graphene fundamentals and emergent applications

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Graphene

Author : Jamie H. Warner
ISBN : 9780123948274
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 21. 63 MB
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Providing fundamental knowledge necessary to understand graphene’s atomic structure, band-structure, unique properties and an overview of groundbreaking current and emergent applications, this new handbook is essential reading for materials scientists, chemists and physicists. Since the 2010 physics Nobel Prize awarded to Geim and Novosolev for their groundbreaking work isolating graphene from bulk graphite, there has been a huge surge in interest in the area. This has led to a large number of news books on graphene. However, for such a vast inflow of new entrants, the current literature is surprisingly slight, focusing exclusively on current research or books on previous "hot topic" allotropes of carbon. This book covers fundamental groundwork of the structure, property, characterization methods and applications of graphene, along with providing the necessary knowledge of graphene’s atomic structure, how it relates to its band-structure and how this in turn leads to the amazing properties of graphene. And so it provides new graduate students and post-docs with a resource that equips them with the knowledge to undertake their research. Discusses graphene’s fundamental structure and properties, acting as a time-saving handbook for validated research Demonstrates 100+ high-quality graphical representations, providing the reader with clear images to convey complex situations Reviews characterization techniques relevant to grapheme, equipping the reader with experimental knowledge relevant for practical use rather than just theoretical understanding

Isotopes In Nanoparticles

Author : Jordi Llop
ISBN : 9789814669092
Genre : Medical
File Size : 68. 26 MB
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Nanoparticles may be used in industrial processes, incorporated into consumer products, or applied as biomedical agents. Isotopic (radio)labeling is one of the most powerful methods for nanoparticle tracing in experimental studies. This book presents an introduction to some commonly used nanomaterials, describes various methods with which they may be radiolabeled, and provides illustrative examples of applications of the labeled particles. Finally, it discusses the use of nanomaterials in radiotherapy, the stable isotope labeling technique, and operational health and safety aspects related to the manipulation of nanoparticles in controlled areas. The book will appeal to anyone involved in nanotechnology, molecular imaging, radiochemistry, and nanomedicine.

Functionalized Graphene Nanocomposites And Their Derivatives

Author : Mohammad Jawaid
ISBN : 9780128145531
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 93 MB
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Functionalized Graphene Nanocomposites and Their Derivatives: Synthesis, Processing and Applications explains how the functionalization technique is used to create graphene nanocomposites, also exploring its current uses in industrial applications. Graphene-based nanocomposites are one of the major advancements in polymer-based materials, thus the synthesis, nanoscale dimensions, high aspect ratio, mechanical, electrical and thermal properties of graphene and its derivative have all been major areas of research in the last decade. This important reference covers these updates and is a critical book for those working in the fields of materials processing and characterization. Explains how graphene is functionalized and used in the fabrication of nanocomposites for a range of applications Explores why the properties of functionalized graphene make it such a useful, versatile material Describes, in detail, the functionalization process for utilization in graphene

Frontiers Of Graphene And Carbon Nanotubes

Author : Kazuhiko Matsumoto
ISBN : 9784431553724
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 50. 61 MB
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This book focuses on carbon nanotubes and graphene as representatives of nano-carbon materials, and describes the growth of new technology and applications of new devices. As new devices and as new materials, nano-carbon materials are expected to be world pioneers that could not have been realized with conventional semiconductor materials, and as those that extend the limits of conventional semiconductor performance. This book introduces the latest achievements of nano-carbon devices, processes, and technology growth. It is anticipated that these studies will also be pioneers in the development of future research of nano-carbon devices and materials. This book consists of 18 chapters. Chapters 1 to 8 describe new device applications and new growth methods of graphene, and Chapters 9 to 18, those of carbon nanotubes. It is expected that by increasing the advantages and overcoming the weak points of nanocarbon materials, a new world that cannot be achieved with conventional materials will be greatly expanded. We strongly hope this book contributes to its development.

Nanoelectronics And Materials Development

Author : Abhijit Kar
ISBN : 9789535125259
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 52. 95 MB
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The current edited book presents some of the most advanced research findings in the field of nanotechnology and its application in materials development in a very concise form. The main focus of the book is dragged toward those materials where electronic properties are manipulated for development of advanced materials. We have discussed about the extensive usage of nanotechnology and its impact on various facets of the chip-making practice from materials to devices such as basic memory, quantum dots, nanotubes, nanowires, graphene-like 2D materials, and CIGS thin-film solar cells as energy-harvesting devices. Researchers as well as students can gain valuable insights into the different processing of nanomaterials, characterization procedures of the materials in nanoscale, and their different functional properties and applications.

Nanoalloys

Author : Florent Calvo
ISBN : 9780123946164
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 35. 37 MB
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Nanoalloys: From Fundamentals to Emergent Applications presents and discusses the major topics related to nanoalloys at a time when the literature on the subject remains scarce. Particular attention is paid to experimental and theoretical aspects under the form of broad reviews covering the most recent developments. The book is organized into 11 chapters covering the most fundamental aspects of nanoalloys related to their synthesis and characterization, as well as their theoretical study. Aspects related to their thermodynamics and kinetics are covered as well. The coverage then moves to more specific topics, including optics, magnetism and catalysis, and finally to biomedical applications and the technologically relevant issue of self-assembly. With no current single reference source on the subject, the work is invaluable for researchers as the nanoscience field moves swiftly to full monetization. Encapsulates physical science of structure, properties, size, composition and ordering at nanoscale, aiding synthesis of experimentation and modelling Multi-expert and interdisciplinary perspectives on growth, synthesis and characterization of bimetallic clusters and particulates supports expansion of your current research activity into applications Synthesizes concepts and draws links between fundamental metallurgy and cutting edge nanoscience, aiding interdisciplinary research activity

Anisotropic And Shape Selective Nanomaterials

Author : Simona E. Hunyadi Murph
ISBN : 9783319596624
Genre : Science
File Size : 24. 62 MB
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This book reviews recent advances in the synthesis, characterization, and physico-chemical properties of anisotropic nanomaterials. It highlights various emerging applications of nanomaterials, including sensing and imaging, (bio)medical applications, environmental protection, plasmonics, catalysis, and energy. It provides an excellent and comprehensive overview of the effect that morphology and nanometric dimension has on the physico-chemical properties of various materials and how this leads to novel applications.

Topological Insulators

Author : Stephan Roche
ISBN : 9783527337026
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 11 MB
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First theoretically predicted and then practically discovered just a few years ago, topological insulators are considered as extremely promising candidates to revolutionize our electronic devices. With the help of newly developed characterization techniques it is now possible to get insights into the electronic structure of this novel class of materials. Topological insulators are similar in the electronic structure to conventional semiconductors, but exhibit remarkable properties. They are expected to produce new device functionalities, enabling low-power-consumption applications based on dissipation-less edge channels and spintronic devices, relying on the unique locking of the spin to the momentum in the topological surface states. The search for Majorana fermions and their impact to topological quantum computing are great inspirations in the field. There are only few discoveries and new technologies in physical sciences that have the potential to dramatically alter and revolutionize our electronic world. Topological insulators are one of them. The present book for the first time provides a full overview and in-depth knowledge about this hot topic in materials science and condensed matter physics. Techniques such as angleresolved photoemission spectrometry (ARPES), advanced solid-state Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) or scanning-tunnel microscopy (STM) together with key principles of topological insulators such as spin-locked electronic states, the Dirac point, quantum Hall effects and Majorana fermions are illuminated in individual chapters and are described in a clear and logical form. Written by an international team of experts, many of them directly involved in the very first discovery of topological insulators, the book provides the readers with the knowledge they need to understand the electronic behavior of these unique materials. Being more than a reference work, this book is essential for newcomers and advanced researchers working in the field of topological insulators.

Sixth International Conference On Nonlinear Mechanics Icnm 6

Author : Zhe-wei Zhou
ISBN : 9781605951096
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 76 MB
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Novel mathematical and modeling approaches to problems in graded materials, biological materials, fluid mechanics and more Covers nanomechanics, multi-scale modeling, interface mechanics and microstructure This series volume contains 128 not previously published research presentations on using nonlinear mechanics to understand and model a wide variety of materials, including polymers, metals and composites, as well as subcellular and cellular tissues. Focus is on numerical and physics approaches to representing multiscale relationships within complex solids and fluids systems, with applications in materials science, energy storage, medical diagnostics and treatment, and biotechnology. TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface Committees SESSION 1: INVITED LECTURES Micro-Macro Analysis of Creep and Damage Behavior of Multi-Pass Welds Some New Developments in Non-Linear Solid Mechanics Design of Material Systems: Mathematics and Physics of the Archetype-Genome Exemplar Criticism of Generally Accepted Fundamentals and Methodologies of Traffic and Transportation Theory SESSION 2: NONLINEAR CONTINUUM MECHANICS Geometrically Nonlinear Analysis of Simple Plane Frames of Functionally Graded Materials Thermal Post-Buckling of FG Circular Plates Under Transversely Point-Space Constraint Tunability of Longitudinal Wave Band Gap in One Dimensional Magneto-Elastic Phononic Crystal Teaching Nonlinear Mechanics at the Undergraduate and Graduate Level—Two Examples Geometrically Nonlinear FE Instability Simulations of Hinged Composite Laminated Cylindrical Shells Constitutive Relation of Martensitic Transformation in CuAlNi Based on Atomistic Simulations Soft Behaviors of Beam Shaped Liquid Crystal Elastomers Under Light Actuations XFEM Based Discontinuity Simulation for Saturated Soil Numerical Algorithm of Solving the Problem of Large Elastic-Plastic Deformation by FEM Finite Deformation for Everted Compressible Hypereleastic Cylindrical Tubes Modelling and Non-Linear Free Vibrations of Cable-Stayed Beam Wavelet Solution of a Class of Nonlinear Boundary Value Problems Axial Compression of a Rectangular Rubber Ring Composed of an Incompressible Mooney-Rivlin Material Influence of Concentration-Dependent Elastic Modulus and Charge or Discharge Rate on Tensile Stress in Anode An Integral Equation Approach to the Fully Nonlinear Fluid Flow Problem in an Infinite Channel Over Arbitrary Bottom Topography Analysis of Nonlinear Dynamical Characteristics for Thermoelastic Half-Plane with Voids Tensor Model for Dynamic Damage of Ductile Metals Over a Wide Range of Strain Rates SESSION 3: MULTI-SCALE MECHANICS AND MULTI-PHYSICS MODELING The Nonlinear Magnetoelectric Effect of Layered Magnetoelectric Composite Cylinder with an Imperfect Interface A Solution for Nonlinear Poisson-Neumann Problem of Nb3Sn Superconducting Transport Current Temperature Effect on the Tensile Mechanical Properties of Graphene Nanoribbons Square Inclusion with a Nonlinear Eigenstrain in an Anisotropic Piezoelectric Full Plane Nonlinear Analysis of the Threaded Connection with Three-Dimensional Finite Element Model Effects of Particle Volume Fraction on the Macro-Thermo-Mechanical Behaviors in Plate-Type Dispersion Nuclear Fuel Elements Mechanics of Semiflexible Polymer Chains Under Confinements Study on the Solution of Reynolds Equation for Micro Gas Bearings Using the Alternating-Direction Implication Algorithm Atomistic Study of Li Concentration Dependence of the Mechanical Properties of Graphite Anode in Li-ion Battery 3D Extrusion Simulation of the Single Screw Head and Optimization Design Buckling Behavior of Defective Carbon Nanotubes Elastic Properties of Single-Stranded DNA Biofilm with Strong Interactions Analysis on Thickness Dependence of Jc Caused by Dislocations and Grain Boundaries in YBCO Superconducting Films Operating Strain Response in CICC Coils Through Nonlinear Finite Element Modeling Dynamics Analysis of a Multi-Degree-of-Freedom Electro-Hydraulic Mix-Drive Motion Simulator by KANE Equation Multiscale 3D Fracture Simulation Integrating Tomographic Characterization Research into Compressive Mechanical Properties of Special Piezomagnetic Material Sheets A Numerical Study on Detonation Wave Propagation Using High-Precision and High-Resolution Schemes SESSION 4: STRUCTURAL DYNAMIC AND STRUCTURE-FLUID INTERACTIONS A Study on Pure IL VIV of a Marine Riser in Shear Current Parametric Studies on Nonlinear Flutter of High-Aspect-Ratio Flexible Wings Model Reduction of a Flexible Beam Rotating at High Speed Considering Dynamic Stiffening Vibration Modal Analysis of Cantilever Beams with Complicated Elasticity Boundary Constraint Numerical Simulation of Ahmed Model in Consideration of the FSI Effect Aerodynamic Damping of a Hammerhead Launch Vehicle in Transonic Flow Symmetry Reductions and Explicit Solutions of (3 + 1)-Dimensional Kadomtsev-Petviashvili (KP) Equation Nonlinear Behaviors of an Isotropic Incompressible Hyperelastic Spherical Membrane Under Different Dynamic Loads Creep Buckling of Viscoelastic Plate Consdering Higher Order Modes SESSION 5: COMPLEX FLUID FLOW AND NONLINEAR STABILITY Homotopy Analysis of Korteweg-de Vries Equation with Time Delay Homotopy Analysis Method for Bubble Pulsation Equation with Nonlinear Term of Fractional Power Chebyshev Finite Spectral Method for Boussinesq-Type Equations on Staggered Grids Twin Jets in Crossflow Application of Fixed Point Method to Obtain a Semi-Analytical Solution of Stagnation Flow On the Nonlinear Stability of Laminar Flow Between Parallel Planes Boundary Treatments in Lattice Boltzmann Method A Lattice Boltzmann Based Immersed Boundary Method for Fluid-Structure Interaction Numerical Solutions of Convection-Diffusion Equations by Hybrid Discontinuous Galerkin Methods Steady-State Solutions of the Wave-Bottom Resonant Interaction Lattice Boltzmann Simulation of the Shock Damping and the Shock Increased by Means of Lorentz Force Analysis of the Effects of Nonlinear Characteristics of Lag Dampers on Helicopter Ground Resonance Flow Structures and Sound Radiation in Supersonic Mixing Layers with Nonlinear PSE Method Turbulent Structures in Subsonic Jet Flow Forced by Random Disturbances Exponential p-Stability for a Delayed Recurrent Neural Networks with Impulses Spatial Variation of Scaling Exponents for Structure Functions in a Decaying Turbulence SESSION 6: NONLINEAR DYNAMIC OF STRUCTURE Analysis of Chaos Behavior of Single Mode Vibration of Cable-Stayed Chaotification of Fractional Maps Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis of the Dynamic Axial Crushing of Empty Hexagonal Tube Active Control of a Nonlinear Aeroelastic System Using the Receptance Method Dynamics Analysis of the FHN Neuronal Model Analyzing the Effect of the Axial Force to the Natural Frequencies of Arch Stable Periodic Response of One-Way Clutches in a Two-Pulley Belt-Drive Model Supercritical Nonlinear Dynamics of an Axially Moving Viscoelastic Beam with Speed Fluctuation Nonlinear Dynamic Response to a Moving Force of Timoshenko Beams Resting on Pasternak Foundations An Improved Method for the Construction of Nonlinear Operator in Homotopy Analysis Method A Nonlinear Integration Scheme for Evolutionary Differential Equations A Comparative Study of Civil Aircraft Crashworthiness with Different Ground Conditions Improved Dynamic Analysis of Development of Pulmonary Edema The Timescale Function Method for Solving Free Vibration of Nonlinear Oscillator Nonlinear Aeroelastic Analysis of Flexible Wings with High-Aspect-Ratio Considering Large Deflection Differential Quadrature Method for Vibration Analysis of Finite Beams on Nonlinear Viscoelastic Foundations Numerical Simulation on the Strength and Sealing Performance for High-Pressure Isolating Flange Nonlinear Dynamical Stability of the Lattices with Initial Material and Geometric Imperfection Nonlinear Vibration of Symmetric Angle-Ply Laminated Piezoelectric Plates with Linearly Varying Thickness An Exact Free Vibration Frequency Formula for Oscillator with Single-Term Positive-Power Restoring Force An Exact Solution of Synchronization State for a Class of Networked Mass-Spring-Damper Oscillator Systems SESSION 7: INTERFACE MECHANICS AND ENGINEERING APPLICATION Numerical Simulation of Free Surface Collapse in Propellant Tank Restudy on the Adaptive Mesh Technique for Seepage Problems High-Order Series Solutions of Wave and Current Interactions Deformation and Stress Distribution of Arterial Walls of the Aged A p53-Mdm2 Dynamical Model Induced by Laminar Shear Stress in Endothelial Cells Optimized Image Processing Based on CUDA in a Combined Measurement Technique of PIV and Shadowgraph 3D Visualization of the Flow Fields Using Digital In-Line Holography Analysis and Experimental Study on Air Foam Flooding Seepage Flow Mechanics Experimental Measurements for Mechanical and Electrical Conductive Properties of CNT Bundles Analysis on Dynamic Response of Bedding Rock Slope with Bolts under Earthquakes Numerical Prediction of Aerodynamic Noise Radiated from High Speed Train Pantograph Effects of Length on Aerodynamics of High Speed Train Models Free Convection Nanofluid Flow in the Stagnation-Point Region of a Three Dimensional Body Vertical Distribution and Dynamic Release Characteristics of Pollutants from Resuspended Sediment Numerical Simulation of the Contaminant Release Through the Sediment-Overlying Water Interface Analysis on the Aerodynamic and Aero-Noise of MIRA Model Radial Squeeze Force of MR Fluid Between Two Cylinders Nonlinear Buckling Analysis and Ultimate Extended Capacity Research of Downhole Pipe Strings in Ultra-Deep Horizontal Wells A Novel Method of Generating Nonlinear Internal Wave in a Stratified Fluid Tank and Its Theoretical Model SESSION 8: MINI-SYMPOSIUM ON TRAFFIC FLUID Study on Correlation Analysis of Synchronized Flow in the Kerner-Klenov-Wolf Cellular Automation Model Numerical Simulation of Traffic Flow in the Rain or Snow Weather Condition First Order Phase Transitions in the Brake Light Cellular Automation Model Within the Fundamental Diagram Approach The Leader-Follower Winding Behavior of Pedestrians in a Queue Effect of Overpasses in Two-Dimensional Traffic Flow Model with Random Update Rule Analysis of the Density Wave in a New Continuum Model The Phenomenon of High-Speed-Car-Following on Chinese Highways A Lattice Hydrodynamic Model Considering the Difference of Density and its Analysis Experimental Feature of Car-Following Behaviors in a Platoon of 25 Vehicles Car-Following Model for Manual Transmission Vehicles The Mechanism of Synchronized Flow in Traffic Flow Modeling An Asymmetric Stochastic Car-Following Model Based on Extended Tau Theory A Gaussian Distribution Based Dual-Cognition Driver Behavior Model at Cross Traffic A New Traffic Kinetic Model Considering Potential Influence The Effect of Marks on the Pedestrian Evacuation Equilibrium Velocity Distribution Function for Traffic Flow Effects of Antilock Braking System on Driving Behavior Under Emergent Stability Analysis of Pedestrian Flow in Two-Dimensional Optimal Velocity Model with Asymmetric Interaction Simulation-Based Stability Analysis of Car-Following Models Under Heterogeneous Traffic Crossing Speed of Pedestrian at an Unsignalized Intersection Modeling Mixed Traffic Flow at a Crosswalk with Push Button Effects of Game Strategy Update on Pedestrian Evacuation in a Hall Study on Long-Term Correlation of CO and CO2 from Vehicle Emissions on Roadsides with the Detrended Fluctuation Analysis Method Bottleneck Effect on a Bidirectional Two-Lane Mixed Traffic Flow

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