : 0748404953
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 80. 33 MB
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This third book in the GISDATA series focuses on the widespread use of geographical information systems GIS in European local government. The editors include a wide range of applications carried out by different professional groups, and offer the opportunity of studying the extent to which diffusion of innovations like GIS are sensitive to national issues such as cultural context, institutional setup and the availability of data.; The book answers key questions such as: what can be learnt from research on organizational behaviour in relation to technological innovation?; what are the classical features of the GIS diffusion process?; to what extent is the adoption and utilization of GIS facilitated - or impeded - by the organizational culture within which it takes place?; and what mechanisms can be applied to enhance the diffusion of GIS? The book covers aspects of diffusion in the following European countries: UK, France, Italy, Poland, Denmark, The Netherlands, Germany, Greece and Portugal.

Mapping The Nation

Author : Esri
ISBN : 1589484525
Genre : Reference
File Size : 22. 17 MB
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Mapping the Nation: Building Smart Government with GIS is a collection of GIS maps illustrating the many ways that federal government agencies rely on GIS analysis to build stronger, more resilient nations and help make the world a better place. Pulled from a broad range of departments, maps included in the book demonstrate how the technology can be used to evaluate, plan and respond to social, economic, and environmental concerns at local, regional, national, and global levels. These examples on topics such as safe nations, public policy, health, climate resiliency, and more show how government agencies use GIS to facilitate initiatives, improve transparency, and deliver strong business models.

Geographic Information Research

Author : Massimo Craglia
ISBN : 9780203211397
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 38. 48 MB
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Geographic Information Research is a broad discipline, and is being actively pursued world-wide. A group of researchers in both North America and Europe have come together as contributors to this volume as a way of combining their expertise. The emphasis is on matters of political, strategic and organizational importance, rather than on technology or systems, and covers the theory and social and political practice which goes hand-in-hand with GIS.

The Effective Supply And Use Of Government Held Geographic Information

Author : Association for Geographic Information
ISBN : 1874059284
Genre :
File Size : 44. 49 MB
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