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Handbook Of Driving Simulation For Engineering Medicine And Psychology

Author : Donald L. Fisher
ISBN : 1420061011
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 70. 90 MB
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Effective use of driving simulators requires considerable technical and methodological skill along with considerable background knowledge. Acquiring the requisite knowledge and skills can be extraordinarily time consuming, yet there has been no single convenient and comprehensive source of information on the driving simulation research being conducted around the world. A how-to-do-it resource for researchers and professionals, Handbook of Driving Simulation for Engineering, Medicine, and Psychology brings together discussions of technical issues in driving simulation with broad areas in which driving simulation is now playing a role. The chapters explore technical considerations, methodological issues, special and impaired populations, evaluation of in-vehicle and nomadic devices, and infrastructure evaluations. It examines hardware and software selection, visual database and scenario development, independent subject variables and dependent vehicle, environmental, and psychological variables, statistical and biostatistical analysis, different types of drivers, existing and future key-in vehicle devises, and validation of research. A compilation of the research from more than 100 of the world's top thinkers and practitioners, the book covers basic and advanced technical topics and provides a comprehensive review of the issues related to driving simulation. It describes literally hundreds of different simulation scenarios, provides color photographs of those scenarios, and makes available select videos of the scenarios on an accompanying web site, all of which should prove essential for seasoned researchers and for individuals new to driving simulation.

Handbook Of Teen And Novice Drivers

Author : Donald L Fisher
ISBN : 9781466587021
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 88. 42 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Despite a growing body of research and targeted remediation, teenage and novice drivers continue to be six to nine times more likely to die in a crash than they are when they are just a few years older. The World Health Organization reports that road traffic injuries are the leading cause of death globally among 15 to 19 year olds. In light of these crash statistics, understanding the teen driver problem remains of paramount public health importance around the world. The Handbook of Teen and Novice Drivers: Research, Practice, Policy, and Directions provides critical knowledge for a broad range of potential readers, including students, teachers, researchers in academics, industry and the federal government, public policy makers at all levels, insurance companies and automobile manufacturers, driving instructors, and parents and their teens.

Handbook Of Individual Differences In Cognition

Author : Aleksandra Gruszka
ISBN : 144191210X
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 32. 65 MB
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As cognitive models of behavior continue to evolve, the mechanics of cognitive exceptionality, with its range of individual variations in abilities and performance, remains a challenge to psychology. Reaching beyond the standard view of exceptional cognition equaling superior intelligence, the Handbook of Individual Differences in Cognition examines the latest findings from psychobiology, cognitive psychology, and neuroscience, for a comprehensive state-of-the-art volume. Breaking down cognition in terms of attentional mechanisms, working memory, and higher-order processing, contributors discuss general models of cognition and personality. Chapter authors build on this foundation as they revisit current theory in such areas as processing effort and general arousal and examine emerging methods in individual differences research, including new data on the role of brain plasticity in cognitive function. The possibility of a unified theory of individual differences in cognitive ability and the extent to which these variables may account for real-world competencies are emphasized, and commentary chapters offer suggestions for further research priorities. Coverage highlights include: The relationship between cognition and temperamental traits. The development of autobiographical memory. Anxiety and attentional control. The neurophysiology of gender differences in cognitive ability. Intelligence and cognitive control. Individual differences in dual task coordination. The effects of subclinical depression on attention, memory, and reasoning. Mood as a shaper of information. Researchers, clinicians, and graduate students in psychology and cognitive sciences, including clinical psychology and neuropsychology, personality and social psychology, neuroscience, and education, will find the Handbook of Individual Differences in Cognition an expert guide to the field as it currently stands and to its agenda for the future.

Safe Mobility

Author : Dominique Lord
ISBN : 9781786352248
Genre : Transportation
File Size : 71. 74 MB
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This book increases the level of knowledge on road safety contexts, issues and challenges; shares what can currently be done to address the variety of issues; and points to what needs to be done to make further gains in road safety.

Review Manual For The Certified Healthcare Simulation Educator Exam

Author : Ruth A. Wittmann-Price, PhD, RN, CNE, CHSE, ANEF
ISBN : 9780826120120
Genre : Medical
File Size : 37. 13 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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The authors of this review manual have captured all of the elements of simulation from establishing the objectives of simulated learning experiences, to constructing scenarios, to debriefing students and the simulation team, to assessing and evaluating the learning that has accrued. They have also described the range of simulation options and the contexts for their most effective use. ;Gloria F. Donnelly, PhD, RN, FAAN, FCPP, Dean and Professor College of Nursing and Health Professions, Drexel University Health professionals embarking on a career teaching simulation are embracing a world of innovation in which both teacher and student can develop their healthcare skills more rapidly and promote better patient outcomes. This is the first practice manual to assist healthcare simulation educators in the United States and internationally in preparing for certification in this rapidly emerging field. The authors, noted experts in simulation and education, have carefully analyzed the CHSE blueprint to ascertain what material is most likely to be covered. They present this information in a user-friendly, pithy outline format. This review manual provides numerous features that help students to critically analyze test content, including end-of-chapter review questions, test-taking strategies, and a comprehensive practice test with answers and rationales. It features current evidence-based teaching practices and incorporates case studies to connect simulation situations to simulation education with healthcare students and includes information about advanced certification and recertification. KEY FEATURES: Comprises the first review book for the CHSE exam Follows the CHSE test blueprint Fosters optimal learning and retention through use of a pithy outline format Provides Teaching Tips feature for best simulation practice Includes Evidence-Based Simulation Practice boxes that focus on current research Incorporates case studies, 230+ test questions, end-of-chapter practice questions, and test-taking strategies The Certified Healthcare Simulation Educator and CHSE marks are trademarks of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare. This manual is an independent publication and is not endorsed, sponsored, or otherwise approved by the Society.

Hidden In Plain Sight

Author : Eviatar Zerubavel
ISBN : 9780199366637
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 22. 2 MB
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Many of us take for granted that what we perceive is a completely accurate representation of the world around us. Yet we have all had the experience of suddenly realizing that the keys or glasses that we had been looking for in vain were right in front of us the whole time. The capacity of our sense organs far exceeds our mental capabilities, and as such, looking at something does not guarantee that we will notice it. Our minds constantly prioritize and organize the information we take in, bringing certain things to the foreground, while letting others - that which we deem irrelevant - recede into the background. What ultimately determines what we perceive, and what we do not? In this fascinating book, noted sociologist Eviatar Zerubavel argues that we perceive things not just as human beings but as social beings. Drawing on fascinating examples from science, the art world, optical illusions, and all walks of life, he shows that what we notice or ignore varies across cultures and throughout history, and illustrates how our environment and our social lives - everything from our lifestyles to our professions to our nationalities - play a role in determining how we actually use our senses to access the world. A subtle yet powerful examination of one of the central features of our conscious life, this book offers a way to think about all that might otherwise remain hidden in plain sight.

Federal Register

Author :
ISBN : UCR:31210024841353
Genre : Delegated legislation
File Size : 89. 5 MB
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Propensity Score Analysis

Author : Shenyang Guo
ISBN : 9781452235004
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 49. 97 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Fully updated to reflect the most recent changes in the field, the Second Edition of Propensity Score Analysis provides an accessible, systematic review of the origins, history, and statistical foundations of propensity score analysis, illustrating how it can be used for solving evaluation and causal-inference problems. With a strong focus on practical applications, the authors explore various strategies for employing PSA, discuss the use of PSA with alternative types of data, and delineate the limitations of PSA under a variety of constraints. Unlike existing textbooks on program evaluation and causal inference, this book delves into statistical concepts, formulas, and models within the context of a robust and engaging focus on application.

Behavioural Adaptation And Road Safety

Author : Christina Rudin-Brown
ISBN : 9781439856673
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 24. 13 MB
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Despite being an accepted construct in traffic and transport psychology, the precise nature of behavioural adaptation, including its causes and consequences, has not yet been established within the road safety community. A comprehensive collection of recent literature, Behavioural Adaptation and Road Safety: Theory, Evidence, and Action explores behavioural adaptation in road users. It examines behavioural adaptation within the context of historical and theoretical perspectives, and puts forth tangible—and practical—solutions that can effectively address adverse behavioural adaptation to road safety interventions before it occurs. Edited by Christina Rudin-Brown and Samantha Jamson, with chapters authored by leading road safety experts in driver psychology and behaviour, the book introduces the concept of behavioural adaptation and details its more relevant issues. It reviews the definition of behavioural adaptation that was put forward by the OECD in 1990 and then puts this definition through its paces, identifying where it may be lacking and how it might be improved. This sets the context for the remaining chapters which take the OECD definition as their starting points. The book discusses the various theories and models of behavioural adaptation and more general theories of driver behaviour developed during the last half century. It provides examples of the "evidence" for behavioural adaptation—instances in which behavioural adaptation arose as a consequence of the introduction of safety countermeasures. The book then focuses on the internal, "human" element and considers countermeasures that might be used to limit the development of behavioural adaptation in various road user groups. The book concludes with practical tools and methodologies to address behavioural adaptation in research and design, and to limit the potential negative effects before they happen. Supplying easy-to-understand, accessible solutions that can be implemented early on in a road safety intervention’s design or conception phase, the chapters represent the most extensive compilation of literature relating to behavioural adaptation and its consequences since the 1990 OECD report. The book brings together earlier theories of behavioural adaptation with more recent theories in the area and combines them with practical advice, methods, and tangible solutions that can minimise the potential negative impact of behavioural adaptation on road user safety and address it before it occurs. It is an essential component of any road safety library, and should be of particular relevance to researchers, practitioners, designers, and policymakers who are interested in maximizing safety while at the same time encouraging innovation and excellence in road transport-related design.

Job Stressors And Mental Health

Author : Karen Belkić
ISBN : 9789814525572
Genre : Medical
File Size : 22. 33 MB
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The title of this book reflects the fundamental aim: to explore the relation between exposure to job stressors and mental health. This is done with the primary intention of developing a new clinical approach, one which takes a proactive stance, emphasizing the need for creating work conditions that are more in harmony with the needs of the human being. Pivotal to this endeavor is to provide an integrative and comprehensive methodology, for assessing work stressors and ameliorating them whenever possible. This methodology, the Occupational Stressor Index, the OSI, was developed by the authors, who have successfully applied the OSI over the years in the context of prevention-oriented clinical practice within neurology and psychiatry, as well as within cardiology, oncology and other medical disciplines. The OSI is grounded in cognitive ergonomics and brain research. The authors, as clinicians, have a special interest in and affinity with their colleagues, their fellow physicians. Consequently, the working conditions and mental health of physicians are strongly emphasized throughout the book. Gender considerations are also woven into the entire book. This book will be of value to readers at many levels and interests. It is written in such a way that a non-expert can learn a great deal about the topics. Readers at all levels can reflect on their own work situation and how it could be improved within the framework of enhanced mental health. For health professionals, particularly psychiatrists, occupational medicine specialists, clinical psychologists as well as physicians involved in primary care and rehabilitation, this book will represent a sorely-needed paradigm shift which will help them address a main source of their patients' mental distress. It will be thought-provoking and yet also practical. Part I of the book provides the multi-faceted, scientific justification for this new clinical approach. The authors, as clinicians themselves, speak the clinical language and guide the reader step-by-step as to how this approach can be applied in practice. Contents:Work as a Potential Source of Meaning versus of Stress: Implications for Mental HealthBackground: Evidence, Mechanisms, Current Standard of Care and Methodology:The Work Environment's Impact on Mental Health: Epidemiologic EvidenceWork Stress Mechanisms and Mental Health: A Focused OverviewWork Fitness and Occupational Rehabilitation: The Current Standard of CareThe Occupational Stressor Index (OSI): A Comprehensive Model Derived from Cognitive Ergonomics for Clinical PracticeThe Clinical Case Studies:Introduction to Part II: The Clinical Case StudiesAn Exhausted Psychiatrist Thinking about Suicide: Our First Clinical Case StudyMiddle-School Teacher with Panic Attacks and Migraine Headaches: Second Case StudyComputer Programmer with Epilepsy and Agoraphobia: Third Case StudyOncology Nurse with Breast Cancer and Disturbed Sleep: Fourth Case StudyControl Panel Worker with Paranoid Ideation: Fifth Clinical Case StudyTram Driver with Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: Sixth Case StudyScientist with Bipolar Disorder: Seventh Clinical Case StudyA Dysphoric Academic Physician Near Formal Retirement Age: Concluding Case StudyA New Clinical Approach to Neuropsychiatry Focusing Upon the Work Environment:The Need for a New Subspecialty: Occupational NeuropsychiatryPerspectives Towards a Humane Work Environment: A Clinical ViewAppendices:Diagnostic Criteria for Selected Mental, Behavioral and Somatic DisordersCompleted Physician-Specific OSI Questionnaire and Score Sheet Readership: Psychiatrists, occupational medicine specialists, primary care physicians, neurologists, occupational health psychologists, specialists in stress medicine, oncologists, organizational psychologists, occupational therapists, specialists in community medicine & public health, epidemiologists, other health professionals, scientists of all disciplines; students (medical students, students in the behavioral sciences, nursing students, students in occupational therapy, social work, organizational psychology, industrial hygiene). General public (especially, management, trade unionists, policy makers, employed persons in particular teachers, computer programmers, nurses). Keywords:Mental Health;Work Stress;Job Burnout;Return to Work;Occupational RehabilitationKey Features:Written from a clinical perspective by two authors who are both clinicians and scientists with many years involved in this area. The clinical case studies are a unique contribution to the field, and urgently needed by health professionalsCompact, coherent and comprehensive text which will interest and intrigue a broad audienceThe topic is extremely timely. The authors take an integrative, in-depth view to the relation between work stressors and mental health. This is grounded in cognitive ergonomics and brain research. At the same time the book is very practical and provides a hands-on guide for readersReviews: “The authors have created a multifaceted volume that is sure to be of interest to a wide-ranging and varied audience. From a captivating introduction that delineates the value of work reflecting on its interaction with the human condition, this book is imminently readable at multiple levels. At the general conceptual level, the material is accessible to readers at an undergraduate level of sophistication; whereas the more scientifically — and clinically — oriented portions of the text will make the work more strongly appealing to a scientifically sophisticated readership. Both groups are likely to gain from the experience of reading this work. I believe administrators, managers, and others who establish policies and procedures for day-to-day business operations would benefit from reading this work and taking the information to heart. They, their employees, and ultimately, the consumers would all stand to gain.” Darlene K Wheeler, PhD Clinical Psychologist Ridgecrest Rural Health Clinic “This is a book that should be read by all clinicians, no matter their specialty. It should be on the shelves of all occupational health and safety professionals. It is a book that should be read by all workers and managers who have an interest in improving their work environments. It is most refreshing to read a book that stresses that work should be enhancing for workers and their families. While the primary focus of the book is the impact of work on mental health, the extensive review and discussion is most valuable in understanding the wide physiological impact of work on overall health. It provides a framework and tools, not only for diagnosing work-related stressors, but also provides strategies and tools to improve the work environment. The authors clearly understand that this task is not solely dependent on the clinician, but is a participatory process with workers and enlightened management. It is a humane, erudite, ‘how to’ book, that should be a standard reference for all of us who want to participate in efforts to make work an enhancing environment for healthy, fulfilled and meaningful lives.” June M Fisher, MD Senior Scientist, Trauma Foundation, San Francisco “The book systematically presents the advantages of an integrated clinical approach to promote a healthier relationship between the patient and the work environment and provides a clear analysis of this complex problem … it is based on an exhaustive review of the literature on how work impacts upon mental health and the author's own research and clinical experience in that field … presented in such a way that this problem can become understandable even for those who are not directly involved in these issues. Through a series of case studies informed by the authors' clinical experience, very instructive examples are provided for professionals who could thereby use the OSI to formulate and implement workplace intervention. The book will be particularly important for professionals involved in the prevention of occupational diseases and the preservation of mental health, as well as for postgraduate students whose research interest focuses on mental health and work.” Professor Gordana Odović, MA, PhD Faculty of Special Education and Rehabilitation University of Belgrade “This is precisely the textbook sought by physicians of all specialties to facilitate a comprehensive view and insight aimed at improving the working conditions of working patients of all profiles. I recommend this book to all as a handbook for daily practice, for the well-being of the patients for whom we care, as well as for physicians, for our own well-being at work.”(See Full Review) Professor Olesja Nedić, MD, PhD Primarius Physician Specialist in Occupational Medicine Head of the Department for Worker Protection Novi Sad Health Center “The text and its organization makes the book a pleasure to read. For those of us with highly organized traits, which is most medical professionals, the authors lead us in a commendable highly organized fashion.”(See Full Review) Mark H Hyman, MD, FACP, FAADEP Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine, UCLA Diplomate, American Board of Internal Medicine Hyman Health, USA

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