handbook of detergents part d formulation 128 surfactant science

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Handbook Of Detergents Part D

Author : Michael Showell
ISBN : 9781420028713
Genre : Science
File Size : 54. 78 MB
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Beyond use in the consumer markets, detergents affect applications ranging from automotive lubricants to remediation techniques for oil spills and other environmental contaminants, paper and textile processing, and the formulation of paints, inks, and colorants. Faced with many challenges and choices, formulators must choose the composition of detergents carefully. The fourth and latest installment of the Handbook of Detergents, Part D: Formulation enables formulators to meet the demands of the increasing complexity of formulations, economic and sustainability constraints, and reducing the impact of detergents on the environment to which they will eventually be released.

Handbook Of Detergents

Author : Michael Showell
ISBN : 0824703502
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 27 MB
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Beyond use in the consumer markets, detergents affect applications ranging from automotive lubricants to remediation techniques for oil spills and other environmental contaminants, paper and textile processing, and the formulation of paints, inks, and colorants. Faced with many challenges and choices, formulators must choose the composition of detergents carefully. The fourth and latest installment of the Handbook of Detergents, Part D: Formulation enables formulators to meet the demands of the increasing complexity of formulations, economic and sustainability constraints, and reducing the impact of detergents on the environment to which they will eventually be released.

Handbook Of Detergents Part E

Author : Uri Zoller
ISBN : 9781420018165
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 42 MB
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An Examination of Detergent Applications The fifth volume in a six volume project penned by detergent industry experts, this segment deals with the various applications of detergent formulations – surfactants, builders, sequestering/chelating agents – as well as other components. These applications are discussed with respect to the scope of their domestic, institutional, or industrial usages. Special focus is given to technological advancement, health and environmental concerns, and the rapid changes occurring in the field within the past several years. With each chapter providing the special access of a pioneering researcher, this text offers an insider’s look at the most current advances.

Handbook Of Detergents Part F

Author : Uri Zoller
ISBN : 142001465X
Genre : Science
File Size : 75. 24 MB
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This sixth part of the multi-volume Handbook of Detergents focuses on the production of surfactants, builders and other key components of detergent formulations, including the various multi-dimensional aspects and implications on detergent formulations and applications domestically, institutionally, in industry and agriculture, with all the environmental consequences involved. Thus, Part F constitutes a comprehensive treatise of the multi-dimensional issues relating to this industry production technology, emphasizing the alignment of scientific knowledge and up-to-date technological and technical know-how with the relevant contemporary applied practice. An international effort and industry-academia collaboration, this volume features expert contributions, focusing on the contemporary state-of-the-art concerning the many facets of the production of detergents and surfactants. Thus, the Handbook of Detergents, Part F – Production, deals with the production of anionic, cationic, nonionic, and amphoteric surfactants, key builders, bleaching and whitening agents, enzymes and other components of detergent formulations in different contexts, gauges and related concerns, and discusses various technological procedures of production processes involving the components of surfactants and detergents.

Emulsions And Emulsion Stability

Author : Johan Sjoblom
ISBN : 9781420028089
Genre : Science
File Size : 63. 32 MB
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Emulsions and Emulsion Stability, Second Edition provides comprehensive coverage of both theoretical and practical aspects of emulsions. The book presents fundamental concepts and processes in emulsified systems, such as flocculation, coalescence, stability, precipitation, deposition, and the evolution of droplet size distribution. The book explains how to predict emulsion stability and determine droplet sizes in a variety of emulsion systems. It discusses spontaneous emulsification and the formation of “nanoemulsions” as well as droplet-droplet interactions in different electrical fields (electrocoalescence), and the formulation, composition, and preparation variables that contribute to the inversion in emulsion systems. Several chapters emphasize applications such as emulsification encountered in oil spills, asphalt, chemical flooding, acid crude oils, and large-scale industrial wastewater treatment. The survey of experimental characterization methods highlights the importance of thin liquid films in colloidal systems and assesses different NMR applications, ultrasound characterization, video microscopy, and other on-line instrumentation. The last chapter in the book deals with obtaining conductivity measurements as an alternative to online instrumentation. Completely revised and expanded, this second edition of Emulsions and Emulsion Stability offers a well-rounded collection of knowledge that is applicable to all academic and industrial scientists and researchers in the fields of surfactant and emulsion science.

Sugar Based Surfactants

Author : Cristóbal Carnero Ruiz
ISBN : 1420051679
Genre : Science
File Size : 44. 9 MB
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Touted as the new darling of the chemical industry, alkyl polyglycosides are gaining in popularity due to the fact that they are readily biodegradable, low-toxic, and made from renewable resources. Sugar-Based Surfactants compiles the most recent and relevant aspects of sugar-based surfactants, including self-association, phase behavior, and interfacial properties. Focusing on both colloidal and interfacial science, the book deals with the adsorption of surfactants in both the air-liquid and solid-liquid interfaces. It also covers new advances in surfactant science, such as the development of a family of potent surface active agents that are non-toxic, and thus usable in ubiquitous consumer products

Surface Charging And Points Of Zero Charge

Author : Marek Kosmulski
ISBN : 142005189X
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 52 MB
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The Most Detailed Resource Available on Points of Zero Charge With their work growing in complexity, chemists involved with surface phenomena-related projects have outgrown the common resources available to them on points of zero charge (PZC) of oxides. Reporting on a limited number of materials in a limited number of scenarios, these resources often leave scientists wondering if the variances reported in the results they depend upon are due to actual differences in properties among particular samples or due to differences between isoelectric points (IEP) and points of zero charges obtained by titration. Taking on the monumental task of building a complete reference, Marek Kosmulski, a leading authority in the field of surface chemistry (Hirsch index of 22), takes a new approach to provide chemists with the most detailed resource on the points of zero charge of oxides available to date. Surface Charging and Points of Zero Charge presents PZC data on well-defined specimens of materials sorted by trademark, manufacturer (commercial materials), location (natural materials), and specific recipe (synthetic materials). The text emphasizes the comparison between particular results obtained for different portions of the same or very similar material. Synthesizing information published in research reports over the past few decades, this invaluable reference: Characterizes materials in terms of thermochemical data, chemical composition (level of impurities), crystallographic structure, specific surface area (various methods), particular size, and morphology Provides additional references to more detailed sample characterization (SEM and TEM images, XRD patterns, and particle size distributions) Reviews the PZC and IEP--with all possible details regarding the method, type of instrument, and experimental conditions Pays special attention to correlations of the PZC and IEP with other physical quantities and properties, surface charging in mixed and nonaqueous solvents, surface charging at high ionic strengths, and ion-specificity in 1-1 electrolytes All available sources were used to obtain the data in this reference making it the definitive resource on PZC/IEP. Destined to become a classic, Surface Charging and Points of Zero Charge points the way for further research with tried and true methods that help researchers avoid the doubt that can lead to countless hours of unnecessary research. Erratum for this volume can be found on the author's website.

Nanoscience

Author : Victor M. Starov
ISBN : 9781439857687
Genre : Science
File Size : 55. 75 MB
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The common perception is that nanoscience is something entirely new, that it sprung forth whole and fully formed like some mythological deity. But the truth is that like all things scientific, nanoscience is the natural result of the long evolution of scientific inquiry. Following a historical trail back to the middle of the 19th century, nanoscience is the inborn property of colloid and interface science. What’s important today is for us to recognize that nanoparticles are small colloidal objects. It should also be appreciated that over the past decades, a number of novel nanostructures have been developed, but whatever we call them, we cannot forget that their properties and behavior are still in the realm of colloid and interface science. However one views it, the interest and funding in nano-science is a tremendous opportunity to advance critical research in colloid chemistry. Nanoscience: Colloidal and Interfacial Aspects brings together a prominent roster of 42 leading investigators and their teams, who detail the wide range of theoretical and experimental knowledge that can be successfully applied for investigating nanosystems, many of which are actually well-known colloidal systems. This international grouping of pioneering investigators from academia and industry use these pages to provide researchers of today and tomorrow with a full examination of nano-disperse colloids, homogeneous and heterogeneous nano-structured materials (and their properties), and shelf-organization at the nano-scale. This cutting-edge reference provides information on investigations into non-linear electrokinetic phenomena in nano-sized dispersions and nano-sized biological systems. It discusses application aspects of technological processes in great detail, providing scientists and engineers across all fields with authoritative commentary on colloid and interface science operating at the nanoscale. Nano-Science: Colloidal and Interfacial Aspects provides an authoritative resource for those wanting to familiarize themselves with current progress as well as for those looking to make their own impact on the development of new technologies and practical applications in fields as diverse as medicine, materials, and environmental science to name but a few. Whether you call the technology nano or colloids, the field continues to be ripe with opportunity.

Microemulsions

Author : Monzer Fanun
ISBN : 1420089609
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 8 MB
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The effective use of microemulsions has increased dramatically during the past few decades as major industrial applications have expanded in a variety of fields. Microemulsions: Properties and Applications provides a complete and systematic assessment of all topics affecting microemulsion performance and discusses the fundamental characteristics, theories, and applications of these dispersions. Thoroughly encompassing the significant developments of the past ten years, this book describes a wide range of topics, including interactions at microemulsion interfaces, new types of surfactants, and the fundamentals of nanotechnology. It outlines experimental and traditional measurement techniques in a variety of microemulsified systems and provides reliable coverage of applicable techniques. Theory and Characterization Methods The initial chapters cover theoretical aspects of microemulsion formulation, with particular focus on methodologies for preparation. The book also addresses characterization methods, including X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), light scattering, and small-angle neutron scattering. It includes discussions of viscosimetry, conductivity, ultrasonic velocity, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Practical Applications The remainder of the coverage focuses on current and potential applications of microemulsions. The book examines commercial uses, including biocatalysis and enzymatic reactions, nutrition, the extraction of contaminated solids, pollution control, dispersion of drugs, and oil recovery. The contributors also discuss the use of microemulsions as a reaction medium for the formation of polymeric and inorganic nanoparticles, and applications in electrokinetic chromatography. Comprising the work of an international community of colloid scientists, this book explains why microemulsions are used for the intended application, how they are made, and how they react. Each chapter contains a description of the fundamental phenomena and principles involved in microemulsion processes, emphasizing the mechanism of microemulsion formation and deformation. A summary of recent research, the book eliminates the need to search through dozens of arcane online journal articles for critical information.

The Science Of Defoaming

Author : Peter R. Garrett
ISBN : 9781420060423
Genre : Science
File Size : 22. 13 MB
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In the 20 years since the publication of the author’s multi-contributor volume on defoaming, a vast amount of new work has been published and many new insights have been revealed. A cohesive, single-authored book, The Science of Defoaming: Theory, Experiment and Applications provides comprehensive coverage of the topic. It describes the mode of action of antifoams, presenting the relevant theory and the supporting experimental evidence. Beginning with an introductory chapter that discusses the intrinsic properties of foam, the book then describes experimental methods for measuring foam properties important for studying antifoam action and techniques used in establishing the mode of action of antifoams. Since most commercially effective antifoams are oil based, a chapter is devoted to the entry and spreading behavior of oils and the role of thin film forces in determining that behavior. The book reviews the mode of action of antifoams, including theories of antifoam mechanisms and the role of bridging foam films by particles and oil drops. It also addresses issues related to the effect of antifoam concentration on foam formation by air entrainment and the process of deactivation of mixed oil–particle antifoams during dispersal and foam generation. For applications where chemical antifoam use is unacceptable, the text examines mechanical means of defoaming, such as the use of rotary devices and ultrasound. The final chapters consider the application of defoaming in radically different contexts including waterborne latex paints and varnishes, machine washing of textiles, gas–oil separation in crude oil production, and cardiopulmonary bypass surgery. Focusing on the basic science of defoaming, this book presents a balanced view, which also addresses the challenges that may arise for these specific defoaming applications.

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