guests of the ayatollah

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Guests Of The Ayatollah

Author : Mark Bowden
ISBN : 1555846084
Genre : History
File Size : 69. 63 MB
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“From the best-selling author of Black Hawk Down comes a riveting, definitive chronicle of the Iran hostage crisis, America’s first battle with militant Islam. On November 4, 1979, a group of radical Islamist students, inspired by the revolutionary Iranian leader Ayatollah Khomeini, stormed the US embassy in Tehran. They took fifty-two Americans hostage, and kept nearly all of them hostage for 444 days. In “Guests of the Ayatollah”, Mark Bowden tells this sweeping story through the eyes of the hostages, the soldiers in a new special forces unit sent to free them, their radical, naïve captors, and the diplomats working to end the crisis. Bowden takes us inside the hostages’ cells and inside the Oval Office for meetings with President Carter and his exhausted team. We travel to international capitals where shadowy figures held clandestine negotiations, and to the deserts of Iran, where a courageous, desperate attempt to rescue the hostages exploded into tragic failure. Bowden dedicated five years to this research, including numerous trips to Iran and countless interviews with those involved on both sides. “Guests of the Ayatollah” is a detailed, brilliantly re-created, and suspenseful account of a crisis that gripped and ultimately changed the world.

Mad As Hell

Author : Dominic Sandbrook
ISBN : 9780307595454
Genre : History
File Size : 44. 14 MB
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“I’m mad as hell, and I’m not going to take it anymore!” The words of Howard Beale, the fictional anchorman in the 1970s hit film Network, struck a chord with a generation of Americans. From the disgrace of Watergate to the humiliation of the Iran hostage crisis, the American Dream seemed to be falling apart. In this magisterial new history, Dominic Sandbrook re-creates the schizophrenic atmosphere of the 1970s, the world of Henry Kissinger and Edward Kennedy, Anita Bryant and Jerry Falwell, Bruce Springsteen and Tom Landry. He takes us back to an age when feminists were on the march and the Communists seemed to be winning the Cold War, but also when a new kind of right-wing populism was transforming American politics from the ground up. Those years gave us organic food, disco music, gas lines, and gay rights—but they also gave us Proposition 13, the neoconservative movement, and the rise of Ronald Reagan. From the killing fields of Vietnam to the mean streets of Manhattan, this is a richly compelling picture of the turbulent age in which our modern-day populist politics was born. For those who remember the days when you could buy a new Ford Mustang II but had to wait hours to fill the tank, this could hardly be a more vivid book. And for those born later, it is the perfect guide to a tortured landscape that shaped our present, from the financial boardroom to the suburban bedroom: the extraordinary world of 1970s America. From the Hardcover edition.

Author : Bob Woodward
ISBN : 9786035031097
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 55. 95 MB
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مع وصول العنف في العراق إلى مستويات مقلقة عام 2006، اشتعلت جبهة حرب ثانية على أعلى مستويات إدارة بوش. يأخذ بوب ودوارد قراءه، في كتابه الرابع عن الرئيس جورج بوش، إلى عمق التوترات، والمجادلات السرية، والقنوات الخلفية غير الرسمية، ومشاعر الشك والريبة، والمواقف المصممة العنيدة داخل البيت الأبيض، ووزارة الدفاع (البنتاغون)، ووزارة الخارجية، ووكالات الاستخبارات، ومقر القيادة العسكرية الأمريكية في العراق. تصف هذه الرواية المثيرة، الفريدة في حميميتها وتفاصيلها، لرئيس يخوض الحرب، حقبةً من الهم والغم والغموض وعدم اليقين داخل الحكومة الأمريكية امتدت من عام 2006 إلى منتصف عام 2008. ويقدم الكتاب وصفاً شاملاً للجهود الحثيثة التي بذلها الجنرال ديفيد بترايوس وما واجهه من صعوبات وصراعات، وهو الذي تولى القيادة في أثناء أحلك حقبة في الحرب وأشدها عنفاً. ويكشف كيف كانت الاختراقات التي تحققت في العمليات الحربية والرصد والمراقبة السبب وراء معظم التقدم المنجز، وذلك مع انحسار موجة العنف في العراق في منتصف عام 2007. التقى بوب ودوارد باللاعبين المهمين كلهم، وحصل على عشرات من الوثائق التي لم تنشر من قبل، وأمضى مدة ثلاث ساعات تقريباً في مقابلات حصرية مع الرئيس بوش. أما النتيجة فكانت سرداً تاريخياً مدهشاً استُخلص من المصادر الأصلية للحقبة الممتدة بين منتصف عام 2006، حين أدرك البيت الأبيض أن الإستراتيجية لا تعمل بنجاح، مروراً بعام 2007، حين صدر قرار بإرسال ثلاثين ألف جندي إضافي إلى العراق، حتى منتصف عام 2008، حين أصبحت الحرب صدعاً ونقطة ضعف في الانتخابات الرئاسية. يتصدى كتاب (الحرب الداخلية) بطريقة مباشرة للأسئلة المتعلقة بالقيادة، لا في زمن الحرب فقط، بل فيما يتصل بالأسلوب الذي نُحكم عبره والأخطار الكامنة في السرية غير المبررة. العبيكان للنشر

Author : رون سسكند
ISBN : 9789953299792
Genre :
File Size : 35. 75 MB
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Plans Unraveled

Author : Scott Kaufman
ISBN : UOM:39015077652298
Genre : History
File Size : 45. 12 MB
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While previous monographs have focused on specific foreign policy issues, Scott Kaufman breaks away from the mold and offers this up-to-date, comprehensive look at former President Carter's aggregate foreign policy record. Although many Americans regard Jimmy Carter as the nation's greatest ex-president, Kaufman argues that the diplomatic performance of the thirty-ninth president was mediocre, primarily because of Carter's own doing.

The Political Ideology Of Ayatollah Khamenei

Author : Yvette Hovsepian-Bearce
ISBN : 9781317605829
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 79. 14 MB
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Ayatollah ʿAli Hosseini Khamenei, Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran, is one of the most controversial and influential Muslim leaders in the world today. As Iran’s main decision-maker, his theocratic ideology and decisions carry global consequences. The Political Ideology of Ayatollah Khamenei is the first book to identify and analyze the development and evolution of the theocratic ideology of the Supreme Leader from 1962 to 2014, using his own writings, speeches, and biographies, as well as literature published in the Islamic Republic of Iran. This work provides new insights into Khamenei’s political thought and behavior and their impact on Iran’s domestic, regional, and international policies. Correlating the development of Khamenei’s personality, character, and political behavior with Iran’s internal and external challenges, this study explores key issues of the Middle East region, in particular Iran’s political posture toward Israel, the United States, and the Muslim world, and the diplomatic crises unfolding over Iran’s nuclear development program. This work provides a comprehensive chronological and thematic survey of Khamenei’s life. This book will be of interest to students, scholars, researchers, diplomats, and policymakers focusing on Middle Eastern politics, Iranian affairs, Islamic studies, and international relations; and could serve as an essential resource for those striving to understand Iran’s policies toward Israel, the United States, and the Muslim world, as shaped by its supreme autocrat.

Author : Elizabeth Gilbert
ISBN : 9953876029
Genre : Travel writers
File Size : 74. 16 MB
Format : PDF
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A Reader S Book Of Days True Tales From The Lives And Works Of Writers For Every Day Of The Year

Author : Tom Nissley
ISBN : 9780393241495
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 65. 81 MB
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A witty and addictively readable day-by-day literary companion. At once a love letter to literature and a charming guide to the books most worth reading, A Reader's Book of Days features bite-size accounts of events in the lives of great authors for every day of the year. Here is Marcel Proust starting In Search of Lost Time and Virginia Woolf scribbling in the margin of her own writing, "Is it nonsense, or is it brilliance?" Fictional events that take place within beloved books are also included: the birth of Harry Potter’s enemy Draco Malfoy, the blood-soaked prom in Stephen King’s Carrie. A Reader's Book of Days is filled with memorable and surprising tales from the lives and works of Martin Amis, Jane Austen, James Baldwin, Roberto Bolano, the Brontë sisters, Junot Díaz, Philip K. Dick, Charles Dickens, Joan Didion, F. Scott Fitzgerald, John Keats, Hilary Mantel, Haruki Murakami, Flannery O’Connor, Orhan Pamuk, George Plimpton, Marilynne Robinson, W. G. Sebald, Dr. Seuss, Zadie Smith, Susan Sontag, Hunter S. Thompson, Leo Tolstoy, David Foster Wallace, and many more. The book also notes the days on which famous authors were born and died; it includes lists of recommended reading for every month of the year as well as snippets from book reviews as they appeared across literary history; and throughout there are wry illustrations by acclaimed artist Joanna Neborsky. Brimming with nearly 2,000 stories, A Reader's Book of Days will have readers of every stripe reaching for their favorite books and discovering new ones.

Tchaikovsky 19 A Diplomatic Life Behind The Iron Curtain

Author : Robert F. Ober, Jr.
ISBN : 9781453517918
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 33. 66 MB
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"Readers will discover the failures of Kissinger ́s policy of detente in the early 1970s, the mistaken departure from Carter ́s balanced policy toward China and the USSR, and the near-collapse of the embassy due to intelligence failures"-Foreign Service Journal. "Ober ́s book recounts it all, along with the personalities and events of the time now mostly forgotten: dissidents and refuseniks, Victor and Jennifer Louis, Nina and Ed Stevens, U.S.-Soviet summits, microwaves, bugged buildings and typewriters, fires, spy dust and spy mania . . . It ́s all there, the pageant of U.S. Embassy Moscow 1970-90, a place so unlike today ́s walled air-conditioned, high-rise embassy fortress a block away as to beggar the imagination."-Richard Gilbert, AmericanDiplomacy.org "You have wonderfully captured the way things were in the Soviet Union in the 1970s and ́80s. I don ́t know anyone who has done it better."-Donald Connery, former Time-Life correspondent, Moscow. "Together with much wisdom about American diplomacy, this rich memoir provides keen insight into Russian thinking and behavior"-George Feifer, "The Girl from Petrovka".

The Finish

Author : Mark Bowden
ISBN : 9780802194107
Genre : History
File Size : 39. 44 MB
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From Mark Bowden, the preeminent chronicler of our military and special forces, comes The Finish, a gripping account of the hunt for Osama bin Laden. With access to key sources, Bowden takes us inside the rooms where decisions were made and on the ground where the action unfolded. After masterminding the attacks of September 11, 2001, Osama bin Laden managed to vanish. Over the next ten years, as Bowden shows, America found that its war with al Qaeda—a scattered group of individuals who were almost impossible to track—demanded an innovative approach. Step by step, Bowden describes the development of a new tactical strategy to fight this war—the fusion of intel from various agencies and on-the-ground special ops. After thousands of special forces missions in Iraq and Afghanistan, the right weapon to go after bin Laden had finally evolved. By Spring 2011, intelligence pointed to a compound in Abbottabad; it was estimated that there was a 50/50 chance that Osama was there. Bowden shows how three strategies were mooted: a drone strike, a precision bombing, or an assault by Navy SEALs. In the end, the President had to make the final decision. It was time for the finish.

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