heinrich caro and the creation of modern chemical industry chemists and chemistry

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Heinrich Caro And The Creation Of Modern Chemical Industry

Author : Carsten Reinhardt
ISBN : 9789401593533
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 6 MB
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Heinrich Caro (1834-1910) was the inventor of new chemical processes that in the two decades commencing in 1869 enabled BASF of Ludwigshafen, Germany, to take first place among manufacturers of synthetic dyestuffs. The cornerstones of Caro's success were his early training as calico (cotton) printer in Germany, and his employment at a chemical firm in Manchester, England. Caro was a creative research chemist, a highly knowledgeable patent specialist and expert witness, and a brilliant manager of science-based chemical technology. This first full-length scientific biography of Heinrich Caro delineates his role in the emergence of the industrial research laboratory, the forging of links between academic and industrial chemistry, and the development of modern patent law. Major chemical topics include the rise of classical organic chemistry, collaboration with Adolf Baeyer, artificial alizarin and indigo, aniline dyes, and other coal-tar products, particularly intermediates.

The Synthetic Nitrogen Industry In World War I

Author : Anthony S. Travis
ISBN : 9783319193571
Genre : Science
File Size : 55. 50 MB
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This concise brief describes how the demands of World War I, often referred to as the Chemists’ War, led to the rapid emergence of a new key industry based on fixation of atmospheric nitrogen. Then, as now, nitrogen products, including nitric acid, and nitrates, were essential for both fertilizers and in the manufacture of modern explosives. During the first decade of the twentieth century, this stimulated research into and application of novel processes. This book illustrates how from late 1914 the relations and developments in the first modern military-industrial complex enabled the great capital expenditures and technological advances that accelerated massive expansion, particularly of the BASF Haber-Bosch high-pressure process, that determined the direction of the post-war chemical industry.

The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry

Author : Kathryn Steen
ISBN : 9781469612904
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 45. 33 MB
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American Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry: War and Politics, 1910-1930

Bilder Der Technik Industrie Und Wissenschaft

Author : Eva A. Mayring
ISBN : STANFORD:36105122489300
Genre : Art
File Size : 35. 9 MB
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Jews And Sciences In German Contexts

Author : Ulrich Charpa
ISBN : 3161491211
Genre : Religion
File Size : 54. 94 MB
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The authors examine the relationship between the cultural, religious and social situation of German Jews on the one hand and their scientific activities on the other. They discuss the sensitive question of the specificity of the approaches of Jewish scientists and draw attention to the debate concerning the relationship between Judaism and academic research, ranging from the early 19th century theorizing on science and Judaism to 20th century issues, e.g. the controversies on 'Jewish' physics, mathematics etc. in the 1920s and 30s. Contributors: Ute Deichmann, Anthony S. Travis, Moritz Epple, Raphael Falk, Ulrich Charpa, Nurit Kirsch, Yael Hashiloni-Dolev, Aharon Loewenstein, Ruth Sime, Simone Wenkel

Carl Duisberg 1861 1935

Author : Kordula Kühlem
ISBN : 3486712837
Genre : History
File Size : 42. 28 MB
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Carl Duisberg (1861-1935) war einer der führenden Industriellen in der ersten Hälfte des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts. Mit ihm ist nicht nur der Aufstieg seiner eigenen Firma, der heutigen Bayer AG, verbunden, sondern auch die Gründung der I. G. Farbenindustrie AG. Ansehen erlangte er auch als Förderer der Wissenschaften. Umstritten war und ist dagegen seine Position während des Ersten Weltkriegs: sein Einsatz für die Oberste Heeresleitung, für den Giftgaskrieg und die Rekrutierung von Zwangsarbeitern. Die Edition präsentiert eine Auswahl aus dem umfangreichen Briefwerk Duisbergs. Die Schreiben an ganz verschiedene und teils sehr prominente Korrespondenzpartner spiegeln auch die politischen Ereignisse und Konflikte während seiner Lebenszeit - von der Hochphase des Deutschen Kaiserreichs, über den Ersten Weltkrieg und die Weimarer Republik bis zu den ersten Jahren der nationalsozialistischen Diktatur. Eine Veröffentlichung der Historischen Kommission bei der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften

Jahresberichte F R Deutsche Geschichte

Author :
ISBN : UCBK:C081634702
Genre : Germany
File Size : 76. 4 MB
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Chemical Heritage

Author :
ISBN : CHI:76684085
Genre : Chemical literature
File Size : 80. 29 MB
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The Chemical History Of Color

Author : Mary Virginia Orna
ISBN : 9783642326424
Genre : Science
File Size : 64. 19 MB
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In this brief, Mary Virginia Orna details the history of color from the chemical point of view. Beginning with the first recorded uses of color and ending in the development of our modern chemical industry, this rich, yet concise exposition shows us how color pervades every aspect of our lives. Our consciousness, our perceptions, our useful appliances and tools, our playthings, our entertainment, our health, and our diagnostic apparatus – all involve color and are based in no small part on chemistry.

Nitrogen Capture

Author : Anthony S. Travis
ISBN : 9783319689630
Genre : Science
File Size : 29. 68 MB
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This monograph provides an account of how the synthetic nitrogen industry became the forerunner of the 20th-century chemical industry in Europe, the United States and Asia. Based on an earlier SpringerBrief by the same author, which focused on the period of World War I, it expands considerably on the international aspects of the development of the synthetic nitrogen industry in the decade and a half following the war, including the new technologies that rivalled the Haber-Bosch ammonia process. Travis describes the tremendous global impact of fixed nitrogen (as calcium cyanamide and ammonia), including the perceived strategic need for nitrogen (mainly for munitions), and, increasingly, its role in increasing crop yields, including in Italy under Mussolini, and in the Soviet Union under Stalin. The author also reviews the situation in Imperial Japan, including the earliest adoption of the Italian Casale ammonia process, from 1923, and the role of fixed nitrogen in the industrialization of colonial Korea from the late 1920s. Chemists, historians of science and technology, and those interested in world fertilizer production and the development of chemical industry during the first four decades of the twentieth century will find this book of considerable value.

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